Tourism and Sustainable Livelihood in Nepal Seminar on Sustainable Livelihood March 1, 2013 ARJUN KUMAR LIMBU Program OfficerKATHMANDU ENVIRONMENTAL EDCUATION PROJECT (KEEP) www.keepnepal.org
PRESENTATION TOPICS• TOURISM AND NEPAL• KEEP & STRATEGIC APPROACH FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD• KEEP’S INITIATIVES FOR LIVELIHOOD IN NEPAL• CHALLENGES and Conflicts
Tourism AND Nepal13 December 2012 UN– As the estimated number oftourists travelling this year hits a record 1 billion today,focused on world tourism unveiled a tip-laden campaignaimed at letting travellers know how they can best benefitthe people and places they visit.Buy local-UNWTO – winning piece of adviceDespite global economic uncertainty, international tourismcontinued to grow in 2012,one of the world’s largest economic sectors.Nepal – considered tourism as economic opportunities.
Travel in NepalPhoto: Chart Showing Tourist Arrival in Different Year
NEPAL – FROM WORLD’S VIEWWanderlust Travel Awards 2001, UK (2nd position in top country category)Modern Maturity, America’s largest circulated magazine (quotedThe Annapurna Trail-one of the best 12 walks of world)Observer Travel Award 2002, UK (2nd position in favorite long hauldestination)BBC Holiday – 50 place too see before you die (the heights of theHimalayas ranked Nepal 30th position)Lonely Planet ‘Drained along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, theKingdom of Nepal is a land of subline scenery, time-worn temples, and some ofthe best walking trails on earth”1st – In TTF Award, IndiaMUSTANG – 3 rd most best destination for 2013 ( lonelyplanet)
KEEEstablished in 1992 PNon Profit, Non Governmental OrganizationNon Profit, Non Governmental Organization Mission Ensure the future ecological and cultural prosperity of Nepal and its people by maximising the benefits and reducing the negative impacts associated with tourism.”
KEEP: Strategic ApproachDirect involvement of International and local stakeholders work in local community issues to benefit (direct/indirect) in common mission. -Helping Tourism Work for Nepal
Major Activities• Visitors’ Information Centres• Tourism Capacity Development Program• Community Development Program• Environmental Awareness Program• Volunteer Program• Porters’ Welfare Program
Visitors’ Information CentresFREE trekking information from our experts on-Where to trekMountain safetyHow to be an environmentally friendly trekkerHow to leave a positive cultural impact on NepalPROMOTING Nepal in International arenas.-Tourists season – about 50 travelers.Impact in Sustainable Livelihood: (Local economy)-Encouraging on ‘Buy Local Product’ in Rural areas.-Trek in off-the beaten route.-Hire Local Guide / Porter. ( Provide TIPS)
700,000 2012TOURISM – LOCAL LIVELIHOOD - GIVE JOB TO LOCAL GUIDE/ PORTERhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/activityandadventure/9456344/Nepal-to-ban-independent-trekking.html
Tourism Capacity Development Program•ELC / French / First Aid / Eco-leadership / Porters Workshop – 3000 ppl•For better livelihood• Taking into rural areas.• Clients’ Mother tongue speaker-> Job• Up-gradation with eco-leadership quality (A guide becomes - > Company Director)•Human Rights – Tourism Porters issues. (Wh ? Low-pay, fatalities, discrimination RAISE VOICE.
-Come as a guest, go as a family – Strategic Approach -Return Rate and Duration of stay (high)
Community Development Program- WASH-School infrastructure Construction, school suppliesEducation sectorImpact: - Bring Changes in behaviours ( Sanitation ) - Social Integration/Disintegration - Encourage in School children attendance. - More inquisitiveness in school children. (long term and indirect development)
100 % 100 %Economy Livelihood 0% Tourist TC RC 0% Tourism Mobility Conceptual Framework for Sustainable Livelihood through Tourism
TOURISTS -> Companies -> Rural People livelihoodGood quality Tourism-sector human resources for Nepal (?)-Capacity Deve. Is essential to build their CONFIDENCE limit.For better livelihood : Economy driven -Training - local TOURISM PRODUCTS - SKILLS DEVELOPMENT