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characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt
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characteristics of the family Orchidaceae ppt

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  • 1. ORCHIDACEAE
  • 2. GROUP MEMBERS: MICHELLE BAILEY MARK BASTIAN REHANA FAREED SHEBIKI JEFFREY THESIA KING BHAVINA POORAN KIMBERLY SANGSTER
  • 3. ORCHID FAMILY (ORCHIDACEAE) Largest family of flowering plants Terrestrial, epiphytic, or saprophytic herbs Orchid flowers come in different colours except black Example of an orchid is Vanilla planifolia, native to Mexico and Central America
  • 4. Habitat & Distribution  Second most widely distributed plants in the world after grasses  Mainly found in warm, moist places  Also found in dry or seasonally cold environments such as savannahs and semideserts  Found in rainforests, swamps  Worldwide (except Antarctica): mostly tropics in countries such as Guyana, Venezuela and Brazil; even the Arctic Circle and Africa
  • 5. Parts of an Orchid Flower
  • 6. General Characteristics of Orchids: Pedicel Calyx Petals
  • 7. Characteristics of Orchids: Distinguishing characteristics of the orchid are found in the flower. • The petal aka lip or labellum is opposite the fertile stamen. • The fertile stamen or stamens are on one side of the flower opposite the lip, making the flower bilaterally symmetrical. • The pistil is in the middle of the flower. • Single anther is retained at the top of the column to form a cap-like structure (in most orchids).
  • 8. Characteristics of Orchids (con’t):  Reduced filaments, anthers, style and stigma; fused into one structure called the column
  • 9. Characteristics of Orchids (con’t): Stigma is in the form of a shallow depression on the inner sides of the column. In the bud, the lip is oriented upward but as the flower matures, it usually ends up downward; process called resupination. Outer whorl: 3 sepals Inner whorl: 3 petals
  • 10. Characteristics of Orchids (con’t):  Rostellum (flap of tissue covered with sticky stigmatic liquid) separates the stigma and anther.  Primitive orchids – pollinia (contains many pollen) stick to stigmatic fluid on the insects’ backs because the orchids contain no rostellum.  Advanced orchids – pollinia caudicles are already attached to the rostellum; a portion comes off as a sticky pad known as the viscidium
  • 11. Characteristics of Orchids (con’t):  Fruits are dry capsules; small, numerous, dust-like seeds that lack an endosperm (wind dispersal)  The seeds depend on fungus since the fungus penetrates the seed and provides it with nutrients to germinate and grow.  Orchids contain several types of nectaries, including the extrafloral types. Floral fragrances are diverse, from quite sweet to the smell of rotting liver.  Some nectaries are located on the side lobes of the lip and secretion along the groove of the lip occurs.
  • 12. Economic Importance of Orchids  They are used mainly as ornamentals (to beautify the environment).  Their sweet extracts can be used in perfume production.  Orchids are used as food in Indonesia.  Orchids have medicinal value in China and Japan.  Several species of orchids are used as a glue substitute (derived from the pseudobulbs).
  • 13. References:  Raskoti, B. B.; 2013; Orchid Distribution; http://www.ionopsis.com/distribution.htm; 22/09/2013  Welch-Keesey, M.; 2013; Just the Facts about Orchids; http://www.indyzoo.com/SiteAssets/pdfs/Handou tA-OrchidFacts.pdf; 22/09/2013

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