IT in education<br />Arindam Das<br />Sec-D, PGPBM<br />ISB&M-Kolkata<br />
What is IT ?<br />Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." <br />IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information.<br />Now a days Information Technology (IT) is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. Presumably, when speaking of Information Technology (IT) as a whole, it is noted that the use of computers and information are associated.<br />
Using IT in education sector<br />Various uses<br />Developing a wide network using concepts like ‘Internet Communication Technology’, ‘Education Collaboration Network’<br />Virtual classroom concept<br />Development of easily understandable models and audio-visual content<br />Using networking and applications for better and efficient use of resources and better management<br />Benefits<br />Increasing the reach of quality education and improvement in distance education concept<br />Audio-Visual learning experience<br />Better co-ordination among education institutes and teachers leading to development and expansion of knowledge-pool<br />Improved special education<br />Easy availability of wide variety of quality educational resources<br />Improved teacher training <br />
Indian education scenario..some information<br />All data presented are of 2004-05<br />Source: MHRD<br />Source: MHRD<br />Marks obtained by students<br />Source: SES, MHRD<br />Source: NCERT<br />
Some uncomfortable truths: Primary Education<br />
IT..current usage<br />Greycells 18 Media, a JV between ‘TV18’ and education service company ‘educomp’ launched a 24hr. channel ‘Topper TV ’, for senior school students.<br /> The channel has faculty from IITS, IIMS and foreign university. It is broadcasted using DTH Services. Subscription of students is between 40,000-90,000 already.<br />Everron systems Chennai, has signed an MOU with IIM Indore for offering management programmers using theVSAT Technology.<br />
IT..current usage<br />Srinivas Adepalli senior VP, Tata communications wants to launch educational courses for engineering and management courses through net using the help from Pune based Tata management training centre<br />Amity university has launched youth TV, to cater to students needs.<br />Virtual classrooms like ‘extramarks.com’ and ‘classroomteachers.com’ will touch 8.5 million households by 2010 as estimated remarked V.K.Arora director (electronic and system administrator head) of IGNOU.<br />
VidyaVahini<br />It is govt. initiative to connect 60,000 govt. & govt. funded senior secondary schools on internet and intranet. Though currently it is operated as a pilot project in 140 schools of 7 districts.<br />Program focuses:<br /><ul><li>Providing ICT infrastructure
Internet access of 128 Kbps through VSAT</li></li></ul><li>VidyaVahini…basic model<br /><ul><li>Technology room: One of the classrooms has been converted into the Technology Classroom with facilities like one PC interfaced with 29” Flat Screen Color TV with internet connectivity
Teacher’s training lab: A teacher training lab, a replica of the installed infrastructure is created every district to train teachers</li></ul> Source: Dept. of education<br />
VidyaVahini…central authority<br />The entire project has been implemented by ERNET India, an Autonomous Scientific society under Department of Information Technology. <br />ERNET is a nodal network connecting education and research institutions in the country.<br />A Central Portal (www.vidyavahini.ernet.in) has been hosted. The Portal contains-<br />
EDUSAT<br />EDUSAT is the first Indian satellite built exclusively to serve the educational sector.<br />EDUSAT or GSAT-3 was launched in September 2004 by the Indian Space Research Organization<br />EDUSAT carries five Ku band transponders providing spot beams, one Ku band transponder providing a national beam and six extended C band transponders providing national coverage beams<br />A joint-initiative by IIT-Bombay & ISRO was launched on Jan1,2008 using EDUSAT network.<br />
EDUSAT..contd.<br />It started with 13 full-fledged courses on this channel and other institutes(e.g. other IITs, NITs, etc.) are enabled to receive it.<br />Other institutes joining the program will be provided with ground equipments<br />In this network, ISRO already set up 45 broadcast & interactive network covering 20 states including North-Eastern states and Islands.<br />More than 30,000 classrooms have been equipped with connectivity through EDUSAT.<br />
A survey…<br />We decided to do a survey about this topic, the purpose was-<br /><ul><li>To gauge the mood of PG students of our institution as they represent a mix of youths from different states.
Collect some primary data about perception of students about use of IT in education.
The following are the details results of the survey- </li></ul>Sample size: 30, All PGPBM students of ISB&M<br />Questionnaire consisted of 10 question<br />Likert’s scale was used for taking responses, i.e. as follows<br />
Findings<br />Some key problem areas in Indian education system are as follows<br /><ul><li>Performance: Only 6% of students continue studies up to collegiate level and most of those who continue are poor in English, Science and Maths. According to DPEP Baseline survey extent of repetition in grade I is as high as 30-40% in some states.
Teacher training: Large number of teachers are under-qualified and many more need professional training.
Teacher-Student ratio:</li></li></ul><li>Findings..contd.<br /><ul><li>Quality of material: Text books are updated infrequently and contain many errors. No collaborative feedback mechanism for gathering inputs from teachers & students
Data: Though there is some system in place to collect data about primary education but no such thing present for other levels. So all planning are based on performance of individual institutes which is difficult and inefficient.
Lack of support materials: Teachers are not equipped with any supplementary helps and no system is in place to share resources and ideas.
No standardized system of evaluation of performance.
Distribution system of books are inefficient and education is totally dependent on this conventional material</li></li></ul><li>Probable IT solutions<br />
ECN-Architecture<br />Figure: A physical view of ECN<br />
ECN-Architecture..contd.<br />Architecture of the system will be ‘Client-Server Architecture’<br />Software will be split between computer processes called ‘client task’ and ‘server task’<br />Client side will have facilities like ‘offline content access’, ‘content authoring and collaboration’ depending upon he infrastructural support<br />Client will be able to send and receive data from one or more server <br />System will be independent of any hardware and operating system limitation<br />
ECN-Architecture..contd.<br />All clients together will be able to support different level of IT maturity<br />Range will be from high-speed connectivity and high awareness users to limited connectivity and users with rudimentary IT knowledge<br /><ul><li>Servers provide back-end support for different clients</li></li></ul><li>ECN-Architecture..contd.<br />