Athens Against Climate Change

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The presentation of Athens's Strategic plan for tackling Climate Change. C40 Summit at Seoul 2009

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Athens Against Climate Change

  1. 1. Mr. Panagiotis Arkoumaneas [email_address] City of Athens
  2. 2. Climate change and the City of Athens <ul><li>About Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Is the capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate conditions: Mediterranean climate </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 900.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative limits: 38 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest amounts of precipitation mainly occurring from mid-October to mid-April; any precipitation is sparse during summer and it generally takes the form of showers and/or thunderstorms. </li></ul><ul><li>The highest level of precipitation is occurring during December and the lowest is occurring during August. The average water supply is 415.7 mm annually. </li></ul><ul><li>Average annual temperature:19.30C </li></ul>
  3. 3. Strategic Mission <ul><li>The Municipality of Athens recognizes the seriousness and complexity of climate change both as a global and a local issue. </li></ul><ul><li>It aims to become a catalyst organisation for implementing and promoting sustainable development through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct management of its own activities, and the implementation of targeted initiatives within its established competencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>through the implementation of specific measures, aiming to inform and guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>through direct collaboration with other authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For all these reasons Municipality of Athens has committed to elaborate and implement a Strategic Plan for tackling climate change </li></ul>
  4. 4. Strategic Plan I mplementation <ul><li>Strategic plan implementation priorities have been defined according to the best practice guide of C40 initiative; </li></ul><ul><li>Actions are divided into eight (8) priority axis and three (3) horizontal ones: </li></ul><ul><li>Priority axis </li></ul><ul><li>1- Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>2- Energy </li></ul><ul><li>3- Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>4- Renewables </li></ul><ul><li>5- Transport </li></ul><ul><li>6- Waste </li></ul><ul><li>7- Water </li></ul><ul><li>8- Green areas </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal axes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1- Urban landscape planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2- Green entrepreneurship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3- Supplement activities </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Priority Axis 1: Buildings <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><li>High rates of energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>The energy consumed comes largely from non-renewable resources </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful to the environment buildings within the municipality materials </li></ul><ul><li>“ Urban Heat Island” effect </li></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Athens’ building stock carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 1. Installation of photovoltaic panels </li></ul><ul><li>Action 2. Eco-buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Action 3. Green Building Program </li></ul><ul><li>Action 4. Internet-based CO2 emissions calculator </li></ul>
  6. 6. Priority Axis 2: Energy <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low energy efficiency of municipal and other buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Athenian households still rely on oil for central heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The significant percentage of buses, municipal vehicles and taxis that still run on diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The extended use of non-efficient light bulbs for the external lighting of buildings and public spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The limited pedestrian routes and almost no bicycle lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The mere inexistence of green roofs and green balconies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase performance in energy use across the municipality </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 5. Expansion of natural gas use </li></ul><ul><li>Action 6. Expansion of network of pedestrian routes </li></ul><ul><li>Action 7. Lower municipality fees for energy- efficient houses </li></ul><ul><li>Action 8. Reduce Home Energy Use </li></ul>
  7. 7. Priority Axis 3: Lighting <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><li>The energy consumption for the external lighting of public buildings and other buildings within the city area is considerable </li></ul><ul><li>There is significant electricity consumption for the lighting of public areas and for traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly developing light pollution, along with other kinds of pollution </li></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce energy use for exterior lighting </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 9. Replacing building light bulbs with LED </li></ul><ul><li>Action 10. Installation of lighting management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Action 11. Information campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Action 12. Replacement of traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>Action 13. Replacing street lights bulbs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Priority Axis 4: Renewables <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><li>The use of renewable energy resources in the city of Athens is poorly developed, usually due to the long, complicated and expensive bureaucratic permit procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of an integrated scheme which would incorporate the installation of renewable resource systems (e.g. photovoltaics) into the construction of new public and other buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Strong reactions from citizens and often municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase renewables’ contribution to the Athens energy supply </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 14. Expansion of photovoltaic system installation </li></ul><ul><li>Action 15. Education campaign </li></ul>
  9. 9. Priority Axis 5: Transport <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of cycle lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The public transport service is still inadequate and inefficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost half the vehicles utilised in public transport are classed as low emission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of eco-driving culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce GHG emissions from Athens transport and transport-related energy use </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 16. Establishment of a trans-municipal cycle lane network </li></ul><ul><li>Action 17. Implementation of measures to improve the public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Action 18. Upgrading the taxi fleet and motorcycle stock </li></ul><ul><li>Action 19. Eco-Driving </li></ul><ul><li>Action 20. Free parking space for “green” cars </li></ul>
  10. 10. Priority Axis 6: Waste <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid development in per capita waste produced </li></ul><ul><li>Limited capacity of the available processing plants </li></ul><ul><li>The existent fleet of garbage collection trucks is insufficient </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management is not yet fully and successfully developed in the area of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase recycling and reduce non-sustainable waste production </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 21. Promote composting of biodegradable household waste </li></ul><ul><li>Action 22. Replacement of plastic shopping bags </li></ul><ul><li>Action 23. Education campaign concerning recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Action 24: A waste informative brochure in six languages </li></ul>
  11. 11. Priority Axis 7: Water <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water loss in pipelines is estimated at 12% of the treated water supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The water reserve is being reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High pollution from untreated wastewater as well </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li>Improve performance in water consumption and use </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 25. Educational campaign at schools </li></ul><ul><li>Action 26. Domestic and non-domestic metering </li></ul>
  12. 12. Priority Axis 8: Green areas <ul><li>CHALLENGE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited green space available in Athens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To each of the city's estimated 907,540 inhabitants correspond 5.27 m2 of municipal and 1.57 m2 of neighbourhood green areas, making a total of 6.84 m2 per person, whereas the target is set at 7.25 m2 per person, according to accepted standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM: </li></ul><ul><li> Preserve and increase green coverage in the Athens area </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Action 27. Regeneration projects </li></ul><ul><li>Action 28. Expansion, improvement and protection of green areas in Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Action 29. Promoting “green” initiatives in private sector </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>“ YOU HAVE TO BE THE CHANGE YOU WANT TO SEE” </li></ul><ul><li>GANDHI </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank You

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