Cardiac failure(4)

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Cardiac failure(4)

  1. 1. Welcome to (Program Name)
  2. 2. CARDIAC FAILURE (RIGHT, LEFT OR BOTH) Definition: Cardiac failure means inability of the heart to meet the needs of the tissues.
  3. 3. CAUSES OF HEART FAILURE MYOCARDIAL DYSFUNCTION  IHD  HYPERTENSION  CARDIOMYOPATHY.
  4. 4. EXCESSIVELY ELEVATED PRELOAD (VENOUS RETURN) VALVULAR REGURGITATION, I.E.  MITRAL REGURGITATION  AROTIC REGURGITATION
  5. 5. EXCESSIVE AFTER LOAD AROTIC STENOSIS HYPERTENSION.
  6. 6. OBLIGATORY HIGH OUTPUT  ANAEMIA  THYROTOXICOSIS  PAGETS DISEASE  AV-SHUNTS  BERIBERI
  7. 7. COMPROMISED VENTRICULAR FILING  RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY  CONSTRUCTIVE PERICARDITIS  PERICARDIAL EFFUSION
  8. 8. DISTURBED RHYTHM  ATRIAL FIBRILLATION  TACHYCARDIA  HEART BLOCK
  9. 9. FACTORS INVOLVED IN HEART FAILURE  VENOUS RETURN  RESISTANCE COTRCTILITY  MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTILITY  SALT AND WATER RETENTION
  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION  HEART FAILURE MAY BE  LT SIDED  RT SIDED  BOTH SIDED
  11. 11. LEFT VENTRICULAR FAILURE  HYPERTENSION  CORONARY ARTERIOSCLEROSIS  AORTIC VALVULAR DISEASE  MITRAL REGURGITATION  MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION  CARDIOMYOPATHY
  12. 12. SYMPTOM  ORTHOPNOEA DEVELOPS PAROXYSMAL  DYSPNOEA OF VARIABLE DEGREE  NOCTURNAL EXTERNAL FATIGUE  WEAKNESS  DYSPNOEA >> P.T.O
  13. 13. SYMPTOM  COUGH WITH EXPECTORATION WHICH MAY BE FROTHY, WHITE OR PINK  LEFT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY  RALES IN BOTH LUNGS  NOCTURIA  CYANOSIS
  14. 14. RIGHT VENTRICULAR FAILURE  COR-PULMONALE SECONDARY TO INTRINSIC LUNG DISEASE  SECONDARY TO LEFT VENTRICULAR FAILURE  MITRAL STENOSIS  TRICUSPID VALVULAR DISEASE  EISENMENGER’S SUNDROME
  15. 15. BOTH SIDED FAILURE  HYPERTHYROIDISM  BERIBERI  SEVERE ANEMIA
  16. 16. Good Luck

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