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Bukovina

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folklor heritage

folklor heritage

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  • 1. BUKOVINAI
    SZÉKELYEK
    Ariatta pps
    Music - Sebestyén Márta –Hidegen fújnak a szelek
  • 2. Mádéfalvi emlékmű makettje
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  • 30. Székelys of Bukovina
    The Székelys of Bukovina are a minor Hungarianethnic groupwith a special history. Today they live in Tolna and Baranya counties of Hungary, in Hunedoara Countyin Romania and in the Serbianprovince of Vojvodina
  • 31. In the second half of the 18th century some Székelygroups emigrated from Transylvania to the Province of Bukovina, where they established new villages and kept their unique culture and folk traditions until the 20th century. The cause of the emigration was the organisation of the Székely Frontier Zone by the Habsburg Empire that endangered the ancient privileges and rights of the Székelys. The Székelys protested against the forced conscriptions but their gathering in Madéfalva (now Siculeni) was dispersed by the Austrian General Siskovics in 7 January 1764. In the so-called Massacre of Madéfalva or Siculicidiummore than 400 Székelys were killed. After that approximately 1000 Székelys emigrated to Bukovina which was then part of Moldavia a suzerain of the Ottoman Empire.
    After northern Bukovina was occupied by Austria in 1774 a new wave of migration began. In 1776 100 Székely families settled down in the sparsely populated territory. In 1784 and 1786 more than 200 families arrived with the help of Emperor Joseph II of Austria and Count AndrásHadik the Governor of Transylvania. The villages of the Székelys of Bukovina were: Istensegíts ("God help us!", now Ţibeni), Fogadjisten ("Accept God's will!", now Iacobeşti, Józseffalva (now Vornicenii Mari), Hadikfalva (now Dorneşti) and Andrásfalva (Măneuţi).