PREGNANCY The period from conception to birth. After the egg is fertilize by a sperm and then implanted in the lining of the uterus, it develops into the placenta and embryo, and later into the fetus. Pregnancy usually lasts 40 weeks, beginning from the first day of the woman’s last menstrual period, and is divided into three trimester, each lasting three months.
Birthing is an experiential journey. Each birth is like a rebirth for the mother.Letting go opens us to the special energy of birthing. Letting go makes us trust our bodies. It makes us live in the moment, In the joy, In the pain, In the sorrow. Letting go we are in our power, Doing the most female of things, Birthing our babies. ( Laing, 1994 )
How dopregnancylook like?
PREGNANCY FACTS • A normal pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks and is grouped into three trimesterF • Symptoms of early pregnancy include the absence of menstrual period, breast changes, tiredness, nausea, mood swings or otherA symptomsC • A pregnancy test measures the hormones human chorionic gonadotropin in the urine or blood.T • By the end of 37 weeks, a baby is considered full term and its organs are ready to function on their own.S • Babies at birth typically weight between 6 pounds 2 ounces and 9 pounds 2 ounces and are 19 to 21 inches long. Most full-term babiesfall within these rangers.
A MISSED PERIOD FOOD MORNING CRAVING SICKNESS ALTEREDDARKENING SENSE OF OF YOUR AREOLAS 9 SIGNS TASTEIMPLANTATION TENDER, BLEEDING OR SWOLLEN CRAMPING BREASTS FREQUENT FATIGUE URINATION
FOOD CRAVINGDo not rely on them as a sure symptoms (it maybe all in yourhead) but if craving are accompanied by some of the othersymptoms on this list, start counting the days from your lastperiod.DARKENING OF YOUR AREOLASIf your skin around your nipples get darker, you may havesuccessfully conceived, though this may also signal of ahormonal imbalance unrelated to pregnancy or be the leftovereffect from previous pregnancy.IMPLANTATION BLEEDING OR CRAMPINGAbout 8 days after ovulation, they may experienceimplantation spotting, a slight staining of a pink or browncolor, as well as some cramping. This is cause by theburrowing into the endometrial lining.
FREQUENT URINATIONOnce the embryo implants and begins producing the hormonehuman chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), she may find herselfgoing to the bathroom more often.FATIGUEFeeling tired? No, make that exhausted. High level of hormoneprogesterone can make women feel as if they’ve run a marathonwhen all they’ve done is put in a day at the office. Fatigue is ahallmark of early pregnancy.TENDER, SWOLLEN BREASTS• If a woman pregnant, her breast will probably become increasingly tender to the touch, similar to the way they feel before her period, only more so. Once her body grows accustomed to the hormone surge, the pain will subside.
ALTERED SENSE OF TASTEWomen may notice that their sense of taste changes. Somewomen say they have a metallic taste in their mouth, others thatmay cannot stand the taste of coffee, tea or food they usuallylike.MORNING SICKNESSif a woman lucky, morning sickness won’t hit her until a fewweeks after conception. But as early as a couple of daysfollowing conception, she may begins feeling nauseated andqueasy.A MISSED PERIODIf women are usually pretty regular and their period are late, itis worth trying pregnancy test. A missed period is the surestsign of pregnancy in a woman of childbearing age who usuallyhas regular periods.
THIRD TRIMESTER SECOND (WEEK 29- TRIMESTER WEEK 40) (WEEK 12 – WEEK 28) FIRSTTRIMESTER (WEEK 1- WEEK 12) STAGES
FIRST TRIMESTER• Body undergoes many changes. Hormonal changes effect almost every organ system in your body.• Period stopping is a clear sign of pregnancy• Other changes may include: Extreme tiredness Tender, swollen breast Upset stomach Craving for certain foods Mood swing headache heartburn• Might need to make changes to daily routine. Fortunately, most of this discomfort will go away as pregnancy progresses.
SECOND TRIMESTER• The symptoms like nausea and fatigue are going away.• Abdomen will expand as the baby continues to grow.• Before this trimester is over, the movement of the baby can be feel.• As body changes to make room for growing baby, may have: Body aches stretch mark on abdomen, breast, thigh or buttock Darkening of skin around nipple Numb or tingling hand Itching on abdomen, palms and sole of the feet
THIRD TRIMESTER• Some of the same discomfort in second trimester will continue.• Find breathing difficulty and notice have to go to the bathroom more often. This because the baby is getting bigger and it is putting more pressures on organs• Some new body changes might notice in third trimester include: Shortness of breath heartburn Swelling of the ankle, finger and face Belly button may stick out Trouble sleeping
4 weeks 8 weeks 12 weeksBaby’s brain and spinal All major organs and The nerve and musclecord have begun to external body structures have work together andform. Also the heart. have begun to form. the baby can make a fist.Arm and leg buds Baby’s heart beats with The external sex organsappear. The baby is now a regular rhythm. The show if the baby is aan embryo and one- eyes have moved boy/girl. Head growthtwenty-fifth inches long. forward on the face and has slowed and the eyelids have form. baby is much longer at about 3 inches long.
16 weeks 20 weeks 24 weeksMuscle tissue and bone The baby is more active Bone narrow begins tocontinue to form, and covered by fine, make blood cells.creating a more downy hair and a Footprint andcomplete skeleton. Skin waxing coating called fingerprint have form.form. The baby makes vernix. The baby can Real hair begins to growsucking motion with the hear and swallow. on baby’s head. Lungmouth. are formed but do not work. Baby sleep and wake regularly.
37-4032 weeks 36 weeks weeksBaby’s kicks and jabs The protecting waxy Baby is considered fullare forceful. The eye can coating called vernix get term. Organs areopen and close and thicker. Body fats function on their own.sense changes in light. increase and is about 16- As near due date, babyLungs are not fully 19 inches long and may turn into head-formed but practice weight about 6 pounds. down position for birth.breathing movementoccur. Baby is gainingweight quickly.
Should eat differently now pregnant ?
It is important to eat well. This will make sure a mum-to-be gets all the nutrients and her developing baby needs
FRUITS ANDVEGETABLESAim for at least five portions each day STARCHY FOODThese include bread, pasta, rice and tomato. Choose wholegrain options
FOOD RICH IN PROTEINInclude lean meat and chicken, fish, egg and pulses. Aim for at least 2 portion of fish a weekDAIRY FOODInclude milk, cheese and yoghurt which contain calcium
HOW TOHANDLE DIET ?
Women tended to be dissatisfied with their body image after pregnancy thanthey were before pregnancy. Whether or not their postpartum had changed.There were also some evidence that the lifestyle changes which accompanypregnancy and motherhood increase some women’s vulnerability to eatingdisorder ( Harris et al., 1999 )