Louis sullivan

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Presentation on famous American architect Louis Sullivan. Also includes some of his works.

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Louis sullivan

  1. 1. father of skyscrapers father of modernism One of the recognized trinity of American architecture LOUIS HENRY SULLIVAN Form follows function “ ”
  2. 2. About…. Born September 3, 1856 Boston,Massachuset ts,USA. studied Masatuset institute of Architecture Influenced by Henry Hobson Richardson Influenced Frank LloydWright Died April 14, 1924 (aged 67) Chicago, Illinois,U.S.
  3. 3. chronology 1856 born to Irish/Swiss immigrants In Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. 1872 Attents Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology (MIT) 1874 leaves for Paris to study further at the Ecole des Beaux Arts 1888 Frank LloydWright joins the Adler/Sullivan firm. 1889 Auditorium Building 1924 Passed away
  4. 4. LOUIS HENRY SULLIVAN 192 3 187 9 187 0 189 5
  5. 5. design Sullivan's philosophy that "form follows function" became one of the basic principles of twentieth century architecture, and was one of the foundations of Prairie School style Ornament and structure were integral; their subtle rhythm sustained a high emotional tension, yet produced a sense of serenity. But the building's identity resided in the ornament.
  6. 6. design He uses simple GEOMETRIC FORMS But highly ORNAMENTAL
  7. 7. design decorated with ORGANIC SYMBOLISM ornamentationbased on
  8. 8. design Sullivan developed a style of ornamentation reflected nature through symmetrical use of stylized foliage & weaving geometric forms
  9. 9. design MANIPULATION OFTHE ORGANIC SIMPLE LEAF- FORMS COMPOUND LEAF- FORMS
  10. 10. design
  11. 11. design
  12. 12. design
  13. 13. design Another signature element of Sullivan's work is the massive, semi-circular arch. Sullivan employed such arches throughout his career—in shaping entrances, in framing windows, or as interior design.
  14. 14. design various TERRA COTTA DECOR AT ION i n d o n e b y L . S u l l i v a n
  15. 15. Major works Public buildings Auditorium Building,1989 Chicago, illinois
  16. 16. Major works office buildings Wainwright Building St. Louis (1890) Guaranty Building (formerly Prudential Building) Buffalo,NY (1894)
  17. 17. Major worksBank buildings National Farmer's Bank , Owatonna, Minnesota(1908) People's Federal Savings and Loan Association, Sidney, Ohio(1917) Farmers and Merchants Union Bank, Columbus, Wisconsin(1919 ) Merchants' NationalBank, Grinnell, Iowa(1914)
  18. 18. Major works churches Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Cathedral and Rectory, Chicago (1900–1903) Pilgrim Baptist Church(1890), Chicago, Illinois
  19. 19. Major works Martin Ryerson Tomb 1889 Chicago, Illinois Wainwright Tomb 1892 St. Louis, Missouri Carrie Eliza Getty Tomb Chicago, Illinois, Tombs
  20. 20. (PRUDENTIAL BUILDING)
  21. 21. Guaranty Building Buffalo, State of New York Year(s) of construction: 1895-1896 Architects: Louis H. Sullivan and DankmarAdler Function: Office Building Present name Prudential Building No. of Floors: 13 Height: 46 m
  22. 22. plan 1ST FLOOR in 1897
  23. 23. plan 1ST FLOOR Restored in 1984
  24. 24. plan typical UPPER FLOORS
  25. 25. design The structure was built entirely of steel Ornaments :most defining characteristics Combines masonry with terra cotta used strong vertical lines to emphasize their verticality
  26. 26. design the ornament of the glass windows
  27. 27. Guaranty Building The elaborately decorated terra cotta cornice
  28. 28. Guaranty Building Ornaments of a column capital
  29. 29. Guaranty Building A Floral detail on the wall
  30. 30. Guaranty Building Arch at the entrance
  31. 31. Guaranty Building - interior
  32. 32. Guaranty Building - interior
  33. 33. AUDITORIUM BUILDING Chicago, Illinois
  34. 34. AUDITORIUM BUILDING
  35. 35. AUDITORIUM BUILDING Year(s) of construction: 1889 Architects: Sullivan and DankmarAdler Function: Auditorium Style: Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements No. of Floors: 13 Height: 46 m
  36. 36. AUDITORIUM BUILDING auditorium was designed so that all seats would have good views and acoustics FLOOR PLAN
  37. 37. AUDITORIUM BUILDING Longitudinal section looking south LONGITUDINAL SECTION
  38. 38. AUDITORIUM BUILDING ELEVATION EAST
  39. 39. AUDITORIUM BUILDING VIEW
  40. 40. AUDITORIUM BUILDING ELEVATION SOUTH
  41. 41. AUDITORIUM BUILDING The raft foundation distributes the weight of the massive outer walls over a large area The theatre, created to hold up to 4,200 audience members, today can hold 3,877 people during a single performance. The building was equipped with the first central air conditioning system & the theater was the first to be entirely lit by incandescent light bulbs Auditorium interior from balcony, an old photo
  42. 42. AUDITORIUM BUILDING
  43. 43. AUDITORIUM BUILDING Ceiling is constructed in such a way that it doesn’t reflect large amount of incident sound energy; but absorbs Ceiling detail of the auditorium building Arcaded façade on the eastern sideCapital detail of a column within the auditorium
  44. 44. Grinnell, State of Iowa, USA merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk
  45. 45. Year(s) of construction: 1914 Architects: Louis Sullivan& Stewart- Robison-Laffan Function: Bank Building Architectural Late 19th And Styles Early 20th Century American Movements, Other Status National Historic Landmark merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk
  46. 46. design Façade of the bank
  47. 47. Structurally the building is a rectangular box It is one of a series of small banks designed by Louis Sullivan in the Midwest between 1909 and 1919. All of the banks are built of brick and for this structure he employed various shades of brick merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk
  48. 48. built of various shades of brick, ranging in color from blue-black to golden brown, giving it an overall reddish brown appearance a series of stained glass windows on the eastern facade Light is introduced into the interior by these windows and a sky light the oversized cartouche that surrounds a circular window merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk
  49. 49. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk The cornice design
  50. 50. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk design above the ground floor windows
  51. 51. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk The entrance portal and decorative designs
  52. 52. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk oversized cartouche that surrounds a circular window
  53. 53. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk Lion griffin beside door of Merchants' National Bank
  54. 54. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk
  55. 55. merchAnts’ nAtionAl bAnk Circular window On the facade colored glass skylight on ceiling glass windows on the eastern facade
  56. 56. "the most sensitive and the most graceful of Sullivan's tombs" and as "one of Sullivan's masterpieces."
  57. 57. Wainwright Tomb constructed for Charlotte Dickson Wainwright Location:Bellefontaine Cemetery 4947W. Florissant Ave. St. Louis, MO, USA The tomb is a domed cubic building with walls of concrete covered in limestone on the exterior
  58. 58. Wainwright Tomb FLOOR PLAN PLAN - 1/4 OF THE CEILING
  59. 59. Wainwright Tomb TRANSVERSE SECTION SIDE ELEVATION
  60. 60. Wainwright Tomb The interior of the tomb has two burial slabs and a mosaic floor and ceiling
  61. 61. Wainwright Tomb entrance with a double-leafed bronze grill
  62. 62. Wainwright Tomb The sides of the tomb each have windows, also covered in bronze grills
  63. 63. Wainwright Tomb
  64. 64. courtesy
  65. 65. references The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. NewYork: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230- 2539-X. NA40.I45. p149-150. http://www.hodgsonruss.com/Home/Offices/GuarantyBuilding http://exhibits.slpl.org/steedman/data/Steedman240089386.asp?thread=240091124 http://www.prairiestyles.com/lsullivan.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Sullivan http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Auditorium_Building.html http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/sidney/sidney.html

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