EUT440     ENGINEERS IN SOCIETY• NUMBER OF UNIT: 2 (2+0)• COURSE TYPE: CORE WEEK 6 26 MARCH 2013 GROUP B DK5              ...
INSTRUCTORS2 GROUPS (GROUP A AND GROUP B)GROUP B:1. Ir Muhammad Arkam bin Che Munaaim; SUBJECT MATTER: SAFETY & HEALTH;ETH...
EUT440ENGINEERS IN SOCIETYANNOUNCEMENT ONASSIGNMENT (GROUP)      • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
Why Managing Safety and Health?  Since the days of the Industrial  Revolution, when most factories were  death-traps for t...
SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM – WHY?It is one of the general duties asprescribed under the Occupational Safetyand Health Act 1...
WHAT IS SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMA workplace safety and health program is asystematic plan to identify and controlhazards ...
OSHA 1994 RequirementFor all industries 􀂄If >5 Employees               -Safety & Health Policy 􀂄≥40 Employees (S30)       ...
SCOPESAFETY AND HEALTH   • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
HAZARDS ID                                     WHAT IS OSH                                                                ...
Managing Safety and Health – important because:• Moral and Ethical Issues   -Respect Human Resources - morale, commitment,...
FACTORIES ACT 1967                 THE ACTS - two most important OSHA ACT 1994
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER         OSHA 1994Do you know that it is the duty of our EMPLOYER under theOccupational Safety and...
Penalty For Non ComplianceA fine not exceeding RM50,000 orImprisonment not exceeding 2 yearsOr bothOther Penalty / Fine...
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER   OSHA 1994b) Formulate safety and health policy:   as often as may be appropriate revise a  writ...
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994g. General duties of manufacturers, etc asregards plant for use at work.(1)      It shal...
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994Nevertheless, it is our duty as employees to:a) Take reasonable care for the safety and ...
Penalty for non compliance A fine not exceeding RM1,000 orImprisonment not exceeding 3monthsOr both
FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE      Provisions relating to safety, etc                ...
FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE      Lifting of weights                12. No person sh...
FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE      Projecting material               16. In respect t...
PROVISION OF SAFE AND HEALTHY   WORK ENVIRONMENT THAT ACCIDENTS AND ILLNESS CAN BEPREVENTED IS A VERY IMPORTANT           ...
FATALITYAND ACCIDENTSIN WORK PLACE     -STATISTICS• Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
RATES OF OCCURRENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL       ACCIDENTS and FATALITY in MALAYSIA                                              ...
OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FOR CATEGORY  OF NPD* UNTIL DECEMBER 2010 (INVESTIGATED)                                 ...
OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FORCATEGORY OF PD* UNTIL DECEMBER 2010          (INVESTIGATED)                           ...
OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FORCATEGORY OF DEATH UNTIL DECEMBER 2010            (INVESTIGATED)        • Knowledge Sin...
NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS INDEX versusNATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL FATALITY OCCURRENCE                  RATE                      ...
CHALLENGES OF INDUSTRIAL       ACCIDENTS• Industrial Accidents is on the decline but  the compensation paid is on the incr...
Challenges of Occupational             Diseases• Reported OD cases for 2009 increased by 85 %• Total number of OD is expec...
TECHNICALLY , THE GOAL OF SAFETYAND HEALTH PROGRAM IN WORKPLACE IS TO ESTABLISH SAFE WORKENVIRONMENT   -AN ENVIRONMENT FRE...
Benefits of Good OSH• Reduced lost time• Reduced need to provide cover for personnel  absent from work because of injury• ...
Benefits of Good OSH …continue• Reduced employer’s liability insurance   premiums• Improved morals• Improved image of comp...
CASE STUDIES        ON   SUCCESSFULLIMLPEMENTATION OF HEALTH & SAFETY   PROGRAM   • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
Case study - North Staffordshire Combined Healthcare NHS TrustThe board found itself facing service improvement targets. U...
Case study - British SugarThe company had an excellent safety record and had no indication of thedevastating events that w...
Case study – Mid and West Wales Fireand Rescue ServiceTo give health and safety a high priority, Mid and West Wales Fire a...
Case study – SainsburysAn external health and safety audit identified a need to develop a unified approach,and also recomm...
TECHNICALLY , THE GOAL OF SAFETYAND HEALTH PROGRAM IN WORKPLACE IS TO ESTABLISH SAFE WORKENVIRONMENT   -AN ENVIRONMENT FRE...
Safety and Health ….the terms• Safety means preventing accidents orhazards from occuring     i.e Safety  Accident• Healt...
HazardHAZARD –condition with the potential of causing: • Injury • Diseases • Damage to equipment or structures • Loss of m...
When hazard is present, thepossibility of these adverse effect(such as injury, diseases, damageto equipment etc) occuringe...
so…..    SafetyFrequently defined as “freedom from hazard”  -NOTE: It is practically impossible to eliminate all  hazards....
What is Accident?• Unwanted and undesirable• Unexpected• Involves a deviation from what was intended, i.e.   a planned saf...
EUT440 ENGINEERS IN SOCIETY  LECT WEEK 7• RISK MANAGEMENT      - IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS AND      - ROUTE OF ENTRY      ...
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EUT440 Intro To Safety And Health

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EUT440 Intro To Safety And Health

  1. 1. EUT440 ENGINEERS IN SOCIETY• NUMBER OF UNIT: 2 (2+0)• COURSE TYPE: CORE WEEK 6 26 MARCH 2013 GROUP B DK5 • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  2. 2. INSTRUCTORS2 GROUPS (GROUP A AND GROUP B)GROUP B:1. Ir Muhammad Arkam bin Che Munaaim; SUBJECT MATTER: SAFETY & HEALTH;ETHICS & PROFESSION Office: PPK Alam Sekitar2. Ibni Hajar bin Haji Rukunudin (Ph.D, P. Eng, MIEM, ASABE) SUBJECT MATTER: SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK PLACE Office: PPK Bioprocess Hours: MON 11:00am – 1:00 pm Email: ibnihajar@unimap.edu.my; Hp: +601928298783. PM Ir. Shuib Shahudin; SUBJECT MATTER: ETHICS AND ENGINEERING PROFESSION Office: UNIKA4. Datin Faezah bt Tan Sri Hassan; SUBJECT MATTER: LAW Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  3. 3. EUT440ENGINEERS IN SOCIETYANNOUNCEMENT ONASSIGNMENT (GROUP) • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  4. 4. Why Managing Safety and Health? Since the days of the Industrial Revolution, when most factories were death-traps for the workers, legislation has steadily improved health and safety at work. Applying our normal principle that prevention is better than cure.http://www.ehcareers.org/about/specialist_environmental_protection.html
  5. 5. SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM – WHY?It is one of the general duties asprescribed under the Occupational Safetyand Health Act 1994 (Act 514) for theemployer to provide a safe workplaces totheir employees and other relatedperson. ……. OSH ACT
  6. 6. WHAT IS SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMA workplace safety and health program is asystematic plan to identify and controlhazards and respond to emergencies. Theprogram lays out responsibilities, resources,and procedures for keeping the workplacesafe and healthy. Its objective is to integratesafety and health into all work practices andconditions.
  7. 7. OSHA 1994 RequirementFor all industries 􀂄If >5 Employees -Safety & Health Policy 􀂄≥40 Employees (S30) -Safety & Health Policy + Safety & Health CommitteeFor high risk industries (i.e. construction, ship building, gas etc.) 􀂄>100 Employees -Safety & Health Policy + Safety &(Order 1997) Health Committee + a Certified Safety & Health OfficerFor low risk industries (other than the above mentioned industries) 􀂄>500 Employees -Safety & Health Policy + Safety &(Order 1997) Health Committee + a Certified Safety& Health Officer
  8. 8. SCOPESAFETY AND HEALTH • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  9. 9. HAZARDS ID WHAT IS OSH WHY OSH - BENEFITS CLASSIFY HAZARDS CONSEQUENT OF HAZARDS- WHAT CONSTITUTE OSH HEALTH ROUTES DIFFERENTIATE HEALTH &FACTORS/EFFECT CONTROL - BREIFLY SAFETY LEGAL QUALITATIVE RISK MANAGEMENT AND IMPLICATION MORAL & ETHIC SAFETY – scope of the course FINANCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT SAFETY CULTURE COSTS QUANTITATIVE ACTS HIRARC - TOOL STEPS IN HIRARC OSH 1994 RISK CONTROL RISK MONITORING FAC & MACH 1967 ELIMINATION ENGINEERING MINIMIZATION ADMINSTRATIVE
  10. 10. Managing Safety and Health – important because:• Moral and Ethical Issues -Respect Human Resources - morale, commitment, image -Respect their family – pride,• Legal Issues -Claims for compensation -Disruption during the legal process• Financial Issues is not a JUST legal and moral obligation; it alsomakes good business sense!!!!!. -Increase of Insurance Premium -Direct Cost -Indirect Cost
  11. 11. FACTORIES ACT 1967 THE ACTS - two most important OSHA ACT 1994
  12. 12. LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994Do you know that it is the duty of our EMPLOYER under theOccupational Safety and Health Act 0f 1994 to:a) Ensure our safety, health and welfare at our workplace by: •the provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work that are safe and without risks to health; •making of arrangements for ensuring safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use or operation, handling, storage and transport of plant and substances; •the provision of such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to ensure the safety and health at work; •maintaining the workplace in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of the means of access to and egress from it that are safe and without such risks; •the provision and maintenance of a working environment which is safe, without risks to health and adequate as regards to facilities for our welfare at work.
  13. 13. Penalty For Non ComplianceA fine not exceeding RM50,000 orImprisonment not exceeding 2 yearsOr bothOther Penalty / FineCommon Law:Affected person (employee or public) maytake legal action against the organizationunder the Civil Law (Common Law).
  14. 14. LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994b) Formulate safety and health policy: as often as may be appropriate revise a written statement of his general policy with respect to the safety and health at work; arrangements for the time being in force for carrying out the policy; to bring the statement and any revision of it to the notice of all of his employees.
  15. 15. LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994g. General duties of manufacturers, etc asregards plant for use at work.(1) It shall be the duty of a person who designs, manufactures, imports orsupplies any plant for use at work- (a) to ensure, so far as is practicable, that the plant is so designed andconstructed as to be safe and without risks to health when properly used; ……..(2) It shall be the duty of a person who undertakes the design ormanufacturing of any plant for use at work to carry out or arrange for the carryout of any necessary research with the view to discovery and, so far aspracticable, the elimination or minimization of any risk to safety or health towhich the design or plant may give rise.
  16. 16. LEGAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER OSHA 1994Nevertheless, it is our duty as employees to:a) Take reasonable care for the safety and health ofourself and of other persons who may be affected by ouracts or omissions at work;b) Co-operate with our employer or any other person inthe discharge of any duty or requirement imposed on ouremployer or that other person by OSHA;c) Wear or use at all times any protective equipment orclothing provided by our employer for the purpose ofpreventing risks to our safety and health;d) Comply with any instruction or measure on occupationalsafety and health instituted by our employer or any otherperson by or under OSHA or any regulations madethereunder.
  17. 17. Penalty for non compliance A fine not exceeding RM1,000 orImprisonment not exceeding 3monthsOr both
  18. 18. FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE Provisions relating to safety, etc 10. Without prejudice to any law with respect to local authorities, in respect oaf any factory, the following provisions relating to safety shall apply: (a) foundation and floor….. (e) every openings, sump, pit or fixed vessel in a floor , or working level shall be securely fenced so as to prevent risk of persons falling;….
  19. 19. FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE Lifting of weights 12. No person shall be employed to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause injury to him
  20. 20. FACTORY AND MACHINERY ACT, 1967Part II. SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE Projecting material 16. In respect to such machinery as may be prescribed, any part of any material carried by that machinery while it is working thereon which projects beyond any part of the machinery shall be effectively fenced unless it is in such a position as to be safe to any person employed or working on or renting the premises.
  21. 21. PROVISION OF SAFE AND HEALTHY WORK ENVIRONMENT THAT ACCIDENTS AND ILLNESS CAN BEPREVENTED IS A VERY IMPORTANT ASPECT IN ENGINEERING PROFESSION • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  22. 22. FATALITYAND ACCIDENTSIN WORK PLACE -STATISTICS• Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  23. 23. RATES OF OCCURRENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS and FATALITY in MALAYSIA LiesAccidents per 1,000 workers Fatalities per 100,000 workers Frequency Rates of Occurrences of Occupational Accidents and Fatalities (source: Bahagian Dasar dan Penyelidikan, JKKP)
  24. 24. OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FOR CATEGORY OF NPD* UNTIL DECEMBER 2010 (INVESTIGATED) *NPD – Non-Permanent Disability • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  25. 25. OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FORCATEGORY OF PD* UNTIL DECEMBER 2010 (INVESTIGATED) *PD – Permanent Disability • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  26. 26. OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS BY SECTOR FORCATEGORY OF DEATH UNTIL DECEMBER 2010 (INVESTIGATED) • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  27. 27. NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS INDEX versusNATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL FATALITY OCCURRENCE RATE Fatal Accidents /100,000 workers Competetiveness Index National Competitiveness Index versus National Occupational Fatality Occurrence Rate (source: World Economic Forum/ILO Safework, 2004)
  28. 28. CHALLENGES OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS• Industrial Accidents is on the decline but the compensation paid is on the increase• Accidents are more severe in nature and have longer medical leave• Minor accidents are not reported• Total number of Commuting Accidents increased by 9%
  29. 29. Challenges of Occupational Diseases• Reported OD cases for 2009 increased by 85 %• Total number of OD is expected to increase due to long latency period, before the disease manifests and individual susceptibility factor• New emerging diseases is on the increase• Medical surveillance is not done according to the regulations for early intervention and thus disease may appear later with much more serious complication• Under reporting phenomena carpal
  30. 30. TECHNICALLY , THE GOAL OF SAFETYAND HEALTH PROGRAM IN WORKPLACE IS TO ESTABLISH SAFE WORKENVIRONMENT -AN ENVIRONMENT FREE FROMHAZARD TO WORKER HEALTH ANDSAFETY • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  31. 31. Benefits of Good OSH• Reduced lost time• Reduced need to provide cover for personnel absent from work because of injury• Reduce sick pay payments• Reduce need for time-consuming accidentinvestigation and consequent saving in managementtime and production down-time• Reduced potential for prosecution and otherenforcement action by authorities• Reduction in the number of claims for compensation by injured personnel
  32. 32. Benefits of Good OSH …continue• Reduced employer’s liability insurance premiums• Improved morals• Improved image of company, both in terms of employer and competent contractor • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  33. 33. CASE STUDIES ON SUCCESSFULLIMLPEMENTATION OF HEALTH & SAFETY PROGRAM • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  34. 34. Case study - North Staffordshire Combined Healthcare NHS TrustThe board found itself facing service improvement targets. Using newcorporate and clinical guidance, it set about taking a whole systems approachto managing corporate risk, giving one of its directors responsibility for theleadership of health and safety for the first time. Health and safety was alsomade a key item on the board agenda.This has resulted in a much better integrated health and safety managementsystem that increases the opportunity to identify and manage all corporaterisks, and a much more open culture, improving reporting and monitoring. Theboard actively promotes a culture that gives staff the confidence to reportincidents.This has resulted in:incidence rates reduced by 16% over two years;insurance premiums reduced by 10% - financialimplication.
  35. 35. Case study - British SugarThe company had an excellent safety record and had no indication of thedevastating events that were to happen – in one year three deaths occurred.Although health and safety had always been a business priority, a change in focuswas needed to achieve behavioural change. This included:the CEO assigning health and safety responsibilities to all directors, and monthlyreports go to the board;creating effective working partnerships with employees, trade unions andothers;overseeing a behavioural change programme and audits;publishing annual health and safety targets, and devising initiatives to meetthem.Results include:time lost to injuries reduced by 43% over a two year period;63% reduction in major issues over the course of a year;much greater understanding by directors of health and safety risks.
  36. 36. Case study – Mid and West Wales Fireand Rescue ServiceTo give health and safety a high priority, Mid and West Wales Fire and Rescue Servicerecognised that it was critical for its leadership to demonstrate to its staff thataccountability for health and safety was a fundamental element in the success of itsoverall service delivery. The director of service policy and planning was nominated asthe health and safety director for the service in order to clearly define theimportance this subject held within the organisation. The director implemented arevised health and safety framework, which included a programme of fire stationvisits to engage the workforce, and placed a renewed emphasis on improvingincident reporting, investigation and monitoring procedures.The service has reported:£100,000 reduction in insurance liability premiums in one year through improvedcorporate strategic risk management;50% reduction in sickness absence through work related injury over a two yearperiod;50% reduction in injury incidence rate over a three year period.
  37. 37. Case study – SainsburysAn external health and safety audit identified a need to develop a unified approach,and also recommended more direction from the board, to develop an effectivestrategy.The result was a radical revision of the companys approach, including:the group human resources director creating a health and safety vision, supported bya plan with targets over three years;training on health and safety responsibilities was introduced for all board directors.This has resulted in:the board providing a role model for health and safety behaviour;17% reduction in sickness absence;28% reduction in reportable incidents;improved morale and pride in working for the company;raising the profile of health and safety so it is becoming embedded in theculture of the organization. http://www.hse.gov.uk/leadership/casestudies-success.htm
  38. 38. TECHNICALLY , THE GOAL OF SAFETYAND HEALTH PROGRAM IN WORKPLACE IS TO ESTABLISH SAFE WORKENVIRONMENT -AN ENVIRONMENT FREE FROMHAZARD TO WORKER HEALTH ANDSAFETY • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  39. 39. Safety and Health ….the terms• Safety means preventing accidents orhazards from occuring i.e Safety  Accident• Health means a state of completepsychic, mental and social well being notmerely consist of an absence of disease i.e Health  Illness • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  40. 40. HazardHAZARD –condition with the potential of causing: • Injury • Diseases • Damage to equipment or structures • Loss of material or lessening of the ability to perform a prescribed function • Damage to the environment • Or a combination of the above - It is something that can cause harm if not controlled - the outcome is the harm that results from an uncontrolled hazard
  41. 41. When hazard is present, thepossibility of these adverse effect(such as injury, diseases, damageto equipment etc) occuringexists…. RISK • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  42. 42. so….. SafetyFrequently defined as “freedom from hazard” -NOTE: It is practically impossible to eliminate all hazards. -Safety is therefore a matter of relative protection from exposure to hazards (the antonym to danger) • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
  43. 43. What is Accident?• Unwanted and undesirable• Unexpected• Involves a deviation from what was intended, i.e. a planned safe operation• Involves injury to people and/or damage to plant and equipment or materials, including the finished product - or at least the potential for injury/damage (an event labeled a ‘near miss accident’)• Involves a chain of events, rather than one isolated event
  44. 44. EUT440 ENGINEERS IN SOCIETY LECT WEEK 7• RISK MANAGEMENT - IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS AND - ROUTE OF ENTRY • Knowledge Sincerity Excellence
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