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  • 1. Arkansas Forestry Association 2011 Annual Meeting Containerized Seedlings: Delivering Performance International Forest Company
  • 2. Who is International Forest Company• Oldest and Largest Producer of Containerized Seedlings – 29 years of seedling growing – Over 50 million seedlings grown in 2011-2012 – Longleaf, Loblolly, Slash, Shortleaf and Virginia Pine• Experienced Staff• Nursery Expansion in 2011• QC/QA Program• CMP Program for the Western Regions• Largest Producer of Varietal Seedlings (CellFor) International Forest Company
  • 3. Container Nursery International Forest Company
  • 4. Historical Container Production• 2005 – 2006: 36,300,000• 2006 – 2007: 64,359,000• 2007 – 2008: 69,401,000• 2008 – 2009: 124,697,000• 2009 – 2010: 132,000,000 International Forest Company
  • 5. Planning and Ordering Timeline Ordering and Planting Timeline - Pine (Pinus sp. ) Year 1 Year 2 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr MayOrdering Window /→ →/Sowing /→ →/Growing /→ →/Drought Hardening = Ideal Order Time for Best Genetic Availability →/ →/Cold Hardening and Storage →/ →/Planting Window /→ →/ International Forest Company
  • 6. Custom Designed Trays120S Tray 128L Tray International Forest Company
  • 7. Precision Vacuum Seed Sower International Forest Company
  • 8. Longleaf Germination Under Shade Cloth International Forest Company
  • 9. Full Trays – Loblolly Germination International Forest Company
  • 10. Pivot Irrigation System• Uniform Irrigation• Control Water Flow/Pivot Speed• Crop Uniformity• Easy Management• Air Flow – Root Pruning• Fertigation System International Forest Company
  • 11. Top Pruning • Increased crop uniformity • Increased conversion rate • Increased seedling quality • Control Root:Shoot ratio • Increased root developmentInternational Forest Company
  • 12. Integrated Pest Management Program International Forest Company
  • 13. Uniform Seedlings and Seedling Counts International Forest Company
  • 14. Packaged Loblolly Seedlings – plastic lined/wax coated boxes lead to longer storability International Forest Company
  • 15. Shipping Logistics• Experience in seedling delivery• Extensive network allows for fast turn around• Boxes are palletized and wrapped• Corners added for stability International Forest Company
  • 16. Extended Storage • Containerized - 6 to 8 week storage time • Bare root - 2 to 4 week storage time • Containerized still maintain higher survival than bare root even with extended storage • Increased flexibility with planting schedules International Forest Company
  • 17. Planting Window Ordering and Planting Timeline - Pine (Pinus sp. ) Year 1 Year 2 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr MayOrdering Window /→ →/Sowing /→ →/Growing /→ →/Drought Hardening Ordering and Planting Timeline - Pine (Pinus sp. ) →/ →/ Year 1 Year 2Cold Hardening and Storage Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct →/ Nov Dec Jan Feb →/ Mar Apr MayOrderingWindowPlanting Window /→ /→ →/ →/Sowing /→ →/Growing /→ →/Drought Hardening • Container Window – September to May →/ →/Cold Hardening and Storage →/ →/ /→ →/Planting Window • Bareroot Window – December to March International Forest Company
  • 18. Entire Root System is Outplanted• Elimination of root damage during lifting and packing (fine roots and mycorrhizae remain intact)• Uniform moisture surrounding roots throughout plug• Eliminate occurrence of J-Rooting at outplanting International Forest Company
  • 19. Containerized Stock • Eliminates need to root prune by planting crewInternational Forest Company
  • 20. Machine or Hand Plantable International Forest Company
  • 21. International Forest Company Cost of Planting Containerized Seedlings International Forest Company
  • 22. Forest Landowners Magazine – Sept/Oct 2009• 2008 – 2009 Planting Season – Rebecca Barlow, Matthew Smidt, Jennifer Morse and Mark Dubois• Bare root Loblolly pine - Hand Planting, Cutover Land – $56.18/acre with 598 seedlings/acre• Bare root Pine – Hand Planting, Cutover Land – $56.46/acre with 593 seedlings/acre• Containerized Longleaf – Hand Planting, Cutover Land – $41.97/acre with 603 seedlings/acre• Containerized Longleaf – Hand Planting, Cutover Land – $46.59/acre with 609 seedlings/acre• Note – does not include cost of seedlings 23
  • 23. Cost per acreBareroot $.05per seedling $.08 per seedlingSpacing Trees/AC Seedling Cost Planting Cost Total cost /Acre 12 ft. X 5 ft. 726 $36.30 $58.08 $94.38 12 ft. X 6 ft. 605 $30.25 $48.40 $78.65Container $0.13 $.08 per seedling 12 ft. X 6 ft. 605 $78.65 $48.40 $127.05 12 ft. X 8 ft. 454 $59.02 $36.32 $95.34Container CMP $.23 per seedling $.08 per seedling 12 ft. X 8 ft. 454 $104.42 $36.32 $140.74 12 ft. X 9 ft. 403 $92.69 $32.24 $124.93Container CellFor Elite $.47 per seedling $.08 per seedling 12 ft. X 8 ft. 454 $213.38 $36.32 $249.70 12 ft. X 9 ft. 403 $189.41 $32.24 $221.65 14 ft. X 8 ft. 389 $182.83 $31.12 $213.95 16 ft. X 8 ft. 340 $159.80 $27.20 $187.00 International Forest Company
  • 24. International Forest Company Understanding Genetics and Tree Improvement International Forest Company
  • 25. International Forest Company – Research Cooperatives and Genetic Information• Members of several university based cooperatives – NC State Tree Improvement – NC State Forest Productivity – Western Gulf Tree Improvement – Auburn Southern Forestry Nursery Cooperative• Elite Genetics – 1st Generation – 2nd Generation – 3rd Generation – CMP – Varietals• Leased Orchards – best families available• Orchard/Breeding Contracts – best available genetics• Partnerships – seed purchases International Forest Company
  • 26. Rationale: Genetic GAIN Various Levels of Genetic Gain Available Unrogued Orchard Rogued OrchardSingle Family Blocks CMP Varietals 0 10 20 30 40 50 % gain International Forest Company
  • 27. International Forest Company and the Arkansas Forest Landowners International Forest Company
  • 28. Arkansas Forestry Commission Partnership• Seed Partnership – Arkansas Seed Source – Loblolly Pine – Shortleaf Pine• Seedling Partnership – IFCO provides containerized Shortleaf Pine• Pollen Collection – CMP Program – Advanced Genetics for Arkansas Landowners International Forest Company
  • 29. Additional Benefits IFCO Provides for Arkansas Landowners• Member of the WGTIP – Access to genetic information – Access to elite seed – Access to expertise in the Western Gulf Region• Partnerships with large Landowners in AR – Deltic – U S Forest Service• Ability and desire to service all levels of landowners in AR International Forest Company
  • 30. International Forest Company To The Field International Forest Company
  • 31. Published findings:Impact of containerized seedlings on plantation survivalBlazier, Michael A.; Dunn, Michael (2008) Stock Type, Subsoiling, and Density ImpactProductivity and Land Value of a Droughty Site. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, Volume32, Number 4, November 2008 , pp. 154-162(9) Containerized 100% Bareroot 90% % Survival 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 1994 1998 2001 2003 2005 International Forest Company
  • 32. International Forest Company Planting Date Demo International Forest Company
  • 33. Increased Growth and Survival with Summer/Fall PlantingAugust Planted November Planted International Forest Company
  • 34. Container Loblolly Summer/Fall Planting Age 2 Data14121086 Height ft420 Aug Sept Oct Nov International Forest Company
  • 35. Container LoblollyOutplanted August 23 – Photo Taken October 21 International Forest Company
  • 36. Langdale Property Test PlantingPurpose of StudyCompare early August planted container seedlings to winter planted bareroot usingdifferent chemical treatmentsStudy Design1. All plots were bedded.2. Treatments were as follows: A. Chopper applied on beds ahead of planting B. DAP impregnated with Velpar was applied after planting C. Control was bedding only3. Container Seedlings planted August 21, 2000.4. Bareroot Seedlings planted during winter 2000-2001.5. Three rows of 20 seedlings each were planted of each container andbareroot of each species of Loblolly, Slash, and Longleaf.6. Only the middle row of 20 seedlings were measured.7. Container seedlings were planted 2 weeks after chopper application andseedlings showed poor to no root growth 60 days after planting. This had someimpact on survival in chopper treatments with container seedlings.8. As evidenced by controls, both chemical treatments affected survival. International Forest Company
  • 37. International Forest Company First Growing Season International Forest Company
  • 38. Outplanted Containerized Loblolly 1 Year Old Test Plot International Forest Company
  • 39. Seedling Height (inches) 1 Year Test Plot504540353025 Cont. Lob20 Bareroot Lob1510 5 0 Pre Spray Post Spray Control International Forest Company
  • 40. Age 3 Measurement Control Avg GLD Avg Height Volume Survival (%) (inches) (Ft) (Cubic inches)Container Loblolly 90% 2.23 8.78 137.2Bareroot Loblolly 75% 1.79 7.77 78.2 International Forest Company
  • 41. Age 3 Measurement Pre-Treat Herbicide Volume Survival (%) Avg GLD (inches) Avg Height (Ft) (Cubic inches)Container Loblolly 85% 4.23 15.63 878.6Bareroot Loblolly 85% 3.49 13.80 528.1 International Forest Company
  • 42. Age 3 Height Comparison – Loblolly PineContainerized Bareroot International Forest Company
  • 43. International Forest Company Shortleaf Pine International Forest Company
  • 44. 29 International Forest
  • 45. 30 International Forest
  • 46. Examples from the Field 3 year-old Container Planting - USFS31 International Forest
  • 47. What Can We Do For You?International Forest Company www.interforestry.com International Forest Company