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    Asp.net w3schools Asp.net w3schools Document Transcript

    • ASP.Net Full Tutorial (ASP.Net Web Pages,ASP.Net MVC,ASP.Net Web Forms) Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Classic ASP - Active Server Pages Active Server Pages (ASP), also known as Classic ASP, was introduced in 1998 as Microsoft's first server side scripting engine. ASP is a technology that enables scripts in web pages to be executed by an Internet server. ASP pages have the file extension .asp, and are normally written in VBScript. If you want to learn Classic ASP, visit our Classic ASP Tutorial. ASP.NET ASP.NET is a new ASP generation. It is not compatible with Classic ASP, but ASP.NET may include Classic ASP. ASP.NET pages are compiled, which makes them faster than Classic ASP. ASP.NET has better language support, a large set of user controls, XML-based components, and integrated user authentication. ASP.NET pages have the extension .aspx, and are normally written in VB (Visual Basic) or C# (C sharp). User controls in ASP.NET can be written in different languages, including C++ and Java. When a browser requests an ASP.NET file, the ASP.NET engine reads the file, compiles and executes the scripts in the file, and returns the result to the browser as plain HTML. ASP.NET Razor Razor is a new and simple markup syntax for embedding server code into ASP.NET web pages, much like Classic ASP. Razor has the power of traditional ASP.NET, but is easier to use and easier to learn. ASP.NET Programming Languages This tutorial covers the following programming languages: Visual Basic (VB.NET) C# (Pronounced C sharp) ASP.NET Server Technologies This tutorial covers the following server technologies: Web Pages (with Razor syntax) MVC (Model View Controller) Web Forms (traditional ASP.NET) ASP.NET Development Tools ASP.NET supports the following development tools: WebMatrix Visual Web Developer Visual Studio This tutorial uses WebMatrix for Web Pages, and Visual Web Developer for MVC and Web Forms. ASP.NET File Extensions Classic ASP files have the file extension .asp ASP.NET files have the file extension .aspx ASP.NET files with Razor C# syntax have the file extension .cshtml ASP.NET files with Razor VB syntax have the file extension .vbhtml Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Demonstration This is a Web Pages Demonstration Web Pages is one of the 3 programming models for creating ASP.NET web sites and web applications. The other two programming models are Web Forms and MVC (Model, View, Controller). This demonstration will teach you ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site: Create a web site Add files and folders Add a consistent look Add navigation Add a database Add login and security Like to Read a Tutorial First? Many developers like to start learning a new technology by looking at a demonstration, but if you want to read the Web Pages tutorial first, go to the ASP.NET Web Pages Tutorial. Easy Learning with "Run Example" Our "Run Example" tool makes it easy to learn Web Pages. It runs examples and displays the ASP.NET code and the HTML output simultaneously. Click on the "Run Example" button to see how it works: Web Pages Example <html> <body>      <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1>      <p>The time is @DateTime.Now</p> </body> </html> Run Example » We Will Use WebMatrix WebMatrix is a simple but powerful free ASP.NET development tool from Microsoft. WebMatrix is tailor made for Web Pages. WebMatrix contains: Web Pages examples and templates A web server language (Razor using VB or C#) A web server (IIS Express) A database server (SQL Server Compact) A web server markup language (Razor) A full web development framework (ASP.NET) If you install WebMatrix, you will get the full benefits from this tutorial. With WebMatrix you can start from scratch with an empty web site and a blank page, or build on open source applications from a "Web Application Gallery". Both PHP and ASP.NET applications are available, such as Umbraco, DotNetNuke, Drupal, Joomla, WordPress and many more. WebMatrix also has built-in tools for security, search engine optimization, and web publishing. The skills and code you develop with WebMatrix can seamlessly be transformed to fully professional ASP.NET applications. How to Install WebMatrix Follow the link below to install WebMatrix: http://www.microsoft.com/web/gallery/install.aspx?appid=WebMatrix Microsoft's Web Platform Installer will install the free components of the Microsoft Web Platform, including WebMatrix, Internet Information Services (IIS), SQL Server Express, and the ASP.NET Framework: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » The Web Platform Installer also makes it easy to install popular free web applications for blogging, content management and more with a built-in Windows Web Application Gallery. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • W3Schools.com « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - WebMatrix Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part I: Creating a Web Site with WebMatrix. Create a Web Site with WebMatrix Start WebMatrix, and click Site From Template: Select Empty Site, name the new site Demo, and click OK: WebMatrix creates a new site and displays a workspace window with a menu at the top (to publish, run, start, or stop your web site): Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • In the left pane there is a list of your web folders and workspace selector to select working with the site, files, databases, or reports. Select the Files workspace. This workspace lets you work with files and folders. Create a Web Page with WebMatrix In the ribbon bar, click New: Choose file type CSHTML, (You will learn more about CSHTML files later) and in the Name box, type default.cshtml: When you click OK, WebMatrix creates a web page and opens it in the editor: <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head>     <meta charset="utf-8" />     <title></title> </head> <body> </body> </html> Use the editor to add a title and a heading: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head>     <meta charset="utf-8" />     <title>Web Pages Demo</title> </head> <body>     <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1> </body> </html> In the Quick Access Toolbar, click Save: In the ribbon bar, click Run: WebMatrix starts a web server (IIS Express) and runs the page on your computer. The page is displayed in your default browser: Hello Web Pages Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Files and Folders Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part II: Creating standard folders and a consistent style. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Create a new empty web site Create the necessary folders Create a standard style sheet for the site Create a standard layout for the site Create a home page for the site 1. Start With an Empty Web Site If you have followed this tutorial, you already have a web site called Demo. If not you can create an empty web site with WebMatrix: Start WebMatrix Click on "Create Site From Template" Choose "Empty Site" Name the site "Demo" 2. Create Folders In the folder named "Demo" (your website), create 5 folders: Account - for storing login and membership files App_Data - for storing databases and data files Images - for storing images Scripts - for storing browser scripts Shared - for storing shared style and layout files 3. Create a Style Sheet In the "Shared" folder, create a new style sheet (CSS file) named "Site.css". Put the following code inside the CSS file: Site.css h1 { border-bottom: 3px solid #cc9900; font: Georgia, serif; color: #996600; } body { font: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, sans-serif; background-color: #5c87b2; color: #696969; } #main { padding: 30px; background-color: #ffffff; border-radius: 0 4px 4px 4px; } The CSS file above defines the styles to be used used for The HTML heading element <h1> The HTML body element <body> The HTML element with id="main" Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » 4. Create a Layout Page In the "Shared" folder, create a new file named "Layout.cshtml". Put the following code inside the layout file: Layout.cshtml <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/Shared/Site.css" /> </head> <body> <div id="main"> @RenderBody() <p>&copy; 2012 W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </div> </body> </html> The layout file above defines the layout of your web pages. It has a link to your style sheet file (Shared/Site.css), and a call to the @RenderBody() function, where page content should be displayed. 5. Create a Home Page In your empty "Demo" folder, create a new file, named "Default.cshtml". If you created a file with this name earlier, you can edit the existing file, or create a new file with a new name (like Default2.cshtml). Put the following code inside the file: Default.cshtml @{Layout="/Shared/Layout.cshtml";} <h1>Welcome to W3Schools</h1> <h2>Web Site Main Ingredients</h2> <p>A Home Page (Default.cshtml)</p> <p>A Layout File (Layout.cshtml)</p> <p>A Style Sheet (Site.css)</p> Run example » The file starts with a reference to the layout file, otherwise it contains normal HTML markup. Congratulations You have created your first web site, with a main page (the Default page), a common template for all your pages (the Layout page), and a common style sheet (the CSS file). In the next chapters of this tutorial, we will add navigation to the web site. Then we will add a database, and finally we will add login and security. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Adding Navigation Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part III: Adding Navigation. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Add a PageStart page Add an about page Add a navigation menu Add the File: _PageStart.cshtml In the root folder (the "Demo" folder), create a new file named "_PageStart.cshtml". Put the following code inside the file: _PageStart.cshtml @{ // Set the layout page for the whole site Layout = "~/Shared/Layout.cshtml"; } The _PageStart file above contains code to be run in every page of the web site. After adding this, you no longer need to add the layout information to every web page.  Add an About Page In the "Demo" folder, create a new file named "About.cshtml". Put the following code inside the about file: About.cshtml <h1>About Us</h1> <p> Lorem Ipsum Porem Lorem Ipsum Porem </p> The about file above contains a heading and a paragraph. Please feel free to edit the content. Add a Navigation Menu In the "Shared" folder, edit the layout file. Put the following code inside the layout file: Layout.cshtml <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/Shared/Site.css" /> </head> <body> <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="/Default">Home</a></li> <li><a href="/About">About</a></li> </ul> <div id="main"> @RenderBody() <p>&copy; 2012 W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </div> </body> </html> The layout file above, is a copy of the layout file from the previous chapter, with an added unordered list (marked red). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Edit The Style Sheet In the "Shared" folder, edit your your style sheet (Site.css): Put the following code inside the file: Site.css h1 { border-bottom: 3px solid #cc9900; font: Georgia, serif; color: #996600; } body { font: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, sans-serif; background-color: #5c87b2; color: #696969; } #main { padding: 30px; background-color: #ffffff; border-radius: 0 4px 4px 4px; } ul#menu { padding: 0px; position: relative; margin: 0; } ul#menu li { display: inline; } ul#menu li a { background-color: #e8eef4; padding: 10px 20px; text-decoration: none; line-height: 2.8em; color: #034af3; /*CSS3 properties*/ border-radius: 4px 4px 0 0; } ul#menu li a:hover { background-color: #ffffff; } The style sheet above, is a copy of the style sheet from the previous chapter, with added styles for an unordered list (marked red). Edit the Home Page In your "Demo" folder, edit the file named "Default.cshtml". Put the following code inside the file: Default.cshtml <h1>Welcome to Us</h1> <p> Lorem Ipsum Porem Lorem Ipsum Porem </p> Run example » Feel free to edit the content. Congratulations You have added navigation to your website. In the next chapter we will add a database. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Databases Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part IV: Adding a Database. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Create a database Add data to the database Create a page to list the database Displaying Data from Database With Web Pages, you can easily display data from a database: Database Example @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var selectQueryString = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Name";  } <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table>  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @foreach(var row in db.Query(selectQueryString)) { <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td aligh="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  } </table>  </body>  </html> Run example » Creating a Database WebMatrix includes an SQL Database design tool. Follow the instructions below to create an SQL database called "SmallBakery". Open the Databases workspace and click New Database or Add a database. WebMatrix will create a database with the same name as your site: "Demo.sdf": Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Rename the database to "SmallBakery.sdf". Click New Table. Click New Column and create 4 columns named "Id", "Name", "Description", and "Price". For all columns, set Allows Null to "False". For the "Id" column, Set Data Type to "bigint", Is Identity to "True", and Is Primary Key to "True". For the "Name" and "Description" columns, set Data Type to "nvarchar". For the "Price" column, set Data Type to "money". Save the table and name it "Product". When you are finished, your table design will look like this: Notes: Allow Nulls = "False" specifies that the column cannot be blank (empty). Is Primary Key tells the database that this will be the table's primary key. Is Identity tells the database to assign a new ID number for every record (starting at 1). Data Type = "nvarchar" specifies that this column is a string of variable length. (The n prefix indicates that the column can hold international Unicode characters) Adding Data to the Database Follow the instructions below to add some data to your database: In the left pane, expand the SmallBakery.sdf node and then click Tables. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Right-click the Product table and then click Data. In the edit pane, enter the following records: Name Description Price Bread Baked fresh every day 2.99 Strawberry Cake Made with organic strawberries 9.99 Apple Pie Second only to your mom's pie 12.99 Pecan Pie If you like pecans, this is for you 10.99 Lemon Pie Made with the best lemons in the world 11.99 Cupcakes Your kids will love these 7.99 Creating a Test Page Follow the instructions below to create a test page for your database: In the root folder (the Demo folder), create a new web page named ListProducts.cshtml. Replace the code in the file with the code from the example above: ListProducts.cshtml @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var selectQueryString = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Name";  } <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table>  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @foreach(var row in db.Query(selectQueryString)) { <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td aligh="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  } </table>  </body>  </html> Add the Test Page to Your Application Add a new line to your layout file: Layout.cshtml <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="/Default">Home</a></li> <li><a href="/ListProducts">Data</a></li> <li><a href="/About">About</a></li> </ul> Run example » Database Connection The Database.Open(name) method will connect to a database in two steps: First, it searches the application's App_Data folder for a database that matches the name parameter without the file-name extension. If no file is found, it looks for a connection string in the application's Web.config file. This two-step search makes it possible to test the application with a local database, and run the application on a web host using a connection string. A connection string contains information about how to connect to a database. It can include a file path, or the name of an SQL database, with full user name and password. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Adding Registration and Login Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part V: Adding Membership registration, and Login. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Create a WebSecurity database to hold user profiles and membership information Initialize WebSecurity in AppStart Add a membership registration page Add a member login page The WebSecurity Object The WebSecurity Object provides security and authentication for ASP.NET Web Pages applications. With the WebSecurity object you can create user accounts, login and logout users, reset or change passwords, and more. Create a WebSecurity Database We will create a new WebSecurity database to store user profiles, logins, passwords, and membership information. You don't have to create a new database. You can use your existing database (SmallBakery.sdf). Select the Databases workspace in WebMatrix, and click "Add a database to your site" to create a new SQL Server Compact database. Name the database "Users.sdf" The database will be created in the App_Data folder of your web. Create an AppStart Page In the root of your web (the demo folder), create a new page named _AppStart.cshtml. Put the following code inside the file: _AppStart.cshtml @{ WebSecurity.InitializeDatabaseConnection("Users", "UserProfile", "UserId", "Email", true); } The code above will be run each time your web site (application) starts. It initializes the WebSecurity database (Users.sdf), with user profile tables, if it is not already initialized. "Users" is the name of the database. "UserProfile" is the name of the database table that contains the user profile information. "UserId" is the name of the (integer) column that contains the user IDs. "Email" is the name of the (string) column that contains user names.  true is a boolean value indicating that the user profile and membership tables should be created automatically if they don't exist. Otherwise set to false. Although true indicates that the membership tables can be created automatically, the database itself must always exist. Edit The Style Sheet In the "Shared" folder, edit your your style sheet (Site.css): Add the following CSS code to the file: Site.css /* Forms --------------------*/ fieldset label { display:block; padding:4px; Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • } input[type="text"],input[type="password"] { width:300px; } input[type="submit"] { padding:4px; } Add a Registration Page In the "Account" folder, create a new file named "Register.cshtml". Put the following code inside the file: Register.cshtml @{// Initialize page var email = ""; var password = ""; var confirmPassword = ""; var ErrorMessage = ""; // If this is a POST request, validate and process data if (IsPost) { email = Request.Form["email"]; password = Request.Form["password"]; confirmPassword = Request.Form["confirmPassword"]; if (email.IsEmpty() || password.IsEmpty()) { ErrorMessage = "You must specify both email and password.";} if (password != confirmPassword) { ErrorMessage = "Password and confirmation do not match.";} // If all information is valid, create a new account if (ErrorMessage=="") { var db = Database.Open("Users"); var user = db.QuerySingle("SELECT Email FROM UserProfile WHERE LOWER(Email) = LOWER(@0)", email); if (user == null) { db.Execute("INSERT INTO UserProfile (Email) VALUES (@0)", email); WebSecurity.CreateAccount(email, password, false); // Navigate back to the homepage and exit Response.Redirect("~/"); } else {ErrorMessage = "Email address is already in use.";} } } } @if (ErrorMessage!="") { <p>@ErrorMessage</p> <p>Please correct the errors and try again.</p> } <form method="post" action=""> <fieldset> <legend>Sign-up Form</legend> <ol> <li> <label>Email:</label> <input type="text" id="email" name="email" </li> <li> <label>Password:</label> <input type="password" id="password" name="password" </li> <li> <label>Confirm Password:</label> <input type="password" id="confirmPassword" name="confirmPassword" </li> <li> <p><input type="submit" value="Register" /></p> </li> </ol> </fieldset> </form> Add a Login Page In the "Account" folder, create a new file named "Login.cshtml". Put the following code inside the file: Login.cshtml @{// Initialize page var username = ""; Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » var password = ""; var ErrorMessage = ""; // If this is a POST request, validate and process data if (IsPost) { username = Request.Form["username"]; password = Request.Form["password"]; if (username.IsEmpty() || password.IsEmpty()) { ErrorMessage = "You must specify a username and password."; } else { // Login, Navigate back to the homepage and exit if (WebSecurity.Login(username, password, false)) {Response.Redirect("~/");} else {ErrorMessage = "Login failed";} } } } @if (ErrorMessage!="") { <p>@ErrorMessage</p> <p>Please correct the errors and try again.</p> } <form method="post" action=""> <fieldset> <legend>Log In to Your Account</legend> <ol> <li> <label>Username:</label> <input type="text" id="username" name="username" /> </li> <li> <label>Password:</label> <input type="password" id="password" name="password" /> </li> <li> <p><input type="submit" value="login" /></p> </li> </ol> </fieldset> </form> Edit the Navigation Menu In the "Shared" folder, edit the layout file. Put the following code inside the layout file: Layout.cshtml <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/Shared/Site.css" /> </head> <body> <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="/Default.cshtml">Home</a></li> <li><a href="/ListProducts">Data</a></li> <li><a href="/About">About</a></li> <li><a href="/Account/Register">Register</a></li> <li><a href="/Account/Login">Login</a></li> </ul> <div id="main"> @RenderBody() <p>&copy; 2012 W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </div> </body> </html> The layout file above, is a copy of the layout file from the previous chapter, with the Register an Login pages added to the navigation menu (marked red). Congratulations You have added membership registration and login information to your website. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Security Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by building a web site from scratch. Part VI: Security. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Add access restriction security to a web page Membership, Login, and Security In the previous chapter we added a registration page and a login page to the web site. When a membership is registered, the user can login, with his email address and password. However, user membership and login functions do not automatically restrict (or open) any access to the web site. Security (access restrictions) has to be added to each of the web pages. Adding Security to Pages Access restrictions (security) can easily be added to any web page. Just put the following code inside the page: Security Code: if (!WebSecurity.IsAuthenticated) { Response.Redirect("~/Account/Login"); } The code above executes an if test, asking if the user is logged in. If not, the user is redirected to the login page. Preventing Access to the Database In our example, the page ListProducts.cshtml, lists bakery products from the "SmallBakery" database. Add the security code at the beginning of the page: ListProducts.cshtml @{ if (!WebSecurity.IsAuthenticated) { Response.Redirect("~/Account/Login"); } var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var selectQueryString = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Name";  } <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table>  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @foreach(var row in db.Query(selectQueryString)) { <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td aligh="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  } </table>  </body>  </html> The ListProducts page above, is a copy of the page from the previous chapter about databases.  The security code is (added at the beginning) is marked red. Congratulations You have added security to your web site, using the WebSecurity object. For a full reference to the WebSecurity object, please visit our WebSecurity Object Reference. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Tutorial ASP.NET is a development framework for building web pages and web sites with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and server scripting. ASP.NET supports three different development methods: Web Pages, MVC (Model View Controller), and Web Forms. THIS TUTORIAL COVERS WEB PAGES. Web Pages MVC Web Forms ASP.NET Framework Easy Learning with "Run Example" Our "Run Example" tool makes it easy to learn Web Pages. It runs examples and displays the ASP.NET code and the HTML output simultaneously. Click on the "Run Example" button to see how it works: Web Pages Example <html> <body>      <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1>      <p>The time is @DateTime.Now</p> </body> </html> Run Example » What is Web Pages? Web Pages is one of the 3 programming models for creating ASP.NET web sites and web applications. The other two programming models are Web Forms and MVC (Model, View, Controller). Web Pages is the simplest programming model for developing ASP.NET web pages. It provides an easy way to combine HTML, CSS, JavaScript and server code: Easy to learn, understand, and use Built around single web pages Similar to PHP and Classic ASP Server scripting with Visual Basic or C# Full HTML, CSS, and JavaScript control Web Pages are easy extendable with programmable Web Helpers, including database, video, graphics, social networking and much more. Where to Start? Many developers like to start learning a new technology by looking at working examples. If you want to take a look at a working Web Pages examples, follow the ASP.NET Web Pages Demo. Web Pages Tutorial If you are new to ASP.NET, Web Pages is the perfect place to start. In our Web Pages tutorial you will learn how to combine HTML, CSS, JavaScript and server code, using the latest Razor server markup syntax with Visual Basic or C# . You will also learn how to extend your web pages with programmable Web Helpers. We Will Use WebMatrix WebMatrix is a simple and powerful free development tool from Microsoft. WebMatrix is tailor made for Web Pages. Install WebMatrix now! Web Pages Examples Learn by examples! Because ASP.NET code is executed on the server, you cannot view the code in your browser. You will only see the output as plain HTML. At W3Schools every example displays the hidden ASP.NET code. This makes it easier for you to understand how it works. Web Pages Examples Web Pages References At the end of this tutorial you will find a complete set of ASP.NET references with objects, components, properties and methods. Web Pages References Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Adding Razor Code In this tutorial we will use Razor markup with C# and Visual Basic code What is Razor? Razor is a markup syntax for adding server-based code to web pages Razor has the power of traditional ASP.NET markup, but is easier to learn, and easier to use Razor is a server side markup syntax much like ASP and PHP Razor supports C# and Visual Basic programming languages Adding Razor Code Remember the web page from previous chapter: <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head>    <meta charset="utf-8" />     <title>Web Pages Demo</title> </head> <body>     <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1> </body> </html> Now add some Razor code to the example: Example <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head>      <meta charset="utf-8" />      <title>Web Pages Demo</title> </head> <body>      <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1>      <p>The time is @DateTime.Now</p> </body> </html> Run example » The page contains ordinary HTML markup, with one addition: the @ marked Razor code. The Razor code does all the work of determining the current time on the server and display it. (You can specify formatting options, or just display the default) Main Razor Syntax Rules for C# Razor code blocks are enclosed in @{ ... } Inline expressions (variables and functions) start with @ Code statements end with semicolon Variables are declared with the var keyword Strings are enclosed with quotation marks C# code is case sensitive C# files have the extension .cshtml C# Example <!-- Single statement block --> @{ var myMessage = "Hello World"; } <!-- Inline expression or variable --> <p>The value of myMessage is: @myMessage</p> <!-- Multi-statement block --> @{ var greeting = "Welcome to our site!"; var weekDay = DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek; var greetingMessage = greeting + " Today is: " + weekDay; } <p>The greeting is: @greetingMessage</p> Run example » Main Razor Syntax Rules for VB Razor code blocks are enclosed in @Code ... End Code Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Inline expressions (variables and functions) start with @ Variables are declared with the Dim keyword Strings are enclosed with quotation marks VB code is not case sensitive VB files have the extension .vbhtml Example <!-- Single statement block  -->  @Code dim myMessage = "Hello World" End Code   <!-- Inline expression or variable -->  <p>The value of myMessage is: @myMessage</p>    <!-- Multi-statement block -->  @Code dim greeting = "Welcome to our site!"  dim weekDay = DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek  dim greetingMessage = greeting & " Today is: " & weekDay End Code <p>The greeting is: @greetingMessage</p> Run example » More About C# and Visual Basic If you want to learn more about Razor, and the C# and Visual Basic programming languages, go to the Razor section of this tutorial. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Page Layout With Web Pages it is easy to create a web site with a consistent layout. A Consistent Look On the Internet you will discover many web sites with a consistent look and feel: Every page have the same header Every page have the same footer Every page have the same style and layout With Web Pages this can be done very efficiently. You can have reusable blocks of content (content blocks), like headers and footers, in separate files. You can also define a consistent layout for all your pages, using a layout template (layout file). Content Blocks Many websites have content that is displayed on every page (like headers and footers). With Web Pages you can use the @RenderPage() method to import content from separate files. Content block (from another file) can be imported anywhere in a web page, and can contain text, markup, and code, just like any regular web page. Using common headers and footers as an example, this saves you a lot of work. You don't have to write the same content in every page, and when you change the header or footer files, the content is updated in all your pages. This is how it looks in code: Example <html> <body> @RenderPage("header.cshtml") <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1> <p>This is a paragraph</p> @RenderPage("footer.cshtml") </body> </html> Run example » Using a Layout Page In the previous section, you saw that including the same content in many web pages is easy. Another approach to creating a consistent look is to use a layout page. A layout page contains the structure, but not the content, of a web page. When a web page (content page) is linked to a layout page, it will be displayed according to the layout page (template). The layout page is just like a normal web page, except from a call to the @RenderBody() method where the content page will be included. Each content page must start with a Layout directive. This is how it looks in code: Layout Page: <html> <body> <p>This is header text</p> @RenderBody() <p>&copy; 2012 W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </body> </html> Any Web Page: @{Layout="Layout.cshtml";} <h1>Welcome to W3Schools</h1> <p> Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laborisnisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. </p> Run example » D.R.Y. - Don't Repeat Yourself Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » With two ASP.NET tools, Content Blocks and Layout Pages, you can give your web applications a consistent look. These tools also save you a lot of work, since you don't have to repeat the same information on all pages. Centralizing markup, style, and code makes web applications much more manageable and easier to maintain. Preventing Files from Being Browsed With ASP.NET, files with a name that starts with an underscore cannot be browsed from the web. If you want to prevent your content blocks or layout files from being viewed by your users, rename the files to: _header.cshtm _footer.cshtml _Layout.cshtml Hiding Sensitive Information With ASP.NET, the common way to hide sensitive information (database passwords, email passwords, etc.) is to keep the information in a separate file named "_AppStart". _AppStart.cshtml @{ WebMail.SmtpServer = "mailserver.example.com"; WebMail.EnableSsl = true; WebMail.UserName = "username@example.com"; WebMail.Password = "your-password"; WebMail.From = "your-name-here@example.com"; } Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Folders This chapter is about folders and folder paths. In this chapter you will learn: About Logical and Physical folder structures About Virtual and Physical names About web URLs and Paths Logical Folder Structure Below is a typical folder structure for an ASP.NET web pages web: The "Account" folder contains logon and security files The "App_Data" folder contains databases and data files The "Images" folder contains images The "Scripts" folder contains browser scripts The "Shared" folder contains common files (like layout and style files) Physical Folder Structure The physical structure for the "Images" folder at the website above might look like this on a computer: C:JohnnyDocumentsMyWebSitesDemoImages Virtual and Physical Names From the example above: The virtual name of a web picture might be "Images/pic31.jpg". But the physical name is "C:JohnnyDocumentsMyWebSitesDemoImagespic31.jpg" URLs and Paths URLs are used to access files from the web: http://www.w3schools.com/html5/html5_intro.asp The URL corresponds to a physical file on a server: C:MyWebSiteshtm5html5_intro.asp A virtual path is shorthand to represent physical paths. If you use virtual paths, you can move your pages to a different domain (or server) without having to update the paths. URL http://www.w3schools.com/html5/html5_intro.asp Server name w3schools Virtual path /html5/html5_intro.asp Physical path C:MyWebSitesw3schools/html5/html5_intro.asp The root on a disk drive is written like C:, but the root on a web site is  / (forward slash). The virtual path of a web folder is (almost) never the same as the physical folder. In your code you will, reference both the physical path and the virtual path, depending on what you are coding. ASP.NET has 3 tools for working with folder paths: the ~ operator, the Server.MapPath method, and the Href method. The ~ Operator To specify the virtual root in programming code, use the ~ operator. If you use the ~ operator, instead of a path, you can move your website to a different folder or location without changing any code: var myImagesFolder = "~/images"; var myStyleSheet = "~/styles/StyleSheet.css"; The Server.MapPath Method The Server.MapPath method converts a virtual path (/default.cshtml) to a physical path that the server can understand (C:JohnnyMyWebSitedDemodefault.cshtml). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » You will use this method when you need to open data files located on the server (data files can only be accessed with a full physical path): var pathName = "~/dataFile.txt"; var fileName = Server.MapPath(pathName); You will learn more about reading from (and writing to) data files on the server in the next chapter of this tutorial. The Href Method The Href method converts a path used in the code to a path that the browser can understand (the browser cannot understand the ~ operator). You use the Href method to create paths to resources like image files, and CSS files. You will often use this method in HTML <a>, <img>, and <link> elements: @{var myStyleSheet = "~/Shared/Site.css";} <!-- This creates a link to the CSS file. --> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="@Href(myStyleSheet)" /> <!-- Same as : --> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/Shared/Site.css" /> The Href method is a method of the WebPage Object. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Global Pages This chapter is about the global pages AppStart and PageStart. Before Web Startup: _AppStart Most server side code are written inside individual web pages. For example, if a web page contains an input form, the web page typically contains server code for reading the data. However, by creating a page named _AppStart in the root of your site, you can have startup code executed before the site starts. If this page exists, ASP.NET runs it the first time any page in the site is requested. Typical use for _AppStart is startup code and initialization of global values like counters and global names. Note 1: _AppStart should have the same file extension as your web pages, like: _AppStart.cshtml.  Note 2: _AppStart has an underscore prefix. Because of this, the files cannot be browsed directly. Before Every Page: _PageStart Just like _AppStart runs before your site starts, you can write code that runs before any page in each folder. For each folder in your web, you can add a file named _PageStart. Typical use for _PageStart is setting the layout page for all pages in a folder, or checking that a user is logged in before running a page. How Does it Work? The following diagram shows how it works: When a request comes in, ASP.NET checks whether _AppStart exists. If so, and this is the first request to the site, _AppStart runs. Then ASP.NET checks whether _PageStart exists. If so, _PageStart runs, before the requested page. If you include a call to RunPage() inside _PageStart you specify where you want the requested page to run. If not, the _PageStart runs before the requested page. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - HTML Forms A form is a section of an HTML document where you put input controls (text boxes, check boxes, radio buttons, and pull-down lists) Creating an HTML Input Page Razor Example <html> <body>  @{ if (IsPost) {  string companyname = Request["companyname"];  string contactname = Request["contactname"];  <p>You entered: <br /> Company Name: @companyname <br /> Contact Name: @contactname </p> } else { <form method="post" action=""> Company Name:<br /> <input type="text" name="CompanyName" value="" /><br /> Contact Name:<br /> <input type="text" name="ContactName" value="" /><br /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" class="submit" /> </form> } }  </body>  </html> Run example » Razor Example - Displaying Images Suppose you have 3 images in your image folder, and you want to display images dynamically by the users choice. This is easily done by a little Razor code. If you have an image called "Photo1.jpg" in your images folder on your web site, you can display the image using an HTML <img> element like this: <img src="images/Photo1.jpg" alt="Sample" /> The example below shows how to display a selected picture which the user selects from a drop-down list:   Razor Example @{ var imagePath=""; if (Request["Choice"] != null)    {imagePath="images/" + Request["Choice"];} } <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>Display Images</h1> <form method="post" action=""> I want to see: <select name="Choice">   <option value="Photo1.jpg">Photo 1</option>   <option value="Photo2.jpg">Photo 2</option>   <option value="Photo3.jpg">Photo 3</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Submit" /> @if (imagePath != "") { <p> <img src="@imagePath" alt="Sample" /> </p> }  </form> </body> </html> Run example » Example explained The server creates a variable called imagePath. The HTML page has a drop-down list (a <select> element) named Choice. It lets the user select a friendly name (like Photo 1), and passes a file name (like Photo1.jpg) when the page is submitted to the web server. The Razor code reads the value of Choice by Request["Choice"]. If it has a value the code constructs a path to the image (images/Photo1.jpg, and stores it in the variable imagePath. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » In the HTML page there is an <img> element to display the image. The src attribute is set to the value of the imagePath variable when the page displays. The <img> element is in an if block to prevent trying to display an image with no name (like the first time the page is displayed. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Objects  Web Pages is much often about Objects. The Page Object You have already seen some Page Object methods in use: @RenderPage("header.cshtml") @RenderBody() In the previous chapter you saw two Page Object properties being used (isPost, and Request): If (isPost) { if (Request["Choice"] != null { Some Page Object Methods Method Description href Builds a URL using the specified parameters RenderBody() Renders the portion of a content page that is not within a named section (In layout pages) RenderPage(page) Renders the content of one page within another page RenderSection(section) Renders the content of a named section (In layout pages) Write(object) Writes the object as an HTML-encoded string WriteLitteral Writes an object without HTML-encoding it first. Some Page Object Properties Property Description isPost Returns true if the HTTP data transfer method used by the client is a POST request Layout Gets or sets the path of a layout page Page Provides property-like access to data shared between pages and layout pages Request Gets the HttpRequest object for the current HTTP request Server Gets the HttpServerUtility object that provides web-page processing methods The Page Property (of the Page Object) The Page property of the Page Object, provides property-like access to data shared between pages and layout pages. You can use (add) your own properties to the Page property: Page.Title Page.Version Page.anythingyoulike The pages property is very helpful. For instance, it makes it possible to set the page title in content files, and use it in the layout file: Home.cshtml @{ Layout="~/Shared/Layout.cshtml"; Page.Title="Home Page" } <h1>Welcome to W3Schools</h1> <h2>Web Site Main Ingredients</h2> <p>A Home Page (Default.cshtml)</p> <p>A Layout File (Layout.cshtml)</p> <p>A Style Sheet (Site.css)</p> Layout.cshtml <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>@Page.Title</title> </head> <body> @RenderBody() </body> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » </html Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Files This chapter is about working with text files. Working with Text Files In a previous chapter, we looked at web data stored in a database. Your web site may also have data stored in text files. Text files used to store data is often called flat files. Common text file formats are .txt, .xml, and .csv (comma-delimited values). In this chapter you will learn: How to read and display data from a text file Add a Text File Manually In the example to follow, you will need a text file to work with. On your web site, if you don't have an App_Data folder, create one. In the App_Data folder, create a new file named Persons.txt. Add the following content to the file: Persons.txt George,Lucas Steven,Spielberg Alfred,Hitchcock Displaying Data from a Text File The example below shows how to display data from a text file:   Example @{ var dataFile = Server.MapPath("~/App_Data/Persons.txt"); Array userData = File.ReadAllLines(dataFile); } <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>Reading Data from a File</h1> @foreach (string dataLine in userData) {   foreach (string dataItem in dataLine.Split(','))   {@dataItem <text>&nbsp;</text>}   <br /> } </body> </html> Run example » Example explained Server.MapPath finds the exact text file path. File.ReadAllLines opens the text file and reads all lines from the file into an array. For each dataItem in each dataline of the array the data is displayed. Displaying Data from an Excel File With Microsoft Excel, you can save a spreadsheet as a comma-delimited text file (.csv file). When you do so, each row in the spreadsheet is saved as a text line, and each data column is separated by a comma. You can use the example above to read an Excel .csv file (just change the file name to the name of the Excel file). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Helpers Web Helpers greatly simplifies web development and common programming tasks. ASP.NET Helpers ASP.NET helpers are components that can be accessed by single lines of Razor code. You can build your own helpers using Razor syntax stored as .cshtml files, or use built-in ASP.NET helpers. You will learn how to use Razor helpers in the next chapters of this tutorial. Below is a short description of some useful Razor helpers: The WebGrid Helper The WebGrid helper simplifies the way to display data: Automatically sets up an HTML table to display data Supports different options for formatting Supports paging (First, next, previous, last) through data Supports sorting by clicking on column headings The Chart Helper The "Chart Helper" can display chart images of different types with many formatting options and labels. The Chart helper can display data from arrays , from databases, or from files. The WebMail Helper The WebMail helper provides functions for sending email messages using SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). The WebImage Helper The WebImage helper provides functionality to manage images in a web page. Keywords: flip, rotate, resize, watermark. Third Party Helpers With Razor you can take advantage of built-in or third party helpers to simplify the use of email, databases, multimedia, and social networks as well as many other issues like navigation and web security. Installing Helpers Some helpers are already included with WebMatrix, but you can install others as well. In the W3Schools Helper Reference you can find a quick reference for included helpers and other helpers that you can install as part of a package called the ASP.NET Web Helpers Library. If you have a web site created in WebMatrix, use the following procedure to install helpers: 1. In WebMatrix, open the Site workspace. 2. Click on Web Pages Administration. 3. Login to Web Pages Administration using a password *. 4. Search for helpers using the search field. 5. Click install to install your desired helpers.  (* the first time you use Web Pages Administration, it will prompt you to create a password) Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - The WebGrid Helper WebGrid - One of many useful ASP.NET Web Helpers. Doing the HTML Yourself In the previous chapter, you displayed database data by using razor code, and doing all the HTML markup yourself: Database Example @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var selectQueryString = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Name";  } <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table>  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @foreach(var row in db.Query(selectQueryString)) { <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td align="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  } </table>  </body>  </html> Run example » Using The WebGrid Helper Using the WebGrid helper is an easier way to display data. The WebGrid helper: Automatically sets up an HTML table to display data Supports different options for formatting Supports paging through data Supports Sorting by clicking on column headings WebGrid Example @{  var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery") ;  var selectQueryString = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Id";  var data = db.Query(selectQueryString);  var grid = new WebGrid(data);  } <html>  <head>  <title>Displaying Data Using the WebGrid Helper</title>  </head>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <div id="grid">  @grid.GetHtml() </div>  </body>  </html> Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - The Chart Helper The Chart Helper - One of many useful ASP.NET Web Helpers. The Chart Helper In the previous chapters, you learned how to use an ASP.NET "Helper". You learned how to display data in a grid using the "WebGrid Helper". This chapter explains how to display data in graphical form, using the "Chart Helper". The "Chart Helper" can create chart images of different types with many formatting options and labels. It can create standard charts like area charts, bar charts, column charts, line charts, and pie charts, along with more specialized charts like stock charts. The data you display in a chart can be from an array, from a database, or from data in a file. Chart From an Array The example below shows the code needed to display a chart from an array of values: Example @{  var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)     .AddTitle("Employees")     .AddSeries(chartType: "column",       xValue: new[] {  "Peter", "Andrew", "Julie", "Mary", "Dave" },        yValues: new[] { "2", "6", "4", "5", "3" })     .Write(); } Run example » - new Chart creates a new chart object and sets its width and height - the AddTitle method specifies the chart title - the AddSeries method adds data to the chart - the chartType parameter defines the type of chart - the xValue parameter defines x-axis names - the yValues parameter defines the y-axis values - the Write() method displays the chart  Chart From Database Data You can run a database query and then use data from the results to create a chart: Example @{  var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product");  var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)     .AddTitle("Product Sales")     .DataBindTable(dataSource: dbdata, xField: "Name")    .Write(); } Run example » - var db = Database.Open opens the database (and assigns the database object to the variable db) - var dbdata = db.Query runs a database query and stores the result in dbdata Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » - new Chart creates a chart new object and sets its width and height - the AddTitle method specifies the chart title - the DataBindTable method binds the data source to the chart - the Write() method displays the chart  An alternative to using the DataBindTable method is to use AddSeries (See previous example). DataBindTable is easier to use, but AddSeries is more flexible because you can specify the chart and data more explicitly: Example @{  var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product");  var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)     .AddTitle("Product Sales")     .AddSeries(chartType:"Pie",       xValue: dbdata, xField: "Name",       yValues: dbdata, yFields: "Price")    .Write(); } Run example » Chart From XML Data The third option for charting is to use an XML file as the data for the chart: Example @using System.Data; @{ var dataSet = new DataSet(); dataSet.ReadXmlSchema(Server.MapPath("data.xsd")); dataSet.ReadXml(Server.MapPath("data.xml")); var dataView = new DataView(dataSet.Tables[0]); var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)    .AddTitle("Sales Per Employee")    .AddSeries("Default", chartType: "Pie",       xValue: dataView, xField: "Name",       yValues: dataView, yFields: "Sales")    .Write();} } Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - The WebMail Helper The WebMail Helper - One of many useful ASP.NET Web Helpers. The WebMail Helper The WebMail Helper makes it easy to send an email from a web application using SMTP (Simple Mail transfer Protocol). Scenario: Email Support To demonstrate the use of email, we will create an input page for support, let the user submit the page to another page, and send an email about the support problem. First: Edit Your AppStart Page If you have built the Demo application in this tutorial, you already have a page called _AppStart.cshtml with the following content: _AppStart.cshtml @{ WebSecurity.InitializeDatabaseConnection("Users", "UserProfile", "UserId", "Email", true); } To initiate the WebMail helper, add the the following WebMail properties to your AppStart page: _AppStart.cshtml @{ WebSecurity.InitializeDatabaseConnection("Users", "UserProfile", "UserId", "Email", true); WebMail.SmtpServer = "smtp.example.com"; WebMail.SmtpPort = 25; WebMail.EnableSsl = false; WebMail.UserName = "support@example.com"; WebMail.Password = "password-goes-here"; WebMail.From = "john@example.com"; } Properties explained: SmtpServer: The name the SMTP server that will be used to send the emails. SmtpPort: The port the server will use to send SMTP transactions (emails). EnableSsl: True, if the server should use SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption. UserName: The name of the SMTP email account used to send the email. Password: The password of the SMTP email account. From: The email to appear in the from address (often the same as UserName). Second: Create an Email Input Page Then create an input page, and name it Email_Input: Email_Input.cshtml <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>Request for Assistance</h1> <form method="post" action="EmailSend.cshtml"> <label>Username:</label> <input type="text name="customerEmail" /> <label>Details about the problem:</label> <textarea name="customerRequest" cols="45" rows="4"></textarea> <p><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></p> </form> </body> </html> } The purpose of the input page is to collect information, then submit the data to a new page that can send the information as an email. Third: Create An Email Send Page Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Then create the page that will be used to send the email, and name it Email_Send: Email_Send.cshtml @{ // Read input var customerEmail = Request["customerEmail"]; var customerRequest = Request["customerRequest"]; try { // Send email WebMail.Send(to:"someone@example.com", subject: "Help request from - " + customerEmail, body: customerRequest ); } catch (Exception ex ) { <text>@ex</text> } } For more information about sending emails from a ASP.NET Web Pages application, please see the: WebMail Object Reference. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - PHP Attention PHP Developers. Web Pages can be written in PHP. WebMatrix Supports PHP At first look, WebMatrix only supports Microsoft technologies. This is not true. In WebMatrix you can write full PHP applications with MySQL and all. Create a PHP Site In the chapter ASP.NET Web Pages - Create a Web Site you created a new empty web site named "Demo", with a new empty page of the type "CSHTML". Repeat the process, create an empty site named "Demo_PHP", enable PHP (see picture below), create a new empty page of the type PHP, name it "index.php", and you have created your first PHP site.   Create a PHP Page Put the following code inside the "index.php" file: index.php <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <?php phpinfo(); ?> </body> </html> Run the file and see PHP at work. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Publishing the Website Learn how to publish a Web Pages application without using WebMatrix. Publish Your Application Without Using WebMatrix An ASP.NET Web Pages application can be published to a remote server by using the Publish commands in WebMatrix (,Visual Web Developer,or Visual Studio). This function copies all your application files, cshtml pages, images, and all the required DLL files for Web Pages, for Razor, for Helpers, and for SQL Server Compact (if a database is used). Sometimes you don't want to use this option. Maybe your hosting provider only supports FTP? Maybe you already have a web site based on classic ASP? Maybe you want to copy the files yourself? Maybe you want to use Front Page, Expression Web, or some other publishing software? Will you get a problem? Yes, you will. But you can solve it. To perform a web copy, you have to know how to include the right files, what DDL files to copy, and where store them. Follow these steps: 1. Use the Latest Version of ASP.NET Before you continue, make sure your hosting computer runs the latest version of ASP.NET (4.0). 2. Copy the Web Folders Copy your website (all folders and content) from your development computer to an application folder on your remote hosting computer (server). If your App_Data folder contains test data, don't copy the App_Data folder (see SQL Data below). 3. Copy the DLL Files On the remote server create a bin folder in the root of your application. (If you have installed Helpers, you already have a bin folder) Copy everything from your folder: C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft ASP.NETASP.NET Web Pagesv1.0Assemblies to your application's bin folder on the remote server. 4. Copy the SQL Server Compact DLL Files If your application has a SQL Server Compact database (an .sdf file in App_Data folder), you must copy the SQL Server Compact DLL files: Copy everything from your folder: C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft SQL Server Compact Editionv4.0Private to your application's bin folder on the remote server. Create (or edit) the Web.config file for your application: Example C# <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <configuration> <system.data> <DbProviderFactories> <remove invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" /> <add invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" name="Microsoft SQL Server Compact 4.0" description=".NET Framework Data Provider for Microsoft SQL Server Compact" type="System.Data.SqlServerCe.SqlCeProviderFactory, System.Data.SqlServerCe, Version=4.0.0.1,Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91" /> </DbProviderFactories> </system.data> </configuration> 5. Copy SQL Server Compact Data Do you have .sdf files in your App_Data folder that contains test data? Do you want to publish the test data to the remote server? Most likely not. If you have to copy the SQL data files (.sdf files), you should delete everything in the database, and then copy the empty .sdf file from your development computer to the server. THAT'S IT. GOOD LUCK ! Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Examples in C# and VB Learn ASP.NET Web Pages by C# and Visual Basic examples. Examples in C# Examples in VB Basic Web Pages Display Date and Time Reusable Header and Footer Basic HTML Form Examples Explained Basic Web Pages Display Date and Time Reusable Header and Footer Basic HTML Form Examples Explained Basic C# For Loop For Each Loop While Loop Array If Condition If Else Condition Else If Condition Switch Condition Examples Explained Basic VB For Loop For Each Loop While Loop Array If Condition If Else Condition Else If Condition Select Condition Examples Explained Working with Databases Display Database Data Display Data with WebGrid Examples Explained Working with Databases Display Database Data Display Data with WebGrid Examples Explained Using the Chart Helper Display a Bar Chart from an Array Display a Bar Chart from a Database Display a Pie Chart from a Database Display a Pie Chart from an XML File Examples Explained Using the Chart Helper Display a Bar Chart from an Array Display a Bar Chart from a Database Display a Pie Chart from a Database Display a Pie Chart from an XML File Examples Explained Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body>      <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1>      <p>The time is @DateTime.Now</p> </body> </html> Hello Web Pages The time is 7/22/2012 6:50:26 AM  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @RenderPage("header.cshtml") <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1> <p>This is a paragraph</p> @RenderPage("footer.cshtml") </body> </html> This is a header from a separate file Hello Web Pages This is a paragraph This is a footer from a separate file  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html>  <body>  @{ if (IsPost) {  string companyname = Request["CompanyName"];  string contactname = Request["ContactName"];  <p>You entered: <br />  Company Name: @companyname <br />  Contact Name: @contactname </p>  } else { <form method="post" action=""> Company Name:<br />  <input type="text" name="CompanyName" value="" /><br /> Contact Name:<br /><br /> <input type="text" name="ContactName" value="" /><br /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" class="submit" /> </form>  } } </body>  </html> Company Name: Contact Name:  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Submit
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body>      <h1>Hello Web Pages</h1>      <p>The time is @DateTime.Now</p> </body> </html> Hello Web Pages The time is 7/22/2012 6:51:45 AM  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @RenderPage("header.vbhtml") <h1>Hello Razor</h1> <p>This is a paragraph</p> @RenderPage("footer.vbhtml") </body> </html> This is a header from a separate file Hello Web Pages This is a paragraph This is a footer from a separate file  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html>  <body>  @if (IsPost) Dim companyname = Request("CompanyName")  Dim contactname = Request("ContactName")  @<p>You entered: <br /><br /> Company Name: @companyname <br />  Contact Name: @contactname </p>  else @<form method="post" action="">  Company Name:<br /> <input type="text" name="CompanyName" value="" /><br /> Contact Name:<br /> <input type="text" name="ContactName" value="" /><br /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit" class="submit" />  </form>  end if Company Name: Contact Name:  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Submit
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @for(var i = 10; i < 21; i++) { <p>Line @i</p> } </body> </html> Line 10 Line 11 Line 12 Line 13 Line 14 Line 15 Line 16 Line 17 Line 18 Line 19 Line 20  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> <ul> @foreach (var x in Request.ServerVariables)     {<li>@x</li>} </ul> </body> </html> ALL_HTTP ALL_RAW APPL_MD_PATH APPL_PHYSICAL_PATH AUTH_PASSWORD AUTH_TYPE AUTH_USER CERT_COOKIE CERT_FLAGS CERT_ISSUER CERT_KEYSIZE CERT_SECRETKEYSIZE CERT_SERIALNUMBER CERT_SERVER_ISSUER CERT_SERVER_SUBJECT CERT_SUBJECT CONTENT_LENGTH CONTENT_TYPE GATEWAY_INTERFACE HTTPS HTTPS_KEYSIZE HTTPS_SECRETKEYSIZE HTTPS_SERVER_ISSUER HTTPS_SERVER_SUBJECT INSTANCE_ID INSTANCE_META_PATH LOCAL_ADDR LOGON_USER PATH_INFO PATH_TRANSLATED QUERY_STRING REMOTE_ADDR REMOTE HOST  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @{ var i = 0; while (i < 5)     {     i += 1;     <p>Line @i</p>     } } </body> </html> Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 Line 5  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ string[] members = {"Jani", "Hege", "Kai", "Jim"}; int i = Array.IndexOf(members, "Kai")+1; int len = members.Length; string x = members[2-1]; } <html> <body> <h3>Members</h3> @foreach (var person in members) { <p>@person</p> } <p>The number of names in Members are @len</p> <p>The person at position 2 is @x</p> <p>Kai is now in position @i</p> </body> </html> Members Jani Hege Kai Jim The number of names in Members are 4 The person at position 2 is Hege Kai is now in position 3  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{var price=50;} <html> <body> @if (price>30)   {   <p>The price is too high</p>   } </body> </html> The price is too high.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{var price=20;} <html> <body> if (price>30)     {     <p>The price is too high.</p>     }     else     {        <p>The price is OK.</p>     } </body> </html> The price is OK.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{var price=25;} <html> <body> if (price>=30)     {     <p>The price is high.</p>     }     else if (price>20 && price<30)      {     <p>The price is OK.</p>     }     else     {     <p>The price is low.</p>     } </body> </html> The price is OK.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ var message=""; var weekday=DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek; var day=weekday.ToString() } <html> <body> @switch(day) { case "Monday":     message="This is the first weekday.";     break; case "Thursday":     message="Only one day before weekend.";     break; case "Friday":     message="Tomorrow is weekend!";     break; default:     message="Today is " + day;     break; } <p>@message</p> </body> </html> Today is Sunday  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @for i=10 to 21    @<p>Line @i</p> next i </body> </html> Line 10 Line 11 Line 12 Line 13 Line 14 Line 15 Line 16 Line 17 Line 18 Line 19 Line 20  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> <ul> @for each x in Request.ServerVariables     @<li>@x</li> next x </ul> </body> </html> ALL_HTTP ALL_RAW APPL_MD_PATH APPL_PHYSICAL_PATH AUTH_PASSWORD AUTH_TYPE AUTH_USER CERT_COOKIE CERT_FLAGS CERT_ISSUER CERT_KEYSIZE CERT_SECRETKEYSIZE CERT_SERIALNUMBER CERT_SERVER_ISSUER CERT_SERVER_SUBJECT CERT_SUBJECT CONTENT_LENGTH CONTENT_TYPE GATEWAY_INTERFACE HTTPS HTTPS_KEYSIZE HTTPS_SECRETKEYSIZE HTTPS_SERVER_ISSUER HTTPS_SERVER_SUBJECT INSTANCE_ID INSTANCE_META_PATH LOCAL_ADDR LOGON_USER PATH_INFO PATH_TRANSLATED QUERY_STRING REMOTE_ADDR REMOTE HOST  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: <html> <body> @Code Dim i=0 Do While i < 5     i += 1     @<p>Line @i</p> Loop End Code </body> </html> Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 Line 5  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim members as String()={"Jani","Hege","Kai","Jim"} i=Array.IndexOf(members,"Kai")+1 len=members.Length x=members(2-1) End Code <html> <body> <h3>Members</h3> @For Each person In members     @<p>@person</p> Next person <p>The number of names in Members are @len</p> <p>The person at position 2 is @x</p> <p>Kai is now in position @i</p> </body> </html> Members Jani Hege Kai Jim The number of names in Members are 4 The person at position 2 is Hege Kai is now in position 3  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim price=50 End Code <html> <body> @If price>30 Then @<p>The price is too high.</p> End If </body> </html> The price is too high.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim price=20 End Code <html> <body> @if price>30 Then     @<p>The price is too high.</p> Else        @<p>The price is OK.</p> End If </body> </html> The price is OK.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim price=25 End Code <html> <body> @if price>=30 Then     @<p>The price is high.</p> ElseIf price>20 And price<30 then      @<p>The price is OK.</p> Else     @<p>The price is low.</p> End If </body> </html> The price is OK.  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim weekday=DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek Dim day=weekday.ToString() Dim message="" End Code <html> <body> @Select Case day Case "Monday"     message="This is the first weekday." Case "Thursday"     message="Only one day before weekend." Case "Friday"     message="Tomorrow is weekend!" Case Else     message="Today is " & day End Select <p>@message</p> </body> </html> Today is Sunday  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery");  var query = "SELECT * FROM Product";  } <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table border="1" width="100%">  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @foreach(var row in db.Query(query)) { <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td align="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  } </table>  </body>  </html> Small Bakery Products Id Product Description Price 1 Bread Baked fresh every day 2.99 2 Strawberry Cake Made with organic strawberries 9.99 3 Apple Pie Second only to your mom's pie 12.99 4 Pecan Pie If you like pecans, this is for you 10.99 5 Lemon Pie Made with the best lemons in the world 11.99 6 Cupcakes Your kids will love these 9.99  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{  var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery") ;  var query = "SELECT * FROM Product ORDER BY Id";  var data = db.Query(query);  var grid = new WebGrid(data);  } <html>  <head>  <title>Displaying Data Using the WebGrid Helper</title>  </head>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <div id="grid">  @grid.GetHtml() </div>  </body>  </html> Small Bakery Products Id Name Description Price 1 Bread Baked fresh every day 2,99 3 Pecan Pie If you like pecans, this is for you 12,99 2 Strawberry Cake Made from organic strawberries 9,99 4 Lemon Pie Made with the best lemons in the world 11,99 5 Cupcakes Your kids will love yhese 7,99  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim db = Database.Open("SmallBakery")  Dim query = "SELECT * FROM Product"  End Code <html>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <table border="1" width="100%">  <tr> <th>Id</th>  <th>Product</th>  <th>Description</th>  <th>Price</th>  </tr> @Code Dim row for each row in db.Query(query) End Code <tr>  <td>@row.Id</td>  <td>@row.Name</td>  <td>@row.Description</td>  <td align="right">@row.Price</td>  </tr>  @Code next End Code </table>  </body>  </html> Small Bakery Products Id Product Description Price 1 Bread Baked fresh every day 2.99 2 Strawberry Cake Made with organic strawberries 9.99 3 Apple Pie Second only to your mom's pie 12.99 4 Pecan Pie If you like pecans, this is for you 10.99 5 Lemon Pie Made with the best lemons in the world 11.99 6 Cupcakes Your kids will love these 9.99  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code  Dim db = Database.Open("SmallBakery")  Dim query = "SELECT * FROM Product"  Dim data = db.Query(query)  Dim grid = new WebGrid(data)  End Code <html>  <head>  <title>Displaying Data Using the WebGrid Helper</title>  </head>  <body>  <h1>Small Bakery Products</h1>  <div id="grid">  @grid.GetHtml() </div>  </body>  </html> Small Bakery Products Id Name Description Price 1 Bread Baked fresh every day 2,99 3 Pecan Pie If you like pecans, this is for you 12,99 2 Strawberry Cake Made from organic strawberries 9,99 4 Lemon Pie Made with the best lemons in the world 11,99 5 Cupcakes Your kids will love yhese 7,99  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)    .AddTitle("Employees")    .AddSeries(chartType: "column",       xValue: new[] { "Peter", "Andrew", "Julie", "Mary", "Dave" },       yValues: new[] { "2", "6", "4", "5", "3" })    .Write(); }  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery"); var dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product"); var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)   .AddTitle("Product Sales")   .DataBindTable(dataSource: dbdata, xField: "Name")   .Write(); }  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @{ var db = Database.Open("SmallBakery"); var dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product"); var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)   .AddTitle("Product Sales")   .AddSeries(chartType: "Pie",      xValue: dbdata, xField: "Name",      yValues: dbdata, yFields: "Price")   .Write(); }  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @using System.Data; @{ var dataSet = new DataSet(); dataSet.ReadXmlSchema(Server.MapPath("data.xsd")); dataSet.ReadXml(Server.MapPath("data.xml")); var dataView = new DataView(dataSet.Tables[0]); var myChart = new Chart(width: 600, height: 400)    .AddTitle("Sales Per Employee")    .AddSeries("Default", chartType: "Pie",       xValue: dataView, xField: "Name",       yValues: dataView, yFields: "Sales")    .Write(); }  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim myChart as new Chart(600,400) Dim xarr(4) xarr(0)="Peter" xarr(1)="Andrew" xarr(2)="Julie" xarr(3)="Mary" xarr(4)="Dave" Dim yarr(4) yarr(0)="2" yarr(1)="6" yarr(2)="4" yarr(3)="5" yarr(4)="3" myChart.AddTitle("Employees") myChart.AddSeries("Employees","column",,,,,xarr,,yarr,, myChart.Write() End Code  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim db = Database.Open("SmallBakery") Dim dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product") Dim myChart = new Chart(600,400) myChart.AddTitle("Product Sales") myChart.DataBindTable(dbdata,"Name") myChart.Write() End Code  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Code Dim db = Database.Open("SmallBakery") Dim dbdata = db.Query("SELECT Name, Price FROM Product") Dim myChart = new Chart(600,400) myChart.AddTitle("Product Sales") myChart.AddSeries("Employees","column",,,,,dbdata,"Name myChart.Write() End Code  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  Source:  Output Result: @Imports System.Data @Code Dim dataSet = new DataSet() dataSet.ReadXmlSchema(Server.MapPath("data.xsd")) dataSet.ReadXml(Server.MapPath("data.xml")) Dim dataView = new DataView(dataSet.Tables(0)) Dim myChart = new Chart(600,400) myChart.AddTitle("Sales Per Employee") myChart.AddSeries("Default","Pie",,,,,dataView,"Name",d myChart.Write() End Code  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Classes ASP.NET Classes Reference Method Description AsBool(), AsBool(true|false) Converts a string value to a Boolean value (true/false). Returns false or the specified value if the string does not represent true/false. AsDateTime(), AsDateTime(value) Converts a string value to date/time. Returns DateTime. MinValue or the specified value if the string does not represent a date/time. AsDecimal(), AsDecimal(value) Converts a string value to a decimal value. Returns 0.0 or the specified value if the string does not represent a decimal value. AsFloat(), AsFloat(value) Converts a string value to a float. Returns 0.0 or the specified value if the string does not represent a decimal value. AsInt(), AsInt(value) Converts a string value to an integer. Returns 0 or the specified value if the string does not represent an integer. Href(path [, param1 [, param2]]) Creates a browser-compatible URL from a local file path, with optional additional path parts. Html.Raw(value) Renders value as HTML markup instead of rendering it as HTML-encoded output. IsBool(), IsDateTime(), IsDecimal(), IsFloat(), IsInt() Returns true if the value can be converted from a string to the specified type. IsEmpty() Returns true if the object or variable has no value. IsPost Returns true if the request is a POST. (Initial requests are usually a GET.) Layout Specifies the path of a layout page to apply to this page. PageData[key], PageData[index], Page Contains data shared between the page, layout pages, and partial pages in the current request. You can use the dynamic Page property to access the same data, as in the following example: RenderBody() (Layout pages) Renders the content of a content page that is not in any named sections. RenderPage(path, values) RenderPage(path[, param1 [, param2]]) Renders a content page using the specified path and optional extra data. You can get the values of the extra parameters from PageData by position (example 1) or key (example 2). RenderSection(sectionName [, required = true|false]) (Layout pages) Renders a content section that has a name. Set required to false to make a section optional. Request.Cookies[key] Gets or sets the value of an HTTP cookie. Request.Files[key] Gets the files that were uploaded in the current request. Request.Form[key] Gets data that was posted in a form (as strings). Request[key] checks both the Request.Form and the Request.QueryString collections. Request.QueryString[key] Gets data that was specified in the URL query string. Request[key] checks both the Request.Form and the Request.QueryString collections. Request.Unvalidated(key) Request.Unvalidated().QueryString|Form|Cookies|Headers[key] Selectively disables request validation for a form element, query-string value, cookie, or header value. Request validation is enabled by default and prevents users from posting markup or other potentially dangerous content. Response.AddHeader(name, value) Adds an HTTP server header to the response. Response.OutputCache(seconds [, sliding] [, varyByParams]) Caches the page output for a specified time. Optionally set sliding to reset the timeout on each page access and varyByParams to cache different versions of the page for each different query string in the page request. Response.Redirect(path) Redirects the browser request to a new location. Response.SetStatus(httpStatusCode) Sets the HTTP status code sent to the browser. Response.WriteBinary(data [, mimetype]) Writes the contents of data to the response with an optional MIME type. Response.WriteFile(file) Writes the contents of a file to the response. @section(sectionName) { content } (Layout pages) Defines a content section that has a name. Server.HtmlDecode(htmlText) Decodes a string that is HTML encoded. Server.HtmlEncode(text) Encodes a string for rendering in HTML markup. Server.MapPath(virtualPath) Returns the server physical path for the specified virtual path. Server.UrlDecode(urlText) Decodes text from a URL. Server.UrlEncode(text) Encodes text to put in a URL. Session[key] Gets or sets a value that exists until the user closes the browser. ToString() Displays a string representation of the object's value. UrlData[index] Gets additional data from the URL (for example, /MyPage/ExtraData). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - Database Object ASP.NET Database Object Reference Method Description Database.Execute(SQLstatement [, parameters] Executes SQLstatement (with optional parameters) such as INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE and returns a count of affected records. Database.GetLastInsertId() Returns the identity column from the most recently inserted row. Database.Open(filename) Database.Open(connectionStringName) Opens either the specified database file or the database specified using a named connection string from the Web.config file. Database.OpenConnectionString(connectionString) Opens a database using the connection string. (This contrasts with Database.Open, which uses a connection string name.) Database.Query(SQLstatement[, parameters]) Queries the database using SQLstatement (optionally passing parameters) and returns the results as a collection. Database.QuerySingle(SQLstatement [, parameters]) Executes SQLstatement (with optional parameters) and returns a single record. Database.QueryValue(SQLstatement [, parameters]) Executes SQLstatement (with optional parameters) and returns a single value. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - WebMail Object With the WebMail object you can easily send emails from a web page. Description The WebMail Object provides email for ASP.NET Web Pages using SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). Example See an example in the chapter: Web Pages Email. WebMail Object Reference - Properties Properties Description SmtpServer The name the SMTP server that will send the emails SmtpPort The port the server will use to send SMTP emails EnableSsl True, if the server should use SSL encryption UserName The name of the SMTP account used to send the email Password The password of the SMTP account From The email to appear in the from address WebMail Object Reference - Methods Method Description Send() Sends an email message to an SMTP server for delivery The Send() method has the following parameters: Parameter Type Description to String The Email recipients (separated by semicolon) subject String The subject line body String The body of the message And the following optional parameters: Parameter Type Description from String The email of the sender cc String The cc emails (separated by semicolon) filesToAttach Collection Filenames isBodyHtml Boolean True if the email body is in HTML additionalHeaders Collection Additional headers Technical Data Name Value Class System.Web.Helpers.WebMail Namespace System.Web.Helpers Assembly System.Web.Helpers.dll Initializing the WebMail Helper To use the WebMail helper, you need access to an SMTP server. SMTP is the "output" part of email. If you use a web host, you probably already know the name of the SMTP server. If you work in a corporate network, your IT department can give you the name. If you are working at home, you might be able to use your ordinary email provider.  In order to send an email you will need: The name of the SMTP server The port number (most often 25) An email user name An email password In the root of your web, create a page (or edit the page ) named _AppStart.cshtml. Put the following code inside the file: _AppStart.cshtml Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » @} WebMail.SmtpServer = "smtp.example.com"; WebMail.SmtpPort = 25; WebMail.EnableSsl = false; WebMail.UserName = "support@example.com"; WebMail.Password = "password"; WebMail.From = "john@example.com" } The code above will run each time the web site (application) starts. It feeds your WebMail Object with initial values. Please substitute: smtp.example.com with the name the SMTP server that will be used to send the emails. 25 with the port number the server will use to send SMTP transactions (emails). false with true, if the server should use SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption. support@example.com with the name of the SMTP email account used to send emails. password with the password of the SMTP email account. john@example with the email to appear in the from address. You don't have to initiate the WebMail object in your AppStart file, but you must set these properties before you call the WebMail.Send() method. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - More Helpers ASP.NET Helpers - Objects References Analytics Object Reference (Google) Helper Description Analytics.GetGoogleHtml(webPropertyId) Renders the Google Analytics JavaScript code for the specified ID. Analytics.GetStatCounterHtml(project, security) Renders the StatCounter Analytics JavaScript code for the specified project. Analytics.GetYahooHtml(account) Renders the Yahoo Analytics JavaScript code for the specified account. Bing Object Reference Helper Description Bing.SearchBox([boxWidth]) Passes a search to Bing. To specify the site to search and a title for the search box, you can set the Bing.SiteUrl and Bing.SiteTitle properties. Normally you set these properties in the _AppStart page. Bing.AdvancedSearchBox([, boxWidth] [, resultWidth] [, resultHeight]   [, themeColor] [, locale]) Displays Bing search results in the page with optional formatting. To specify the site to search and a title for the search box, you can set the Bing.SiteUrl and Bing.SiteTitle properties. Normally you set these properties in the _AppStart page. Chart Object Reference Helper Description Chart(width, height [, template] [, templatePath]) Initializes a chart. Chart.AddLegend([title] [, name]) Adds a legend to a chart. Chart.AddSeries([name] [, chartType] [, chartArea]   [, axisLabel] [, legend] [, markerStep] [, xValue]   [, xField] [, yValues] [, yFields] [, options]) Adds a series of values to the chart. Crypto Object Reference Helper Description Crypto.Hash(string [, algorithm]) Crypto.Hash(bytes [, algorithm]) Returns a hash for the specified data. The default algorithm is sha256. Facebook Object Reference Helper Description Facebook.LikeButton(href [, buttonLayout] [, showFaces] [, width] [, height] [, action] [, font] [, colorScheme] [, refLabel]) Lets Facebook users make a connection to pages. FileUpload Object Reference Helper Description FileUpload.GetHtml([initialNumberOfFiles] [, allowMoreFilesToBeAdded]   [, includeFormTag] [, addText] [, uploadText]) Renders UI for uploading files. GamerCard Object Reference Helper Description GamerCard.GetHtml(gamerTag) Renders the specified Xbox gamer tag. Gravatar Object Reference Helper Description Gravatar.GetHtml(email [, imageSize] [, defaultImage] [, rating]   [, imageExtension] [, attributes]) Renders the Gravatar image for the specified email address. Json Object Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Helper Description Json.Encode(object) Converts a data object to a string in the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format. Json.Decode(string) Converts a JSON-encoded input string to a data object that you can iterate over or insert into a database. LinkShare Object Reference Helper Description LinkShare.GetHtml(pageTitle [, pageLinkBack] [, twitterUserName]   [, additionalTweetText] [, linkSites]) Renders social networking links using the specified title and optional URL. ModelState Object Reference Helper Description ModelStateDictionary.AddError(key, errorMessage) Associates an error message with a form field. Use the ModelState helper to access this member. ModelStateDictionary.AddFormError(errorMessage) Associates an error message with a form. Use the ModelState helper to access this member. ModelStateDictionary.IsValid Returns true if there are no validation errors. Use the ModelState helper to access this member. ObjectInfo Object Reference Helper Description ObjectInfo.Print(value [, depth] [, enumerationLength]) Renders the properties and values of an object and any child objects. Recaptcha Object Reference Helper Description Recaptcha.GetHtml([, publicKey] [, theme] [, language] [, tabIndex]) Renders the reCAPTCHA verification test. ReCaptcha.PublicKey ReCaptcha.PrivateKey Sets public and private keys for the reCAPTCHA service. Normally you set these properties in the _AppStart page. ReCaptcha.Validate([, privateKey]) Returns the result of the reCAPTCHA test. ServerInfo.GetHtml() Renders status information about ASP.NET Web Pages. Twitter Object Reference Helper Description Twitter.Profile(twitterUserName) Renders a Twitter stream for the specified user. Twitter.Search(searchQuery) Renders a Twitter stream for the specified search text. Video Object Reference Helper Description Video.Flash(filename [, width, height]) Renders a Flash video player for the specified file with optional width and height. Video.MediaPlayer(filename [, width, height]) Renders a Windows Media player for the specified file with optional width and height. Video.Silverlight(filename, width, height) Renders a Silverlight player for the specified .xap file with required width and height. WebCache Object Reference Helper Description WebCache.Get(key) Returns the object specified by key, or null if the object is not found. WebCache.Remove(key) Removes the object specified by key from the cache. WebCache.Set(key, value [, minutesToCache] [, slidingExpiration]) Puts value into the cache under the name specified by key. WebGrid Object Reference Helper Description WebGrid(data) Creates a new WebGrid object using data from a query. WebGrid.GetHtml() Renders markup to display data in an HTML table. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » WebGrid.Pager() Renders a pager for the WebGrid object. WebImage Object Reference Helper Description WebImage(path) Loads an image from the specified path. WebImage.AddImagesWatermark(image) Adds the specified image as a watermark. WebImage.AddTextWatermark(text) Adds the specified text to the image. WebImage.FlipHorizontal() WebImage.FlipVertical() Flips the image horizontally or vertically. WebImage.GetImageFromRequest() Loads an image when an image is posted to a page during a file upload. WebImage.Resize(width, height) Resizes the image. WebImage.RotateLeft() WebImage.RotateRight() Rotates the image to the left or the right. WebImage.Save(path [, imageFormat]) Saves the image to the specified path. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Pages - WebSecurity Object Description The WebSecurity Object provides security and authentication for ASP.NET Web Pages applications. With the WebSecurity object you can create user accounts, login and logout users, reset or change passwords, and more. WebSecurity Object Reference - Properties Properties Description CurrentUserId Gets the ID for the current user CurrentUserName Gets the name of the current user HasUserId Returns true if the current has a user ID IsAuthenticated Returns true if the current user is logged in WebSecurity Object Reference - Methods Method Description ChangePassword() Changes the password for a user ConfirmAccount() Confirms an account using a confirmation token CreateAccount() Creates a new user account CreateUserAndAccount() Creates a new user account GeneratePasswordResetToken() Generates a token that can be sent to as user by email GetCreateDate() Gets the time the specified membership was created GetPasswordChangeDate() Gets the date and time when password was changed GetUserId() Gets a user ID from a user name InitializeDatabaseConnection() Initializes the WebSecurity system (database) IsConfirmed() Checks if a user is confirmed IsCurrentUser() Checks if the current user matches a user name Login() Logs the user in by setting a token in the cookie Logout() Logs the user out by removing the token cookie RequireAuthenticatedUser() Exits the page if the user is not an authenticated user RequireRoles() Exits the page if the user is not a part of the specified roles RequireUser() Exits the page if the user is not the specified user ResetPassword() Changes a user's password using a token UserExists() Checks if a given user exists Technical Data Name Value Class WebMatrix.WebData.WebSecurity Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll Initializing the WebSecurity Database You must create or initialize an WebSecurity database before you can use the WebSecurity object in your code. In the root of your web, create a page (or edit the page ) named _AppStart.cshtml. Put the following code inside the file: _AppStart.cshtml @{ WebSecurity.InitializeDatabaseConnection("Users", "UserProfile", "UserId", "Email", true); } The code above will run each time the web site (application) starts. It initializes the WebSecurity database. "Users" is the name of the WebSecurity database (Users.sdf). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » "UserProfile" is the name of the database table that contains the user profile information. "UserId" is the name of the column that contains the user IDs (primary key). "Email" is the name of the column that contains user names. The last parameter true is a boolean value indicating that the user profile and membership tables should be created automatically if they don't exist, otherwise false. Although true indicates automatic creation of the database tables, the database itself will not be created automatically. It must exist. The WebSecurity Database The UserProfile table contains one record for each user, with a user ID (primary key) and the user's name (email): UserId Email 1 john@johnson.net 2  peter@peterson.com 3 lars@larson.eut The Membership table will contain membership information about when the user was created and if (and when) the membership was confirmed. Much like this (some columns are not shown): User Id Create Date Confirmation Token Is Confirmed Last Password Failure Password Password Change 1 12.04.2012 16:12:17 NULL True NULL AFNQhWfy.... 12.04.2012 16:12:17 Note: If you want to see all columns and all content, open the database with WebMatrix and look inside each table.  Simple Membership Configuration You might get errors using the WebSecurity object, if your site is not configured to use the ASP.NET Web Pages membership system SimpleMembership. This can occur if a hosting provider's server is configured differently than your local server. To fix this, add the following element to the site's Web.config file: <appSettings> <add key="enableSimpleMembership" value="true" /> </appSettings> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity Property - CurrentUserId WebSecurity Object Definition The CurrentUserId property is the ID (primary key) for the current user in the WebSecurity database. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.CurrentUserId Examples Example C# @{ int value; value=WebSecurity.CurrentUserId; } <p>Current User ID is: @value</p> Example VB @Code Dim value as Integer value=WebSecurity.CurrentUserId End Code <p>Current User ID is: @value</p> Remarks The CurrentUserId property is read only. It cannot be changed by code. The property is used to identify the user in the WebSecurity database, both in the user profile table and in the membership table. Errors and Exceptions The CurrentUserId property returns -1 if there is no current user logged in. Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity Property - CurrentUserName WebSecurity Object Definition The CurrentUserName property is the name of the current user in the user profile table in the WebSecurity database. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.CurrentUserName Examples Example C# @{ string value; value=WebSecurity.CurrentUserId; } <p>Welcome @value</p> Example VB @Code Dim value as String value=WebSecurity.CurrentUserName End Code <p>Welcome @value</p> Remarks The CurrentUserName property is read only. It cannot be changed by code. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity Property - HasUserId WebSecurity Object Definition The HasUserId property is a boolean value that indicates whether the current user has a user ID in the WebSecurity database. The property value is a boolean true if the current user has a user ID. The default is false. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.HasUserId Examples Example C# @{ bool value; value=WebSecurity.HasUserId; } <p>It is @value that the user has an ID</p> Example VB @Code Dim value as Boolean value=WebSecurity.HasUserId End Code <p>It is @value that the user has an ID</p> Remarks The HasUserID property is read only. It cannot be changed by code. The HasUserId property only verifies that the user has an ID in the WebSecurity database. It does not verify that the user account is valid (confirmed), or that the user is logged in. Use the IsConfirmed() method to verify that the user is confirmed. Use IsAuthenticated property to verify that the user is logged in. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity Property - IsAuthenticated WebSecurity Object Definition The IsAuthenticated property is a boolean value that indicates whether the current user is authenticated (logged in). The property value is a boolean true if the current user is authenticated, otherwise false. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.IsAuthenticated Examples Example C# if (!WebSecurity.IsAuthenticated) { Response.Redirect("~/Account/Login"); } Example VB if !WebSecurity.IsAuthenticated then   Response.Redirect("~/Account/Login") end if Remarks The IsAuthenticated property is read only. It cannot be changed by code. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - ChangePassword() WebSecurity Object Definition The ChangePassword() method changes the password for a specified user. Syntax in C# and VB WebSecurity.ChangePassword(userName, oldPassword, newPassword) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name oldPassword String The user's old password newPassword String The new password Return Value Type Description Boolean true if the password is changed, otherwise false Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - ConfirmAccount() WebSecurity Object Definition The ConfirmAccount() method confirms and activates an account using a confirmation token. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.ConfirmAccount(accountConfirmationToken) Examples Example C# string message = ""; var confirmationToken = Request["confirmationCode"]; WebSecurity.Logout(); if (!confirmationToken.IsEmpty()) {     if (WebSecurity.ConfirmAccount(confirmationToken))     {     message = "Registration confirmed";     }     else     {     message = "Could not confirm your registration";     } } Example VB message = "" confirmationToken = Request("confirmationCode") WebSecurity.Logout() if !confirmationToken.IsEmpty() then    if WebSecurity.ConfirmAccount(confirmationToken) then        message = "Registration Confirmed"     else        message = "Could not confirm your registration"     end if end if Parameters Parameter Type Description accountConfirmationToken String The confirmation tokene Return Value Type Description Boolean  true if the account is confirmed, otherwise false. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks A confirmation token can be created by the CreateAccount(), CreateUserAndAccount(), or GeneratePasswordResetToken() methods. Common procedure is to send the token to a user in an email, and ask the user to verify the identity (via a link to a confirmation page). Technical Data Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - CreateAccount() WebSecurity Object Definition The CreateAccount() method creates a new account in the user database, using user name and password, and optionally lets you specify if the user must explicitly confirm the account. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.CreateAccount(username, password, requireConfirmation) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name password String The user password requireConfirmation Boolean true if the account must be confirmed using the token return value, default is false. Return Value Type Description String A token that can be sent to the user to confirm the account. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) The CreateAccount() method also throws a MembershipCreateUserException if: The username is empty The username already has a membership account The password is empty The password is too long The database operation failed Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - CreateUserAndAccount() WebSecurity Object Definition The CreateUserAndAccount() method creates a new account in the user database, using user name and password, and optionally lets you specify if the user must explicitly confirm the account. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.CreateUserAndAccount(username, password, propertyValues, requireConfirmation) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name password String The user password propertyValues Object A dictionary that contains additional user attributes requireConfirmation Boolean true if the account must be confirmed using the token return value, default is false. Return Value Type Description String A token that can be sent to the user to confirm the account. Remarks The CreateUserAndAccount() method creates a new entry in the user profile table and then a corresponding entry in the membership table in the WebSecurity database. You can pass true for requireConfirmationToken parameter to require that the user account must be confirmed by the user. To confirm the account, you get the token as the return value from the CreateUserAndAccount() method. If you are manually maintaining the user profile table and only want to create a membership table entry for the user, call the CreateAccount() method instead. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) The CreateUserAndAccount() method also throws a MembershipCreateUserException if: The username is empty The username already has a membership account The password is empty The password is too long The database operation failed Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - GeneratePasswordResetToken() WebSecurity Object Definition The GeneratePasswordResetToken() method generates a password reset token that can be sent to a user in email. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.GeneratePasswordResetToken(userName, expiration) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name expiration Integer The time in minutes until the token expires. Default is 1440 (24 hours) Return Value Type Description String A reset token. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks Use the ResetPassword() method if the user has forgotten his password. The ResetPassword() method requires a password reset token. A confirmation token can be created by the CreateAccount(), CreateUserAndAccount(), or GeneratePasswordResetToken() methods. The password can be reset by code, but the common procedure is to send an email to the user (with the token and a link to a page) so he can confirm the new password with the new token: @{ newPassword = Request["newPassword"]; confirmPassword = Request["confirmPassword"]; token = Request["token"]; if isPost {     // input testing is ommitted here to save space     retunValue = ResetPassword(token, newPassword); } } <h1>Change Password</h1> <form method="post" action=""> <label for="newPassword">New Password:</label> <input type="password" id="newPassword" name="newPassword" title="New password" /> <label for="confirmPassword">Confirm Password:</label> <input type="password" id="confirmPassword" name="confirmPassword" title="Confirm new password" /> <label for="token">Pasword Token:</label> <input type="text" id="token" name="token" title="Password Token" /> <p class="form-actions"> <input type="submit" value="Change Password" title="Change password" /> </p> </form> Technical Data Name Value Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - GetCreateDate() WebSecurity Object Definition and Use The GetCreateDate() method returns the date and time when the specified membership account was created. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.GetCreateDate(userName) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name Return Value Type Description DateTime The date and time the membership account was created Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) If the account creation date is not available, the GetCreatedDate() method returns DateTime.MinValue. The value of DateTime.MinValue is 00:00:00.0000000, January 1, 0001. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - GetPasswordChangeDate() WebSecurity Object Definition The GetPasswordChangeDate() method returns the date and time a user's password was last changed. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.GetPasswordChangedDate(userName) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name Return Value Type Description DateTime The date and time the password was last changed Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks If the password has never been changed, the GetPasswordChangeDate() method returns DateTime.MinValue. The value of DateTime.MinValue is 00:00:00.0000000, January 1, 0001. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - GetUserId() WebSecurity Object Definition The GetUserId() method returns the ID for the specified user. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.GetUserId(userName) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name Return Value Type Description Integer  The user ID Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks The user ID is the primary key for the user information stored in the user database. It is used to identify the user, both in the user profile table and in the membership table. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - InitializeDatabaseConnection() WebSecurity Object Definition The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method initializes the WebSecurity database. The method initializes the WebSecurity system by connecting to the database that contains user and membership information. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.InitializeDatabaseConnection(connectionString, userTableName, userIdColumn, userNameColumn, autoCreateTables) Parameters Parameter Type Description connectionString String The name of your WebSecurity database (se remarks) userTableName String The database table that contains the user profile information userIdColumn String The database column that contains the user IDs (primary keys) userNameColumn String The database column that contains the user names autoCreateTables Boolean true indicates that user profile and membership tables should be created if they do not exist, otherwise false Return Value None. Remarks If you are using SQL Server Compact, connectionString should be the name of the WebSecurity database (without the .sdf file name extension). Otherwise it should be the name of a connection string in the web configuration (web.config file).  Even if autoCreateTables can force the database tables to be created automatically, the database itself must always exist. Errors and Exceptions The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method throws an InvalidOperationException if: SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - IsConfirmed() WebSecurity Object Definition The IsConfirmed() method returns a value that indicates whether the specified user has been confirmed. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.IsConfirmed(userName); Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name Return Value Type Description Boolean true if the user is confirmed, otherwise false Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks The IsConfirmed() method checks the user account identified by the userName parameter. If the membership has been confirmed (the user has confirmed the account by clicking an email link), the method returns true. If a registration has not been confirmed, the user cannot log in. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - Login() WebSecurity Object Definition The Login() method logs in a specified user, using a username and a password. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.Login(userName, password, persistCookie) Examples Example C# if (WebSecurity.Login(username,password)) { <p>Welcome</p> } else { <p>Incorrect username or password.</p> } Example VB if WebSecurity.Login(username,password) <p>Welcome</p> else <p>Incorrect username or password</p> end if Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name password String The user password persistCookie String true to specify that the authentication token in the cookie should be persisted beyond the current session; otherwise false. Default is false. Return Value Type Description Boolean true if the user is logged in, otherwise false Remarks When a user is logged in, ASP.NET sets an authentication token in a cookie that lets ASP.NET know on subsequent requests that the user has been logged in. If persistCookie is false, the token is valid only until the user closes the browser. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - Logout() WebSecurity Object Definition The Logout() method logs out the current user. C# and VB Syntax Logout() Examples Example C# // Log out the current user WebSecurity.Logout(); // Redirect back to the homepage Response.Redirect("~/"); Example VB ' Log out the current user WebSecurity.Logout() ' Redirect back to the homepage Response.Redirect("~/") Parameters None. Return Value None. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks When a user is logged in, ASP.NET sets an authentication token in a cookie that lets ASP.NET know on subsequent requests that the user has been logged in. The Logout() method removes the authentication token, which has the effect of logging the user out. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - RequireAuthenticatedUser() WebSecurity Object Definition The RequireAuthenticatedUser() method sets the HTTP status to 401 (Unauthorized) if the current user is not authenticated. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.RequireAuthenticatedUser() Parameters None. Return Value None. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks RequireAuthenticatedUser() only validates if the current user is authenticated. If the current user is not authenticated, the HTTP status is set to 401 (Unauthorized). To validate if the current user is a specific user (by ID or by name), use the RequireUser() method. To validate that a user is a member of a role (roles), use the RequireRoles() method. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - RequireRoles() WebSecurity Object Definition The RequireRoles() method sets the HTTP status to 401 (Unauthorized) if the current user is not in all of the specified roles. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.RequireRoles(roles) Examples Example C# WebSecurity.RequireRoles("Admin", "Poweruser"); Example VB WebSecurity.RequireRoles("Admin", "Poweruser") Parameters Parameter Type Description roles String A comma separated list of roles the current user must be in. Return Value None. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks RequireRoles() validates that the current user is a member of all of the specified roles. If the user is not a member of all of the specified roles, the HTTP status is set to 401 (Unauthorized). To validate that the user is authenticated, use the RequireAuthenticatedUser() method. To validate that the current user is a specific user, use the RequireUser() method. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - RequireUser() WebSecurity Object Definition The RequireUser() method sets the HTTP status to 401 (Unauthorized) if the specified user is not logged on. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.RequireUser(userId) or WebSecurity.RequireUser(userName) Parameters Parameter Type Description userID Integer The user ID userName String The user name Return Value None. Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks RequireUser() verifies that the current user is the specified user. To validate that the user is authenticated, use RequireAuthenticatedUser() instead. To validate that a user is a member of a role (roles), use RequireRoles(). RequireUser() lets only the specified user access the web page. The recommended way to restrict access to a page is to create a role, and use the RequireRoles() method to verify that the user is a member of that role. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - ResetPassword() WebSecurity Object Definition The ResetPassword() method resets a user password using a password token. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.ResetPassword(passwordResetToken,newPassword) Parameters Parameter Type Description passwordResetToken String The password token newpassword String The new password Return Value Type Description Boolean true if the password was changed, otherwise false Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks Use the ResetPassword method if the user has forgotten his password. The ResetPassword method requires a password reset token. A confirmation token can be created by the CreateAccount(), CreateUserAndAccount(), or GeneratePasswordResetToken() methods. The password can be reset by code, but the common procedure is to send an email to the user (with the token and a link to a page) so he can confirm the new password with the new token: @{ newPassword = Request["newPassword"]; confirmPassword = Request["confirmPassword"]; token = Request["token"]; if isPost {     // input testing is ommitted here to save space     retunValue = ResetPassword(token, newPassword); } } <h1>Change Password</h1> <form method="post" action=""> <label for="newPassword">New Password:</label> <input type="password" id="newPassword" name="newPassword" title="New password" /> <label for="confirmPassword">Confirm Password:</label> <input type="password" id="confirmPassword" name="confirmPassword" title="Confirm new password" /> <label for="token">Pasword Token:</label> <input type="text" id="token" name="token" title="Password Token" /> <p class="form-actions"> <input type="submit" value="Change Password" title="Change password" /> </p> </form> Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • WebSecurity - UserExists() WebSecurity Object Definition The UserExists() method indicates if the user exists in the WebSecurity database. C# and VB Syntax WebSecurity.UserExists(userName) Parameters Parameter Type Description userName String The user name Return Value Type Description Boolean true if the user exists, otherwise false Errors and Exceptions Any access to the WebSecurity object throws an InvalidOperationException if: The InitializeDatabaseConnection() method has not been called SimpleMembership is not initialized (or disabled in the website configuration) Remarks The UserExists() method only verifies that the user exists in the user profile table. It does not verify that a membership account exists for that user, or that the user is confirmed, or logged in. Technical Data Name Value Namespace WebMatrix.WebData Assembly WebMatrix.WebData.dll WebSecurity Object Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - Markup Razor is not a programming language. It's a server side markup language. What is Razor? Razor is a markup syntax that lets you embed server-based code (Visual Basic and C#) into web pages. Server-based code can create dynamic web content on the fly, while a web page is written to the browser. When a web page is called, the server executes the server-based code inside the page before it returns the page to the browser. By running on the server, the code can perform complex tasks, like accessing databases. Razor is based on ASP.NET, and designed for creating web applications. It has the power of traditional ASP.NET markup, but it is easier to use, and easier to learn. Razor Syntax Razor uses a syntax very similar to PHP and Classic ASP. Razor: <ul> @for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { <li>@i</li> } </ul> PHP: <ul> <?php for ($i = 0; $i < 10; $i++) { echo("<li>$i</li>"); } ?> </ul> Web Forms (and Classic ASP): <ul> <% for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { %> <li><% =i %></li> <% } %> </ul>  Razor Helpers ASP.NET helpers are components that can be accessed by single lines of Razor code. You can build your own helpers using Razor syntax, or use built-in ASP.NET helpers. Below is a short description of some useful Razor helpers: Web Grid Web Graphics Google Analytics Facebook Integration Twitter Integration Sending Email Validation Razor Programming Languages Razor supports both C# (C sharp) and VB (Visual Basic). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - C# and VB Code Syntax Razor supports both C# (C sharp) and VB (Visual Basic). Main Razor Syntax Rules for C# Razor code blocks are enclosed in @{ ... } Inline expressions (variables and functions) start with @ Code statements end with semicolon Variables are declared with the var keyword Strings are enclosed with quotation marks C# code is case sensitive C# files have the extension .cshtml C# Example <!-- Single statement block --> @{ var myMessage = "Hello World"; } <!-- Inline expression or variable --> <p>The value of myMessage is: @myMessage</p> <!-- Multi-statement block --> @{ var greeting = "Welcome to our site!"; var weekDay = DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek; var greetingMessage = greeting + " Today is: " + weekDay; } <p>The greeting is: @greetingMessage</p> Run example » Main Razor Syntax Rules for VB Razor code blocks are enclosed in @Code ... End Code Inline expressions (variables and functions) start with @ Variables are declared with the Dim keyword Strings are enclosed with quotation marks VB code is not case sensitive VB files have the extension .vbhtml Example <!-- Single statement block  -->  @Code dim myMessage = "Hello World" End Code   <!-- Inline expression or variable -->  <p>The value of myMessage is: @myMessage</p>    <!-- Multi-statement block -->  @Code dim greeting = "Welcome to our site!"  dim weekDay = DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek  dim greetingMessage = greeting & " Today is: " & weekDay End Code <p>The greeting is: @greetingMessage</p> Run example » How Does it Work? Razor is a simple programming syntax for embedding server code in web pages. Razor syntax is based on the ASP.NET framework, the part of the Microsoft.NET Framework that's specifically designed for creating web applications.   The Razor syntax gives you all the power of ASP.NET, but is using a simplified syntax that's easier to learn if you're a beginner, and makes you more productive if you're an expert. Razor web pages can be described as HTML pages with two kinds of content: HTML content and Razor code. When the server reads the page, it runs the Razor code first, before it sends the HTML page to the browser. The code that is executed on the server can perform tasks that cannot be done in the browser, for example accessing a server database. Server code can create dynamic HTML content on the fly, before it is sent to the browser. Seen from the browser, the HTML generated by server code is no different than static HTML content. ASP.NET web pages with Razor syntax have the special file extension cshtml (Razor using C#) or vbhtml (Razor using VB). Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Working With Objects Server coding often involves objects. The "Date" object is a typical built-in ASP.NET object, but objects can also be self-defined, a web page, a text box, a file, a database record, etc. Objects may have methods they can perform. A database record might have a "Save" method, an image object might have a "Rotate" method, an email object might have a "Send" method, and so on. Objects also have properties that describe their characteristics. A database record might have a FirstName and a LastName property (amongst others). The ASP.NET Date object has a Now property (written as Date.Now), and the Now property has a Day property (written as Data.Now.Day). The example below shows how to access some properties of the Date object: Example <table border="1"> <tr> <th width="100px">Name</th> <td width="100px">Value</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Day</td><td>@DateTime.Now.Day</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Hour</td><td>@DateTime.Now.Hour</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Minute</td><td>@DateTime.Now.Minute</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Second</td><td>@DateTime.Now.Second</td> </tr> </td> </table> Run example » If and Else Conditions An important feature of dynamic web pages is that you can determine what to do based on conditions. The common way to do this is with the if ... else statements: Example @{ var txt = ""; if(DateTime.Now.Hour > 12)   {txt = "Good Evening";} else   {txt = "Good Morning";} } <html> <body> <p>The message is @txt</p> </body> </html> Run example » Reading User Input Another important feature of dynamic web pages is that you can read user input. Input is read by the Request[] function, and posting (input) is tested by the IsPost condition: Example @{ var totalMessage = ""; if(IsPost)     {     var num1 = Request["text1"];     var num2 = Request["text2"];     var total = num1.AsInt() + num2.AsInt();     totalMessage = "Total = " + total;     } } <html> <body style="background-color: beige; font-family: Verdana, Arial;"> <form action="" method="post"> <p><label for="text1">First Number:</label><br> <input type="text" name="text1" /></p> <p><label for="text2">Second Number:</label><br> <input type="text" name="text2" /></p> <p><input type="submit" value=" Add " /></p> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » </form> <p>@totalMessage</p> </body> </html> Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - C# Variables Variables are named entities used to store data. Variables Variables are used to store data. The name of a variable must begin with an alphabetic character and cannot contain whitespace or reserved characters. A variable can be of a specific type, indicating the kind of data it stores. String variables store string values ("Welcome to W3Schools"), integer variables store number values (103), date variables store date values, etc. Variables are declared using the var keyword, or by using the type (if you want to declare the type), but ASP.NET can usually determine data types automatically. Examples // Using the var keyword: var greeting = "Welcome to W3Schools"; var counter = 103; var today = DateTime.Today; // Using data types: string greeting = "Welcome to W3Schools"; int counter = 103; DateTime today = DateTime.Today; Data Types Below is a list of  common data types: Type Description Examples int Integer (whole numbers) 103, 12, 5168 float Floating-point number 3.14, 3.4e38 decimal Decimal number (higher precision) 1037.196543 bool Boolean true, false string String "Hello W3Schools", "John" Operators An operator tells ASP.NET what kind of command to perform in an expression.  The C# language supports many operators. Below is a list of common operators: Operator Description Example = Assigns a value to a variable. i=6 + - * / Adds a value or variable. Subtracts a value or variable. Multiplies a value or variable. Divides a value or variable. i=5+5 i=5-5 i=5*5 i=5/5 += -= Increments a variable. Decrements a variable. i += 1 i -= 1 == Equality. Returns true if values are equal. if (i==10) != Inequality. Returns true if values are not equal. if (i!=10) < > <= >= Less than. Greater than. Less than or equal. Greater than or equal. if (i<10) if (i>10) if (i<=10) if (i>=10) + Adding strings (concatenation). "w3" + "schools" . Dot. Separate objects and methods. DateTime.Hour () Parenthesis. Groups values. (i+5) () Parenthesis. Passes parameters. x=Add(i,5) [] Brackets. Accesses values in arrays or collections. name[3] ! Not. Reverses true or false. if (!ready) && || Logical AND. Logical OR. if (ready && clear) if (ready || clear) Converting Data Types Converting from one data type to another is sometimes useful. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » The most common example is to convert string input to another type, such as an integer or a date. As a rule, user input comes as strings, even if the user entered a number. Therefore, numeric input values must be converted to numbers before they can be used in calculations. Below is a list of common conversion methods: Method Description Example AsInt() IsInt() Converts a string to an integer. if (myString.IsInt())   {myInt=myString.AsInt();} AsFloat() IsFloat() Converts a string to a floating-point number. if (myString.IsFloat())   {myFloat=myString.AsFloat();} AsDecimal() IsDecimal() Converts a string to a decimal number. if (myString.IsDecimal())   {myDec=myString.AsDecimal();} AsDateTime() IsDateTime() Converts a string to an ASP.NET DateTime type. myString="10/10/2012"; myDate=myString.AsDateTime(); AsBool() IsBool() Converts a string to a Boolean. myString="True"; myBool=myString.AsBool(); ToString() Converts any data type to a string. myInt=1234; myString=myInt.ToString(); Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - C# Loops and Arrays Statements can be executed repeatedly in loops. For Loops If you need to run the same statements repeatedly, you can program a loop. If you know how many times you want to loop, you can use a for loop. This kind of loop is especially useful for counting up or counting down: Example <html> <body> @for(var i = 10; i < 21; i++)     {<p>Line @i</p>} </body> </html> Run example » For Each Loops If you work with a collection or an array, you often use a for each loop. A collection is a group of similar objects, and the for each loop lets you carry out a task on each item. The for each loop walks through a collection until it is finished. The example below walks through the ASP.NET Request.ServerVariables collection. Example <html> <body> <ul> @foreach (var x in Request.ServerVariables)     {<li>@x</li>} </ul> </body> </html> Run example » While Loops The while loop is a general purpose loop. A while loop begins with the while keyword, followed by parentheses, where you specify how long the loop continues, then a block to repeat. While loops typically add to, or subtract from, a variable used for counting. In the example below, the += operator adds 1 to the variable i, each time the loop runs. Example <html> <body> @{ var i = 0; while (i < 5)     {     i += 1;     <p>Line #@i</p>     } } </body> </html> Run example » Arrays An array is useful when you want to store similar variables but don't want to create a separate variable for each of them: Example @{ string[] members = {"Jani", "Hege", "Kai", "Jim"}; int i = Array.IndexOf(members, "Kai")+1; Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » int len = members.Length; string x = members[2-1]; } <html> <body> <h3>Members</h3> @foreach (var person in members) { <p>@person</p> } <p>The number of names in Members are @len</p> <p>The person at position 2 is @x</p> <p>Kai is now in position @i</p> </body> </html> Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - C# Logic Conditions Programming Logic: Execute code based on conditions. The If Condition C# lets you execute code based on conditions. To test a condition you use an if statement. The if statement returns true or false, based on your test: The if statement starts a code block The condition is written inside parenthesis The code inside the braces is executed if the test is true Example @{var price=50;} <html> <body> @if (price>30)     {     <p>The price is too high.</p>     } </body> </html> Run example » The Else Condition An if statement can include an else condition. The else condition defines the code to be executed if the condition is false. Example @{var price=20;} <html> <body> @if (price>30)   {   <p>The price is too high.</p>   } else   {   <p>The price is OK.</p>   } </body> </html> Run example » Note: In the example above, if the first condition is true, it will be executed. The else condition covers "everything else". The Else If Condition Multiple conditions can be tested with an else if condition: Example @{var price=25;} <html> <body> @if (price>=30)   {   <p>The price is high.</p>   } else if (price>20 && price<30)   {   <p>The price is OK.</p>   } else   {   <p>The price is low.</p>   }    </body> </html> Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » In the example above, if the first condition is true, it will be executed. If not, then if the next condition is true, this condition will be executed. You can have any number of else if conditions. If none of the if and else if conditions are true, the last else block (without a condition) covers "everything else". Switch Conditions A switch block can be used to test a number of individual conditions: Example @{ var weekday=DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek; var day=weekday.ToString(); var message=""; } <html> <body> @switch(day) { case "Monday":     message="This is the first weekday.";     break; case "Thursday":     message="Only one day before weekend.";     break; case "Friday":     message="Tomorrow is weekend!";     break; default:     message="Today is " + day;     break; } <p>@message</p> </body> </html> Run example » The test value (day) is in parentheses. Each individual test condition has a case value that ends with a colon, and any number of code lines ending with a break statement. If the test value matches the case value, the code lines are executed. A switch block can have a default case (default:) for "everything else" that runs if none of the cases are true. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - VB Variables Variables are named entities used to store data. Variables Variables are used to store data. The name of a variable must begin with an alphabetic character and cannot contain whitespace or reserved characters. A variable can be of a specific type, indicating the kind of data it stores. String variables store string values ("Welcome to W3Schools"), integer variables store number values (103), date variables store date values, etc. Variables are declared using the Dim keyword, or by using the type (if you want to declare the type), but ASP.NET can usually determine data types automatically. Examples // Using the Dim keyword: Dim greeting = "Welcome to W3Schools"; Dim counter = 103; Dim today = DateTime.Today; // Using data types: Dim greeting As String = "Welcome to W3Schools"; Dim counter As Integer = 103; Dim today As DateTime = DateTime.Today; Data Types Below is a list of  common data types: Type Description Examples integer Integer (whole numbers) 103, 12, 5168 double 64 bit floating-point number 3.14, 3.4e38 decimal Decimal number (higher precision) 1037.196543 boolean Boolean true, false string String "Hello W3Schools", "John" Operators An operator tells ASP.NET what kind of command to perform in an expression.  The VB language supports many operators. Below is a list of common operators: Operator Description Example = Assigns a value to a variable. i=6 + - * / Adds a value or variable. Subtracts a value or variable. Multiplies a value or variable. Divides a value or variable. i=5+5 i=5-5 i=5*5 i=5/5 += -= Increments a variable. Decrements a variable. i += 1 i -= 1 = Equality. Returns true if values are equal. if i=10 <> Inequality. Returns true if values are not equal. if <>10 < > <= >= Less than. Greater than. Less than or equal. Greater than or equal. if i<10 if i>10 if i<=10 if i>=10 & Adding strings (concatenation). "w3" & "schools" . Dot. Separate objects and methods. DateTime.Hour () Parenthesis. Groups values. (i+5) () Parenthesis. Passes parameters. x=Add(i,5) () Parenthesis. Accesses values in arrays or collections. name(3) Not Not. Reverses true or false. if Not ready And OR Logical AND. Logical OR. if ready And clear if ready Or clear AndAlso orElse Extended Logical AND. Extended Logical OR. if ready AndAlso clear if ready OrElse clear Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Converting Data Types Converting from one data type to another is sometimes useful. The most common example is to convert string input to another type, such as an integer or a date. As a rule, user input comes as strings, even if the user entered a number. Therefore, numeric input values must be converted to numbers before they can be used in calculations. Below is a list of common conversion methods: Method Decryptions Example AsInt() IsInt() Converts a string to an integer. if myString.IsInt() then    myInt=myString.AsInt() end if AsFloat() IsFloat() Converts a string to a floating-point number. if myString.IsFloat() then    myFloat=myString.AsFloat() end if AsDecimal() IsDecimal() Converts a string to a decimal number. if myString.IsDecimal() then    myDec=myString.AsDecimal() end if AsDateTime() IsDateTime() Converts a string to an ASP.NET DateTime type. myString="10/10/2012" myDate=myString.AsDateTime() AsBool() IsBool() Converts a string to a Boolean. myString="True" myBool=myString.AsBool() ToString() Converts any data type to a string. myInt=1234 myString=myInt.ToString() Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - VB Loops and Arrays Statements can be executed repeatedly in loops. For Loops If you need to run the same statements repeatedly, you can program a loop. If you know how many times you want to loop, you can use a for loop. This kind of loop is especially useful for counting up or counting down: Example <html> <body> @For i=10 To 21     @<p>Line #@i</p> Next i </body> </html> Run example » For Each Loops If you work with a collection or an array, you often use a for each loop. A collection is a group of similar objects, and the for each loop lets you carry out a task on each item. The for each loop walks through a collection until it is finished. The example below walks through the ASP.NET Request.ServerVariables collection. Example <html> <body> <ul> @For Each x In Request.ServerVariables     @<li>@x</li> Next x </ul> </body> </html> Run example » While Loops The while loop is a general purpose loop. A while loop begins with the while keyword, followed by parentheses, where you specify how long the loop continues, then a block to repeat. While loops typically add to, or subtract from, a variable used for counting. In the example below, the += operator adds 1 to the variable i, each time the loop runs. Example <html> <body> @Code Dim i=0 Do While i<5     i += 1     @<p>Line #@i</p> Loop End Code </body> </html> Run example » Arrays An array is useful when you want to store similar variables but don't want to create a separate variable for each of them: Example @Code Dim members As String()={"Jani","Hege","Kai","Jim"} Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » i=Array.IndexOf(members,"Kai")+1 len=members.Length x=members(2-1) end Code <html> <body> <h3>Members</h3> @For Each person In members    @<p>@person</p> Next person <p>The number of names in Members are @len</p> <p>The person at position 2 is @x</p> <p>Kai is now in position @i</p> </body> </html> Run example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Razor - VB Logic Conditions Programming Logic: Execute code based on conditions. The If Condition VB lets you execute code based on conditions. To test a condition you use the if statement. The if statement returns true or false, based on your test: The if statement starts a code block The condition is written between if and then The code between if ... then and end if is executed if the test is true Example @Code Dim price=50 End Code <html> <body> @If price>30 Then     @<p>The price is too high.</p> End If </body> </html> Run example » The Else Condition An if statement can include an else condition. The else condition defines the code to be executed if the condition is false. Example @Code Dim price=20 End Code <html> <body> @if price>30 then     @<p>The price is too high.</p> Else     @<p>The price is OK.</p> End If </body> </htmlV> Run example » Note: In the example above, if the first condition is true, it will be executed. The else condition covers "everything else". The ElseIf Condition Multiple conditions can be tested with an else if condition: Example @Code Dim price=25 End Code <html> <body> @If price>=30 Then     @<p>The price is high.</p> ElseIf price>20 And price<30     @<p>The price is OK.</p> Else     @<p>The price is low.</p> End If    </body> </html> Run example » In the example above, if the first condition is true, it will be executed. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » If not, then if the next condition is true, this condition will be executed. You can have any number of else if conditions. If none of the if or else if conditions are true, the last else block (without a condition) covers "everything else". Select Conditions A select block can be used to test a number of individual conditions: Example @Code Dim weekday=DateTime.Now.DayOfWeek Dim day=weekday.ToString() Dim message="" End Code <html> <body> @Select Case day Case "Monday"     message="This is the first weekday." Case "Thursday"     message="Only one day before weekend." Case "Friday"     message="Tomorrow is weekend!" Case Else     message="Today is " & day End Select <p>@message</p> </body> </html> Run example » "Select Case" is followed by the test value (day). Each individual test condition has a case value, and any number of code lines. If the test value matches the case value, the code lines are executed. A select block can have a default case (Case Else) for "everything else" that runs if none of the other cases are true. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC Tutorial ASP.NET is a development framework for building web pages and web sites with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and server scripting. ASP.NET supports three different development models: Web Pages, MVC (Model View Controller), and Web Forms. THIS TUTORIAL COVERS MVC Web Pages MVC Web Forms ASP.NET Framework The MVC Programming Model MVC is one of three ASP.NET programming models. MVC is a framework for building web applications using a MVC (Model View Controller) design: The Model represents the application core (for instance a list of database records). The View displays the data (the database records). The Controller handles the input (to the database records). The MVC model also provides full control over HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The MVC model defines web applications with 3 logic layers:   The business layer (Model logic) The display layer (View logic) The input control (Controller logic) The Model is the part of the application that handles the logic for the application data. Often model objects retrieve data (and store data) from a database. The View is the parts of the application that handles the display of the data. Most often the views are created from the model data. The Controller is the part of the application that handles user interaction. Typically controllers read data from a view, control user input, and send input data to the model. The MVC separation helps you manage complex applications, because you can focus on one aspect a time. For example, you can focus on the view without depending on the business logic. It also makes it easier to test an application. The MVC separation also simplifies group development. Different developers can work on the view, the controller logic, and the business logic in parallel. Web Forms vs MVC The MVC programming model is a lighter alternative to traditional ASP.NET (Web Forms). It is a lightweight, highly testable framework, integrated with all existing ASP.NET features, such as Master Pages, Security, and Authentication. Visual Web Developer Visual Web Developer is the free version of Microsoft Visual Studio. Visual Web Developer is a development tool tailor made for MVC (and Web Forms). Visual Web Developer contains: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » MVC and Web Forms Drag-and-drop web controls and web components A web server language (Razor using VB or C#) A web server (IIS Express) A database server (SQL Server Compact) A full web development framework (ASP.NET) If you install Visual Web Developer, you will get more benefits from this tutorial. If you want to install Visual Web Developer, click on this link: http://www.microsoft.com/web/gallery/install.aspx?appid=VWDorVS2010SP1Pack After you have installed Visual Web Developer the first time, it pays to run the installation one more time, to install fixes and service packs. Just click on the link once more. ASP.NET MVC References At the end of this tutorial you will find a complete ASP.NET MVC reference. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Internet Application To learn ASP.NET MVC, we will Build an Internet Application Part I: Creating the Application What We Will Build We will build an Internet application that supports adding, editing, deleting, and listing of information stored in a database. What We Will Do Visual Web Developer offers different templates for building web applications. We will use Visual Web Developer to create an empty MVC Internet application with HTML5 markup. When the empty Internet application is created, we will gradually add code to the application until it is fully finished. We will use C# as the programming language, and the newest Razor server code markup. Along the way we will explain the content, the code, and all the components of the application. Creating the Web Application If you have Visual Web Developer installed, start Visual Web Developer and select New Project. Otherwise just read and learn. In the New Project dialog box: Open the Visual C# templates Select the template ASP.NET MVC 3 Web Application Set the project name to MvcDemo Set the disk location to something like c:w3schools_demo Click OK When the New Project Dialog Box opens: Select the Internet Application template Select the Razor Engine Select HTML5 Markup Click OK Visual Studio Express will create a project much like this: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter »   We will explore the content of the files and folders in the next chapter of this tutorial. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Application Folders To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet application Part II: Exploring the Application Folders MVC Folders A typical ASP.NET MVC web application has the following folder content:     Application information Properties References Application folders App_Data Folder Content Folder Controllers Folder Models Folder Scripts Folder Views Folder Configuration files Global.asax packages.config Web.config The folder names are equal in all MVC applications. The MVC framework is based on default naming. Controllers are in the Controllers folder, Views are in the Views folder, and Models are in the Models folder. You don't have to use the folder names in your application code. Standard naming reduces the amount of code, and makes it easier for developers to understand MVC projects. Below is a brief summary of the content of each folder: The App_Data Folder The App_Data folder is for storing application data. We will add an SQL database to the App_Data folder, later in this tutorial. The Content Folder The Content folder is used for static files like style sheets (css files), icons and images. Visual Web Developer automatically adds a themes folder to the Content folder. The themes folder is filled with jQuery styles and pictures. In this project you can delete the themes folder. Visual Web Developer also adds a standard style sheet file to the project: the file Site.css in the content folder. The style sheet file is the file to edit when you want to change the style of the application. We will edit the style sheet file (Site.css) file in the next chapter of this tutorial. The Controllers Folder The Controllers folder contains the controller classes responsible for handling user input and responses. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • MVC requires the name of all controller files to end with "Controller". Visual Web Developer has created a Home controller (for the Home and the About page) and an Account controller (for Login pages): We will create more controllers later in this tutorial. The Models Folder The Models folder contains the classes that represent the application models. Models hold and manipulate application data. We will create models (classes) in a later chapter of this tutorial. The Views Folder The Views folder stores the HTML files related to the display of the application (the user interfaces). The Views folder contains one folder for each controller.  Visual Web Developer has created an Account folder, a Home folder, and a Shared folder (inside the Views folder). The Account folder contains pages for registering and logging in to user accounts. The Home folder is used for storing application pages like the home page and the about page. The Shared folder is used to store views shared between controllers (master pages and layout pages).   We will edit the layout files in the next chapter of this tutorial. The Scripts Folder The Scripts folder stores the JavaScript files of the application. By default Visual Web Developer fills this folder with standard MVC, Ajax, and jQuery files: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter »   Note: The files named "modernizr" are JavaScript files used for supporting HTML5 and CSS3 features in the application. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Styles and Layout To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part III: Adding Styles and a Consistent Look (Layout). Adding a Layout The file _Layout.cshtml represent the layout of each page in the application. It is located in the Shared folder inside the Views folder. Open the file and swap the content with this: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="utf-8" /> <title>@ViewBag.Title</title> <link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/Site.css")" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-1.5.1.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/modernizr-1.7.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script> </head> <body> <ul id="menu"> <li>@Html.ActionLink("Home", "Index", "Home")</li> <li>@Html.ActionLink("Movies", "Index", "Movies")</li> <li>@Html.ActionLink("About", "About", "Home")</li> </ul> <section id="main"> @RenderBody() <p>Copyright W3schools 2012. All Rights Reserved.</p> </section> </body> </html> HTML Helpers In the code above, HTML helpers are used to modify HTML output: @Url.Content() - URL content will be inserted here. @Html.ActionLink() - HTML link will be inserted here. You will learn more about HTML helpers in a later chapter of this tutorial. Razor Syntax In the code above, the code marked red are C# using Razor markup. @ViewBag.Title - The page title will be inserted here. @RenderBody() - The page content will be rendered here. You can learn about Razor markup for both C# and VB (Visual Basic) in our Razor tutorial. Adding Styles The style sheet for the application is called Site.css. It is located in the Content folder. Open the file Site.css and swap the content with this: body { font: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, sans-serif; background-color: #5c87b2; color: #696969; } h1 { border-bottom: 3px solid #cc9900; font: Georgia, serif; color: #996600; } #main { padding: 20px; background-color: #ffffff; border-radius: 0 4px 4px 4px; } a { color: #034af3; } /* Menu Styles ------------------------------*/ ul#menu { padding: 0px; Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » position: relative; margin: 0; } ul#menu li { display: inline; } ul#menu li a { background-color: #e8eef4; padding: 10px 20px; text-decoration: none; line-height: 2.8em; /*CSS3 properties*/ border-radius: 4px 4px 0 0; } ul#menu li a:hover { background-color: #ffffff; } /* Forms Styles ------------------------------*/ fieldset { padding-left: 12px; } fieldset label { display: block; padding: 4px; } input[type="text"], input[type="password"] { width: 300px; } input[type="submit"] { padding: 4px; } /* Data Styles ------------------------------*/ table.data { background-color:#ffffff; border:1px solid #c3c3c3; border-collapse:collapse; width:100%; } table.data th { background-color:#e8eef4; border:1px solid #c3c3c3; padding:3px; } table.data td { border:1px solid #c3c3c3; padding:3px; } The _View_Start File The _View_Start file in the Shared folder (inside the Views folder) contains the following content: @{Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";} This code is automatically added to all views displayed by the application. If you remove this file, you must add this line to all views. You will learn more about views in a later chapter of this tutorial. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Controllers To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part IV: Adding a Controller. The Controllers Folder The Controllers Folder contains the controller classes responsible for handling user input and responses. MVC requires the name of all controllers to end with "Controller". In our example, Visual Web Developer has created the following files: HomeController.cs (for the Home and About pages) and AccountController.cs (For the Log On pages): Web servers will normally map incoming URL requests directly to disk files on the server. For example: an URL request like "http://www.w3schools.com/default.asp" will map directly to the file "default.asp" at the root directory of the server. The MVC framework maps differently. MVC maps URLs to methods. These methods are in classes called "Controllers". Controllers are responsible for processing incoming requests, handling input, saving data, and sending a response to send back to the client. The Home controller The controller file in our application HomeController.cs, defines the two controls Index and About. Swap the content of the HomeController.cs file with this: using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Linq; using System.Web; using System.Web.Mvc; namespace MvcDemo.Controllers { public class HomeController : Controller { public ActionResult Index() {return View();} public ActionResult About() {return View();} } } The Controller Views The files Index.cshtml and About.cshtml in the Views folder defines the ActionResult views Index() and About() in the controller. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Views To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part V: Adding Views for Displaying the Application. The Views Folder The Views folder stores the files (HTML files) related to the display of the application (the user interfaces). These files may have the extensions html, asp, aspx, cshtml, and vbhtml, depending on the language content. The Views folder contains one folder for each controller.  Visual Web Developer has created an Account folder, a Home folder, and a Shared folder (inside the Views folder). The Account folder contains pages for registering and logging in to user accounts. The Home folder is used for storing application pages like the home page and the about page. The Shared folder is used to store views shared between controllers (master pages and layout pages).   ASP.NET File Types The following HTML file types can be found in the Views Folder: File Type Extention Plain HTML .htm or .html Classic ASP .asp Classic ASP.NET .aspx ASP.NET Razor C# .cshtml ASP.NET Razor VB .vbhtml The Index File The file Index.cshtml represents the Home page of the application. It is the application's default file (index file). Put the following content in the file: @{ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";} <h1>Welcome to W3Schools</h1> <p>Put Home Page content here</p> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » The About File The file About.cshtml represent the About page of the application. Put the following content in the file: @{ViewBag.Title = "About Us";} <h1>About Us</h1> <p>Put About Us content here</p> Run the Application Select Debug, Start Debugging (or F5) from the Visual Web Developer menu. Your application will look like this: Click on the "Home" tab and the "About" tab to see how it works. Congratulations Congratulations. You have created your first MVC Application. Note: You cannot click on the "Movies" tab yet. We will add code for the "Movies" tab in the next chapters of this tutorial. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - SQL Database To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part VI: Adding a Database. Creating the Database Visual Web Developer comes with a free SQL database called SQL Server Compact. The database needed for this tutorial can be created with these simple steps: Right-click the App_Data folder in the Solution Explorer window Select Add, New Item Select SQL Server Compact Local Database * Name the database Movies.sdf. Click the Add button * If SQL Server Compact Local Database is not an option, you have not installed SQL Server Compact on your computer. Install it from this link: SQL Server Compact Visual Web Developer automatically creates the database in the App_Data folder. Note: In this tutorial it is expected that you have some knowledge about SQL databases. If you want to study this topic first, please visit our SQL Tutorial. Adding a Database Table Double-clicking the Movies.sdf file in the App_Data folder will open a Database Explorer window. To create a new table in the database, right-click the Tables folder, and select Create Table. Create the following columns: Column Type Allow Nulls ID int (primary key) No Title nvarchar(100) No Director nvarchar(100) No Date datetime No Columns explained: ID is an integer (whole number) used to identify each record in the table. Title is a 100 character text column to store the name of the movie. Director is a 100 character text column to store the director's name. Date is a datetime column to store the release date of the movie. After creating the columns described above, you must make the ID column the table's primary key (record identifier). To do this, click on the column name (ID) and select Primary Key. Also, in the Column Properties window, set the Identity property to True: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » When you have finished creating the table columns, save the table and name it MovieDBs. Note: We have deliberately named the table "MovieDBs" (ending with s). In the next chapter, you will see the name "MovieDB" used for the data model. It looks strange, but this is the naming convention you have to use to make the controller connect to the database table. Adding Database Records You can use Visual Web Developer to add some test records to the movie database. Double-click the Movies.sdf file in the App_Data folder. Right-click the MovieDBs table in the Database Explorer window and select Show Table Data. Add some records: ID Title Director Date 1 Psycho Alfred Hitchcock 01.01.1960 2  La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini 01.01.1960 Note: The ID column is updated automatically. You should not edit it. Adding a Connection String Add the following element to the <connectionStrings> element in your Web.config file: <add name="MovieDBContext" connectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|Movies.sdf" providerName="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0"/> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Models To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part VII: Adding a Data Model. MVC Models The MVC Model contains all application logic (business logic, validation logic, and data access logic), except pure view and controller logic. With MVC, models both hold and manipulate application data. The Models Folder The Models Folder contains the classes that represent the application model. Visual Web Developer automatically creates an AccountModels.cs file that contains the models for application security. AccountModels contains a LogOnModel, a ChangePasswordModel, and a RegisterModel. Adding a Database Model The database model needed for this tutorial can be created with these simple steps: In the Solution Explorer, right-click the Models folder, and select Add and Class. Name the class MovieDB.cs, and click Add. Edit the class: using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Linq; using System.Web; using System.Data.Entity; namespace MvcDemo.Models { public class MovieDB { public int ID { get; set; } public string Title { get; set; } public string Director { get; set; } public DateTime Date { get; set; } } public class MovieDBContext : DbContext { public DbSet<MovieDB> Movies { get; set; } } } Note: We have deliberately named the model class "MovieDB". In the previous chapter, you saw the name "MovieDBs" (endig with s) used for the database table. It looks strange, but this is the naming convention you have to use to make the model connect to the database table. Adding a Database Controller The database controller needed for this tutorial can be created with these simple steps: In the Solution Explorer, right-click the Controllers folder, and select Add and Controller Set controller name to MoviesController Select template: Controller with read/write actions and views, using Entity Framework Select model class: MovieDB (McvDemo.Models) Select data context class: MovieDBContext (McvDemo.Models) Select views Razor (CSHTML) Click Add Visual Web Developer will create the following files: A MoviesController.cs file in the Controllers folder A Movies folder in the Views folder Adding Database Views The following files are automatically created in the Movies folder: Create.cshtml Delete.cshtml Details.cshtml Edit.cshtml Index.cshtml Congratulations Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Congratulations. You have added your first MVC data model to your application. Now you can click on the "Movies" tab :-) Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Security To learn ASP.NET MVC, we are Building an Internet Application. Part VIII: Adding Security. MVC Application Security The Models Folder contains the classes that represent the application model. Visual Web Developer automatically creates an AccountModels.cs file that contains the models for application authentication. AccountModels contains a LogOnModel, a ChangePasswordModel, and a RegisterModel: The Change Password Model public class ChangePasswordModel { [Required] [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "Current password")] public string OldPassword { get; set; } [Required] [StringLength(100, ErrorMessage = "The {0} must be at least {2}      characters long.", MinimumLength = 6)] [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "New password")] public string NewPassword { get; set; } [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "Confirm new password")] [Compare("NewPassword", ErrorMessage = "The new password and confirmation password do not match.")] public string ConfirmPassword { get; set; } } The Logon Model public class LogOnModel { [Required] [Display(Name = "User name")] public string UserName { get; set; } [Required] [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "Password")] public string Password { get; set; } [Display(Name = "Remember me?")] public bool RememberMe { get; set; } } Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » The Register Model public class RegisterModel { [Required] [Display(Name = "User name")] public string UserName { get; set; } [Required] [DataType(DataType.EmailAddress)] [Display(Name = "Email address")] public string Email { get; set; } [Required] [StringLength(100, ErrorMessage = "The {0} must be at least {2} characters long.", MinimumLength = 6)] [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "Password")] public string Password { get; set; } [DataType(DataType.Password)] [Display(Name = "Confirm password")] [Compare("Password", ErrorMessage = "The password and confirmation password do not match.")] public string ConfirmPassword { get; set; } } Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - HTML Helpers HTML Helpers are used to modify HTML output HTML Helpers With MVC, HTML helpers are much like traditional ASP.NET Web Form controls. Just like web form controls in ASP.NET, HTML helpers are used to modify HTML. But HTML helpers are more lightweight. Unlike Web Form controls, an HTML helper does not have an event model and a view state. In most cases, an HTML helper is just a method that returns a string. With MVC, you can create your own helpers, or use the built in HTML helpers. Standard HTML Helpers MVC includes standard helpers for the most common types of HTML elements, like HTML links and HTML form elements. HTML Links The easiest way to render an HTML link in is to use the HTML.ActionLink() helper. With MVC, the Html.ActionLink() does not link to a view. It creates a link to a controller action. Razor Syntax: @Html.ActionLink("About this Website", "About") ASP Syntax: <%=Html.ActionLink("About this Website", "About")%> The first parameter is the link text, and the second parameter is the name of the controller action. The Html.ActionLink() helper above, outputs the following HTML: <a href="/Home/About">About this Website</a> The Html.ActionLink() helper as several properties: Property Description .linkText The link text (label) .actionName The target action .routeValues The values passed to the action .controllerName The target controller .htmlAttributes The set of attributes to the link .protocol The link protocol .hostname The host name for the link .fragment The anchor target for the link Note: You can pass values to a controller action. For example, you can pass the id of a database record to a database edit action: Razor Syntax C#: @Html.ActionLink("Edit Record", "Edit", new {Id=3}) Razor Syntax VB: @Html.ActionLink("Edit Record", "Edit", New With{.Id=3}) The Html.ActionLink() helper above, outputs the following HTML: <a href="/Home/Edit/3">Edit Record</a> HTML Form Elements There following HTML helpers can be used to render (modify and output) HTML form elements: BeginForm() EndForm() TextArea() TextBox() CheckBox() Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » RadioButton() ListBox() DropDownList() Hidden() Password() ASP.NET Syntax C#: <%= Html.ValidationSummary("Create was unsuccessful. Please correct the errors and try again.") %> <% using (Html.BeginForm()){%> <p> <label for="FirstName">First Name:</label> <%= Html.TextBox("FirstName") %> <%= Html.ValidationMessage("FirstName", "*") %> </p> <p> <label for="LastName">Last Name:</label> <%= Html.TextBox("LastName") %> <%= Html.ValidationMessage("LastName", "*") %> </p> <p> <label for="Password">Password:</label> <%= Html.Password("Password") %> <%= Html.ValidationMessage("Password", "*") %> </p> <p> <label for="Password">Confirm Password:</label> <%= Html.Password("ConfirmPassword") %> <%= Html.ValidationMessage("ConfirmPassword", "*") %> </p> <p> <label for="Profile">Profile:</label> <%= Html.TextArea("Profile", new {cols=60, rows=10})%> </p> <p> <%= Html.CheckBox("ReceiveNewsletter") %> <label for="ReceiveNewsletter" style="display:inline">Receive Newsletter? </label> </p> <p> <input type="submit" value="Register" /> </p> <%}%> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Publishing the Website Learn how to publish an MVC application without using Visual Web Developer. Publish Your Application Without Using Visual Web Developer An ASP.NET MVC application can be published to a remote server by using the Publish commands in WebMatrix ,Visual Web Developer, or Visual Studio. This function copies all your application files, controllers, models, images, and all the required DLL files for MVC, Web Pages, Razor, Helpers, and SQL Server Compact (if a database is used). Sometimes you don't want to use this option. Maybe your hosting provider only supports FTP? Maybe you already have a web site based on classic ASP? Maybe you want to copy the files yourself? Maybe you want to use Front Page, Expression Web, or some other publishing software? Will you get a problem? Yes, you will. But you can solve it. To perform a web copy, you have to know how to include the right files, what DDL files to copy, and where store them. Follow these steps: 1. Use the Latest Version of ASP.NET Before you continue, make sure your hosting computer runs the latest version of ASP.NET (4.0). 2. Copy the Web Folders Copy your website (all folders and content) from your development computer to an application folder on your remote hosting computer (server). If your App_Data folder contains test data, don't copy the App_Data folder (see SQL Data below). 3. Copy the DLL Files On the remote server create a bin folder in the root of your application. (If you have installed Helpers, you already have a bin folder) Copy everything from your folders: C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft ASP.NETASP.NET Web Pagesv1.0Assemblies C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft ASP.NETASP.NET MVC 3Assemblies to your application's bin folder on the remote server. 4. Copy the SQL Server Compact DLL Files If your application has a SQL Server Compact database (an .sdf file in App_Data folder), you must copy the SQL Server Compact DLL files: Copy everything from your folder: C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft SQL Server Compact Editionv4.0Private to your application's bin folder on the remote server. Create (or edit) the Web.config file for your application: Example C# <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <configuration> <system.data> <DbProviderFactories> <remove invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" /> <add invariant="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" name="Microsoft SQL Server Compact 4.0" description=".NET Framework Data Provider for Microsoft SQL Server Compact" type="System.Data.SqlServerCe.SqlCeProviderFactory, System.Data.SqlServerCe, Version=4.0.0.1,Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91" /> </DbProviderFactories> </system.data> </configuration> 5. Copy SQL Server Compact Data Do you have .sdf files in your App_Data folder that contains test data? Do you want to publish the test data to the remote server? Most likely not. If you have to copy the SQL data files (.sdf files), you should delete everything in the database, and then copy the empty .sdf file from your development computer to the server. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » THAT'S IT. GOOD LUCK ! Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET MVC - Reference Classes Class Description AcceptVerbsAttribute Represents an attribute that specifies which HTTP verbs an action method will respond to. ActionDescriptor Provides information about an action method, such as its name, controller, parameters, attributes, and filters. ActionExecutedContext Provides the context for the ActionExecuted method of the ActionFilterAttribute class. ActionExecutingContext Provides the context for the ActionExecuting method of the ActionFilterAttribute class. ActionFilterAttribute Represents the base class for filter attributes. ActionMethodSelectorAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to influence the selection of an action method. ActionNameAttribute Represents an attribute that is used for the name of an action. ActionNameSelectorAttribute Represents an attribute that affects the selection of an action method. ActionResult Encapsulates the result of an action method and is used to perform a framework-level operation on behalf of the action method. AdditionalMetadataAttribute Provides a class that implements the IMetadataAware interface in order to support additional metadata. AjaxHelper Represents support for rendering HTML in AJAX scenarios within a view. AjaxHelper(Of TModel) Represents support for rendering HTML in AJAX scenarios within a strongly typed view. AjaxRequestExtensions Represents a class that extends the HttpRequestBase class by adding the ability to determine whether an HTTP request is an AJAX request. AllowHtmlAttribute Allows a request to include HTML markup during model binding by skipping request validation for the property. (It is strongly recommended that your application explicitly check all models where you disable request validation in order to prevent script exploits.) AreaRegistration Provides a way to register one or more areas in an ASP.NET MVC application. AreaRegistrationContext Encapsulates the information that is required in order to register an area within an ASP.NET MVC application. AssociatedMetadataProvider Provides an abstract class to implement a metadata provider. AssociatedValidatorProvider Provides an abstract class for classes that implement a validation provider. AsyncController Provides the base class for asynchronous controllers. AsyncTimeoutAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to set the timeout value, in milliseconds, for an asynchronous method. AuthorizationContext Encapsulates the information that is required for using an AuthorizeAttribute attribute. AuthorizeAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to restrict access by callers to an action method. BindAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to provide details about how model binding to a parameter should occur. BuildManagerCompiledView Represents the base class for views that are compiled by the BuildManager class before being rendered by a view engine. BuildManagerViewEngine Provides a base class for view engines. ByteArrayModelBinder Maps a browser request to a byte array. ChildActionOnlyAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to indicate that an action method should be called only as a child action. ChildActionValueProvider Represents a value provider for values from child actions. ChildActionValueProviderFactory Represents a factory for creating value provider objects for child actions. ClientDataTypeModelValidatorProvider Returns the client data-type model validators. CompareAttribute Provides an attribute that compares two properties of a model. ContentResult Represents a user-defined content type that is the result of an action method. Controller Provides methods that respond to HTTP requests that are made to an ASP.NET MVC Web site. ControllerActionInvoker Represents a class that is responsible for invoking the action Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • methods of a controller. ControllerBase Represents the base class for all MVC controllers. ControllerBuilder Represents a class that is responsible for dynamically building a controller. ControllerContext Encapsulates information about an HTTP request that matches specified RouteBase and ControllerBase instances. ControllerDescriptor Encapsulates information that describes a controller, such as its name, type, and actions. ControllerInstanceFilterProvider Adds the controller to the FilterProviderCollection instance. CustomModelBinderAttribute Represents an attribute that invokes a custom model binder. DataAnnotationsModelMetadata Provides a container for common metadata, for the DataAnnotationsModelMetadataProvider class, and for the DataAnnotationsModelValidator class for a data model. DataAnnotationsModelMetadataProvider Implements the default model metadata provider for ASP.NET MVC. DataAnnotationsModelValidator Provides a model validator. DataAnnotationsModelValidator(Of TAttribute) Provides a model validator for a specified validation type. DataAnnotationsModelValidatorProvider Implements the default validation provider for ASP.NET MVC. DataErrorInfoModelValidatorProvider Provides a container for the error-information model validator. DefaultControllerFactory Represents the controller factory that is registered by default. DefaultModelBinder Maps a browser request to a data object. This class provides a concrete implementation of a model binder. DefaultViewLocationCache Represents a memory cache for view locations. DependencyResolver Provides a registration point for dependency resolvers that implement IDependencyResolver or the Common Service Locator IServiceLocator interface. DependencyResolverExtensions Provides a type-safe implementation of GetService and GetServices. DictionaryValueProvider(Of TValue) Represents the base class for value providers whose values come from a collection that implements the IDictionary(Of TKey, TValue) interface. EmptyModelMetadataProvider Provides an empty metadata provider for data models that do not require metadata. EmptyModelValidatorProvider Provides an empty validation provider for models that do not require a validator. EmptyResult Represents a result that does nothing, such as a controller action method that returns nothing. ExceptionContext Provides the context for using the HandleErrorAttribute class. ExpressionHelper Provides a helper class to get the model name from an expression. FieldValidationMetadata Provides a container for client-side field validation metadata. FileContentResult Sends the contents of a binary file to the response. FilePathResult Sends the contents of a file to the response. FileResult Represents a base class that is used to send binary file content to the response. FileStreamResult Sends binary content to the response by using a Stream instance. Filter Represents a metadata class that contains a reference to the implementation of one or more of the filter interfaces, the filter's order, and the filter's scope. FilterAttribute Represents the base class for action and result filter attributes. FilterAttributeFilterProvider Defines a filter provider for filter attributes. FilterInfo Encapsulates information about the available action filters. FilterProviderCollection Represents the collection of filter providers for the application. FilterProviders Provides a registration point for filters. FormCollection Contains the form value providers for the application. FormContext Encapsulates information that is required in order to validate and process the input data from an HTML form. FormValueProvider Represents a value provider for form values that are contained in a NameValueCollection object. FormValueProviderFactory Represents a class that is responsible for creating a new instance of a form-value provider object. GlobalFilterCollection Represents a class that contains all the global filters. GlobalFilters Represents the global filter collection. HandleErrorAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to handle an exception that is thrown by an action method. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • HandleErrorInfo Encapsulates information for handling an error that was thrown by an action method. HiddenInputAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to indicate whether a property or field value should be rendered as a hidden input element. HtmlHelper Represents support for rendering HTML controls in a view. HtmlHelper(Of TModel) Represents support for rendering HTML controls in a strongly typed view. HttpDeleteAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to restrict an action method so that the method handles only HTTP DELETE requests. HttpFileCollectionValueProvider Represents a value provider to use with values that come from a collection of HTTP files. HttpFileCollectionValueProviderFactory Represents a class that is responsible for creating a new instance of an HTTP file collection value provider object. HttpGetAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to restrict an action method so that the method handles only HTTP GET requests. HttpNotFoundResult Defines an object that is used to indicate that the requested resource was not found. HttpPostAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to restrict an action method so that the method handles only HTTP POST requests. HttpPostedFileBaseModelBinder Binds a model to a posted file. HttpPutAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to restrict an action method so that the method handles only HTTP PUT requests. HttpRequestExtensions Extends the HttpRequestBase class that contains the HTTP values that were sent by a client during a Web request. HttpStatusCodeResult Provides a way to return an action result with a specific HTTP response status code and description. HttpUnauthorizedResult Represents the result of an unauthorized HTTP request. JavaScriptResult Sends JavaScript content to the response. JsonResult Represents a class that is used to send JSON-formatted content to the response. JsonValueProviderFactory Enables action methods to send and receive JSON-formatted text and to model-bind the JSON text to parameters of action methods. LinqBinaryModelBinder Maps a browser request to a LINQ Binary object. ModelBinderAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to associate a model type to a model-builder type. ModelBinderDictionary Represents a class that contains all model binders for the application, listed by binder type. ModelBinderProviderCollection Provides a container for model binder providers. ModelBinderProviders Provides a container for model binder providers. ModelBinders Provides global access to the model binders for the application. ModelBindingContext Provides the context in which a model binder functions. ModelClientValidationEqualToRule Provides a container for an equality validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelClientValidationRangeRule Provides a container for a range-validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelClientValidationRegexRule Provides a container for a regular-expression client validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelClientValidationRemoteRule Provides a container for a remote validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelClientValidationRequiredRule Provides a container for client validation for required field. ModelClientValidationRule Provides a base class container for a client validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelClientValidationStringLengthRule Provides a container for a string-length validation rule that is sent to the browser. ModelError Represents an error that occurs during model binding. ModelErrorCollection A collection of ModelError instances. ModelMetadata Provides a container for common metadata, for the ModelMetadataProvider class, and for the ModelValidator class for a data model. ModelMetadataProvider Provides an abstract base class for a custom metadata provider. ModelMetadataProviders Provides a container for the current ModelMetadataProvider instance. ModelState Encapsulates the state of model binding to a property of an action-method argument, or to the argument itself. ModelStateDictionary Represents the state of an attempt to bind a posted form to an action method, which includes validation information. ModelValidationResult Provides a container for a validation result. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ModelValidator Provides a base class for implementing validation logic. ModelValidatorProvider Provides a list of validators for a model. ModelValidatorProviderCollection Provides a container for a list of validation providers. ModelValidatorProviders Provides a container for the current validation provider. MultiSelectList Represents a list of items that users can select more than one item from. MvcFilter When implemented in a derived class, provides a metadata class that contains a reference to the implementation of one or more of the filter interfaces, the filter's order, and the filter's scope. MvcHandler Selects the controller that will handle an HTTP request. MvcHtmlString Represents an HTML-encoded string that should not be encoded again. MvcHttpHandler Verifies and processes an HTTP request. MvcRouteHandler Creates an object that implements the IHttpHandler interface and passes the request context to it. MvcWebRazorHostFactory Creates instances of MvcWebPageRazorHost files. NameValueCollectionExtensions Extends a NameValueCollection object so that the collection can be copied to a specified dictionary. NameValueCollectionValueProvider Represents the base class for value providers whose values come from a NameValueCollection object. NoAsyncTimeoutAttribute Provides a convenience wrapper for the AsyncTimeoutAttribute attribute. NonActionAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to indicate that a controller method is not an action method. OutputCacheAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to mark an action method whose output will be cached. ParameterBindingInfo Encapsulates information for binding action-method parameters to a data model. ParameterDescriptor Contains information that describes a parameter. PartialViewResult Represents a base class that is used to send a partial view to the response. PreApplicationStartCode Provides a registration point for ASP.NET Razor pre- application start code. QueryStringValueProvider Represents a value provider for query strings that are contained in a NameValueCollection object. QueryStringValueProviderFactory Represents a class that is responsible for creating a new instance of a query-string value-provider object. RangeAttributeAdapter Provides an adapter for the RangeAttribute attribute. RazorView Represents the class used to create views that have Razor syntax. RazorViewEngine Represents a view engine that is used to render a Web page that uses the ASP.NET Razor syntax. RedirectResult Controls the processing of application actions by redirecting to a specified URI. RedirectToRouteResult Represents a result that performs a redirection by using the specified route values dictionary. ReflectedActionDescriptor Contains information that describes a reflected action method. ReflectedControllerDescriptor Contains information that describes a reflected controller. ReflectedParameterDescriptor Contains information that describes a reflected action- method parameter. RegularExpressionAttributeAdapter Provides an adapter for the RegularExpressionAttribute attribute. RemoteAttribute Provides an attribute that uses the jQuery validation plug-in remote validator. RequiredAttributeAdapter Provides an adapter for the RequiredAttributeAttribute attribute. RequireHttpsAttribute Represents an attribute that forces an unsecured HTTP request to be re-sent over HTTPS. ResultExecutedContext Provides the context for the OnResultExecuted method of the ActionFilterAttribute class. ResultExecutingContext Provides the context for the OnResultExecuting method of the ActionFilterAttribute class. RouteCollectionExtensions Extends a RouteCollection object for MVC routing. RouteDataValueProvider Represents a value provider for route data that is contained in an object that implements the IDictionary(Of TKey, TValue) interface. RouteDataValueProviderFactory Represents a factory for creating route-data value provider objects. SelectList Represents a list that lets users select one item. SelectListItem Represents the selected item in an instance of the SelectList Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • class. SessionStateAttribute Specifies the session state of the controller. SessionStateTempDataProvider Provides session-state data to the current TempDataDictionary object. StringLengthAttributeAdapter Provides an adapter for the StringLengthAttribute attribute. TempDataDictionary Represents a set of data that persists only from one request to the next. TemplateInfo Encapsulates information about the current template context. UrlHelper Contains methods to build URLs for ASP.NET MVC within an application. UrlParameter Represents an optional parameter that is used by the MvcHandler class during routing. ValidatableObjectAdapter Provides an object adapter that can be validated. ValidateAntiForgeryTokenAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to prevent forgery of a request. ValidateInputAttribute Represents an attribute that is used to mark action methods whose input must be validated. ValueProviderCollection Represents the collection of value-provider objects for the application. ValueProviderDictionary Obsolete. Represents a dictionary of value providers for the application. ValueProviderFactories Represents a container for value-provider factory objects. ValueProviderFactory Represents a factory for creating value-provider objects. ValueProviderFactoryCollection Represents the collection of value-provider factories for the application. ValueProviderResult Represents the result of binding a value (such as from a form post or query string) to an action-method argument property, or to the argument itself. ViewContext Encapsulates information that is related to rendering a view. ViewDataDictionary Represents a container that is used to pass data between a controller and a view. ViewDataDictionary(Of TModel) Represents a container that is used to pass strongly typed data between a controller and a view. ViewDataInfo Encapsulates information about the current template content that is used to develop templates and about HTML helpers that interact with templates. ViewEngineCollection Represents a collection of view engines that are available to the application. ViewEngineResult Represents the result of locating a view engine. ViewEngines Represents a collection of view engines that are available to the application. ViewMasterPage Represents the information that is needed to build a master view page. ViewMasterPage(Of TModel) Represents the information that is required in order to build a strongly typed master view page. ViewPage Represents the properties and methods that are needed to render a view as a Web Forms page. ViewPage(Of TModel) Represents the information that is required in order to render a strongly typed view as a Web Forms page. ViewResult Represents a class that is used to render a view by using an IView instance that is returned by an IViewEngine object. ViewResultBase Represents a base class that is used to provide the model to the view and then render the view to the response. ViewStartPage Provides an abstract class that can be used to implement a view start (master) page. ViewTemplateUserControl Provides a container for TemplateInfo objects. ViewTemplateUserControl(Of TModel) Provides a container for TemplateInfo objects. ViewType Represents the type of a view. ViewUserControl Represents the information that is needed to build a user control. ViewUserControl(Of TModel) Represents the information that is required in order to build a strongly typed user control. VirtualPathProviderViewEngine Represents an abstract base-class implementation of the IViewEngine interface. WebFormView Represents the information that is needed to build a Web Forms page in ASP.NET MVC. WebFormViewEngine Represents a view engine that is used to render a Web Forms page to the response. WebViewPage Represents the properties and methods that are needed in order to render a view that uses ASP.NET Razor syntax. WebViewPage(Of TModel) Represents the properties and methods that are needed in order to render a view that uses ASP.NET Razor syntax. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter »   Interfaces Interface Description IActionFilter Defines the methods that are used in an action filter. IActionInvoker Defines the contract for an action invoker, which is used to invoke an action in response to an HTTP request. IAuthorizationFilter Defines the methods that are required for an authorization filter. IClientValidatable Provides a way for the ASP.NET MVC validation framework to discover at run time whether a validator has support for client validation. IController Defines the methods that are required for a controller. IControllerActivator Provides fine-grained control over how controllers are instantiated using dependency injection. IControllerFactory Defines the methods that are required for a controller factory. IDependencyResolver Defines the methods that simplify service location and dependency resolution. IExceptionFilter Defines the methods that are required for an exception filter. IFilterProvider Provides an interface for finding filters. IMetadataAware Provides an interface for exposing attributes to the AssociatedMetadataProvider class. IModelBinder Defines the methods that are required for a model binder. IModelBinderProvider Defines methods that enable dynamic implementations of model binding for classes that implement the IModelBinder interface. IMvcFilter Defines members that specify the order of filters and whether multiple filters are allowed. IResultFilter Defines the methods that are required for a result filter. IRouteWithArea Associates a route with an area in an ASP.NET MVC application. ITempDataProvider Defines the contract for temporary-data providers that store data that is viewed on the next request. IUnvalidatedValueProvider Represents an IValueProvider interface that can skip request validation. IValueProvider Defines the methods that are required for a value provider in ASP.NET MVC. IView Defines the methods that are required for a view. IViewDataContainer Defines the methods that are required for a view data dictionary. IViewEngine Defines the methods that are required for a view engine. IViewLocationCache Defines the methods that are required in order to cache view locations in memory. IViewPageActivator Provides fine-grained control Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Demo This is a Web Forms Demonstration Web Forms is one of the 3 programming models for creating ASP.NET web sites and web applications. The other two programming models are Web Pages and MVC (Model, View, Controller). This demonstration will teach you ASP.NET Web Forms by building a web site: Create a web site Add files and folders Add a consistent look Add navigation Add a database Like to Read a Tutorial First? Many developers like to start learning a new technology by looking at a demonstration, but if you want to read the Web Forms tutorial first, go to the ASP.NET Web Forms Tutorial. Visual Web Developer (VWD) Visual Web Developer is a free development tool, tailor made for Web Forms (and MVC). Visual Web Developer contains: A web server markup language (Razor using VB or C#) A web server (IIS Express) A database server (SQL Server Compact) ASP.NET web controls and web components A full web development framework (ASP.NET) You should install Visual Web Developer, to get the full benefits from this demo. If you want to install Visual Web Developer, click on this picture: After you have installed Visual Web Developer the first time, it pays to run the installation one more time, to install fixes and service packs. Just click on the link once more. This Demonstration will Create a Web Site In this demo, we will use Visual Web Developer to develop a web site application. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Visual Web Developer supports two different development types: Web Projects Web Sites Web Projects (We Will Not Do) Web Projects is the preferred development type for large projects, and for developers working in teams. Web Projects are managed by a project file that keeps track of the content of a web site. Web Sites A Web Site is simply a folder with files and subfolders. (There are no project files to keep track of the web project). In this demo we will use Web Sites (not Web Projects). If you are new to ASP.NET, a Web Site is easier to work with, and easier to copy, move, and share. Create a Web Site You create a new Web Site in VWD by choosing "New Web Site..." from the main menu. In the "New Web Site" dialog box, chose the Visual Basic (or Visual C#) template called "ASP.NET Empty Web Site": Name the Web Site DemoWF and set the disk (File System) location to something like c:w3schools_demoDemoWF before clicking OK. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Demo Learn ASP.NET Web Forms by building a web site from scratch. Part I: Creating standard folders and a consistent style. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Create a new empty web site Create the necessary folders Create a standard style sheet for the site Create a standard layout for the site Create a home page for the site 1. Start With an Empty Web Site If you have followed this tutorial, you have already created a web site called DemoWF. If not, you can create an empty web site with Visual Web Developer: Start Visual Web Developer Click on "New Web Site..." Choose "Visual Basic (or Visual C#) Select the template "ASP.NET Empty Web Site" Set the file location to something like c:w3schools_demoDemoWF 2. Create Folders In the folder named "DemoWF" (your website), create 5 folders: Account - for storing login and membership files App_Data - for storing databases and data files Images - for storing images Scripts - for storing browser scripts Styles - for storing css styles To create a new folder, right-click the root folder and select "New Folder..." 3. Create a Style Sheet In the "Styles" folder, create a new style sheet (CSS file) named "Site.css". Put the following code inside the CSS file: Site.css body { font: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, sans-serif; background-color: #5c87b2; color: #696969; } h1 { color: #ffffff; } h2 { border-bottom: 3px solid #cc9900; font: Georgia, serif; color: #996600; } #main { padding: 20px; background-color: #ffffff; border-radius: 0px 4px 4px 4px; Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • } The CSS file above defines the styles to be used used for The HTML heading element <h1> The HTML body element <body> The HTML element with id="main" 4. Create a Master Page In the root folder (DemoDW), create a master file named "Site.master". To create a master file, right-click the root folder and select "Add New Item...". Then select "Master Page Visual Basic". Put the following code inside the master page: Site.master <%@ Master Language="VB" %> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head id="head" runat="server"> <title></title> <link href="Styles/Site.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> </head> <body> <form id="form1" runat="server"> <h1>Demonstrating Web Forms</h1> <div id="main"> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="MainContent" runat="server"/> <p>&copy; <%=DateTime.Now.Year%> W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </div> </form> </body> </html> The master page defines the standard layout of your web pages. It has a link to your style sheet file (Styles/Site.css), and a place holder for page content (asp:ContentPlaceHolder). 5. Create a Home Page In your empty "DemoWF" folder, create a new Web Form, named "Default.aspx". If you created a file with this name earlier, you can edit the existing file, or create a new file with a new name (like Default2.aspx). To create a Web Form, right-click the root folder and select "Add New Item...". Then select "Web Form Visual Basic". Put the following code inside the Web Form page: Default.aspx <%@ Page Title="Welcome" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="Site.master" %> <asp:Content ID="Content" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" Runat="Server"> <h2>Web Forms Main Ingredients</h2> <p>A Home Page (Default.aspx)</p> <p>A Layout File (Site.master)</p> <p>A Style Sheet (Site.css)</p> </asp:Content> Run example » The file starts with a reference to the master file. Inside an <asp:Content> element it contains normal HTML markup. Congratulations You have created your first (ASP.NET Web Forms) web site, with a main page (the Default page), a common template for all your pages (the Master page), and a common style sheet (the CSS file). In the next chapters of this tutorial, we will add navigation to the web site. Then we will add a database, and finally we will add login and security. Web Forms File Types Below is a list of ASP.NET Web Forms most common file types. Extention Description .htm / .html HTML Pages Web pages to be viewed directly by the browser Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » .css Style Sheets Defines styles and formatting for the web site .js JavaScripts Contains JavaScripts to be executed in the browser .aspx Web Forms The core of ASP.NET. Web pages with ASP.NET code. .ascx Web User Controls Contains code fragments to be used by multiple pages .asax Global Class Global code (like startup code) .asmx Web Service Contains callable web services .cs Class Files Contains code in C# .vb Class Files Contains code in Vb (Visual Badsic) .config Web Configuration Contains configuration information for the web site .master Master Pages Define the global structure (look) of the web site .sitemap XML Sitemap .xml Data stored in XML format .sdf SQL Server Compact Databases .mdf SQL Server Expess (Accsess) Databases Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Adding a Menu Learn ASP.NET Web Forms by building a web site from scratch. Part II: Adding Navigation. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Add an about page Add a navigation menu Add an About Page In the "DemoWF" folder, create a new Web Form named "About.aspx". Put the following code inside the file: About.aspx <%@ Page Title="About" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="Site.master" %> <asp:Content ID="Content" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="Server"> <h2>About Us</h2> <p>Lorem Ipsum Porem Lorem Ipsum Porem</p> </asp:Content> The about file above contains a heading and a paragraph. Please feel free to edit the content. Add a Navigation Menu In the master file named "Site.master" and, edit the content. Put the following code inside the master file: Site.master <%@ Master Language="VB" %> <!DOCTYPE html> <head id="head" runat="server"> <title></title> <link href="~/Styles/Site.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> </head> <body> <form id="form1" runat="server"> <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="Default">Home</a></li> <li><a href="About">About</a></li> </ul> <div id="main"> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="MainContent" runat="server"/> <p>&copy; <%=DateTime.Now.year%> W3Schools. All rights reserved.</p> </div> </form> </body> </html> The master file above, is a copy of the master file from the previous chapter, with an added unordered list (marked red). Edit The Style Sheet In the Styles folder, edit your your style sheet (Site.css): Put the following code inside the file: Site.css body { font: "Trebuchet MS", Verdana, sans-serif; background-color: #5c87b2; color: #696969; } h1 { color: #ffffff; } Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » h2 { border-bottom: 3px solid #cc9900; font: Georgia, serif; color: #996600; } #main { padding: 20px; background-color: #ffffff; border-radius: 4px 4px 0 0; } ul#menu { padding: 0px; position: relative; margin: 0; } ul#menu li { display: inline; } ul#menu li a { background-color: #e8eef4; padding: 10px 20px; text-decoration: none; line-height: 2.8em; color: #034af3; border-radius: 4px 4px 0 0; } ul#menu li a:hover { background-color: #ffffff; } The style sheet above, is a copy of the style sheet from the previous chapter, with added styles for an unordered list (marked red). Edit the Home Page In your "DemoWF" folder, edit the page (file) named "Default.aspx". Put the following code inside the file: Default.aspx <%@ Page Title="Home" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="Site.master" %> <asp:Content ID="Content" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" Runat="Server"> <h1>Welcome</h1> <p>Lorem Ipsum Porem Lorem Ipsum Porem</p> </asp:Content> Run example » Feel free to edit the content. Congratulations You have added navigation to your website. In the next chapter we will add a database. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Databases Learn ASP.NET Web Forms by building a web site from scratch. Part III: Adding a Database. What We Will Do In this chapter we will: Create a database Add data to the database Create a page to list the database Creating the Database Visual Web Developer comes with a free SQL database called SQL Server Compact. The database needed for this tutorial can be created with these simple steps: Right-click the App_Data folder in the Solution Explorer window Select Add, New Item Select SQL Server Compact Local Database * Name the database Movies.sdf. Click the Add button * If SQL Server Compact Local Database is not an option, you have not installed SQL Server Compact on your computer. Install it from this link: SQL Server Compact Visual Web Developer automatically creates the database in the App_Data folder. Note: In this tutorial it is expected that you have some knowledge about SQL databases. If you want to study this topic first, please visit our SQL Tutorial. Adding a Database Table Double-clicking the Movies.sdf file in the App_Data folder will open a Database Explorer window. To create a new table in the database, right-click the Tables folder, and select Create Table. Create the following columns: Column Type Allow Nulls ID int (primary key) No Title nvarchar(100) No Director nvarchar(100) No Date datetime No Columns explained: ID is an integer (whole number) used to identify each record in the table. Title is a 100 character text column to store the name of the movie. Director is a 100 character text column to store the director's name. Date is a datetime column to store the release date of the movie. After creating the columns described above, you must make the ID column the table's primary key (record identifier). To do this, click on the column name (ID) and select Primary Key. Also, in the Column Properties window, set the Identity property to True: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • When you have finished creating the table columns, save the table and name it Movies. Adding Database Records You can use Visual Web Developer to add some test records to the movie database. Double-click the Movies.sdf file in the App_Data folder. Right-click the Movie table in the Database Explorer window and select Show Table Data. Add some records: ID Title Director Date 1 Psycho Alfred Hitchcock 01.01.1960 2  La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini 01.01.1960 Note: The ID column is updated automatically. You should not edit it. Adding Products Page In the "DemoWF" folder, create a new Web Form named "Movies.aspx". Put the following code inside the file: Movies.aspx <%@ Page Title="" Language="VB" MasterPageFile="Site.master" %> <asp:Content ID="Content1" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="Server"> <h2>Products</h2> <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="ID" DataSourceID="Movies"> <Columns> <asp:BoundField DataField="ID" HeaderText="ID" /> <asp:BoundField DataField="Title" HeaderText="Title" /> <asp:BoundField DataField="Director" HeaderText="Director" /> <asp:BoundField DataField="Date" HeaderText="Date" /> </Columns> </asp:GridView> <asp:SqlDataSource ID="Movies" runat="server" ConnectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|Movies.sdf" ProviderName="System.Data.SqlServerCe.4.0" SelectCommand="SELECT [ID], [Title], [Director], [Date] FROM [Movies]"> </asp:SqlDataSource> </asp:Content> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Edit the Master Page In the Master Page (Site.master), locate the navigation menu. Then add a new line to the menu: Part of Site.master <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="Default.aspx">Home</a></li> <li><a href="Movies.aspx">Movies</a></li> <li><a href="About.aspx">About</a></li> </ul> Congratulations You have added a database to your web project. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Tutorial ASP.NET is a development framework for building web pages and web sites with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and server scripting. ASP.NET supports three different development models: Web Pages, MVC (Model View Controller), and Web Forms. THIS TUTORIAL COVERS WEB FORMS Web Pages MVC Web Forms ASP.NET Framework What is Web Forms? Web Forms is one of the 3 programming models for creating ASP.NET web sites and web applications. The other two programming models are Web Pages and MVC (Model, View, Controller). Web Forms is the oldest ASP.NET programming model, with event driven web pages written as a combination of HTML, server controls, and server code. Web Forms are compiled and executed on the server, which generates the HTML that displays the web pages. Web Forms comes with hundreds of different web controls and web components to build user-driven web sites with data access. Where to Start? Many developers like to start learning a new technology by looking at working examples. If you want to take a look at a working Web Forms examples, follow the ASP.NET Web Forms Demo. Visual Web Developer (VWD) Visual Web Developer is a free development tool, tailor made for Web Forms (and MVC). Visual Web Developer contains: A web server markup language (Razor using VB or C#) A web server (IIS Express) A database server (SQL Server Compact) ASP.NET web controls and web components A full web development framework (ASP.NET) You should install Visual Web Developer, to get the full benefits from this tutorial. If you want to install VWD, go to the chapter ASP.NET Web Forms Demo. ASP.NET References At the end of this tutorial you will find a complete ASP.NET reference with objects, components, properties and methods. ASP.NET Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - HTML Pages A simple ASP.NET page looks just like an ordinary HTML page. Hello W3Schools To start learning ASP.NET, we will construct a very simple HTML page that will display "Hello W3Schools" in an Internet browser like this: Hello W3Schools!     Hello W3Schools in HTML This code displays the example as an HTML page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself, save the code in a file called "firstpage.htm", and create a link to the file like this: firstpage.htm Hello W3Schools in ASP.NET The simplest way to convert an HTML page into an ASP.NET page is to copy the HTML file to a new file with an .aspx extension. This code displays our example as an ASP.NET page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself, save the code in a file called "firstpage.aspx", and create a link to the file like this: firstpage.aspx How Does it Work? Fundamentally an ASP.NET page is just the same as an HTML page. An HTML page has the extension .htm. If a browser requests an HTML page from the server, the server sends the page to the browser without any modifications. An ASP.NET page has the extension .aspx. If a browser requests an ASP.NET page, the server processes any executable code in the page, before the result is sent back to the browser. The ASP.NET page above does not contain any executable code, so nothing is executed. In the next examples we will add some executable code to the page to demonstrate the difference between static HTML pages and dynamic ASP pages. Classic ASP Active Server Pages (ASP) has been around for several years. With ASP, executable code can be placed inside HTML pages. Previous versions of ASP (before ASP .NET) are often called Classic ASP. ASP.NET is not fully compatible with Classic ASP, but most Classic ASP pages will work fine as ASP.NET pages, with only minor changes. If you want to learn more about Classic ASP, please visit our ASP Tutorial. Dynamic Page in Classic ASP To demonstrate how ASP can display pages with dynamic content, we have added some executable code (in red) to the previous example: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> <p><%Response.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » The code inside the <% --%> tags is executed on the server. Response.Write is ASP code for writing something to the HTML output stream. Now() is a function returning the servers current date and time. If you want to try it yourself, save the code in a file called "dynpage.asp", and create a link to the file like this: dynpage.asp Dynamic Page in ASP .NET This following code displays our example as an ASP.NET page: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> <p><%Response.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> If you want to try it yourself, save the code in a file called "dynpage.aspx", and create a link to the file like this: dynpage.aspx ASP.NET vs Classic ASP The previous examples didn't demonstrate any differences between ASP.NET and Classic ASP. As you can see from the two latest examples there are no differences between the two ASP and ASP.NET pages. In the next chapters you will see how server controls make ASP.NET more powerful than Classic ASP. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Server Controls Server controls are tags that are understood by the server. Limitations in Classic ASP The listing below was copied from the previous chapter: <html> <body bgcolor="yellow"> <center> <h2>Hello W3Schools!</h2> <p><%Response.Write(now())%></p> </center> </body> </html> The code above illustrates a limitation in Classic ASP: The code block has to be placed where you want the output to appear. With Classic ASP it is impossible to separate executable code from the HTML itself. This makes the page difficult to read, and difficult to maintain. ASP.NET - Server Controls ASP.NET has solved the "spaghetti-code" problem described above with server controls. Server controls are tags that are understood by the server. There are three kinds of server controls: HTML Server Controls - Traditional HTML tags Web Server Controls - New ASP.NET tags Validation Server Controls - For input validation ASP.NET - HTML Server Controls HTML server controls are HTML tags understood by the server. HTML elements in ASP.NET files are, by default, treated as text. To make these elements programmable, add a runat="server" attribute to the HTML element. This attribute indicates that the element should be treated as a server control. The id attribute is added to identify the server control. The id reference can be used to manipulate the server control at run time. Note: All HTML server controls must be within a <form> tag with the runat="server" attribute. The runat="server" attribute indicates that the form should be processed on the server. It also indicates that the enclosed controls can be accessed by server scripts. In the following example we declare an HtmlAnchor server control in an .aspx file. Then we manipulate the HRef attribute of the HtmlAnchor control in an event handler (an event handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event). The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP.NET understands: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load link1.HRef="http://www.w3schools.com" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <a id="link1" runat="server">Visit W3Schools!</a> </form> </body> </html> The executable code itself has been moved outside the HTML. ASP.NET - Web Server Controls Web server controls are special ASP.NET tags understood by the server. Like HTML server controls, Web server controls are also created on the server and they require a runat="server" attribute to work. However, Web server controls do not necessarily map to any existing HTML elements and they may represent more complex elements. The syntax for creating a Web server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> In the following example we declare a Button server control in an .aspx file. Then we create an event handler for the Click event which changes the text on the button: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object, e As EventArgs) button1.Text="You clicked me!" End Sub Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Click me!" runat="server" OnClick="submit"/> </form> </body> </html> ASP.NET - Validation Server Controls Validation server controls are used to validate user-input. If the user-input does not pass validation, it will display an error message to the user. Each validation control performs a specific type of validation (like validating against a specific value or a range of values). By default, page validation is performed when a Button, ImageButton, or LinkButton control is clicked. You can prevent validation when a button control is clicked by setting the CausesValidation property to false. The syntax for creating a Validation server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> In the following example we declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one RangeValidator control in an .aspx file. If validation fails, the text "The value must be from 1 to 100!" will be displayed in the RangeValidator control: Example <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Enter a number from 1 to 100: <asp:TextBox id="tbox1" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> <asp:Button Text="Submit" runat="server" /> </p> <p> <asp:RangeValidator ControlToValidate="tbox1" MinimumValue="1" MaximumValue="100" Type="Integer" Text="The value must be from 1 to 100!" runat="server" /> </p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Events An Event Handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event. ASP.NET - Event Handlers Look at the following code: <% lbl1.Text="The date and time is " & now() %> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> </form> </body> </html> When will the code above be executed? The answer is: "You don't know..." The Page_Load Event The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP.NET understands. The Page_Load event is triggered when a page loads, and ASP.NET will automatically call the subroutine Page_Load, and execute the code inside it: Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load lbl1.Text="The date and time is " & now() End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Note: The Page_Load event contains no object references or event arguments! The Page.IsPostBack Property The Page_Load subroutine runs EVERY time the page is loaded. If you want to execute the code in the Page_Load subroutine only the FIRST time the page is loaded, you can use the Page.IsPostBack property. If the Page.IsPostBack property is false, the page is loaded for the first time, if it is true, the page is posted back to the server (i.e. from a button click on a form): Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   lbl1.Text="The date and time is " & now() end if End Sub Sub submit(s As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl2.Text="Hello World!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <h3><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></h3> <h3><asp:label id="lbl2" runat="server" /></h3> <asp:button text="Submit" onclick="submit" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » The example above will write the "The date and time is...." message only the first time the page is loaded. When a user clicks on the Submit button, the submit subroutine will write "Hello World!" to the second label, but the date and time in the first label will not change. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - HTML Forms All server controls must appear within a <form> tag, and the <form> tag must contain the runat="server" attribute. ASP.NET Web Forms All server controls must appear within a <form> tag, and the <form> tag must contain the runat="server" attribute. The runat="server" attribute indicates that the form should be processed on the server. It also indicates that the enclosed controls can be accessed by server scripts: <form runat="server"> ...HTML + server controls </form> Note: The form is always submitted to the page itself. If you specify an action attribute, it is ignored. If you omit the method attribute, it will be set to method="post" by default. Also, if you do not specify the name and id attributes, they are automatically assigned by ASP.NET. Note: An .aspx page can only contain ONE <form runat="server"> control! If you select view source in an .aspx page containing a form with no name, method, action, or id attribute specified, you will see that ASP.NET has added these attributes to the form. It looks something like this: <form name="_ctl0" method="post" action="page.aspx" id="_ctl0"> ...some code </form> Submitting a Form A form is most often submitted by clicking on a button. The Button server control in ASP.NET has the following format: <asp:Button id="id" text="label" OnClick="sub" runat="server" /> The id attribute defines a unique name for the button and the text attribute assigns a label to the button. The onClick event handler specifies a named subroutine to execute. In the following example we declare a Button control in an .aspx file. A button click runs a subroutine which changes the text on the button: Example Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Maintaining the ViewState You may save a lot of coding by maintaining the ViewState of the objects in your Web Form. Maintaining the ViewState When a form is submitted in classic ASP, all form values are cleared. Suppose you have submitted a form with a lot of information and the server comes back with an error. You will have to go back to the form and correct the information. You click the back button, and what happens.......ALL form values are CLEARED, and you will have to start all over again! The site did not maintain your ViewState. When a form is submitted in ASP .NET, the form reappears in the browser window together with all form values. How come? This is because ASP .NET maintains your ViewState. The ViewState indicates the status of the page when submitted to the server. The status is defined through a hidden field placed on each page with a <form runat="server"> control. The source could look something like this: <form name="_ctl0" method="post" action="page.aspx" id="_ctl0"> <input type="hidden" name="__VIEWSTATE" value="dDwtNTI0ODU5MDE1Ozs+ZBCF2ryjMpeVgUrY2eTj79HNl4Q=" /> .....some code </form> Maintaining the ViewState is the default setting for ASP.NET Web Forms. If you want to NOT maintain the ViewState, include the directive <%@ Page EnableViewState="false" %> at the top of an .aspx page or add the attribute EnableViewState="false" to any control. Look at the following .aspx file. It demonstrates the "old" way to do it. When you click on the submit button, the form value will disappear: Example <html> <body> <form action="demo_classicasp.aspx" method="post"> Your name: <input type="text" name="fname" size="20"> <input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form> <% dim fname fname=Request.Form("fname") If fname<>"" Then Response.Write("Hello " & fname & "!") End If %> </body> </html> Show example » Here is the new ASP .NET way. When you click on the submit button, the form value will NOT disappear: Example Click view source in the right frame of the example to see that ASP .NET has added a hidden field in the form to maintain the ViewState <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text="Hello " & txt1.Text & "!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The TextBox Control The TextBox control is used to create a text box where the user can input text. The TextBox Control The TextBox control is used to create a text box where the user can input text. The TextBox control's attributes and properties are listed in our web controls reference page. The example below demonstrates some of the attributes you may use with the TextBox control: Example <html> <body> <form runat="server"> A basic TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A password TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb2" TextMode="password" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with text: <asp:TextBox id="tb4" Text="Hello World!" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A multiline TextBox: <asp:TextBox id="tb3" TextMode="multiline" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with height: <asp:TextBox id="tb6" rows="5" TextMode="multiline" runat="server" /> <br /><br /> A TextBox with width: <asp:TextBox id="tb5" columns="30" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Add a Script The contents and settings of a TextBox control may be changed by server scripts when a form is submitted. A form can be submitted by clicking on a button or when a user changes the value in the TextBox control. In the following example we declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text="Your name is " & txt1.Text End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » In the following example we declare one TextBox control and one Label control in an .aspx file. When you change the value in the TextBox and either click outside the TextBox or press the Tab key, the change subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text="You changed text to " & txt1.Text Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" text="Hello World!" ontextchanged="change" autopostback="true"/> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The Button Control The Button control is used to display a push button. The Button Control The Button control is used to display a push button. The push button may be a submit button or a command button. By default, this control is a submit button. A submit button does not have a command name and it posts the page back to the server when it is clicked. It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the submit button is clicked. A command button has a command name and allows you to create multiple Button controls on a page. It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the command button is clicked. The Button control's attributes and properties are listed in our web controls reference page. The example below demonstrates a simple Button control: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="b1" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Add a Script A form is most often submitted by clicking on a button. In the following example we declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text="Your name is " & txt1.Text End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Data Binding We may use data binding to fill lists with selectable items from an imported data source, like a database, an XML file, or a script. Data Binding The following controls are list controls which support data binding: asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox The selectable items in each of the above controls are usually defined by one or more asp:ListItem controls, like this: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="countrylist" runat="server"> <asp:ListItem value="N" text="Norway" /> <asp:ListItem value="S" text="Sweden" /> <asp:ListItem value="F" text="France" /> <asp:ListItem value="I" text="Italy" /> </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> </body> </html> However, with data binding we may use a separate source, like a database, an XML file, or a script to fill the list with selectable items. By using an imported source, the data is separated from the HTML, and any changes to the items are made in the separate data source. In the next three chapters, we will describe how to bind data from a scripted data source. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The ArrayList Object The ArrayList object is a collection of items containing a single data value. Try it Yourself - Examples ArrayList DropDownList ArrayList RadioButtonList Create an ArrayList The ArrayList object is a collection of items containing a single data value. Items are added to the ArrayList with the Add() method. The following code creates a new ArrayList object named mycountries and four items are added: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New ArrayList   mycountries.Add("Norway")   mycountries.Add("Sweden")   mycountries.Add("France")   mycountries.Add("Italy") end if end sub </script> By default, an ArrayList object contains 16 entries. An ArrayList can be sized to its final size with the TrimToSize() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New ArrayList   mycountries.Add("Norway")   mycountries.Add("Sweden")   mycountries.Add("France")   mycountries.Add("Italy")   mycountries.TrimToSize() end if end sub </script> An ArrayList can also be sorted alphabetically or numerically with the Sort() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New ArrayList   mycountries.Add("Norway")   mycountries.Add("Sweden")   mycountries.Add("France")   mycountries.Add("Italy")   mycountries.TrimToSize()   mycountries.Sort() end if end sub </script> To sort in reverse order, apply the Reverse() method after the Sort() method: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New ArrayList   mycountries.Add("Norway")   mycountries.Add("Sweden")   mycountries.Add("France")   mycountries.Add("Italy")   mycountries.TrimToSize()   mycountries.Sort()   mycountries.Reverse() end if end sub </script> Data Binding to an ArrayList An ArrayList object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control, first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list and binds the values in the list to the RadioButtonList control: Example <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New ArrayList   mycountries.Add("Norway")   mycountries.Add("Sweden")   mycountries.Add("France")   mycountries.Add("Italy")   mycountries.TrimToSize()   mycountries.Sort()   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Show example » The DataSource property of the RadioButtonList control is set to the ArrayList and it defines the data source of the RadioButtonList control. The DataBind() method of the RadioButtonList control binds the data source with the RadioButtonList control. Note: The data values are used as both the Text and Value properties for the control. To add Values that are different from the Text, use either the Hashtable object or the SortedList object. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The Hashtable Object The Hashtable object contains items in key/value pairs. Try it Yourself - Examples Hashtable RadiobuttonList 1 Hashtable RadiobuttonList 2 Hashtable DropDownList Create a Hashtable The Hashtable object contains items in key/value pairs. The keys are used as indexes, and very quick searches can be made for values by searching through their keys. Items are added to the Hashtable with the Add() method. The following code creates a Hashtable named mycountries and four elements are added: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New Hashtable   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy") end if end sub </script> Data Binding A Hashtable object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control, first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New Hashtable   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy")   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="Key"   rb.DataTextField="Value"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control. When a radio button is clicked, a text will appear in a label: Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Example <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New Hashtable   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy")   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="Key"   rb.DataTextField="Value"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Note: You cannot choose the sort order of the items added to the Hashtable. To sort items alphabetically or numerically, use the SortedList object. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim navigate=New Hashtable    navigate.Add("RadioButtonList","control_radiobuttonlist.asp")    navigate.Add("CheckBoxList","control_checkboxlist.asp")    navigate.Add("DropDownList","control_dropdownlist.asp")    navigate.Add("ListBox","control_listbox.asp")    rb.DataSource=navigate    rb.DataValueField="Value"    rb.DataTextField="Key"    rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub navigate(s as Object, e As EventArgs) response.redirect(rb.SelectedItem.Value) end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="navigate" /> </form> </body> </html> CheckBoxList DropDownList RadioButtonList ListBox  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim mycountries=New Hashtable    mycountries.Add("N","Norway")    mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")    mycountries.Add("F","France")    mycountries.Add("I","Italy")    dd.DataSource=mycountries    dd.DataValueField="Key"    dd.DataTextField="Value"    dd.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & dd.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="dd" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Norway  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Norway
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim mycountries=New Hashtable    mycountries.Add("N","Norway")    mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")    mycountries.Add("F","France")    mycountries.Add("I","Italy")    rb.DataSource=mycountries    rb.DataValueField="Key"    rb.DataTextField="Value"    rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Norway France Italy Sweden  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The SortedList Object The SortedList object combines the features of both the ArrayList object and the Hashtable object. Try it Yourself - Examples SortedList RadiobuttonList 1 SortedList RadiobuttonList 2 SortedList DropDownList The SortedList Object The SortedList object contains items in key/value pairs. A SortedList object automatically sort the items in alphabetic or numeric order. Items are added to the SortedList with the Add() method. A SortedList can be sized to its final size with the TrimToSize() method. The following code creates a SortedList named mycountries and four elements are added: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New SortedList   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy") end if end sub </script> Data Binding A SortedList object may automatically generate the text and values to the following controls: asp:RadioButtonList asp:CheckBoxList asp:DropDownList asp:Listbox To bind data to a RadioButtonList control, first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the list: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New SortedList   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy")   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="Key"   rb.DataTextField="Value"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control. When a radio button is clicked, a text will appear in a label: Example Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New SortedList   mycountries.Add("N","Norway")   mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")   mycountries.Add("F","France")   mycountries.Add("I","Italy")   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="Key"   rb.DataTextField="Value"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim mycountries=New SortedList    mycountries.Add("N","Norway")    mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")    mycountries.Add("F","France")    mycountries.Add("I","Italy")    rb.DataSource=mycountries    rb.DataValueField="Key"    rb.DataTextField="Value"    rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> France Italy Norway Sweden  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim navigate=New SortedList    navigate.Add("RadioButtonList","control_radiobuttonlist.asp")    navigate.Add("CheckBoxList","control_checkboxlist.asp")    navigate.Add("DropDownList","control_dropdownlist.asp")    navigate.Add("ListBox","control_listbox.asp")    rb.DataSource=navigate    rb.DataValueField="Value"    rb.DataTextField="Key"    rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub navigate(s as Object, e As EventArgs) response.redirect(rb.SelectedItem.Value) end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="navigate" /> </form> </body> </html> CheckBoxList DropDownList ListBox RadioButtonList  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then    dim mycountries=New SortedList    mycountries.Add("N","Norway")    mycountries.Add("S","Sweden")    mycountries.Add("F","France")    mycountries.Add("I","Italy")    dd.DataSource=mycountries    dd.DataValueField="Key"    dd.DataTextField="Value"    dd.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & dd.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="dd" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> France  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com France
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - XML Files We can bind an XML file to a list control. An XML File Here is an XML file named "countries.xml": <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <countries> <country>   <text>Norway</text>   <value>N</value> </country> <country>   <text>Sweden</text>   <value>S</value> </country> <country>   <text>France</text>   <value>F</value> </country> <country>   <text>Italy</text>   <value>I</value> </country> </countries> Take a look at the XML file: countries.xml Bind a DataSet to a List Control First, import the "System.Data" namespace. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. Include the following directive at the top of an .aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> Next, create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New DataSet   mycountries.ReadXml(MapPath("countries.xml")) end if end sub To bind the DataSet to a RadioButtonList control, first create a RadioButtonList control (without any asp:ListItem elements) in an .aspx page: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" /> </form> </body> </html> Then add the script that builds the XML DataSet: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New DataSet   mycountries.ReadXml(MapPath("countries.xml"))   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="value"   rb.DataTextField="text"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> </form> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » </body> </html> Then we add a sub routine to be executed when the user clicks on an item in the RadioButtonList control. When a radio button is clicked, a text will appear in a label: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycountries=New DataSet   mycountries.ReadXml(MapPath("countries.xml"))   rb.DataSource=mycountries   rb.DataValueField="value"   rb.DataTextField="text"   rb.DataBind() end if end sub sub displayMessage(s as Object,e As EventArgs) lbl1.text="Your favorite country is: " & rb.SelectedItem.Text end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" onSelectedIndexChanged="displayMessage" /> <p><asp:label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The Repeater Control The Repeater control is used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. Bind a DataSet to a Repeater Control The Repeater control is used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. The Repeater control may be bound to a database table, an XML file, or another list of items. Here we will show how to bind an XML file to a Repeater control. We will use the following XML file in our examples ("cdcatalog.xml"): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <catalog> <cd>   <title>Empire Burlesque</title>   <artist>Bob Dylan</artist>   <country>USA</country>   <company>Columbia</company>   <price>10.90</price>   <year>1985</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Hide your heart</title>   <artist>Bonnie Tyler</artist>   <country>UK</country>   <company>CBS Records</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1988</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Greatest Hits</title>   <artist>Dolly Parton</artist>   <country>USA</country>   <company>RCA</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1982</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Still got the blues</title>   <artist>Gary Moore</artist>   <country>UK</country>   <company>Virgin records</company>   <price>10.20</price>   <year>1990</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Eros</title>   <artist>Eros Ramazzotti</artist>   <country>EU</country>   <company>BMG</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1997</year> </cd> </catalog> Take a look at the XML file: cdcatalog.xml First, import the "System.Data" namespace. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. Include the following directive at the top of an .aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> Next, create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml")) end if end sub Then we create a Repeater control in an .aspx page. The contents of the <HeaderTemplate> element are rendered first and only once within the output, then the contents of the <ItemTemplate> element are repeated for each "record" in the DataSet, and last, the contents of the <FooterTemplate> element are rendered once within the output: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> ... </HeaderTemplate> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • <ItemTemplate> ... </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> ... </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Then we add the script that creates the DataSet and binds the mycdcatalog DataSet to the Repeater control. We also fill the Repeater control with HTML tags and bind the data items to the cells in the<ItemTemplate> section with the <%#Container.DataItem("fieldname")%> method: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))   cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog   cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate> You can add an <AlternatingItemTemplate> element after the <ItemTemplate> element to describe the appearance of alternating rows of output. In the following example each other row in the table will be displayed in a light grey color: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))   cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog   cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <AlternatingItemTemplate> <tr bgcolor="#e8e8e8"> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </AlternatingItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <SeparatorTemplate> The <SeparatorTemplate> element can be used to describe a separator between each record. The following example inserts a horizontal line between each table row: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))   cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog   cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="0" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Title</th> <th>Artist</th> <th>Country</th> <th>Company</th> <th>Price</th> <th>Year</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.DataItem("title")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("artist")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("country")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("company")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("price")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("year")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <SeparatorTemplate> <tr> <td colspan="6"><hr /></td> </tr> </SeparatorTemplate> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - The DataList Control The DataList control is, like the Repeater control, used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. However, the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default. Bind a DataSet to a DataList Control The DataList control is, like the Repeater control, used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. However, the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default. The DataList control may be bound to a database table, an XML file, or another list of items. Here we will show how to bind an XML file to a DataList control. We will use the following XML file in our examples ("cdcatalog.xml"): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <catalog> <cd>   <title>Empire Burlesque</title>   <artist>Bob Dylan</artist>   <country>USA</country>   <company>Columbia</company>   <price>10.90</price>   <year>1985</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Hide your heart</title>   <artist>Bonnie Tyler</artist>   <country>UK</country>   <company>CBS Records</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1988</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Greatest Hits</title>   <artist>Dolly Parton</artist>   <country>USA</country>   <company>RCA</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1982</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Still got the blues</title>   <artist>Gary Moore</artist>   <country>UK</country>   <company>Virgin records</company>   <price>10.20</price>   <year>1990</year> </cd> <cd>   <title>Eros</title>   <artist>Eros Ramazzotti</artist>   <country>EU</country>   <company>BMG</company>   <price>9.90</price>   <year>1997</year> </cd> </catalog> Take a look at the XML file: cdcatalog.xml First, import the "System.Data" namespace. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. Include the following directive at the top of an .aspx page: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> Next, create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded: <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml")) end if end sub Then we create a DataList in an .aspx page. The contents of the <HeaderTemplate> element are rendered first and only once within the output, then the contents of the <ItemTemplate> element are repeated for each "record" in the DataSet, and last, the contents of the <FooterTemplate> element are rendered once within the output: <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> ... </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> ... </ItemTemplate> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • <FooterTemplate> ... </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Then we add the script that creates the DataSet and binds the mycdcatalog DataSet to the DataList control. We also fill the DataList control with a <HeaderTemplate> that contains the header of the table, an <ItemTemplate> that contains the data items to display, and a <FooterTemplate> that contains a text. Note that the gridlines attribute of the DataList is set to "both" to display table borders: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))   cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog   cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" gridlines="both" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> - $<%#Container.DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> Copyright Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using Styles You can also add styles to the DataList control to make the output more fancy: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then   dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet   mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))   cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog   cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="true" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff" footerstyle-font-size="9pt" footerstyle-font-italic="true"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> - $<%#Container.DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> Copyright Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate> You can add an <AlternatingItemTemplate> element after the <ItemTemplate> element to describe the appearance of alternating rows of output. You may style the data in the <AlternatingItemTemplate> section within the DataList control: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load if Not Page.IsPostBack then dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml")) cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog cdcatalog.DataBind() end if end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="True" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff" alternatingitemstyle-backcolor="#e8e8e8" alternatingitemstyle-forecolor="#000000" footerstyle-font-size="9pt" footerstyle-font-italic="True"> <HeaderTemplate> My CD Catalog </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> "<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> - $<%#Container.DataItem("price")%> </ItemTemplate> <AlternatingItemTemplate> "<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of <%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> - $<%#Container.DataItem("price")%> </AlternatingItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> &copy; Hege Refsnes </FooterTemplate> </asp:DataList> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Database Connection ADO.NET is also a part of the .NET Framework. ADO.NET is used to handle data access. With ADO.NET you can work with databases. Try it Yourself - Examples Database connection - Bind to a DataList control Database connection - Bind to a Repeater control What is ADO.NET? ADO.NET is a part of the .NET Framework ADO.NET consists of a set of classes used to handle data access ADO.NET is entirely based on XML ADO.NET has, unlike ADO, no Recordset object Create a Database Connection We are going to use the Northwind database in our examples. First, import the "System.Data.OleDb" namespace. We need this namespace to work with Microsoft Access and other OLE DB database providers. We will create the connection to the database in the Page_Load subroutine. We create a dbconn variable as a new OleDbConnection class with a connection string which identifies the OLE DB provider and the location of the database. Then we open the database connection: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; data source=" & server.mappath("northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() end sub </script> Note: The connection string must be a continuous string without a line break! Create a Database Command To specify the records to retrieve from the database, we will create a dbcomm variable as a new OleDbCommand class. The OleDbCommand class is for issuing SQL queries against database tables: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn,sql,dbcomm dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; data source=" & server.mappath("northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql,dbconn) end sub </script> Create a DataReader The OleDbDataReader class is used to read a stream of records from a data source. A DataReader is created by calling the ExecuteReader method of the OleDbCommand object: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn,sql,dbcomm,dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; data source=" & server.mappath("northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql,dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.ExecuteReader() end sub </script> Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » Bind to a Repeater Control Then we bind the DataReader to a Repeater control: Example <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn,sql,dbcomm,dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; data source=" & server.mappath("northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql,dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.ExecuteReader() customers.DataSource=dbread customers.DataBind() dbread.Close() dbconn.Close() end sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="customers" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <th>Companyname</th> <th>Contactname</th> <th>Address</th> <th>City</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> <tr> <td><%#Container.DataItem("companyname")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("contactname")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("address")%></td> <td><%#Container.DataItem("city")%></td> </tr> </ItemTemplate> <FooterTemplate> </table> </FooterTemplate> </asp:Repeater> </form> </body> </html> Show example » Close the Database Connection Always close both the DataReader and database connection after access to the database is no longer required: dbread.Close() dbconn.Close() Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn,sql,dbcomm,dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;data source=" & server.mappath("/db/northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql,dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.ExecuteReader() customers.DataSource=dbread customers.DataBind() dbread.Close() dbconn.Close() end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Repeater id="customers" runat="server"> <HeaderTemplate> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr bgcolor="#b0c4de"> <th>Companyname</th> <th>Contactname</th> <th>Address</th> <th>City</th> </tr> </HeaderTemplate> <ItemTemplate> Companyname Contactname Address City Alfreds Futterkiste  Maria Anders  Obere Str. 57  Berlin  Berglunds snabbköp  Christina Berglund  Berguvsvägen 8  LuleÃ¥  Centro comercial Moctezuma  Francisco Chang  Sierras de Granada 9993  México D.F.  Ernst Handel  Roland Mendel  Kirchgasse 6  Graz  FISSA Fabrica Inter. Salchichas S.A.  Diego Roel  C/ Moralzarzal, 86  Madrid  GalerÃa del gastrónomo  Eduardo Saavedra  Rambla de Cataluña, 23  Barcelona  Island Trading  Helen Bennett  Garden House Crowther Way  Cowes  Königlich Essen  Philip Cramer  Maubelstr. 90  Brandenburg  Laughing Bacchus Wine Cellars  Yoshi Tannamuri  1900 Oak St.  Vancouver  Magazzini Alimentari Riuniti  Giovanni Rovelli  Via Ludovico il Moro 22  Bergamo  North/South  Simon Crowther  South House 300 Queensbridge  London  Paris spécialités  Marie Bertrand  265, boulevard Charonne  Paris  Rattlesnake Canyon Grocery  Paula Wilson  2817 Milton Dr.  Albuquerque  Simons bistro  Jytte Petersen  Vinbæltet 34  København   Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.OleDb" %> <script  runat="server"> sub Page_Load dim dbconn,sql,dbcomm,dbread dbconn=New OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;data source=" & server.mappath("/db/northwind.mdb")) dbconn.Open() sql="SELECT * FROM customers" dbcomm=New OleDbCommand(sql,dbconn) dbread=dbcomm.ExecuteReader() customers.DataSource=dbread customers.DataBind() dbread.Close() dbconn.Close() end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DataList id="customers" runat="server" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" borderstyle="inset" backcolor="#e8e8e8" width="100%" headerstyle-font-name="Verdana" headerstyle-font-size="12pt" headerstyle-horizontalalign="center" headerstyle-font-bold="True" itemstyle-backcolor="#778899" Customers Table Alfreds Futterkiste in Obere Str. 57, Berlin Berglunds snabbköp in Berguvsvägen 8, LuleÃ¥ Centro comercial Moctezuma in Sierras de Granada 9993, México D.F. Ernst Handel in Kirchgasse 6, Graz FISSA Fabrica Inter. Salchichas S.A. in C/ Moralzarzal, 86, Madrid GalerÃa del gastrónomo in Rambla de Cataluña, 23, Barcelona Island Trading in Garden House Crowther Way, Cowes Königlich Essen in Maubelstr. 90, Brandenburg Laughing Bacchus Wine Cellars in 1900 Oak St., Vancouver Magazzini Alimentari Riuniti in Via Ludovico il Moro 22, Bergamo North/South in South House 300 Queensbridge, London Paris spécialités in 265, boulevard Charonne, Paris Rattlesnake Canyon Grocery in 2817 Milton Dr., Albuquerque Simons bistro in Vinbæltet 34, København The Big Cheese in 89 Jefferson Way Suite 2, Portland Vaffeljernet in Smagsløget 45, Ã…rhus Wolski Zajazd in ul. Filtrowa 68, Warszawa Source: Northwind Database  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Master Pages Master pages provide templates for other pages on your web site. Master Pages Master pages allow you to create a consistent look and behavior for all the pages (or group of pages) in your web application. A master page provides a template for other pages, with shared layout and functionality. The master page defines placeholders for the content, which can be overridden by content pages. The output result is a combination of the master page and the content page. The content pages contains the content you want to display. When users request the content page, ASP.NET merges the pages to produce output that combines the layout of the master page with the content of the content page. Master Page Example <%@ Master %> <html> <body> <h1>Standard Header For All Pages</h1> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder id="CPH1" runat="server"> </asp:ContentPlaceHolder> </body> </html> The master page above is a normal HTML page designed as a template for other pages. The @ Master directive defines it as a master page. The master page contains a placeholder tag <asp:ContentPlaceHolder> for individual content. The id="CPH1" attribute identifies the placeholder, allowing many placeholders in the same master page. This master page was saved with the name "master1.master". Note: The master page can also contain code, allowing dynamic content. Content Page Example <%@ Page MasterPageFile="master1.master" %> <asp:Content ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1" runat="server">   <h2>Individual Content</h2>   <p>Paragraph 1</p>   <p>Paragraph 2</p> </asp:Content> The content page above is one of the individual content pages of the web. The @ Page directive defines it as a standard content page. The content page contains a content tag <asp:Content> with a reference to the master page (ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1"). This content page was saved with the name "mypage1.aspx". When the user requests this page, ASP.NET merges the content page with the master page. Click to display mypage1.aspx. Note: The content text must be inside the <asp:Content> tag. No content is allowed outside the tag. Content Page With Controls <%@ Page MasterPageFile="master1.master" %> <asp:Content ContentPlaceHolderId="CPH1" runat="server">   <h2>W3Schools</h2>   <form runat="server">     <asp:TextBox id="textbox1" runat="server" />     <asp:Button id="button1" runat="server" text="Button" />   </form> </asp:Content> The content page above demonstrates how .NET controls can be inserted into the content page just like an into an ordinary page. Click to display mypage2.aspx. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Navigation ASP.NET has built-in navigation controls Web Site Navigation Maintaining the menu of a large web site is difficult and time consuming. In ASP.NET the menu can be stored in a file to make it easier to maintain. This file is normally called web.sitemap, and is stored in the root directory of the web. In addition, ASP.NET has three new navigation controls: Dynamic menus TreeViews Site Map Path The Sitemap File The following sitemap file is used in this tutorial: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?> <siteMap>   <siteMapNode title="Home" url="/aspnet/w3home.aspx">     <siteMapNode title="Services" url="/aspnet/w3services.aspx">       <siteMapNode title="Training" url="/aspnet/w3training.aspx"/>       <siteMapNode title="Support" url="/aspnet/w3support.aspx"/>     </siteMapNode>   </siteMapNode> </siteMap> Rules for creating a sitemap file: The XML file must contain a <siteMap> tag surrounding the content The <siteMap> tag can only have one <siteMapNode> child node (the "home" page) Each <siteMapNode> can have several child nodes (web pages) Each <siteMapNode> has attributes defining page title and URL Note: The sitemap file must be placed in the root directory of the web and the URL attributes must be relative to the root directory. Dynamic Menu The <asp:Menu> control displays a standard site navigation menu. Code Example: <asp:SiteMapDataSource id="nav1" runat="server" /> <form runat="server"> <asp:Menu runat="server" DataSourceId="nav1" /> </form> The <asp:Menu> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created navigation menu. The data source of the control is defined by the DataSourceId attribute. The id="nav1" connects it to the  <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control. The <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control automatically connects to the default sitemap file (web.sitemap). Click here to see a demo of Menu, TreeView, and SiteMapPath TreeView The <asp:TreeView> control displays a multi level navigation menu. The menu looks like a tree with branches that can be opened or closed with + or - symbol. Code Example: <asp:SiteMapDataSource id="nav1" runat="server" /> <form runat="server"> <asp:TreeView runat="server" DataSourceId="nav1" /> </form> The <asp:TreeView> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created navigation menu. The data source of the control is defined by the DataSourceId attribute. The id="nav1" connects it to the  <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control. The <asp:SiteMapDataSource> control automatically connects to the default sitemap file (web.sitemap). Click here to see a demo of Menu, TreeView, and SiteMapPath Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » SiteMapPath The SiteMapPath control displays the trail (navigation path) to the current page. The path acts as clickable links to previous pages. Unlike the TreeView and Menu control the SiteMapPath control does NOT use a SiteMapDataSource. The SiteMapPath control uses the web.sitemap file by default. Tips: If the SiteMapPath displays incorrectly, most likely there is an URL error (typo) in the web.sitemap file. Code Example: <form runat="server"> <asp:SiteMapPath runat="server" /> </form> The <asp:SiteMapPath> control in the example above is a placeholder for a server created site path display. Click here to see a demo of Menu, TreeView, and SiteMapPath Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - HTML Controls HTML server controls are HTML tags understood by the server. HTML Server Controls HTML elements in ASP.NET files are, by default, treated as text. To make these elements programmable, add a runat="server" attribute to the HTML element. This attribute indicates that the element should be treated as a server control. Note: All HTML server controls must be within a <form> tag with the runat="server" attribute! Note: ASP.NET requires that all HTML elements must be properly closed and properly nested. HTML Server Control Description HtmlAnchor Controls an <a> HTML element HtmlButton Controls a <button> HTML element HtmlForm Controls a <form> HTML element HtmlGeneric Controls other HTML element not specified by a specific HTML server control, like <body>, <div>, <span>, etc. HtmlImage Controls an <image> HTML element HtmlInputButton Controls <input type="button">, <input type="submit">, and <input type="reset"> HTML elements HtmlInputCheckBox Controls an <input type="checkbox"> HTML element HtmlInputFile Controls an <input type="file"> HTML element HtmlInputHidden Controls an <input type="hidden"> HTML element HtmlInputImage Controls an <input type="image"> HTML element HtmlInputRadioButton Controls an <input type="radio"> HTML element HtmlInputText Controls <input type="text"> and <input type="password"> HTML elements HtmlSelect Controls a <select> HTML element HtmlTable Controls a <table> HTML element HtmlTableCell Controls <td>and <th> HTML elements HtmlTableRow Controls a <tr> HTML element HtmlTextArea Controls a <textarea> HTML element Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlAnchor Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlAnchor control is used to control an <a> element. In HTML, the <a> element is used to create a hyperlink. The hyperlink may link to a bookmark or to another Web page. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false HRef The URL target of the link id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Name The name of the anchor OnServerClick The name of the function to be executed when the link is clicked runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Target The target window to open Title A title to be displayed by the browser (like the title attribute of the img element) Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLAnchor Declare two HtmlAnchor controls in an .aspx file (remember to embed the control inside an HtmlForm control). Then modify the URL, target, and title of the HtmlAnchor controls in an event handler (an event handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event). The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP .NET understands. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlButton Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlButton control is used to control a <button> element. In HTML, the <button> element is used to create a push button. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities OnServerClick The name of the function to be executed when the button is clicked runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLButton Declare two HtmlButton controls in an .aspx file (remember to embed the control inside an HtmlForm control). Next, write an event handler that specifies what to happen when a button is clicked. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlForm Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlForm control is used to control a <form> element. In HTML, the <form> element is used to create a form. Note: All HTML server controls must be within the HtmlForm control! Note: You can only have one HtmlForm control on a single page! Properties Property Description Action A URL that defines where to send the data when the form is submitted. Note: This attribute is always set to the URL of the page itself! Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false EncType The mime type used to encode the content of the form id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Method How the form posts data to the server. Legal values are: "post" and "get". Default is "post" Name The name of the form runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Target The target window to load the URL Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLForm Declare one HtmlInputText controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a welcome message to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlGeneric Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlGeneric control is used to control other HTML element not specified by a specific HTML server control, like <body>, <div>, <span>, <font>, <p>, etc. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLGeneric Declare one HtmlInputText controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control (the <p> tag) in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a welcome message to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlImage Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlImage control is used to control an <img> element. In HTML, the <img> element is used to display an image. Properties Property Description Align How to align the image according to surrounding elements. Legal values are: top middle bottom left right Alt A short description of the image Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Border The width of the borders around the image Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false Height The height of the image id A unique id for the control runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" Src The URL of the image to display Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Width The width of the image Examples HTMLImage Declare an HtmlImage control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the control inside an HtmlForm control). Then we modify the src, alt and border properties of the HtmlImage control in an event handler (an event handler is a subroutine that executes code for a given event). The Page_Load event is one of many events that ASP .NET understands: HTMLImage 2 Declare an HtmlImage and an HTMLSelect control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). Then we modify the src property of the HtmlImage control based on user choices. The value selected in the HtmlSelect control determines which image to display. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputButton Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputButton control is used to control <input type="button">, <input type="submit">, and <input type="reset"> elements. In HTML, these elements are used to create a command button, a submit button, and a reset button. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the element Name The name of the element OnServerClick The name of the function to be executed when the button is clicked runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLInputbutton Declare one HtmlInputText controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a welcome message to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputCheckBox Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputCheckBox control is used to control an <input type="checkbox"> element. In HTML, this element is used to create a checkbox. Properties and Events Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Checked A Boolean value that specifies whether or not the element is to be checked Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control Name The name of the element runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Event Description ServerChange Occurs when the state of the control has changed Example HTMLInputCheckbox Declare two HtmlInputCheckBox controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine may respond in two ways: if the "red" checkbox is checked, the server sends the message "You prefer red!" to the p element. If the "blue" checkbox is checked, the server sends the message "You prefer blue!" to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputFile Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputFile control is used to control an <input type="file"> element. In HTML, this element is used to upload a file to the server. Properties Property Description Accept List of acceptable MIME types Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the element MaxLength The maximum number of characters allowed in this element Name The name of the element PostedFile Gets access to the posted file runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Size The width of the element Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example Declare one HtmlInputFile control, one HtmlInputButton control, and three HtmlGeneric controls in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The file name and file type are displayed on the page, while the file itself is uploaded to the c directory on the server: <script runat="server"> Sub submit(Sender as Object, e as EventArgs)   fname.InnerHtml=MyFile.PostedFile.FileName   clength.InnerHtml=MyFile.PostedFile.ContentLength   MyFile.PostedFile.SaveAs("c:uploadfile.txt") End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" runat="server"> <p> Select file to upload to server: <input id="MyFile" type="file" size="40" runat="server"> </p> <p> <input type="submit" value="Upload!" OnServerclick="submit" runat="server"> </p> <p> <div runat="server">   FileName: <span id="fname" runat="server"/><br />   ContentLength: <span id="clength" runat="server"/> bytes </div> </p> </form> </body> </html> HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputHidden Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputHidden control is used to control an <input type="hidden"> element. In HTML, this element is used to create a hidden input field. Properties and Events Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the element Name The name of the element runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the hidden field Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Event Description ServerChange When the content of the element has changed Example HTMLInputHidden Declare one HtmlInputHidden control, one HtmlInputText control, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine sets the value of the hidden field equal to value of the input field and then displays the value of the hidden field in the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputImage Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputImage control is used to control an <input type="image"> element. In HTML, this element is used to create an input button using an image, instead of a regular push-style button. Properties and Events Property Description Align The alignment of the image Alt An alternate text to display for the image Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Border The width of the borders around the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control Name The name of the element OnServerClick The name of the function to be executed when the image is clicked runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Src The source of the image Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLInputImage Declare two HtmlInputImage controls and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). If the user clicks on the first image, the button1 subroutine is executed. This subroutine sends the message "You clicked the smiley button!" to the p element. If the user clicks on the second image, the button2 subroutine is executed. This subroutine sends the message "You clicked the angry button!" to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputRadioButton Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputRadioButton control is used to control an <input type="radio"> element. In HTML, this element is used to create a radiobutton. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Checked A Boolean value that specifies whether or not the element is to be selected Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the element Name The name of the radio button group runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLInputRadiobutton Declare three HtmlInputRadioButton controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine may respond in three ways: if the radiobutton with id="r1" is selected, the server sends the message "Your favorite color is red" to the p element. If the radiobutton with id="r2" is selected, the server sends the message "Your favorite color is green" to the p element. If the radiobutton with id="r3" is selected, the server sends the message "Your favorite color is blue" to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlInputText Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlInputText control is used to control <input type="text"> and <input type="password"> elements. In HTML, these elements are used to create a text field and a password field. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the element MaxLength The maximum number of characters allowed in this element Name The name of the element runat Specifies that the element is a server control. Must be set to "server" Size The width of the element Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Type The type of the element Value The value of the element Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLInputText Declare one HtmlInputText controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a welcome message to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlSelect Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlSelect control is used to control a <select> element. In HTML, the <select> element is used to create a drop-down list. Properties Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element DataMember A name of a data table to use DataSource A data source to use DataTextField A field in the data source to be displayed in the drop-down list DataValueField A field in the data source that specifies the value of each selectable item in the drop-down list Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Items The list of items in the drop-down list Multiple Whether multiple items can be selected at a time OnServerChange The name of the function to be executed when the selected item has changed runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" SelectedIndex The index of the currently selected item Size The number of visible items in the drop-down list Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Value The value of the currently selected item Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLSelect Declare an HtmlImage and an HTMLSelect control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). Then modify the src property of the HtmlImage control based on user choices. The value selected in the HtmlSelect control determines which image to display. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlTable Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlTable control is used to control a <table> element. In HTML, the <table> element is used to create a table. Properties Property Description Align Specifies the alignment of the table Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element BGColor Specifies the background color of the table Border Specifies the width of the borders Tip: Set border="0" to display tables with no borders! BorderColor Specifies the color of the borders CellPadding Specifies the space between the cell walls and contents CellSpacing Specifies the space between cells Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false Height Specifies the height of the table id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Rows Returns an HtmlRowCollection object which represents all rows in the table runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Width Specifies the width of the table Examples HTMLTable Declare two HtmlSelect controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlTable control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). The user may choose number of cells and rows. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine generates the table based on what the user did input. HTMLTable 2 Declare an HtmlTable control and an HtmlInputButton control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine modifies the background color and the border color of the table, it also changes the contents of the cells. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlTableCell Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlTableCell control is used to control <td> and <th> elements. In HTML, these elements are used to create table cells and header table cells. Properties Property Description Align The horizontal alignment of cell content Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element BGColor The background color of the cell BorderColor The color of the borders ColSpan The number of columns this cell should span Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false Height The height of the cell id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Nowrap A Boolean value that specifies whether or not the text within this control should wrap RowSpan The number of rows this cell should span runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Gets the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name VAlign The vertical alignment of cell content Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Width The width of the cell Examples HTMLTable Declare two HtmlSelect controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlTable control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). The user may choose number of cells and rows. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine generates the table based on what the user did input. HTMLTable 2 Declare an HtmlTable control and an HtmlInputButton control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine modifies the background color and the border color of the table, it also changes the contents of the cells. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlTableRow Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlTableRow control is used to control a <tr> element. In HTML, the <tr> element is used to create a table row. Properties Property Description Align The alignment of the row Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element BGColor The background color of the row BorderColor The color of the borders Cells Returns the cells in this row Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false Height The height of the row id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name VAlign The vertical alignment of cells in the row Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Examples HTMLTable Declare two HtmlSelect controls, one HtmlInputButton control, and one HtmlTable control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). The user may choose number of cells and rows. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine generates the table based on what the user did input. HTMLTable 2 Declare an HtmlTable control and an HtmlInputButton control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine modifies the background color and the border color of the table, it also changes the contents of the cells. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HtmlTextArea Control HTML Server Controls Definition and Usage The HtmlTextArea control is used to control a <textarea> element. In HTML, the <textarea> element is used to create a text area. Properties and Events Property Description Attributes Returns all attribute name and value pairs of the element Cols The number of columns of the text area Disabled A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be disabled. Default is false id A unique id for the control InnerHtml Sets or returns the content between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are not automatically converted to HTML entities InnerText Sets or returns all text between the opening and closing tags of the HTML element. Special characters are automatically converted to HTML entities Name The unique name for the text area OnServerChange The name of the function to be executed when the contents of the textarea is changed Rows The number of visible rows of the text area runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Style Sets or returns the CSS properties that are applied to the control TagName Returns the element tag name Value The content of the textarea Visible A Boolean value that indicates whether or not the control should be visible Example HTMLTextarea Declare an HtmlTextarea control, an HtmlInputButton control, and an HtmlGeneric control in an .aspx file (remember to embed the controls inside an HtmlForm control). When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine sends the message "You wrote: " and the text the user wrote in the text area to the p element. HTML Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET AdRotator Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The AdRotator control is used to display a sequence of ad images. This control uses an XML file to store the ad information. The XML file must begin and end with an <Advertisements> tag. Inside the <Advertisements> tag there may be several <Ad> tags which defines each ad. The predefined elements inside the <Ad> tag are listed below: Element Description <ImageUrl> Optional. The path to the image file <NavigateUrl> Optional. The URL to link to if the user clicks the ad <AlternateText> Optional. An alternate text for the image <Keyword> Optional. A category for the ad <Impressions> Optional. The display rates in percent of the hits Properties Property Description .NET AdvertisementFile Specifies the path to the XML file that contains ad information 1.0 AlternateTextField Specifies a data field to be used instead of the Alt text for an ad 2.0 ImageUrlField Specifies a data field to be used instead of the ImageURL attribute for an ad 2.0 KeywordFilter Specifies a filter to limit ads after categories 1.0 NavigateUrlField Specifies a data field to be used instead of the NavigateUrl attribute for an ad 2.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 Target Specifies where to open the URL 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Try it Yourself - Examples AdRotator Declare an AdRotator control. Then we create an event handler for the AdCreated event, in the .aspx file, to override the value of the NavigateUrl element in the XML file. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Button Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Button control is used to display a push button. The push button may be a submit button or a command button. By default, this control is a submit button. A submit button does not have a command name and it posts the Web page back to the server when it is clicked. It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the submit button is clicked. A command button has a command name and allows you to create multiple Button controls on a page. It is possible to write an event handler to control the actions performed when the command button is clicked. Properties Property Description .NET CausesValidation Specifies if a page is validated when a button is clicked 1.0 CommandArgument Specifies additional information about the command to perform 1.0 CommandName Specifies the command associated with the Command event 1.0 OnClientClick Specifies the name of the function to be executed when a button is clicked 2.0 PostBackUrl Specifies the URL of the page to post to from the current page when a button is clicked 2.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 Text Specifies the text on a button 1.0 UseSubmitBehavior Specifies whether or not a button uses the browser's submit mechanism or the ASP.NET postback mechanism 2.0 ValidationGroup Specifies the group of controls a button causes validation, when it posts back to the server 2.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Try it Yourself - Examples Button Declare a submit Button control. Then create an event handler for the Click event which changes the text on the button. Button 2 Declare a submit Button control. Then create an event handler for the Click event which changes the text and the style of the button. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object, e As EventArgs)    button1.Text="You clicked me!" End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Click me!" runat="server" OnClick="submit" /> </form> </body> </html>  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Click me!
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(Source As Object, e As EventArgs)    button1.Style("background-color")="#0000ff"    button1.Style("color")="#ffffff"    button1.Style("width")="200px"    button1.Style("cursor")="pointer"    button1.Style("font-family")="verdana"    button1.Style("font-weight")="bold"    button1.Style("font-size")="14pt"    button1.Text="You clicked me!" End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Click me!" runat="server" OnClick="submit" /> </form> </body> </html>  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Click me!
    • ASP.NET Calendar Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Calendar control is used to display a calendar in the browser. This control displays a one-month calendar that allows the user to select dates and move to the next and previous months. Properties Property Description .NET Caption The caption of the calendar 2.0 CaptionAlign The alignment of the caption text 2.0 CellPadding The space, in pixels, between the cell walls and contents 1.0 CellSpacing The space, in pixels, between cells 1.0 DayHeaderStyle The style for displaying the names of the days 1.0 DayNameFormat The format for displaying the names of the days 1.0 DayStyle The style for displaying days 1.0 FirstDayOfWeek What should be the first day of week 1.0 NextMonthText The text displayed for the next month link 1.0 NextPrevFormat The format of the next and previous month links 1.0 NextPrevStyle The style for displaying next and previous month links 1.0 OtherMonthDayStyle The style for displaying days that are not in the current month 1.0 PrevMonthText The text displayed for the previous month link 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 SelectedDate The selected date 1.0 SelectedDates The selected dates 1.0 SelectedDayStyle The style for selected days 1.0 SelectionMode How a user is allowed to select dates 1.0 SelectMonthText The text displayed for the month selection link 1.0 SelectorStyle The style for the month and weeks selection links 1.0 SelectWeekText The text displayed for the week selection link 1.0 ShowDayHeader A Boolean value that specifies whether the days of the week header should be shown 1.0 ShowGridLines A Boolean value that specifies whether the grid lines between days should be shown 1.0 ShowNextPrevMonth A Boolean value that specifies whether the next and previous month links should be shown 1.0 ShowTitle A Boolean value that specifies whether the title of the calendar should be shown 1.0 TitleFormat The format for the title of the calendar 1.0 TitleStyle The style of the title of the calendar 1.0 TodayDayStyle The style for today's date 1.0 TodaysDate Today's date 1.0 UseAccessibleHeader Specifying whether to use the <th> element for the day headers instead of the <td> element 2.0 VisibleDate The date that specifies the month that is currently visible in the calendar 1.0 WeekendDayStyle The style for weekends 1.0 OnDayRender The name of the function to be executed when when each day cell is created   OnSelectionChanged The name of the function to be executed when the user selects a day, week, or month   OnVisibleMonthChanged The name of the function to be executed when the user navigates to a different month   Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Try it Yourself - Examples Calendar Declare a Calendar control in its simplest use. Calendar 2 Declare a Calendar control where the days are displayed with full names in blue, the weekends are displayed in red on a yellow background, and the current date is displayed with a green background. Calendar 3 Declare a Calendar control where the days are displayed with full names, the user may select a day, a week, or the whole month, and the selected day/week/month is displayed with a grey background color. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> < July 2012 > Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar DayNameFormat="Full" runat="server">    <WeekendDayStyle BackColor="#fafad2" ForeColor="#ff0000" />    <DayHeaderStyle ForeColor="#0000ff" />    <TodayDayStyle BackColor="#00ff00" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> </body> </html> < July 2012 > Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar DayNameFormat="Full" runat="server" SelectionMode="DayWeekMonth" SelectMonthText="<*>" SelectWeekText="<->"/>    <SelectorStyle BackColor="#f5f5f5" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> </body> </html> < July 2012 <*> Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturd <-> 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 <-> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 <-> 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 <-> 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 <-> 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 <-> 29 30 31 1 2 3 4  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Caption Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The Caption property is used to get or set a text that is shown as a caption for the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar Caption="text" runat="server" /> Attribute Description text The text to be shown as the calendars caption Example The following example sets the Caption property in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" Caption="This is a Caption text" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CaptionAlign Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The CaptionAlign property is used to get or set the alignment of the caption text for a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar Caption="text" CaptionAlign="align" runat="server" /> Attribute Description align Specifies the alignment of the caption text Possible Values: Top - Caption is displayed at the top of the calendar. Text is centered Bottom - Caption is displayed at the bottom of the calendar. Text is centered Left - Caption is displayed at the top of the calendar. Text is left-aligned Right - Caption is displayed at the top of the calendar. Text is right-aligned Example The following example sets the Caption property in a calendar and aligns it to the bottom of the calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" Caption="This is a Caption text" CaptionAlign="bottom" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellPadding Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellPadding property is used to sets the space between the border and the contents of a calendar cell. Syntax <asp:Calendar CellPadding="pixels" runat="server" /> Attribute Description pixels Specifies the space (in pixels) between the border and the contents of a calendar cell Example The following example shows a calendar with CellPadding 15: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" CellPadding="15" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellSpacing Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellSpacing property is used to sets the space between calendar cells. Note: This property does not display properly in FireFox browsers. Syntax <asp:Calendar CellSpacing="pixels" runat="server" /> Attribute Description pixels Specifies the space (in pixels) between calendar cells Example The following example shows a calendar with CellSpacing 15: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" CellSpacing="15" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Referenc Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DayHeaderStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The DayHeaderStyle property is used to set or return the style of the weekday header in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <DayHeaderStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" DayHeaderStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the DayHeaderStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <DayHeaderStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the DayHeaderStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" DayHeaderStyle- ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set DayHeaderStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DayNameFormat Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The DayNameFormat property is used to set the format of the weekday names in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar DayNameFormat="format" runat="server" /> Attribute Description format Specifies the format for displaying the names of the days. Possible values: FirstLetter FirstTwoLetters Full Short Example The following example shows a calendar with the full day name format: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" DayNameFormat="Full" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DayStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The DayStyle property is used to set or return the style of the days in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <DayStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" DayStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the DayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <DayStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the DayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" DayStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set DayStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET FirstDayOfWeek Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The FirstDayOfWeek property is used to specify what day should be the first day of the week in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar FirstDayOfWeek="day" runat="server" /> Attribute Description day Specifies the first day of the week in the calendar. Possible values: Default Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Example The following example shows a calendar with Wednesday set as the first day of the week: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" FirstDayOfWeek="Wednesday" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET NextMonthText Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The NextMonthText property is used to specify the text displayed for the next month link in a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar NextMonthText="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string Specifies the text displayed for the next month link in the calendar. The default value is ">" Example The following example shows a calendar with the NextMonthText set to "Next": <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" NextMonthText="Next" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET NextPrevFormat Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The NextPrevFormat property is used to specify the format of the Next and Previous month links in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar NextPrevFormat="format" runat="server" /> Attribute Description format Specifies the format of the next and previous month links in the calendar. Possible values: ShortMonth FullMonth CustomText Example The following example shows a calendar with the NextPrevFormat set to "ShortMonth": <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" NextPrevFormat="ShortMonth" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET NextPrevStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The NextPrevStyle property is used to set or return the style of the Next and Previous month links in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <NextPrevStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" NextPrevStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the NextPrevStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <NextPrevStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the NextPrevStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" NextPrevStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set NextPrevStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET OtherMonthDayStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The OtherMonthDayStyle property is used to set or return the style of the days in the calendar that are not part of the current month. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <OtherMonthDayStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" OtherMonthDayStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the OtherMonthDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <OtherMonthDayStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the OtherMonthDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" OtherMonthDayStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set OtherMonthDayStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET PrevMonthText Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The PrevMonthText property is used to specify the text displayed for the previous month link in a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar PrevMonthText="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string Specifies the text displayed for the previous month link in the calendar. The default value is "<" Example The following example shows a calendar with the PrevMonthText set to "Prev": <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" PrevMonthText="Prev" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectedDate Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectedDate property is used to get or set the selected date on a calendar. Example The following example outputs the selected date when a date is selected: <script language="VB" runat="server"> Sub Change(obj As Object, e As EventArgs)   Response.Write("Date: ")   Response.Write(cal1.SelectedDate.ToShortDateString()) End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" OnSelectionChanged="Change" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectedDates Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectedDates property is used to get or set the selected dates from a calendar. Example The following example outputs the selected dates when a date is selected: <script language="VB" runat="server"> Sub Change(obj As Object, e As EventArgs)   Dim i As Integer   For i = 0 To Cal1.SelectedDates.Count - 1     Response.Write(Cal1.SelectedDates(i).ToShortDateString())     Response.Write("<br />")   Next i End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" SelectionMode="DayWeekMonth" OnSelectionChanged="Change" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectedDayStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectedDayStyle property is used to set or return the style of the selected days in the calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <SelectedDayStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" SelectedDayStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the SelectedDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <SelectedDayStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the SelectedDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" SelectedDayStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set SelectedDayStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectionMode Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectionMode property is used to get or set how a user is allowed to select dates. Syntax <asp:Calendar SelectionMode="mode" runat="server" /> Attribute Description mode Specifies how a users is allowed to select dates. Possible values: None Day DayWeek DayWeekMonth Example The following example sets the SelectionMode of a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" SelectionMode="DayWeekMonth" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectMonthText Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectMonthText property is used to specify the text for selecting an entire month in a calendar. Note: This property only works when the SelectionMode property is set to DayWeekMonth. Syntax <asp:Calendar SelectMonthText="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string Specifies the text displayed for selecting an entire month in a calendar. The default value is ">>" Example The following example shows a calendar with the SelectMonthText set to "->": <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" SelectMonthText="->" SelectionMode="DayWeekMonth" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectorStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectorStyle property is used to set or return the style week and month selectors. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <SelectorStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" SelectorStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the SelectorStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <SelectorStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the SelectorStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" SelectorStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set SelectorStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectWeekText Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectWeekText property is used to specify the text for selecting an entire week in a calendar. Note: This property only works when the SelectionMode property is set to DayWeek or DayWeekMonth. Syntax <asp:Calendar SelectWeekText="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string Specifies the text displayed for selecting an entire week in a calendar. The default value is ">>" Example The following example shows a calendar with the SelectWeekText set to "->": <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" SelectWeekText="->" SelectionMode="DayWeek" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ShowDayHeader Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The ShowDayHeader property is used to specify whether or not to display the names of the weekdays in the calendar. By default this property is set as TRUE and the weekday names are displayed. To remove the weekday names the property must be set as FALSE. Syntax <asp:Calendar ShowDayHeader="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server" /> Example The following example sets the ShowDayHeader as FALSE: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" ShowDayHeader="FALSE" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ShowGridLines Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The ShowGridLines property is used to specify whether or not to display borders between the days in the calendar. By default this property is set as FALSE and the grid lines are not displayed. To show the grid lines the property must be set as TRUE. Syntax <asp:Calendar ShowGridLines="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server" /> Example The following example sets the ShowGridLines as TRUE: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" ShowGridLines="TRUE" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ShowNextPrevMonth Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The ShowNextPrevMonth property is used to specify whether or not to display the next and previous month links in the calendar. By default this property is set as TRUE and the next and previous month links are displayed. To remove the links the property must be set as FALSE. Syntax <asp:Calendar ShowNextPrevMonth="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server" /> Example The following example sets the ShowNextPrevMonth as FALSE: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" ShowNextPrevMonth="FALSE" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ShowTitle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The ShowTitle property is used to specify whether or not to display the title in the calendar. By default this property is set as TRUE and the calendar title are displayed. To remove the title the property must be set as FALSE. Note: Hiding the title hides the name of the month and the next and previous month links Syntax <asp:Calendar ShowTitle="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server" /> Example The following example sets the ShowTitle as FALSE: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" ShowTitle="FALSE" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TitleFormat Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The TitleFormat property is used to get or set how the title of a calendar is displayed. Syntax <asp:Calendar TitleFormat="mode" runat="server" /> Attribute Description mode Specifies how the calendar title is shown Possible values: Month MonthYear (Default) Example The following example sets the TitleFormat to display month: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" TitleFormat="Month" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TitleStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The TitleStyle property is used to set or return the style of the title of a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <TitleStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" TitleStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the TitleStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <TitleStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the TitleStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" TitleStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set TitleStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TodayDayStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The TodayDayStyle property is used to set or return the style of the current date in a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <TodayDayStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" TodayDayStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the TodayDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <TodayDayStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the TodayDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" TodayDayStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set TodayDayStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TodaysDate Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The TodaysDate property is used to get or set the current date from a calendar. If this property is not set, this date will be the date on the server. Example The following example shows a outputs today's date: <script language="VB" runat="server"> Sub Page_Load   Response.Write("Today is: ")   Response.Write(cal1.TodaysDate.ToShortDateString()) End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET VisibleDate Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The VisibleDate property is used to get or set the date that specifies the month to display in the calendar. Example The following example sets the VisibleDate to 01-Oct-07: <script runat="server"> Sub Page_Load   cal1.VisibleDate = DateValue("01-Oct-07") End Sub </script> <form runat="server">   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET WeekendDayStyle Property Complete Calendar Control Reference Definition and Usage The WeekendDayStyle property is used to set or return the style of the weekends in a calendar. Syntax <asp:Calendar runat="server"> <WeekendDayStyle style="value" /> </asp:Calendar> or <asp:Calendar runat="server" WeekendDayStyle-style="value" /> Attribute Description style Specifies the style to set. See the Style Control to see the possible styles and their values value Specifies the value of the specified style Example 1 The following example shows one way to set the WeekendDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"> <WeekendDayStyle ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </asp:Calendar> </form> Show example » Example 2 The following example shows another way to set the WeekendDayStyle in a calendar: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal2" runat="server" WeekendDayStyle-ForeColor="#FF0000" /> </form> Try-It-Yourself Demos Set WeekendDayStyle of a Calendar control (with declaration and script) Complete Calendar Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CalendarDay Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The CalendarDay control represents a day in a calendar control. Properties Property Description .NET Date The date variable of the date 1.0 DayNumberText The day number(string) of a date 1.0 IsOtherMonth Specifies if the date in another month than the one displayed in the calendar 1.0 IsSelectable Specifies if the date is selectable 1.0 IsSelected Specifies if the date is selected 1.0 IsToday Specifies if the date is today's date 1.0 IsWeekend Specifies if the date is Saturday or Sunday 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Date Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The Date property is used to get a date variable representing the date. Example The following example shows how to get the Date from a selected day in a calendar: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then   Label1.Text = e.Day.Date   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" OnDayRender="DaySelect" /> The selected date is: <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DayNumberText Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The DayNumberText property is used to get a string representing the day number of a date. Example The following example shows how to get the DayNumberText from a selected day in a calendar: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then   Label1.Text = e.Day.DayNumberText   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" OnDayRender="DaySelect" /> The selected date is: <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET IsOtherMonth Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The IsOtherMonth property is used to get whether or not the date is in the month displayed by the calendar. This property returns "FALSE" if the date is the displayed month. Example The following example shows if the selected day is in the current month or not: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then     If e.Day.IsOtherMonth = "TRUE" Then       Label1.Text = "NO"     Else       Label1.Text = "YES"     End If   End If End Subv </script> <form runat="server">   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"   OnDayRender="DaySelect"/>   The selected date is in the current month:   <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET IsSelectable Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The IsSelectable property is used to get or set whether or not a date is selectable. This property returns "TRUE" if the date is selectable. Example The following example shows a calendar where the weekends are not selectable: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsWeekend Then     e.Day.IsSelectable = False   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server">   <form runat="server">   The weekends are not selectable   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"   OnDayRender="DaySelect" /> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET IsSelected Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The IsSelected property is used to get whether or not a date is selected in a calendar control. This property returns "TRUE" if the date is selected. Example The following example shows if the selected day is in the current month or not: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then     If e.Day.IsOtherMonth = "TRUE" Then       Label1.Text = "NO"     Else       Label1.Text = "YES"     End If   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server">   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"   OnDayRender="DaySelect"/>   The selected date is in the current month:   <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET IsToday Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The IsToday property is used to get whether or not the date is the current date. This property returns "TRUE" if the date is the current date. Example The following example shows if the selected day is the current date or not: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then     If e.Day.IsToday = "TRUE" Then       Label1.Text = "YES"     Else       Label1.Text = "NO"     End If   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server">   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"   OnDayRender="DaySelect" />   The selected date is in the current month:   <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET IsWeekend Property Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Definition and Usage The IsWeekend property is used to get whether or not the date is a Saturday or Sunday. This property returns "TRUE" if the date is in a weekend. Example The following example shows if the selected day is in a weekend or not: <script runat="server"> Sub DaySelect(obj As Object, e As DayRenderEventArgs)   If e.Day.IsSelected Then     If e.Day.IsWeekend = "TRUE" Then       Label1.Text = "YES"     Else       Label1.Text = "NO"     End If   End If End Sub </script> <form runat="server">   <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server"   OnDayRender="DaySelect"/>   The selected date is in a weekend:   <asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete CalendarDay Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DropDownList Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The DropDownList control is used to create a drop-down list. Each selectable item in a DropDownList control is defined by a ListItem element! Tip: This control supports data binding! Properties Property Description .NET SelectedIndex The index of a selected item 1.0 OnSelectedIndexChanged The name of the function to be executed when the index of the selected item has changed 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 ListControl Standard Properties AppendDataBoundItems, AutoPostBack, CausesValidation, DataTextField, DataTextFormatString, DataValueField, Items, runat, SelectedIndex, SelectedItem, SelectedValue, TagKey, Text, ValidationGroup, OnSelectedIndexChanged The ListControl control covers all the base functions for list controls. Controls that inherits from this control include the CheckBoxList, DropDownList, ListBox, and RadioButtonList controls. For a full description, go to ListControl Standard Attributes. Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example DropdownList Declare one DropDownList control in an .aspx file. Then create an event handler for the Click event which displays some text and the selected item, in a Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectedIndex Property Complete DropDownList Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectedIndex property is used to get or set the index number of the selected item in a DropDownList. Example The following example outputs the text of the selected item: <script runat="Server"> Sub GetName(obj As Object, e As EventArgs)   lbl.Text = ddList.SelectedItem.Text End Sub </script> <form runat="Server"> Select a name from the list: <asp:DropDownList id="ddList" runat="Server">   <asp:ListItem Text="Peter" />   <asp:ListItem Text="Lois" />   <asp:ListItem Text="Cleveland" />   <asp:ListItem Text="Quagmire" />   <asp:ListItem Text="Joe" /> </asp:DropDownList> <asp:Button Text="Select" OnClick="GetName" Runat="Server" /> <br /> Name is: <asp:Label id="lbl" Runat="Server"/> </form> Show example » Complete DropDownList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)    mess.Text="You selected " & drop1.SelectedItem.Text End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:DropDownList id="drop1" runat="server"> <asp:ListItem>Item 1</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 2</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 3</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 4</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 5</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 6</asp:ListItem> </asp:DropDownList> <asp:Button Text="Submit" OnClick="submit" runat="server"/> <p><asp:label id="mess" runat="server"/></p> </form> </body> </html> Item 1  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Item 1 Submit
    • ASP.NET HyperLink Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The HyperLink control is used to create a hyperlink. Properties Property Description .NET ImageUrl The URL of the image to display for the link 1.0 NavigateUrl The target URL of the link 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 Target The target frame of the URL 1.0 Text The text to display for the link 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Hyperlink Declare a HyperLink control in an .aspx file. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ImageUrl Property Complete HyperLink Control Reference Definition and Usage The ImageUrl property is used to set or return the URL of an image to display for the hyperlink. Syntax <asp:HyperLink ImageUrl="URL" runat="server" />   Attribute Description URL The URL of the image to use Example The following example sets the ImageUrl on a HyperLink control: <form runat="server"> <asp:HyperLink id="link1" runat="server" NavigateUrl="http://www.w3schools.com" ImageUrl="img.gif" /> </form> Show example » Complete HyperLink Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET NavigateUrl Property Complete HyperLink Control Reference Definition and Usage The NavigateURL property is used to set or return the URL of a HyperLink control. Syntax <asp:HyperLink NavigateUrl="URL" runat="server" />   Attribute Description URL A string that specifies the URL of the hyperlink control Example The following example sets the URL of a HyperLink control: <form runat="server"> <asp:HyperLink id="link1" runat="server" Text="W3Schools" NavigateUrl="http://www.w3schools.com" /> </form> Show example » Complete HyperLink Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Target Property Complete HyperLink Control Reference Definition and Usage The Target property is used to set or return the target of a HyperLink control. Syntax <asp:HyperLink Target="target" runat="server" />   Attribute Description target Where to open the target URL. _blank - the target URL will open in a new window _self - the target URL will open in the same frame as it was clicked _parent - the target URL will open in the parent frameset _top - the target URL will open in the full body of the window Example The following example sets the Target on a HyperLink control: <form runat="server"> <asp:HyperLink id="link1" runat="server" Text="W3Schools" NavigateUrl="http://www.w3schools.com" Target="_blank" /> </form> Show example » Complete HyperLink Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete HyperLink Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text of a HyperLink control. Syntax <asp:HyperLink Text="string" runat="server" />   Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text on the hyperlink control Example The following example sets the text on a HyperLink control: <form runat="server"> <asp:HyperLink id="link1" runat="server" Text="W3Schools" NavigateUrl="http://www.w3schools.com" /> </form> Show example » Complete HyperLink Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:HyperLink ImageUrl="/banners/w6.gif" NavigateUrl="http://www.w3schools.com" Text="Visit W3Schools!" Target="_blank" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html>  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Image Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Image control is used to display an image. Properties Property Description .NET AlternateText An alternate text for the image 1.0 DescriptionUrl The location to a detailed description for the image 2.0 GenerateEmptyAlternateText Specifies whether or not the control creates an empty string as an alternate text 2.0 ImageAlign Specifies the alignment of the image 1.0 ImageUrl The URL of the image to display for the link 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Image Declare an Image control in an .aspx file. Web Server Controls WEB HOSTING Best Web Hosting PHP MySQL Hosting Best Hosting Coupons UK Reseller Hosting Cloud Hosting Top Web Hosting $3.98 Unlimited Hosting Premium Website Design WEB BUILDING Download XML Editor FREE Website BUILDER Build a FREE Website W3SCHOOLS EXAMS Get Certified in: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, XML, PHP, and ASP W3SCHOOLS BOOKS New Books: HTML, CSS JavaScript, and Ajax STATISTICS Browser Statistics Browser OS Browser Display SHARE THIS PAGE Share with » REPORT ERROR | HOME | TOP | PRINT | FORUM | ABOUT W3Schools is optimized for learning, testing, Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET AlternateText Property Complete Image Control Reference Definition and Usage The AlternateText property is used to set or return the alternate text of an image. This property specifies the text to display if the image is not available. The alternate text displays as a ToolTip if your browser supports it (Internet Explorer) Syntax <asp:Image AlternateText="text" runat="server" />   Attribute Description text Specifies an alternate text for the image Example The following example sets the AlternateText for an Image control (image file does not exist): <form runat="server"> <asp:Image id="Img1" ImageUrl="missing_img.gif" runat="server" AlternateText="Image Text" /> </form> Show example » Complete Image Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ImageAlign Property Complete Image Control Reference Definition and Usage The ImageAlign property is used to set or return the alignment of the image. Syntax <asp:Image ImageAlign="align" runat="server" />   Attribute Description align Specifies the alignment of the image. Possible values: NotSet AbsBottom AbsMiddle BaseLine Bottom Left Middle Right TextTop Top Example The following example sets the ImageAlign for an Image control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Image id="Img1" runat="server" ImageUrl="img.gif" ImageAlign="Right" /> </form> Show example » Complete Image Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ImageUrl Property Complete Image Control Reference Definition and Usage The ImageUrl property is used to set or return the URL of an image to display. Syntax <asp:Image ImageUrl="URL" runat="server" />   Attribute Description URL The URL of the image to use Example The following example sets the ImageUrl for an Image control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Image id="Img1" runat="server" ImageUrl="img.gif" /> </form> Show example » Complete Image Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Image runat="server" AlternateText="W3Schools" ImageUrl="/banners/w6.gif"/> </form> </body> </html>  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ImageButton Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The ImageButton control is used to display a clickable image. Properties Property Description .NET CausesValidation Specifies if a page is validated when an ImageButton control is clicked 1.0 CommandArgument Additional information about the command to perform 1.0 CommandName The command associated with the Command event 1.0 GenerateEmptyAlternateText Specifies whether or not the control creates an empty string as an alternate text 2.0 OnClientClick The name of the function to be executed when the image is clicked 2.0 PostBackUrl The URL of the page to post to from the current page when the ImageButton control is clicked 2.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 TagKey   1.0 ValidationGroup The group of controls for which the ImageButton control causes validation when it posts back to the server 2.0 Note: The properties of the Image control can also be used on the ImageButton control. Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example ImageButton Declare one ImageButton control and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the user clicks on the image, the getCoordinates subroutine is executed. The subroutine sends the message "Coordinates: " and the x and y coordinates of the click to the Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CausesValidation Property Complete ImageButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The CausesValidation property specifies if a page is validated when a ImageButton control is clicked. Page validation is performed when a button is clicked by default. This property is mostly used to prevent validation when a cancel or reset button is clicked. Syntax <asp:ImageButton CausesValidation="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server" /> Example The following example removes validation when an ImageButton is clicked: <form runat="server"> <asp:ImageButton id="button1" runat="server" CausesValidation="FALSE" ImageUrl="img.gif" /> </form> Show example » Complete ImageButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ValidationGroup Property Complete ImageButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The OnClientClick property is used to sets a client side script to be run when the ImageButton control is clicked. The script specified in this property is run by the ImageButton's event "OnClick" in addition to the predefined script. Syntax <asp:ImageButton OnClientClick="func" runat="server" /> Attribute Description func Client side script to be run when ImageButton is clicked Example The following example runs two scripts when the ImageButton control is clicked: <script runat="server"> Sub script1(obj As Object, e As ImageClickEventArgs)   lblMsg.Text="Hello!" End Sub </script> <form runat="server"> <asp:ImageButton OnClick="script1" OnClientClick="script2()" ImageUrl="img.gif" runat="server" /> <br /> <asp:label id="lblMsg" runat="server" /> </form> <script type="text/javascript"> function script2()   {   return confirm('Hello!');   } </script> Show example » Complete ImageButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET PostBackUrl Property Complete ImageButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The PostBackUrl property is used to gets or sets the URL of the page to post when the ImageButton control is clicked. Syntax <asp:ImageButton PostBackUrl="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string String specifying the URL of the page to post to. Default is an empty string, this causes the page to post back to itself Example The following example sets the post URL of a ImageButton control: <form runat="server">   Name:<asp:textbox id="TextBox1" runat=Server />   <asp:ImageButton id="Button1" ImageUrl="img.gif"   PostBackUrl="demo_postbackurl.aspx" runat="Server" /> </form> Show example » Complete ImageButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ValidationGroup Property Complete ImageButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The ValidationGroup property specifies which group of controls is validated on validation. This property is mostly used when there are several buttons in a form. Syntax <asp:ImageButton ValidationGroup="group" runat="server" />   Attribute Description group The validation group to validate. Example The following example validates the specific validation group: <asp:textbox id="tb1" runat=Server /> <asp:requiredfieldvalidator id="ReqField1" controltovalidate="tb1" validationgroup="valGroup1" errormessage="Required" runat=Server /> <asp:ImageButton id="Button2" causesvalidation=true validationgroup="valGroup2" ImageUrl="img.gif" runat=Server /> Show example » Complete ImageButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub getCoordinates(sender As Object, e As ImageClickEventArgs)    mess.Text="Coordinates: " & e.x & ", " & e.y End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <p>Click on the image:</p> <asp:ImageButton runat="server" ImageUrl="smiley.gif" OnClick="getCoordinates"/> <p><asp:label id="mess" runat="server"/></p> </form> </body> </html> Click on the image:  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Label Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Label control is used to display text on a page. The text is programmable. Note: This control lets you apply styles to its content! Properties Property Description runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Text The text to display in the label Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Label Declare one Label control, one TextBox control, and one Button control in an .aspx file. When the user clicks on the button, the submit subroutine is executed. The subroutine copies the content of the TextBox control to the Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(Sender As Object, e As EventArgs)    label1.Text=txt1.Text End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Write some text: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" Width="200" runat="server" /> <asp:Button id="b1" Text="Copy to Label" OnClick="submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="label1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Write some text:  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Copy to Label
    • ASP.NET LinkButton Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The LinkButton control is used to create a hyperlink button. Note: This control looks like a HyperLink control but has the same functionality as the Button control. Properties Property Description .NET CausesValidation Specifies if a page is validated when a LinkButton control is clicked 1.0 CommandArgument Additional information about the command to perform 1.0 CommandName The command associated with the Command event 1.0 OnClientClick The name of the function to be executed when the LinkButton is clicked 2.0 PostBackUrl The URL of the page to post to from the current page when the LinkButton control is clicked 2.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 Text The text on the LinkButton 1.0 ValidationGroup The group of controls for which the LinkButton control causes validation when it posts back to the server 2.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example LinkButton Declare one LinkButton control and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the user clicks on the link, the lbClick subroutine is executed. The subroutine sends the text "You clicked the LinkButton control" to the Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET OnClientClick Property Complete LinkButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The OnClientClick property is used to sets a client side script to be run when the LinkButton control is clicked. The script specified in this property is run by the LinkButton's event "OnClick" in addition to the predefined script. Syntax <asp:LinkButton OnClientClick="func" runat="server" /> Attribute Description func Client side script to be run when LinkButton is clicked Example The following example runs two scripts when the LinkButton control is clicked: <script runat="server"> Sub script1(obj As Object, e As EventArgs)   lblMsg.Text="Hello!" End Sub </script> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:LinkButton OnClick="script1" OnClientClick="script2()" Text="Click Me" runat="server" /> <br /> <asp:label id="lblMsg" runat="server" /> </form> <script type="text/javascript"> function script2()   {   return confirm('Hello!');   } </script> </body> </html> Show example » Complete LinkButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET PostBackUrl Property Complete LinkButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The PostBackUrl property is used to gets or sets the URL of the page to post when the LinkButton control is clicked. Syntax <asp:LinkButton PostBackUrl="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string String specifying the URL of the page to post to. Default is an empty string, this causes the page to post back to itself Example The following example sets the post URL of a LinkButton control: <form runat="server">   Name:<asp:TextBox id="TextBox1" runat=Server />   <asp:LinkButton id="Button1" Text="Submit"   PostBackUrl="demo_postbackurl.aspx" runat="Server" /> </form> Show example » Complete LinkButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete LinkButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text on a LinkButton control. Note: This control looks like a HyperLink control but has the same functionality as the Button control. Syntax <asp:LinkButton Text="string" runat="server" />   Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text on the LinkButton control Example The following example sets the text on a LinkButton control: <form runat="server"> <asp:LinkButton id="lbt1" runat="server" Text="Submit" /> </form> Show example » Complete LinkButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ValidationGroup Property Complete LinkButton Control Reference Definition and Usage The ValidationGroup property specifies which group of control is validated on validation. This property is mostly used when there are several buttons in a form. Syntax <asp:LinkButton ValidationGroup="group" runat="server" />   Attribute Description group The group of controls to validate. Example The following example validates the specific validation group: <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat=Server /> <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="ReqField1" ControlToValidate="tb1" ValidationGroup="valGroup1" ErrorMessage="Required" runat="server" /> <asp:LinkButton id="Button2" Text="Validate" CausesValidation="True" ValidationGroup="valGroup2" runat="server" /> Show example » Complete LinkButton Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub lblClick(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)    Label1.Text="You clicked the LinkButton control" End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:LinkButton Text="Click me!" OnClick="lblClick" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Click me!  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ListBox Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The ListBox control is used to create a single- or multi-selection drop-down list. Each selectable item in a ListBox control is defined by a ListItem element! Tip: This control supports data binding! Properties Property Description .NET Rows The number of rows displayed in the list 1.0 SelectionMode Allows single or multiple selections 1.0 ListControl Standard Properties AppendDataBoundItems, AutoPostBack, CausesValidation, DataTextField, DataTextFormatString, DataValueField, Items, runat, SelectedIndex, SelectedItem, SelectedValue, TagKey, Text, ValidationGroup, OnSelectedIndexChanged The ListControl control covers all the base functions for list controls. Controls that inherits from this control include the CheckBoxList, DropDownList, ListBox, and RadioButtonList controls. For a full description, go to ListControl Standard Attributes. Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Listbox Declare one ListBox control in an .aspx file. Then create an event handler for the Click event which displays some text and the selected item, in a Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Rows Property Complete ListBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The Rows property is used to get or set the number of rows visible (without scrolling) in the ListBox. Syntax <asp:ListBox Rows="num" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:ListBox> Attribute Description num Specifies the number of rows visible (without scrolling) in the ListBox. Example The following example sets the Rows property of a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox id="lb1" Rows="5" runat="server">   <asp:ListItem Value="Item1" />   <asp:ListItem Value="Item2" />   <asp:ListItem Value="Item3" />   <asp:ListItem Value="Item4" />   <asp:ListItem Value="Item5" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> Show example » Complete ListBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET SelectionMode Property Complete ListBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The SelectionMode property is used to get or set how a user is allowed to select ListBox items. Syntax <asp:ListBox SelectionMode="mode" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:ListBox> Attribute Description mode Specifies how a users is allowed to select items. Possible values: Single - Default. Multiple items can not be selected Multiple - Multiple items can be selected Example The following example sets the SelectionMode of a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Calendar id="cal1" runat="server" SelectionMode="Multiple" /> </form> Show example » Complete ListBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(Sender As Object,e As EventArgs) mess.Text="You selected " & drop1.SelectedItem.Text End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox id="drop1" rows="3" runat="server"> <asp:ListItem selected="true">Item 1</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 2</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 3</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 4</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 5</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem>Item 6</asp:ListItem> </asp:ListBox> <asp:Button Text="Submit" OnClick="submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:label id="mess" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Item 4 Item 5  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Item 4 Submit
    • ASP.NET ListItem Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The ListItem control creates an item in a list. This control is used with the list controls such as <asp:ListBox>, <asp:RadioButtonList> and <asp:BulletedList>. Syntax <asp:ListItem Enabled="True|False" Selected="True|False" Text="label" Value="value" /> Properties Property Description .NET Attributes Optional. A collection of attribute name and value pairs for the ListItem that are not directly supported by the class 1.0 Enabled Optional. Specifies if the item is enabled or disabled 2.0 Selected Optional. Specifies whether or not the item is selected 1.0 Text Optional. The text displayed in the ListItem 1.0 Value Optional. The value of the the ListItem. 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. It is possible to use the Text or Value properties and the inner HTML text to set the text displayed for an item in the list. Example <asp:ListItem Value="Text1" Text="Text2">Text3</asp:ListItem> Depending on the combination of the three, different texts are shown and values used. The table below shows all possible combinations and their results: Inner HTML Text Property Value Property Text Shown Value Used Set Set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Set Not set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Not set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Not set Set Set Text Property Value Property Not set Set Not set Text Property Text Property Not set Not set Set Value Property Value Property Not set Not set Not set Not set Not set Tips and Notes Note: The Text and Value properties have a default value of an empty string. Because of this it is possible to have empty list items. Examples Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • Basic ListItem in BulletedList A BulletedList control with two ListItems in an .aspx file. ListItems with different properties in ListBox A ListBox control with some ListItems in an .aspx file. The items in the list uses different properties to show the ListItem text. ListItem disabled in ListBox A ListBox control with one of the ListItems disabled. ListItem selected in RadioButtonList A RadioButtonList control with one of the ListItems selected. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Enabled Property Complete ListItem Control Reference Definition and Usage The Enabled property is used to set or return the whether or not the ListItem is enabled by default. If this property is set to TRUE the ListItem is Enabled by default, otherwise FALSE. Default is TRUE. Syntax <asp:ListItem Enabled="True|False" runat="server" /> Example The following example disables a ListItem in a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" Enabled="False"/> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> Show example » Complete ListItem Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Selected Property Complete ListItem Control Reference Definition and Usage The Selected property is used to set or return the whether or not the ListItem is selected by default. If this property is set to TRUE the ListItem is selected by default, otherwise FALSE. Default is FALSE. Syntax <asp:ListItem Selected="True|False" runat="server" /> Example The following example sets the Selected ListItem in a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" Selected="True"/> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> Show example » Complete ListItem Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete ListItem Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text of a ListItem control. Syntax <asp:ListItem Text="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text of the ListItem control It is possible to use the Text or Value properties and the inner HTML text to set the text displayed for an item in the list. Example <asp:ListItem Value="Text1" Text="Text2">Text3</asp:ListItem> Depending on the combination of the three, different texts are shown and values used. The table below shows all possible combinations and their results: Inner HTML Text Property Value Property Text Shown Value Used Set Set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Set Not set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Not set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Not set Set Set Text Property Value Property Not set Set Not set Text Property Text Property Not set Not set Set Value Property Value Property Not set Not set Not set Not set Not set Tips and Notes Note: The Text and Value properties have a default value of an empty string. Because of this it is possible to have empty list items. Example The following example sets the text of a ListItem in a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> Show example » Complete ListItem Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Value Property Complete ListItem Control Reference Definition and Usage The Value property is used to set or return the value of a ListItem control. Syntax <asp:ListItem Value="string" runat="server" /> Attribute Description string A string that specifies the value of the ListItem control It is possible to use the Text or Value properties and the inner HTML text to set the text displayed for an item in the list. Example <asp:ListItem Value="Text1" Text="Text2">Text3</asp:ListItem> Depending on the combination of the three, different texts are shown and values used. The table below shows all possible combinations and their results: Inner HTML Text Property Value Property Text Shown Value Used Set Set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Set Not set Set Inner HTML Value Property Set Not set Not set Inner HTML Inner HTML Not set Set Set Text Property Value Property Not set Set Not set Text Property Text Property Not set Not set Set Value Property Value Property Not set Not set Not set Not set Not set Tips and Notes Note: The Text and Value properties have a default value of an empty string. Because of this it is possible to have empty list items. Example The following example sets the Value of a ListItem in a ListBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Value="Item1" /> <asp:ListItem Value="Item2" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> Show example » Complete ListItem Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:BulletedList runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> </asp:BulletedList> </form> </body> </html> Item1 Item2  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Text1" /> <asp:ListItem Value="Text3" Text="Text1">Text2</asp:ListItem> <asp:ListItem Value="Text3" /> </asp:ListBox> </form> </body> </html> Text1 Text2 Text3  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Text1 Text2 Text3
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:ListBox runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item3" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item4" enabled="False"/> </asp:ListBox> </form> </body> </html> Item1 Item2 Item3  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Item1 Item2 Item3
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList runat="server"> <asp:ListItem Text="Item1" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item2" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item3" /> <asp:ListItem Text="Item4" selected="True"/> </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> </body> </html> Item1 Item2 Item3 Item4  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Literal Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Literal control is used to display text on a page. The text is programmable. Note: This control does not let you apply styles to its content! Properties Property Description .NET Mode   2.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 Text Specifies the text to display 1.0 Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Examples Literal Declare one Literal control which displays some static text in an .aspx file. Literal 2 Declare one Literal control and one Button control in an .aspx file. When the user clicks on the button, the submit subroutine is executed. The subroutine changes the text of the Literal control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete Literal Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text of a Literal control. If the text is set in the ASP.NET code the (like in the example below) text is HTML decoded before it is displayed. However, if the property is set programmatically or set as text between the opening and closing tags of the control, the caption is not HTML decoded. Syntax <asp:HyperLink Text="string" runat="server" />   Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text in the literal control Example The following example sets the text for the Literal control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Literal runat="server" Text="W3Schools" /> </form> Show example » Complete Literal Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Panel Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Panel control is used as a container for other controls. Tip: This control is often used to generate controls by code and to display and hide groups of controls. Note: This control renders as an HTML <div> element. Properties Property Description .NET BackImageUrl Specifies a URL to an image file to display as a background for this control 1.0 DefaultButton Specifies the ID of the default button in the Panel 2.0 Direction Specifies the content display direction of the Panel 2.0 GroupingText Specifies the caption for the group of controls in the Panel 2.0 HorizontalAlign Specifies the horizontal alignment of the content 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" 1.0 ScrollBars Specifies the position and visibility of scroll bars in the Panel 2.0 Wrap Specifies whether the content should wrap or not 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Panel Declare one Panel control, one CheckBox control, and one Button control in an .aspx file. When the user checks the CheckBox control, and the clicks the Refresh button, the Panel control will hide. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BackImageUrl Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The BackImageUrl property is used to set or return the URL of an image to use as background image for the Panel Control. Syntax <asp:Panel BackImageUrl="URL" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description URL The URL of the image to use Example The following example sets the BackImageUrl for a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="Pan1" runat="server" BackImageUrl="img.gif"> Hello! </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DefaultButton Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The DefaultButton property is used to set or return the id of the default button for the Panel Control. This property is used to specify which button gets clicked when the Panel control has focus and the "ENTER" key is pressed. Syntax <asp:Panel DefaultButton="button_id" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description button_id The id of the button to use as default button Example The following example sets the DefaultButton for a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel runat="server" DefaultButton="bt1"> <asp:TextBox runat="server" /> <asp:Button id="bt1" Text="Default" runat="server" /> </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Direction Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The Direction property is used to set or return the  ontent display direction of the Panel. This property is used specify the display direction for controls that include text in the Panel. Syntax <asp:Panel Direction="direction" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description direction Specifies the content display direction of the panel Possible values: NotSet - Default. The content direction is not set LeftToRight - The content direction is left to right RightToLeft - The content direction is right to left Example The following example changes the Direction property for a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="pan1" runat="server" Direction="RightToLeft"> Hello! </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET GroupingText Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The GroupingText property is used to set or return caption text for the group of controls in the Panel Control. This property is used to display a frame and caption for the Panel control. Syntax <asp:Panel GroupingText="string" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description string The string to display as caption text for the Panel Example The following example sets the GroupingText for a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="pan1" runat="server" GroupingText="Panel" > Hello! </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HorizontalAlign Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The HorizontalAlign property is used to set or return horizontal alignment of the content in the Panel Control. Syntax <asp:Panel HorizontalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description align Specifies the horizontal alignment of the content. Possible values: Center Justify Left NotSet (Default) Right Example The following example sets the HorizontalAlign property of a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="pan1" runat="server" HorizontalAlign="Right" > Hello! </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ScrollBars Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The ScrollBars property is used to set or return the position and visibility of scroll bars in the Panel control Syntax <asp:Panel ScrollBars="value" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel>   Attribute Description value Specifies the which scrollbars are shown or not shown. Possible values: None - Default. No scroll bars are shown Horizontal - Only a horizontal scroll bar is shown Vertical - Only a vertical scroll bar is shown Both - Horizontal and vertical scroll bars are shown Auto - Horizontal, vertical, or both scroll bars are shown if needed Example The following example sets the ScrollBars property to "Auto" in a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="pan1" runat="server" Height="100px" ScrollBars="Auto"> Some content </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Wrap Property Complete Panel Control Reference Definition and Usage The Wrap property is used to set or return whether or not content should wrap in the Panel control. Syntax <asp:Panel Wrap="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Panel> Example The following example sets the Wrap property to "FALSE" in a Panel control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel ID="Pan1" Width="250px" Wrap="FALSE" runat="server"> Some content </asp:Panel> </form> Show example » Complete Panel Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)    if check1.Checked then      panel1.Visible=false    else      panel1.Visible=true    end if End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Panel id="panel1" runat="server" BackColor="#ff0000" Height="100px" Width="100px"> Hello World! </asp:Panel> <asp:CheckBox id="check1" Text="Hide Panel control" runat="server"/> <br /><br /> <asp:Button Text="Reload" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> Hello World! Hide Panel control  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Reload
    • ASP.NET PlaceHolder Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The PlaceHolder control is used to reserve space for controls added by code. Note: The PlaceHolder control does not produce any visible output (it only acts as a container for other controls on the Web page). Properties Property Description runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RadioButton Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The RadioButton control is used to display a radio button. Tip: To create a set of radio buttons using data binding, use the RadioButtonList control! Properties Property Description AutoPostBack A Boolean value that specifies whether the form should be posted immediately after the Checked property has changed or not. Default is false Checked A Boolean value that specifies whether the radio button is checked or not id A unique id for the control GroupName The name of the group to which this radio button belongs OnCheckedChanged The name of the function to be executed when the Checked property has changed runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" Text The text next to the radio button TextAlign On which side of the radio button the text should appear (right or left) Example Radiobutton Declare three RadioButton controls, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine may respond in three ways: if the radiobutton with id="red" is selected, the server sends the message "You selected Red" to the Label control. If the radiobutton with id="green" is selected, the server sends the message "You selected Green" to the Label control. If the radiobutton with id="green" is selected, the server sends the message "You selected Blue" to the Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(Sender As Object, e As EventArgs) if red.Checked then    Label1.Text="You selected " & red.Text elseIf green.Checked then    Label1.Text="You selected " & green.Text elseIf blue.Checked then    Label1.Text="You selected " & blue.Text end if End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Select your favorite color: <br /> <asp:RadioButton id="red" Text="Red" Checked="True" GroupName="colors" runat="server"/> <br /> <asp:RadioButton id="green" Text="Green" GroupName="colors" runat="server"/> <br /> <asp:RadioButton id="blue" Text="Blue" GroupName="colors" runat="server"/> <br /> <asp:Button text="Submit" OnClick="submit" runat="server"/> <p><asp:Label id="Label1" runat="server"/></p> </form> </body> </html> Select your favorite color: Red Green Blue  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Submit
    • ASP.NET RadioButtonList Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The RadioButtonList control is used to create a group of radio buttons. Each selectable item in a RadioButtonList control is defined by a ListItem element! Tip: This control supports data binding! Properties Property Description .NET CellPadding The amount of pixels between the border and the contents of the table cell 1.0 CellSpacing The amount of pixels between table cells 1.0 RepeatColumns The number of columns to use when displaying the radio button group 1.0 RepeatDirection Specifies whether the radio button group should be repeated horizontally or vertically 1.0 RepeatLayout The layout of the radio button group 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 TextAlign On which side of the radio button the text should appear 1.0 ListControl Standard Properties AppendDataBoundItems, AutoPostBack, CausesValidation, DataTextField, DataTextFormatString, DataValueField, Items, runat, SelectedIndex, SelectedItem, SelectedValue, TagKey, Text, ValidationGroup, OnSelectedIndexChanged The ListControl control covers all the base functions for list controls. Controls that inherits from this control include the CheckBoxList, DropDownList, ListBox, and RadioButtonList controls. For a full description, go to ListControl Standard Attributes. Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example RadiobuttonList Declare one RadioButtonList control, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. Then we create an event handler for the Click event which displays some text and the selected item, in a Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellPadding Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellPadding property is used to get or set the amount of pixels between the border and the contents of the table cell. Note: This function only works if the RepeatLayout property is set to "Table" Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList CellPadding="pixels" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description pixels Specifies the amount of pixels between the border and the contents of the table cell. Example The following example sets the CellPadding property of a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" CellPadding="15"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellSpacing Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellSpacing property is used to get or set the amount of pixels between table cells in the RadioButtonList. Note: This function only works if the RepeatLayout property is set to "Table" (default). Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList CellSpacing="pixels" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description pixels Specifies the amount of pixels between the table cells. Example The following example sets the CellSpacing property of a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" CellSpacing="15"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RepeatColumns Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The RepeatColumns property is used to get or set the number of columns to use when displaying the radio button list. Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList RepeatColumns="num" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description num Specifies the number of columns to display. Default is "1" Example The following example sets the RepeatColumns property to "2" in a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" RepeatColumns="2"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RepeatDirection Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The RepeatDirection property is used to get or set if the items in the RadioButtonList are displayed vertically or horizontally. Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList RepeatDirection="mode" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description mode Specifies the layout direction of the items in the RadioButtonList. Possible values: Horizontal - Items are displayed horizontally Vertical - Default. Items are displayed vertically Example The following example sets the RepeatDirection of a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" RepeatDirection="Horizontal"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RepeatLayout Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The RepeatLayout property is used to get or set how items are displayed in the RadioButtonList. Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList RepeatLayout="mode" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description mode Specifies the layout of the items in the RadioButtonList. Possible values: Flow - Items are not displayed in a table Table - Default. Items are displayed in a table Example The following example sets the RepeatLayout of a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" RepeatLayout="Flow"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TextAlign Property Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Definition and Usage The TextAlign property is used to get or set the text alignment for the text of the RadioButtonList items. Syntax <asp:RadioButtonList TextAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:RadioButtonList > Attribute Description align Specifies the alignment of the text for the list item Possible values: Left Right (default) Example The following example sets the TextAlign property to "Left" in a RadioButtonList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:RadioButtonList id="rb1" runat="server" TextAlign="Left"> Some content </asp:RadioButtonList> </form> Show example » Complete RadioButtonList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BulletedList Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The BulletedList control creates a list in bullet format. Each item in a BulletedList control is defined by a ListItem element! Note: This class is new in ASP.NET 2.0. Properties Property Description .NET BulletImageUrl Specifies the URL of a custom bullet list image. Used if "BulletStyle" is "CustomImage" 2.0 BulletStyle Specifies the style of the bullet list 2.0 DisplayMode Specifies the type of list displayed 2.0 FirstBulletNumber Specify the start number of list items in an ordered list 2.0 runat Required. Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 Target Specifies where to open the target URL 2.0 ListControl Standard Properties AppendDataBoundItems, CausesValidation, DataTextField, DataTextFormatString, DataValueField, Items, ValidationGroup The ListControl control covers all the base functions for list controls. The properties above applies to the BulletedList control. For a full description, go to ListControl Standard Attributes. Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BulletImageUrl Property Complete BulletedList Control Reference Definition and Usage The BulletImageUrl property is used to get or set the URL of the image used when the BulletStyle property is set to "CustomImage". Syntax <asp:BulletedList BulletImageUrl="url" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:BulletedList> Attribute Description url String specifying the URL of image to use as bullet marker Example The following example sets the BulletImageUrl of a BulletedList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:BulletedList id="bl1" runat="server" BulletImageUrl="image.gif"> Some content </asp:BulletedList> </form> Show example » Complete BulletedList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BulletStyle Property Complete BulletedList Control Reference Definition and Usage The BulletStyle property is used to get or set the style of the bullet list marker. Syntax <asp:BulletedList BulletStyle="style" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:BulletedList> Attribute Description style Specifies the style of the list item marker. Possible values: NotSet - Not set Circle - Empty circle Disc - Filled circle Square - Filled square Numbered - Number LowerAlpha - Lowercase letter UpperAlpha - Uppercase letter LowerRoman - Lowercase Roman numeral UpperRoman - Uppercase Roman numeral CustomImage - Custom image (defined by the "BulletImageUrl" property) Example The following example sets the BulletStyle of a BulletedList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:BulletedList id="bl1" runat="server" BulletStyle="Numbered"> Some content </asp:BulletedList> </form> Show example » Complete BulletedList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET DisplayMode Property Complete BulletedList Control Reference Definition and Usage The DisplayMode property is used to get or set the type of list displayed. Syntax <asp:BulletedList DisplayMode="mode" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:BulletedList> Attribute Description mode Specifies the list item display mode. Possible Values: Text - Default. Standard Text HyperLink - Hyperlink LinkButton - Hyperlink Button Example The following example sets the DisplayMode of a BulletedList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Bulletedlist DisplayMode="HyperLink" id="bl1" runat="server">   <asp:ListItem Text="W3Schools"   Value="http://www.w3schools.com/" /> </asp:Bulletedlist> </form> Show example » Complete BulletedList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET FirstBulletNumber Property Complete BulletedList Control Reference Definition and Usage The FirstBulletNumber property is used to get or set the number of the first item in an ordered BulletedList control. Syntax <asp:BulletedList FirstBulletNumber="num" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:BulletedList> Attribute Description num Specifies the number of the first list item in an ordered list. Example The following example sets the FirstBulletNumber of a BulletedList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:BulletedList id="bl1" runat="server" FirstBulletNumber="4"> Some content </asp:BulletedList> </form> Show example » Complete BulletedList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Target Property Complete BulletedList Control Reference Definition and Usage The Target property is used to get or set where to open the target URL. Syntax <asp:BulletedList Target="target" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:BulletedList> Attribute Description target Specifies where to open the target URL. Possible Values: _blank - the target URL will open in a new window _self - the target URL will open in the same frame as it was clicked _search - the target URL will open in the search pane _top - the target URL will open in the full body of the window _parent - the target URL will open in the parent frameset framename - specify a target frame name Tips and Notes Note: This property is only used when DisplayMode property is "HyperLink" Example The following example sets the Target of a BulletedList control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Bulletedlist Target="HyperLink" id="bl1" runat="server">   <asp:ListItem Text="W3Schools" Target="_blank"   Value="http://www.w3schools.com/" /> </asp:Bulletedlist> </form> Show example » Complete BulletedList Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Style Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Style control is used to set the style of a web control. Properties Property Description .NET BackColor The background color of the control 1.0 BorderColor The border color of the control 1.0 BorderStyle The border style of the control 1.0 BorderWidth The border width of the control 1.0 CssClass The CSS class rendered by the control on the client 1.0 Font The font properties of the control 1.0 ForeColor The foreground color (typically the color of the text) of the control 1.0 Height The height of the control 1.0 RegisteredCssClass The CSS class that is registered with the control 2.0 Width The width of the control 1.0 Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BackColor Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The BackColor property is used to set or return the background color of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" BackColor="color" runat="server" /> Attribute Description color The color to set as background color of a control. Must be a valid HTML color Example The following example sets the background color of a button: <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Submit" BackColor="#FFCC80" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the background color of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BorderColor Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The BorderColor property is used to set or return the border color of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" BorderColor="color" runat="server" /> Attribute Description color The color to set as background color of a control. Must be a valid HTML color Example The following example sets the border color of a table: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table runat="server" BorderColor="#FF0000" BorderWidth="5" GridLines="vertical">   <asp:TableRow>     <asp:TableCell>Hello</asp:TableCell>     <asp:TableCell>World</asp:TableCell>   </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the border color of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Referenc Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BorderStyle Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The BorderStyke property is used to set or return the border style of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" BorderStyle="style" runat="server" /> Possible Style Values Value Description NotSet Border style is not set None Defines no border Dotted Defines a dotted border Dashed Defines a dashed border Solid Defines a solid border Double Defines two borders. The width of the two borders are the same as the border-width value Groove Defines a 3D grooved border. The effect depends on the border-color value Ridge Defines a 3D ridged border. The effect depends on the border-color value Inset Defines a 3D inset border. The effect depends on the border-color value Outset Defines a 3D outset border. The effect depends on the border-color value Example The following example sets the border style of a table: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table runat="server" BorderStyle="dotted" BorderWidth="5" GridLines="vertical">   <asp:TableRow>     <asp:TableCell>Hello</asp:TableCell>     <asp:TableCell>World</asp:TableCell>   </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the border color of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BorderWidth Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The BorderWidth property is used to set or return the border width of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" BorderWidth="length" runat="server" /> Attribute Description length The width of the border. Must be a valid .NET length unit. Valid length units are: cm, mm, in, pt, pc, or px Example The following example sets the border width of a table: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table runat="server" BorderWidth="5" GridLines="vertical">   <asp:TableRow>     <asp:TableCell>Hello</asp:TableCell>     <asp:TableCell>World</asp:TableCell>   </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the border width of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CssClass Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The CssClass property is used to set or return a CSS style class to a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" CssClass="style" runat="server" /> Attribute Description style A String specifying the CSS class used on the control Example The following example sets the CSS style to a button: <style> .TestStyle   {   font: 12pt verdana;   font-weight:700;   color:orange;   } </style> <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="Button" CssClass="TestStyle" Text="Submit" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Font Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The Font property is used to set or return the font of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" font-subproperty="value" runat="server" /> Font SubProperties Value Description Bold Bold sub property. Possible values are TRUE or FALSE Italic Italic sub property. Possible values are TRUE or FALSE Name Font name property (like "Verdana" or "Arial"). When you set this property, the Names property is automatically updated with a single element array with the value of the Name property Names An array of font names. When you set this property, the Name property is automatically updated with the first element in the array Strikeout Strikeout sub property. Possible values are TRUE or FALSE Underline Strikeout sub property. Possible values are TRUE or FALSE Size Font size sub property. Specify the font size Example The following example sets the font of a button control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="Button1" Text="Submit" Font-Name="Verdana" Font-Size="15" runat="server"/> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the Font of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ForeColor Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The ForeColor property is used to set or return the foreground color (normally the text color) of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" ForeColor="color" runat="server" /> Attribute Description color The color to set as foreground color of a control. Must be a valid HTML color Example The following example sets the foreground color of a button: <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Submit" ForeColor="#FF0000" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Try-It-Yourself Demos Set the text color of a Button control (with declaration and script) Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Height Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The Height property is used to set or return the height of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" Height="value" runat="server" /> Attribute Description value The height of control. Must be a number representing pixels or a percent value representing the parent objects height Example The following example sets the height of a button control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Submit" Height="50px" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Width Property Complete Style Control Reference Definition and Usage The Width property is used to set or return the width of a control. Syntax <asp:webcontrol id="id" Width="value" runat="server" /> Attribute Description value The width of control. Must be a number representing pixels or a percent value representing the parent objects width Example The following example sets the width of a button control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Button id="button1" Text="Submit" Width="150px" runat="server" /> </form> Show example » Complete Style Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Table Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The Table control is used in conjunction with the TableCell control and the TableRow control to create a table. Properties Property Description .NET BackImageUrl A URL to an image to use as an background for the table 1.0 Caption The caption of the table 2.0 CaptionAlign The alignment of the caption text 2.0 CellPadding The space between the cell walls and contents 1.0 CellSpacing The space between cells 1.0 GridLines The gridline format in the table 1.0 HorizontalAlign The horizontal alignment of the table in the page 1.0 Rows A collection of rows in the Table 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Examples Table Declare two Table controls in an .aspx file. Table 2 Declare a Table control, three TableRow controls, and two TableCell controls in an .aspx file. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET BackImageUrl Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The BackImageUrl property is used to set or return the URL of an image to use as background image for the Table Control. Syntax <asp:Table BackImageUrl="URL" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description URL The URL of the image to use Example The following example sets the BackImageUrl for a Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" BackImageUrl="img.gif"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Caption Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The Caption property is used to get or set a text that is shown as a caption for the Table Control. Syntax <asp:Table Caption="string" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description string The text to be shown as the table caption Example The following example sets the Caption for a Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" Caption="Table Example"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CaptionAlign Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The CaptionAlign property is used to get or set the alignment of the caption text for a table. Syntax <asp:Table Caption="text" CaptionAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description align Specifies the alignment of the caption text Possible Values: NotSet - Default. Caption alignment is not set. Top - Caption is displayed at the top of the table. Text is centered Bottom - Caption is displayed at the bottom of the table. Text is centered Left - Caption is displayed at the top of the table. Text is left-aligned Right - Caption is displayed at the top of the table. Text is right-aligned Example The following example sets the Caption property in a table and aligns it to the bottom of the Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" Caption="Table Example" CaptionAlign="bottom"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellPadding Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellPadding property is used to get or set the amount of space (in pixels) between the cell border and the cell content. Syntax <asp:Table CellPadding="px" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description px Specifies how many pixels of space there is between the cell border and cell content Example The following example sets the CellPadding property of the Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" CellPadding="30"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CellSpacing Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The CellSpacing property is used to get or set the amount of space (in pixels) between the cells in a table. Note: This property does not work in FireFox. Syntax <asp:Table CellSpacing="px" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description px Specifies how many pixels of space there is between the cells Example The following example sets the CellSpacing property of the Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" CellSpacing="20"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET GridLines Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The GridLines property is used to get or set the grid line style of the Table control. Syntax <asp:Table GridLines="mode" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description mode Specifies the grid line style for the table Possible Values: None Horizontal Vertical Both Example The following example sets the GridLines property to "Both": <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" GridLines="Both"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HorizontalAlign Property Complete Table Control Reference Definition and Usage The HorizontalAlign property is used to set or return horizontal alignment of the content in the Table control. Syntax <asp:Table HorizontalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:Table>   Attribute Description align Specifies the horizontal alignment of the content. Possible values: Center Justify Left NotSet (Default) Right Example The following example sets the HorizontalAlign property of a Table control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server" HorizontalAlign="Right"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete Table Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TableCell Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The TableCell control is used in conjunction with the Table control and the TableRow control to create a cell in a table. Tip: The cells of each row are stored in the Cells collection of the TableRow control. Properties Property Description .NET AssociatedHeaderCellID A list of table header cells associated with the TableCell control 2.0 ColumnSpan The number of columns this cell should span 1.0 HorizontalAlign The horizontal alignment of the contents in the table cell 1.0 RowSpan The number of rows this cell should span 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 Text Specifies the text of the table cell 1.0 VerticalAlign The vertical alignment of the contents in the table cell 1.0 Wrap Specifies whether the cell's contents should wrap or not 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example Table Declare two Table controls in an .aspx file. Table 2 Declare a Table control, three TableRow controls, and two TableCell controls in an .aspx file. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ColumnSpan Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The ColumnSpan property is used to set or return number of columns the TableCell spans in a Table control. Syntax <asp:TableCell ColumnSpan="num" runat="server"> Some content </asp:TableCell>   Attribute Description num Specifies the number of columns the TableCell spans Example The following example sets the ColumnSpan mode to "2": <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell ColumnSpan="2"> Some Content </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Some Content </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Some Content </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HorizontalAlign Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The HorizontalAlign property is used to set or return horizontal alignment of the content in the TableCell control. Syntax <asp:TableCell HorizontalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:TableCell>   Attribute Description align Specifies the horizontal alignment of the content. Possible values: Center Justify Left NotSet (Default) Right Example The following example sets the HorizontalAlign property of a TableCell control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell HorizontalAlign="Center"> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RowSpan Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The RowSpan property is used to set or return number of rows the TableCell spans in a Table control. Syntax <asp:TableCell RowSpan="num" runat="server"> Some content </asp:TableCell>   Attribute Description num Specifies the number of rows the TableCell spans Example The following example sets the RowSpan mode to "2": <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell RowSpan="2"> Some Content </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Some Content </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell> Some Content </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text of a TableCell control. Syntax <asp:TableCell Text="string" runat="server" />   Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text of the Table cell Example The following example sets the text of a TableCell control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell Text="Hello" /> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET VerticalAlign Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The VerticalAlign property is used to set or return vertical alignment of the content in the TableCell control. Syntax <asp:TableCell VerticalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:TableCell>   Attribute Description align Specifies the vertical alignment of the content. Possible values: Bottom Middle NotSet Top Example The following example sets the VerticalAlign property of a TableCell control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell VerticalAlign="Center"> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Wrap Property Complete TableCell Control Reference Definition and Usage The Wrap property is used to set or return whether or not the text within a table cell wraps. Syntax <asp:TableCell Wrap="True|False" runat="server"> Some content </asp:TableCell> Example The following example sets the wrap mode to "False": <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow> <asp:TableCell Wrap="False"> Some Content <asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableCell Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TableRow Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The TableRow control is used in conjunction with the TableCell control and the Table control to create a row in a table. Tip: The rows of a table are stored in the Rows collection of the Table control. Properties Property Description .NET Cells     HorizontalAlign The horizontal alignment of the contents in the table row 1.0 TableSection The location of a TableRow object in a Table control 2.0 VerticalAlign The vertical alignment of the contents in the table row 1.0 Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Examples Table Declare two Table controls in an .aspx file. Table 2 Declare a Table control, three TableRow controls, and two TableCell controls in an .aspx file. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET HorizontalAlign Property Complete TableRow Control Reference Definition and Usage The HorizontalAlign property is used to set or return horizontal alignment of the content in the TableRow control. Syntax <asp:TableRow HorizontalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:TableRow>   Attribute Description align Specifies the horizontal alignment of the content. Possible values: Center Justify Left NotSet (Default) Right Example The following example sets the HorizontalAlign property of a TableRow control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow HorizontalAlign="Right"> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableRow Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TableSection Property Complete TableRow Control Reference Definition and Usage The TableSection property is used to set or return location for a TableRow object in a Table control. This property to get or set where the TableRow object is placed in a Table control. Syntax <asp:TableRow TableSection="section" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:TableRow>   Attribute Description section Specifies which table section the row belongs to. Possible values: TableHeader - Header row TableBody - Default. Body of the table TableFooter - The footer row Example The following example sets the TableSection property of a TableRow control: <form runat="server"> <asp:table id="Table1" runat="server" GridLines="Both"> <asp:TableRow TableSection="TableHeader"> <asp:TableCell>Header</asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:table> </form> Show example » Complete TableRow Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET VerticalAlign Property Complete TableRow Control Reference Definition and Usage The VerticalAlign property is used to set or return vertical alignment of the content in the TableRow control. Syntax <asp:TableRow VerticalAlign="align" runat="server"> Some Content </asp:TableRow>   Attribute Description align Specifies the vertical alignment of the content. Possible values: Bottom Middle NotSet Top Example The following example sets the VerticalAlign property of a TableRow control: <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="tab1" runat="server"> <asp:TableRow VerticalAlign="Middle"> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> <asp:TableCell> Hello! </asp:TableCell> </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> Show example » Complete TableRow Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat=server> <asp:Table runat="server" CellPadding="5" GridLines="horizontal" HorizontalAlign="Center">    <asp:TableRow>      <asp:TableCell>1</asp:TableCell>      <asp:TableCell>2</asp:TableCell>    </asp:TableRow>    <asp:TableRow>      <asp:TableCell>3</asp:TableCell>      <asp:TableCell>4</asp:TableCell>    </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> <br /> <asp:Table runat="server" CellPadding="5" GridLines="vertical" HorizontalAlign="Center">    <asp:TableRow>      <asp:TableCell>1</asp:TableCell>      <asp:TableCell>2</asp:TableCell>    </asp:TableRow>    <asp:TableRow>      <asp:TableCell>3</asp:TableCell>      <asp:TableCell>4</asp:TableCell>    </asp:TableRow> </asp:Table> </form> </body> </html> 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) dim rows,cells,j,i rows=3 cells=2 For j=0 To rows-1    dim r As New TableRow()    For i=0 To cells-1      dim c As New TableCell()      c.Controls.Add(New LiteralControl("row " & j & ", cell " & i))      r.Cells.Add(c)    Next    Table1.Rows.Add(r) Next End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Table id="Table1" BorderWidth="1" GridLines="Both" runat="server" /> </form> </body> </html> row 0, cell 0 row 0, cell 1 row 1, cell 0 row 1, cell 1 row 2, cell 0 row 2, cell 1  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TextBox Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The TextBox control is used to create a text box where the user can input text. Properties Property Description .NET AutoCompleteType Specifies the AutoComplete behavior of a TextBox 2.0 AutoPostBack A Boolean value that specifies whether the control is automatically posted back to the server when the contents change or not. Default is false 1.0 CausesValidation Specifies if a page is validated when a Postback occurs 2.0 Columns The width of the textbox 1.0 MaxLength The maximum number of characters allowed in the textbox 1.0 ReadOnly Specifies whether or not the text in the text box can be changed 1.0 Rows The height of the textbox (only used if TextMode="Multiline") 1.0 runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server"   TagKey     Text The contents of the textbox 1.0 TextMode Specifies the behavior mode of a TextBox control (SingleLine, MultiLine or Password) 1.0 ValidationGroup The group of controls that is validated when a Postback occurs   Wrap A Boolean value that indicates whether the contents of the textbox should wrap or not 1.0 OnTextChanged The name of the function to be executed when the text in the textbox has changed   Web Control Standard Properties AccessKey, Attributes, BackColor, BorderColor, BorderStyle, BorderWidth, CssClass, Enabled, Font, EnableTheming, ForeColor, Height, IsEnabled, SkinID, Style, TabIndex, ToolTip, Width For a full description, go to Web Control Standard Attributes. Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Examples Textbox Declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine writes a text to the Label control. Textbox 2 Declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one Label control in an .aspx file. When the submit button is triggered, the submit subroutine is executed. The submit subroutine copies the contents of the textbox to the Label control. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET AutoCompleteType Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The AutoCompleteType property is used to set or return the AutoComplete category of a TextBox control. The AutoComplete feature creates a list of values entered in a text box. When using the text box again, a list of values entered is displayed. The user can then select a value instead of retyping a previously entered value Syntax <asp:TextBox AutoCompleteType="cat" runat="server"/>   Attribute Description cat Specifies the AutoComplete category. Possible values: BusinessCity - City in the business category BusinessCountryRegion - Country/region in the business category BusinessFax - Fax number in the business category BusinessPhone - Phone number in the business category BusinessState - State in the business category BusinessStreetAddress - Street address  in the business category BusinessUrl - Web site URL in the business category BusinessZipCode - ZIP code in the business category Cellular - Phone number in the mobile-phone category Company - Business name in the business category Department - Department in the business category Disabled - AutoComplete feature is disabled DisplayName - Name to display in the user category Email - E-mail in the user category FirstName - First name in the user category Gender - Gender in the user category HomeCity - Home city in the user category HomeCountryRegion - Home country/region in the user category HomeFax - Fax number in the user category Homepage - Web site URL in the user category HomePhone - Phone number in the user category HomeState - Home state in the user category HomeStreetAddress - Home street in the user category HomeZipCode - ZIP code in the user category JobTitle - Job title in the user category LastName - Last name in the user category MiddleName - Middle name in the user category None - No category specified Notes - Extra information in the form Office - Office location in the business category Pager - Phone number in the pager category Search - Keywords in the search category Example The following example sets the AutoCompleteType mode to "FirstName": <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" AutoCompleteType="FirstName" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET AutoPostBack Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The AutoPostBack property is used to set or return whether or not an automatic post back occurs when the user presses "ENTER" or "TAB" in the TextBox control. If this property is set to TRUE the automatic post back is enabled, otherwise FALSE. Default is FALSE. Syntax <asp:TextBox AutoPostBack="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server"/> Example The following example sets the AutoPostBack mode to "TRUE": <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" AutoPostBack="TRUE" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Columns Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The Columns property is used to set or return the width of the TextBox control. Syntax <asp:TextBox Columns="num" runat="server" />   Attribute Description num A number specifying the width, in characters, of the text box Example The following example sets the width of a TextBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" Columns="50" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET MaxLength Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The MaxLength property is used to set or return the maximum number of characters allowed in a TextBox control. Syntax <asp:TextBox MaxLength="num" runat="server" />   Attribute Description num A number specifying the maximum number of characters allowed in the text box Example The following example sets the max number of  characters allowed in a TextBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" MaxLength="10" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ReadOnly Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The ReadOnly property is used to set or return whether or not the text in the TextBox control can be changed. If this property is set to TRUE the text can not be changed, otherwise FALSE. Default is FALSE. Syntax <asp:TextBox ReadOnly="TRUE|FALSE" runat="server"/> Example The following example sets the ReadOnly mode to "TRUE": <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" ReadOnly="TRUE" Text="This text is read only" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Rows Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The Rows property is used to set or return the height of the TextBox control. This property can only be used if TextMode="Multiline" Syntax <asp:TextBox runat="server" Rows="num" TextMode="MultiLine" />   Attribute Description num A number specifying the height, in rows, of the text box Example The following example sets the height of a TextBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" TextMode="MultiLine" Rows="5" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Text Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The Text property is used to set or return the text of a TextBox control. Syntax <asp:TextBox Text="string" runat="server" />   Attribute Description string A string that specifies the text of the TextBox control Example The following example sets the text of a TextBox control: <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" Text="Name" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET TextMode Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The TextMode property is used to set or return the behavior mode of a TextBox control. Syntax <asp:TextBox TextMode="mode" runat="server" />   Attribute Description mode A number specifying the maximum number of characters allowed in the text box Possible values: SingleLine - Default. One line text box MultiLine - Text box with multiple lines Password - One line text box that masks the input Example The following example sets the text mode of a TextBox control to "Password": <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET Wrap Property Complete TextBox Control Reference Definition and Usage The Wrap property is used to set or return whether or not the text content wraps within a multiline text box. This property can only be used if TextMode="Multiline" Syntax <asp:TextBox Wrap="TRUE|FALSE" TextMode="MultiLine" runat="server"/> Example The following example sets the wrap mode to "False": <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="tb1" runat="server" TextMode="MultiLine" Wrap="False" /> </form> Show example » Complete TextBox Control Reference Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> Sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)    lbl1.Text="Your name is " & txt1.Text End Sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> Enter your name: <asp:TextBox id="txt1" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Submit" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html> Enter your name:  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Submit
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <script  runat="server"> sub submit(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) lbl1.Text=txt1.Text end sub </script> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:TextBox id="txt1" Text="Hello World!" Font_Face="verdana" BackColor="#0000ff" ForeColor="white" TextMode="MultiLine" Height="50" runat="server" /> <asp:Button OnClick="submit" Text="Copy Text to Label" runat="server" /> <p><asp:Label id="lbl1" runat="server" /></p> </form> </body> </html>  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com Hello World! Copy Text to Label
    • ASP.NET XML Control Web Server Controls Definition and Usage The XML control is used to display an XML document or the results of an XSL Transform. Note: At least one of the XML Document properties must be set or no XML document is displayed. You can also specify an XSLT document that will format the XML document before it is written to the output. You can format the XML document with the Transform property or the TransformSource property. Properties Property Description .NET ClientID     Controls     Document Deprecated. Specifies an XML document using a System.Xml.XmlDocument object 1.0 DocumentContent Specifies an XML string 1.0 DocumentSource Specifies a path to an XML file to display 1.0 EnableTheming     runat Specifies that the control is a server control.  Must be set to "server" 1.0 SkinID     Transform Formats the XML document using a System.Xml.Xsl.XslTransform object 1.0 TransformArgumentList     TransformSource Specifies a path to an XSL Transform file   XPathNavigator     Control Standard Properties AppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectory, BindingContainer, ClientID, Controls, EnableTheming, EnableViewState, ID, NamingContainer, Page, Parent, Site, TemplateControl, TemplateSourceDirectory, UniqueID, Visible For a full description, go to Control Standard Attributes. Example XML How to use the Xml control to display the result of an XSL Transform. Web Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • XML DocumentSource Property XML Control Definition and Usage The DocumentSource property is used to set or return the path to an XML document to display in the Xml control. Syntax <asp:Xml DocumentSource="path" runat="server" /> Attribute Description path A string that specifies the location of the xml file. This attribute can be the relative or absolute path: Relative path: The path of the file relative to the location of the current web page (like "~/note.xml") Absolute path: The absolute path (like "C:xmlnote.xml") Example Example The following example specifies the XML document used: <form runat="server"> <asp:Xml id="xml1" runat="server" DocumentSource="note.xml" /> </form> Show example » The XML file used in this example is "note.xml" XML Control Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    •  ASP Source:  Output Result: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <form runat="server"> <asp:Xml DocumentSource="cdcatalog.xml" TransformSource="cdcatalog.xsl" runat="server" /> </form> <p><a href="cdcatalog.xml" target="_blank">View XML file</a></p> <p><a href="cdcatalog.xsl" target="_blank">View XSL file</a></p> </body> </html> My CD Collection Title Artist Empire Burlesque Bob Dylan Hide your heart Bonnie Tyler Greatest Hits Dolly Parton Still got the blues Gary Moore Eros Eros Ramazzotti View XML file View XSL file  Copyright: W3Schools.com   Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • « Previous Next Chapter » ASP.NET Web Forms - Validation Controls Validation server controls are used to validate user-input. Validation Server Controls A Validation server control is used to validate the data of an input control. If the data does not pass validation, it will display an error message to the user. The syntax for creating a Validation server control is: <asp:control_name id="some_id" runat="server" /> Validation Server Control Description CompareValidator Compares the value of one input control to the value of another input control or to a fixed value CustomValidator Allows you to write a method to handle the validation of the value entered RangeValidator Checks that the user enters a value that falls between two values RegularExpressionValidator Ensures that the value of an input control matches a specified pattern RequiredFieldValidator Makes an input control a required field ValidationSummary Displays a report of all validation errors occurred in a Web page Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CompareValidator Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The CompareValidator control is used to compare the value of one input control to the value of another input control or to a fixed value. Note: If the input control is empty, the validation will succeed. Use the RequiredFieldValidator control to make the field required. Properties Property Description BackColor The background color of the CompareValidator control ControlToCompare The name of the control to compare with ControlToValidate The id of the control to validate Display The display behavior for the validation control. Legal values are: None (the control is not displayed. Used to show the error message only in the ValidationSummary control) Static (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is reserved on the page for the message even if the input passes validation. Dynamic (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is not reserved on the page for the message if the input passes validation EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ErrorMessage The text to display in the ValidationSummary control when validation fails. Note: This text will also be displayed in the validation control if the Text property is not set ForeColor The foreground color of the control id A unique id for the control IsValid A Boolean value that indicates whether the control specified by ControlToValidate is determined to be valid Operator The type of comparison to perform. The operators are: Equal GreaterThan GreaterThanEqual LessThan LessThanEqual NotEqual DataTypeCheck runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Text The message to display when validation fails Type Specifies the data type of the values to compare. The types are: Currency Date Double Integer String ValueToCompare A specified value to compare with Examples CompareValidator Declare two TextBox controls, one Button control, and one CompareValidator control in an .aspx file. If validation fails, the text "Validation Failed!" will be displayed in red on a yellow background in the CompareValidator control. CompareValidator 2 Declare two TextBox controls, one ListBox control, one Button control, and one CompareValidator control in an .aspx file. The check_operator() function sets the operator of the CompareValidator control equal to the selected operator in the ListBox control, then it validates the CompareValidator control. If validation fails, the text "Validation Failed!" will be displayed in red on a yellow background in the CompareValidator control. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET CustomValidator Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The CustomValidator control allows you to write a method to handle the validation of the value entered. Properties Property Description BackColor The background color of the CustomValidator control ClientValidationFunction Specifies the name of the client-side validation script function to be executed. Note: The script must be in a language that the browser supports, such as VBScript or JScript With VBScript, the function must be in the form: Sub FunctionName (source, arguments) With JScript, the function must be in the form: Function FunctionName (source, arguments) ControlToValidate The id of the control to validate Display The display behavior for the validation control. Legal values are: None (the control is not displayed. Used to show the error message only in the ValidationSummary control) Static (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is reserved on the page for the message even if the input passes validation. Dynamic (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is not reserved on the page for the message if the input passes validation EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ErrorMessage The text to display in the ValidationSummary control when validation fails. Note: This text will also be displayed in the validation control if the Text property is not set ForeColor The foreground color of the control id A unique id for the control IsValid A Boolean value that indicates whether the control specified by ControlToValidate is determined to be valid OnServerValidate Specifies the name of the server-side validation script function to be executed runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Text The message to display when validation fails Example CustomValidator Declare two Label controls, one TextBox control, one Button control, and one CustomValidator control in an .aspx file. The user() function checks the length of the input value. If the length is <8 or >16 the text "A username must be between 8 and 16 characters!" will appear in the CustomValidator control. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RangeValidator Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The RangeValidator control is used to check that the user enters an input value that falls between two values. It is possible to check ranges within numbers, dates, and characters. Note: The validation will not fail if the input control is empty. Use the RequiredFieldValidator control to make the field required. Note: The validation will not fail if the input value cannot be converted to the data type specified. Use the CompareValidator control, with its Operator property set to ValidationCompareOperator.DataTypeCheck, to verify the data type of the input value. Properties Property Description BackColor The background color of the RangeValidator control ControlToValidate The id of the control to validate Display The display behavior for the validation control. Legal values are: None (the control is not displayed. Used to show the error message only in the ValidationSummary control) Static (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is reserved on the page for the message even if the input passes validation. Dynamic (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is not reserved on the page for the message if the input passes validation EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ErrorMessage The text to display in the ValidationSummary control when validation fails. Note: This text will also be displayed in the validation control if the Text property is not set ForeColor The foreground color of the control id A unique id for the control IsValid A Boolean value that indicates whether the control specified by ControlToValidate is determined to be valid MaximumValue Specifies the maximum value of the input control MinimumValue Specifies the minimum value of the input control runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Type Specifies the data type of the value to check. The types are: Currency Date Double Integer String Text The message to display when validation fails Examples RangeValidator Declare one TextBox control, one Button control, and one RangeValidator control in an .aspx file. If validation fails, the text "The date must be between 1/1/2002 and 31/5/2002!" will be displayed in the RangeValidator control. RangeValidator 2 Declare one TextBox control, one Button control, one Label control, and one RangeValidator control in an .aspx file. The submit() function checks if the page is valid. If it is valid, it returns "The page is valid!" in the Label control. If it is not valid, it returns "The page is not valid!" in the Label control. If validation fails, the text "The value must be from 1 to 100!" will be displayed in the RangeValidator control. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RegularExpressionValidator Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The RegularExpressionValidator control is used to ensure that an input value matches a specified pattern. Note: Both server- and client-side validation are performed unless the browser does not support client-side validation or the EnableClientScript property is set to false. Note: The validation will not fail if the input control is empty. Use the RequiredFieldValidator control to make the field required. Properties Property Description BackColor The background color of the RegularExpressionValidator control ControlToValidate The id of the control to validate Display The display behavior for the validation control. Legal values are: None (the control is not displayed. Used to show the error message only in the ValidationSummary control) Static (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is reserved on the page for the message even if the input passes validation. Dynamic (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is not reserved on the page for the message if the input passes validation EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ErrorMessage The text to display in the ValidationSummary control when validation fails. Note: This text will also be displayed in the validation control if the Text property is not set ForeColor The foreground color of the control id A unique id for the control IsValid A Boolean value that indicates whether the control specified by ControlToValidate is determined to be valid runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" BackColor The background color of the RegularExpressionValidator control Text The message to display when validation fails ValidationExpression Specifies the expression used to validate input control. The expression validation syntax is different on the client than on the server. JScript is used on the client. On the server, the language you have specified is used Example RegularExpressionValidator Declare one TextBox control, one Button control, one Label control, and one RegularExpressionValidator control in an .aspx file. The submit() function checks if the page is valid. If it is valid, it returns "The page is valid!" in the Label control. If it is not valid, it returns "The page is not valid!" in the Label control. If validation fails, the text "The zip code must be 5 numeric digits!" will be displayed in the RegularExpressionValidator control. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET RequiredFieldValidator Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The RequiredFieldValidator control is used to make an input control a required field. With this control, the validation fails if the input value does not change from its initial value. By default, the initial value is an empty string (""). Note: Leading and trailing spaces of the input value are removed before validation. Note: The InitialValue property does not set the default value for the input control. It indicates the value that you do not want the user to enter in the input control. Properties Property Description BackColor The background color of the RequiredFieldValidator control ControlToValidate The id of the control to validate Display The display behavior for the validation control. Legal values are: None (the control is not displayed. Used to show the error message only in the ValidationSummary control) Static (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is reserved on the page for the message even if the input passes validation. Dynamic (the control displays an error message if validation fails. Space is not reserved on the page for the message if the input passes validation EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ErrorMessage The text to display in the ValidationSummary control when validation fails. Note: This text will also be displayed in the validation control if the Text property is not set ForeColor The foreground color of the control id A unique id for the control InitialValue Specifies the starting value of the input control. Default value is "" IsValid A Boolean value that indicates whether the control specified by ControlToValidate is determined to be valid runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" Text The message to display when validation fails Example RequiredFieldValidator Declare two TextBox controls, one Button control, and one RequiredFieldValidator control in an .aspx file. It shows how to use the RequiredFieldValidator control to make the "txt_name" textbox a required field. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com
    • ASP.NET ValidationSummary Control Validation Server Controls Definition and Usage The ValidationSummary control is used to display a summary of all validation errors occurred in a Web page. The error message displayed in this control is specified by the ErrorMessage property of each validation control. If the ErrorMessage property of the validation control is not set, no error message is displayed for that validation control. Properties Property Description DisplayMode How to display the summary. Legal values are: BulletList List SingleParagraph EnableClientScript A Boolean value that specifies whether client-side validation is enabled or not Enabled A Boolean value that specifies whether the validation control is enabled or not ForeColor The fore color of the control HeaderText A header in the ValidationSummary control id A unique id for the control runat Specifies that the control is a server control. Must be set to "server" ShowMessageBox A Boolean value that specifies whether the summary should be displayed in a message box or not ShowSummary A Boolean value that specifies whether the ValidationSummary control should be displayed or hidden Examples Validationsummary Use the ValidationSummary control to write a bulleted list of fields that are required but left empty by the user. Validationsummary 2 Use the ValidationSummary control to display a message box of the fields that are required but left empty by the user. Validation Server Controls Created by www.ebooktutorials.blogspot.in Content Downloaded from www.w3schools.com