Tourism, Environment andTourism, Environment and
JULY 12 2013JULY 12 2013
KATHMANDU ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROJECTKATHMANDU ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROJECT
Arjun Kumar LimbuArjun Kumar Limbu
& Paul Ostrowski& Paul Ostrowski
E-mail: email@example.comE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PRESENTED BYPRESENTED BY::
Importance : Mountain Environment
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steep, sloping sides and sharp or slightly rounded ridges
-3500 m (SNOWY) – 600 m -1500m -2500m
-About 1/5 world's landscape,
-homes at least 1/10 world's people.
-Tallest known mountain -solar system is Olympus Mons,
located on Mars.
-mountains under the surface of the sea
-Highest Mountain Range: Himalayan
-Longest : Andes of Mountain
-Himalaya = Andes = Rockies = Alps = Karakoram
Elevation : 60 - 8848 m
Geographical Division :
3 geographical zones-
Mountainous & Hilly (75%), Plain.
Immense Altitudinal Changes
Climatic Great Variations
Diversity of Ecosystems: Rich
many high altitude plants medicinal
economic value of
mountain people (Yarsa Gumba)
Nepal at a Glance
Location : In between India & China
Area : 147,181 sq.km
Population : 25 million
People : 101 ethnic groups & 92 dialects
FOOD : DAL-BHAT (carbohydrate n proteineous)
Language : Nepali is the national language.
: English is widely spoken and & understood
Political System : Multi party republic system
Climate : Nepal has four seasons
Winter : December-February
Spring : March – May
Summer : June – August
Autumn : September – November
Elevation : 60 - 8848 meter (Mt. Everest)
1953 May 29 Ascended.
Geographical Division : 3 geographical zones-
Sustainable Mountain Tourism
“meets the need of present generation without
compromising the needs of future
Sustainable Mountain Tourism is defined as state of
development in which quality of life of the
mountain people improves and visitors
satisfaction is enhanced without depleting or
degrading natural resources for future
generations to come.
Mountain Tourism Challenges
CLIMATE CHANGE - Small change has large scale
Natural Disasters: Flooding, droughts and crop
failures, landslides, land degradation, desertification,
GLOF (Glacial Lake Outburst Flooding)
Five GLOF events are known to have occurred in Nepal
between 1977 and 1998. In August 1985 a GLOF from the Dig Tsho
(Langmoche) glacial lake destroyed 14 bridges and caused about US$
1.5 million worth of damage to the nearby completed Namche small
One of Asia’s most rich biodiversity.
wide range of altitude has contributed to abundant and
diverse ecosystem, species and genetic resources.
home of 2% of world’s flowering plants.
4% of the world’s mammals (the largest population of
one horned rhino is found in Chitwan National Park).
8% of the world’s bird populations, among which the
Spiny Babbler is endemic to Nepal.
Out of an estimated 1,000 species of indigenous
medicinal plants approximately 700 species have been
Eight of the world’s 14 highest mountains
found in Nepal
The world’s deepest gorges—the Kali
Gandaki named after the ferocious goddess
Kali, which is also Nepal’s very best river
for white water rafting.
Tilicho Lake (at 5,099m) north of Annapurna
is one of the highest lakes in the world.
Nepal has the world’s second largest
hydroelectric power potential
Nepal—the largest figure declared for conservation
in any country.
16 Protected Areas in Nepal (18% of the total area): 9
National Parks, 3 Wildlife Reserves, 3 Conservation
Areas and 1 Hunting Reserve.
Mountaineering & Adventure
-Around 326 peaks in
Nepal are opened for
-1,310 peaks above 6000
Adventure & Mountaineering
GOOD ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICE
WASTE GENERATION AND DISPOSAL Is it OK?
Protection of waterways
Tourism in Nepal
Who are tourist ?
“People who stay more than one night
in a place other than home”
Who are foreigners ?
“People coming from far off place to
see, experience and learn about a
Tourism is defined as the activity under
taken to cater the tourist”
Photo: Chart Showing Tourist Arrival in Different Year
Support Mountain People and ENVIRONMENT.
Leave nothing but footprints
ake nothing but photographs." old phrase
Leave nothing but Memories
Take nothing but local products." new-KE
-arjun June 11, 2010
Indigeneous knowledge - use of natural resources
Limited people - less resources & alternatives
less outward access to world
Today, sustainable solutions (?)
Major Tourism Products of Nepal
Rich floral and faunal diversity
Cultural and Heritage
Adventure based activities:
-White & black mountains
-Loads of garbage need to be brought down from mountains
-External forces –climate change
-Child Labor, River systems,
-Geographical Maps, Geo tourism
-Carbon issues- aviation (ICAO, UNEP, KEEP in Nepal)
-Natural disasters (Importance in tourism)
-Risk assessment and management
“Sagarmatha is an exceptional area with dramatic
mountains, glaciers and deep valleys, dominated by
Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world (8,848
metres). The Park shelters several rare species, such as the
snow leopard and the lesser panda. The presence of the
Sherpas, with their unique culture, adds further interest
to this site.”
Session of the World Heritage Committee, October 26, 1979:
Distributing Tourism Benefits to Grass-root Mountain People
conservation Management of natural resources
Forest nursery and plantation
Forest, Wildlife Soil and Water Conservation
Research, Survey and Documentation
Solar Water Heater
Fuel wood Saving
A Destination you would not missA Destination you would not miss
Established in 1992
Non Profit, Non Governmental Organization
“Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP) is a
registered non-profit, non-governmental organisation. Our
mission is to ensure the future ecological and cultural
prosperity of Nepal and its people by maximising the
benefits and reducing the negative impacts associated with
• Visitors’ Information Centres
• Tourism Capacity Development Program
• Community Development Program
• Environmental Awareness Program
• Volunteer Program
• Porters’ Welfare Program
-KEEP established Porters’ Clothing Bank (PCB)
in September, 2009 with support from
different international and National
organizations like IPPG, CAN, IMEC, PP-UK,
Mountain Kingdom, UK, WE-UK,
Porter’s Welfare Program
To provide ill-prepared porters with better
clothing suitable for their treks in a mountain
Date of Establishment: 1st September, 2009
Objective: To provide ill-prepared porters with
better clothing, suitable for their treks in a
KEEP PCBKEEP PCB
• Help to minimize occupational health hazard
• Aware tourist,
guides as well as
porters about porters’
role in memorable
trekking, porters right
Improving The Plight of
Porters In Nepal
Govt., Employers, Employee
Backbone of treaking industry
Tipically carry 63%- 93% of
World’s most effective haulers
Unique in the world-most
Most are subsistence farmers in
Porters in Nepal today
REGULATIONS NOT ENFORCED
Profits of tourism NOT trickle
Lack respect due them
Pay not enough
Group 1: The problems were:
Inadequate Equipment& Gears (Rope) : Sunglasses,
No Jacket for raining
No Medicines during trek sick ,
No Insurance from Trekking office
Deport in the middle of Job with some excuses like
problem of insufficient carried food items for
complete trekking groups in mountains. (For 18 days’
agreed job initially, deport us after 5 days- we also
have our plans-they shouldn’t treat us like this, we’d
other better options than to be deported on too
Group 2: The presented problems were:
a) More weight than assigned load (Before trek agreed on
30Kg, later 45-50Kg on field).
b) No clothing sets according to temperature
c) Less salary than agreed/assigned by government
d) Language barrier to speak with tourists even though
there’s a great interest.
e) Improper fooding and lodging
f) No knowledge on Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
even after being victim.
g) No Sunglasses provided for snowy conditions
h) No wind and waterproof jackets, No Proper shoes for
walking in snow
i) Guides are barriers to speak with tourists (Guides
often worry if Porters would benefit more/damage trip
Group 3: Problems presented
a) Heavy Load
b) Less salary
c) No suitable clothes
d) No necessary info, workshops for porters
e) No porters are provided any info regarding trekking.
f) When porters have problems, Guides do not let them
communicate with tourists.
g) No availability of medicines
h) Improper fooding management
i) Hoteliers’ perspective towards ‘Porters’: Treat with us
very inhumanely (We are human too!!)
j) Tips from Guests (Tourists) to Porters is not available to
k) No insurance for Porters
Porters’ situation & Experience
Tamang Heritage trail, porters
shared his problem with all of us. “Few years
back, while expedition to the ‘Meera Peak’ of
height 6476m, I had a severe stomach pain and
I didn’t know what to do or who to be told
about this problem. At times, I felt vomiting as
In Everest trek, I immediately felt down with
loads, foreign tourists gave some medicines,
nepali companies didn’t care me- Jiri Porter
Ways to improve?
Should know things before trekking:
a) Regarding trekking
b) About Standard load weight, and carrying items
c) About Geography and local
Should know things before trekking:
a) Insurance is a must.
b) Knowledge on First Aid
c) Should learn English language
d) What food and accommodation will be provided/available
in trekking route?
e) What shoes, sunglasses and clothing will be
provided/available according to local environmental/
geographical terrain conditions?
Porter registration program
Load + wage standard
bring awareness to gov.to
strengthen legislation regarding
safety for porters
Higher level of service+training
Raise awarness: taking care of
What can we do to address these issues?
Is there anyway ‘Leave no trace’/ ‘Zero
Whose responsibility? Ind gr?
What are the locations needed Environment
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