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# Philippine Population

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### Philippine Population

1. 1. PHILIPPINE POPULATION
2. 2. Population Population is a group of similar species living in a certain place at the same time  Population is the interaction between the organisms that causes a population to change.  DEMOGRAPHY – is the science that deals with age, size, distribution, and number of births and deaths of human population.
3. 3. Characteristics of Population: 1. Size 2. Density 3. Distribution
4. 4. Characteristics of Population 1. Size  Pertains to the number of individuals in a population Factors that Contribute to the Size of a Population: 1. Natality – the number of species that are born 2. Mortality – the number of species that die 3. Migration – the transfer of species from one place to another a. Immigration – the number of species that entered the land. People who move to a place add to the population. b. Emigration – the number of species that leave the land lessen the population of that place.
5. 5. Characteristics of Population 2. Density  Refers to the number of persons living per square kilometer which can be computed as:  Population density increases when the factors are favorable to the population and decreases when they are unfavorable.  Population density may vary from year to year and is determined by external factors
6. 6. Characteristics of Population 3. Distribution  The arrangement of the individuals of a population within a particular space.  Random Distribution – There is no specific order in random distribution, the organism is spread throughout the area without an over-all pattern.  Uniform Distribution – the organism are evenly distributed over an area.  Clumped Distribution – the organism are concentrated in an area. It may offer the population protection from enemies.
7. 7. Reasons why Filipino have an Immense Growth of Population Tradition of having big families  Question of Gender  The male macho image  Educational background Unsatisfactory/Ineffective family relationship  Economic reasons  Contraceptive methods  
8. 8. Problems on Population Growth in the Philippines Environmental problem Increase in population means increase in waste materials thrown in the environment and there is a greater degradation and deterioration of nature.  Social problem Over population may result to prostitution, drug addiction, crime, juvenile delinquency, suicide and others due to lack of opportunity to have a nice stable job because of too much competition.  Economic problem The economists consider population growth a problem because it hinders the country’s effort to satisfy the needs of the citizens.  Educational problem It is a problem when the Philippine government cannot provide enough education, classrooms, school facilities, education materials even qualified teachers.     
9. 9. Problems on Population Growth in the Philippines Health problem The health condition of the people is being affected due to adverse conditions: prevalence of disease, epidemics and undernourishment.  Spiritual and moral problem Due to overpopulation, people become materialistic and liberalistic. The morality and spirituality of young generation seem rapidly declining.  Problem of food supply Overpopulation leads to problem on how to provide for people’s basic needs.  Problem of destruction of nature Population growth may result to fast deteriorating environmental resources, such as virgin forest. Agricultural lands are converted into industrial sites, biodiversity becomes endangered.      
10. 10. Birth rate refers to the number of children who are born. This is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.   Death rate is the number of persons who died.
11. 11. Philippine Population and Growth Rate
12. 12. Death Rate
13. 13. Age structure — the proportion of the population in each age class. It influences whether a population will increase or decrease in size.
14. 14. Philippine Population by Sex: 2005 - 2010 Aspects 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (projected) Male 42,887,300 43,742,100 44,608,300 45,483,100 46,368,90 0 47,263,600 Female 42,373,700 43,230,400 44,098,00 44,974,100 45,857,700 46,749,600 Both Sex 85,261,000 86,972,500 88,706,300 90,457,200 92,226,600 94,013,200  As the population increases, problem multiplies such as problems about food, housing, employment, peace and order, health, and others.
15. 15. Philippine Population by Regions as of 2010 (in millions)
16. 16. Projected Philippine Population  Philippine population would continue to grow, increasing from 76.5 M, as of the latest population census conducted in May 2000, to 141.7 M in 2040  The population is projected to grow by 1.95% in the 2005-2010 periods, from 85.3 M in 2005 to 94 M in 2010  In 2010, CALABARZON would have 11.9 M people, while NCR, 11.6 M. By 2040, CALABARZON would have 18.5 M and Central Luzon would have 15 M.
17. 17. Region # of Province # of Cities # of Municip alities # of Brgy. Registered Voters NCR 0 16 1 1,705 5,999,706 CAR 6 2 75 1,176 840,145 Reg. I 4 9 116 3,625 2,627,045 Reg. II 5 3 90 2,311 1,735,564 Reg. III 7 13 117 3,102 5,472,593 Reg. IV-A 5 16 126 4,011 6,178,557 Reg. IV-B 5 2 71 1,458 1,375,320 Reg. V 6 7 107 3,471 2,774,327 Reg. VI 6 16 117 4,051 3,914,326
18. 18. Region # of Province # of Cities # of Municip alities # of Brgy. Registered Voters Reg. VII 4 6 16 3,003 3,655,441 Reg. VIII 6 7 136 4,390 2,337,185 Reg. IX 3 5 67 1,904 1,804,278 Reg. X 5 9 84 2,022 2,230,538 Reg. XI 4 6 43 1,162 2,433,932 Reg. XII 4 5 45 1,194 1,896,772 Reg. XIII 5 6 67 1,311 1,307,397 ARMM 5 2 116 2,490 1,692,428
19. 19. Impact of Population in the Developing Country  There will be an increase in working age population and this will give the country an opportunity to develop its human capital.  The government and private sector will have to start planning for their education and health needs as well as for their employment.
20. 20. Employment Rate
21. 21. Unemployment Rate *A growing unemployment rate would mean a rising crime rate, insecurity and instability.