Unit IV- Western Asia Reporter: Ar Joi Corneja-Proctan Ma.Ed. Social Studies
Western Asia, West Asia, SouthwestAsia or Southwestern Asia• describe the westernmost portion of Asia.• partly coterminous with the Middle East, which describes a geographical position in relation to Western Europe rather than its location within Asia.• due to this perceived Eurocentrism, international organizations such as the United Nations, have replaced Middle East and Near East with Western Asia.• This region and Europe are collectively referred to as Western Eurasia.
TURKEY BAHRAIN KUWAIT OMAN Ankara Manama Kuwait City Muscat TURKEY Islam BAHRAIN Islam KUWAIT Islam OMAN Islam Turkish Arabic Arabic Arabic QATAR SAUDI ARABIA UNITED ARAB YEMEN Doha SAUDI Riyadh UNITED ARAB EMIRATES San’aQUATAR Abu Dhabi YEMEN Islam ARABIA Islam EMIRATES Islam Islam Arabic Arabic Arabic Arabic ARMANIA AZARBAIJAN GEORGIA CYPRUS Yerevan Baku Tbilisi NicosiaARMANIA Christian AZARBAJAN Islam GEORGIA Christian CYPRUS OrthodoxArmanian Azerbaijani Georgian Greek/Turkish IRAQ ISRAEL JORDAN LEBANON Bghdad Jerusalem Amman Beirut IRAQ Islam ISRAEL Judaism JORDAN Islam LEBANON Islam Arabic Hebrew Arabic Arabic SYRIA IRAN AFGHANISTAN EGYPTDamascus Tehran Kabul Cairo SYRIA IRAN AFGHANISTAN EGYPT Islam Islam Islam Islam Arabic Farsi Pushtu Arabic
Geography• is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is ruled by the Al Khalifa royal family.Topography• Bahrain is a generally flat and arid archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia. It consists of a low desert plain rising gently to a low central escarpment with the highest point the 134 m (440 ft) Mountain of Smoke (Jabal ad Dukhan).Climate• Bahrain has mild winters and very hot, humid summers.• Dust storms from Iraq and Saudi Arabia transported by northwesterly winds cause reduced visibility in the months of June and July.
• Bahrain is sometimes described as "Middle East lite“ due to its combination of modern infrastructure with a Persian Gulf identity.• Islam is the main religion, Bahrainis are known for their tolerance towards the practice of other faiths.• In common with the rest of the Muslim world, though Bahrain has take strong strides for womens rights, it does not recognise lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights• Another facet of the new openness is Bahrains status as the most prolific book publisher in the Arab world, with 132 books published in 2005 for a population of 700,000.
Iraq• a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.• Iraq borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (36 mi) on the northern Persian Gulf. The capital city, Baghdad is in the center-east of the country.