Rbi current rates 2012 2013


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Rbi current rates 2012 2013

  1. 1. RBI CURRENT RATES(comparison with last year) 2011 – 2012 APRIL 23 & 2012 – 2013 April 17 Different rates in monetary policy used by RBI
  2. 2. POLICY RATES• Bank Rate : 6.0%• Repo Rate : 6.75%• Reverse Repo Rate : 5.75%As on 2012 April 17• Bank Rate : 9.00%• Repo Rate : 8.00%• Reverse Repo Rate : 7.00%
  3. 3. RESERVE RATIOS• CRR : 6.0%• SLR : 24.0%• CRR : 4.75%• SLR : 24.0%
  4. 4. EXCHANGE RATES• INR / 1 USD : 44.3000• INR / 1 Euro : 64.6900• INR / 100 Jap. YEN : 54.0000• INR / 1 Pound Sterling : 72.9244• INR / 1 USD : 51.5035• INR / 1 Euro : 67.5415• INR / 100 Jap. YEN : 63.3100• INR / 1 Pound Sterling : 81.9884
  5. 5. LENDING/DEPOSIT RATESBase Rate : 7.60% - 8.50%Savings Bank Rate : 3.5%Deposit Rate : 7.00%-8.00%• Base Rate : 10.00%-10.75%• Savings Bank Rate : -• Deposit Rate : 8.50%-9.25%
  6. 6. • Bank rate, also referred to as the discount rate, is the rate of interest which a central bank charges on the loans and advances that it extends to commercial banks and other financial intermediaries. Changes in the bank rate are often used by central banks to control the Money supply
  7. 7. • Repo rate: Whenever the banks have any shortage of funds they can borrow it from the central bank. Repo rate is the rate at which our banks borrow currency from the central bank. A reduction in the repo rate will help banks to get Money at a cheaper rate. When the repo rate increases borrowing from the central bank becomes more expensive. It is more applicable when there is a liquidity crunch in the market. In order to increase the liquidity in the market, the central bank does it.
  8. 8. • The Reverse repo rate is the rate at which the banks park surplus funds with reserve bank, while the Repo rate is the rate at which the banks borrow from the central bank.It is mostly done then,when there is surplus liquidity in the market by the central bank.
  9. 9. • Difference between Bank Rate and Repo Rate• While repo rate is an automatic tax, i.e. applicable to short-term loans and used for controlling the amount of money in the market, bank rate is a long-term measure and is governed by the long-term monetary policies of the governing bank concerned.
  10. 10. • A bank rate is the interest rate that is charged by a country’s central or federal bank on loans and advances to control money supply in the economy and the banking sector. This is typically done on a quarterly basis to control inflation and stabilize the country’s exchange rates. A fluctuation in bank rates triggers a ripple-effect as it impacts every sphere of a country’s economy. For instance, the prices in stock markets tend to react to interest rate changes. A change in bank rates affects customers as it influences prime interest rates for personal loans
  11. 11. • What is Bank rate? Bank Rate is the rate at which central bank of the country (in India it is RBI) extends credit to commercial banks. Bank Rate is a tool, which central bank uses for short-term purposes. Any upward revision in Bank Rate by central bank is an indication that banks should also increase deposit rates as well as Prime Lending Rates. This any revision in the Bank rate indicates could mean more or less interest on your deposits and also an increase or decrease in your EMI.
  12. 12. • Repo (Repurchase) Rate• Repo rate is the rate at which banks borrow funds from the RBI to meet the gap between the demand they are facing for money (loans) and how much they have on hand to lend.• If the RBI wants to make it more expensive for the banks to borrow money, it increases the repo rate; similarly, if it wants to make it cheaper for banks to borrow money, it reduces the repo rate.
  13. 13. • Reverse Repo Rate• This is the exact opposite of repo rate.• The rate at which RBI borrows money from the banks (or banks lend money to the RBI) is termed the reverse repo rate. The RBI uses this tool when it feels there is too much money floating in the banking system• If the reverse repo rate is increased, it means the RBI will borrow money from the bank and offer them a lucrative rate of interest. As a result, banks would prefer to keep their money with the RBI (which is absolutely risk free) instead of lending it out (this option comes with a certain amount of risk)• Consequently, banks would have lesser funds to lend to their customers. This helps stem the flow of excess money into the economy
  14. 14. • Reverse repo rate signifies the rate at which the central bank absorbs liquidity from the banks, while repo signifies the rate at which liquidity is injected
  15. 15. • Bank Rate• This is the rate at which RBI lends money to other banks (or financial institutions ).• The bank rate signals the central bank’s long-term outlook on interest rates. If the bank rate moves up, long-term interest rates also tend to move up, and vice-versa.• Banks make a profit by borrowing at a lower rate and lending the same funds at a higher rate of interest. If the RBI hikes the bank rate (this is currently 6 per cent), the interest that a bank pays for borrowing money (banks borrow money either from each other or from the RBI) increases. It, in turn, hikes its own lending rates to ensure it continues to make a profit.
  16. 16. • Call Rate• Call rate is the interest rate paid by the banks for lending and borrowing for daily fund requirement. Si nce banks need funds on a daily basis, they lend to and borrow from other banks according to their daily or short- term requirements on a regular basis.
  17. 17. • CRR• Also called the cash reserve ratio, refers to a portion of deposits (as cash) which banks have to keep/maintain with the RBI. This serves two purposes. It ensures that a portion of bank deposits is totally risk-free and secondly it enables that RBI control liquidity in the system, and thereby, inflation by tying their hands in lending money