Jesus Anointed at Bethany • 14 Now the Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread were only two days away, and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were scheming to arrest Jesus secretly and kill him. 2 “But not during the festival,” they said, “or the people may riot.” • 3 While he was in Bethany, reclining at the table in the home of Simon the Leper, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume, made of pure nard. She broke the jar and poured the perfume on his head. • 4 Some of those present were saying indignantly to one another, “Why this waste of perfume? 5 It could have been sold for more than a year’s wages[a] and the money given to the poor.” And they rebuked her harshly.
Jesus Anointed at Bethany • 6 “Leave her alone,” said Jesus. “Why are you bothering her? She has done a beautiful thing to me.7 The poor you will always have with you,[b] and you can help them any time you want. But you will not always have me. 8 She did what she could. She poured perfume on my body beforehand to prepare for my burial. 9 Truly I tell you, wherever the gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her.” • 10 Then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests to betray Jesus to them. 11 They were delighted to hear this and promised to give him money. So he watched for an opportunity to hand him over.
Jesus Anointed at Bethany• Significance: – Festival of Unleavened Bread happens a day after the Passover. What is the unleavened bread? – Who is the main character in this passage?
Jesus Anointed at Bethany• Reflection: – What are our priorities in life as Christians? Are we sacrificing our time with God to earn more money? – In face of uncertainties, challenges or making changes in life... where do we place our faith on; and whose approval matters most?
The Last Supper • 12 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb, Jesus’ disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?” • 13 So he sent two of his disciples, telling them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him. 14 Say to the owner of the house he enters, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is my guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 15 He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make preparations for us there.” • 16 The disciples left, went into the city and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.
The Last Supper• 17 When evening came, Jesus arrived with the Twelve. 18 While they were reclining at the table eating, he said, “Truly I tell you, one of you will betray me—one who is eating with me.”• 19 They were saddened, and one by one they said to him, “Surely you don’t mean me?”• 20 “It is one of the Twelve,” he replied, “one who dips bread into the bowl with me. 21 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.”
The Last Supper • 22 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take it; this is my body.” • 23 Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it. • 24 “This is my blood of the[c] covenant, which is poured out for many,” he said to them. 25 “Truly I tell you, I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” • 26 When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
The Last Supper• Significance – Festival of the Unleavened Bread • Exodus 12 – this is a tradition since the Jews times – The Passover Ritual – The Last Supper • Broken bread = Broken body • Cup of wine = Shed blood by Jesus
The Passover RitualA. A prayerB. Cup of wineC. Hand washing by host and passing of basin to allD. Dip of bitter herbs and sauce (Bitter herbs remind us of the bitterness of the slavery of our forefathers in Egypt. Fresh grated horseradish, romaine lettuce, and endive are the most common choices.)E. Lamb and main mealF. Prayer and second dip of bitter herbs and sauceG. Second cup of wine with Q&A time for childrenH. Singing of the first part of Hallel Psalm 113-114 and prayerI. Master of ceremony makes sop for each one after washing his handsJ. All eat until filled; finish with a piece of lambK. Third cup of wine after washing handsL. Singing second part of Hallel Psalm 115-118M. Fourth cup of wine
The Last Supper• Significance – Festival of the Unleavened Bread • Exodus 12 – this is a tradition since the Jews times – The Passover Ritual – The Last Supper • Broken bread = Broken body • Cup of wine = Shed blood by Jesus – “My Blood of the covenant” • What were the previous covenants God made with His people?
The Last Supper• Reflection: – When do you take Holy Communion?
Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial • 27 “You will all fall away,” Jesus told them, “for it is written: • “‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’[d] • 28 But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.” • 29 Peter declared, “Even if all fall away, I will not.” • 30 “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “today—yes, tonight—before the rooster crows twice[e] you yourself will disown me three times.” • 31 But Peter insisted emphatically, “Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you.” And all the others said the same.
Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial• Significance – Jesus knows and is able to control the future events. He knows that the disciples’ faith will fail and Peter’s denials were only exemplary of all their fears. – Peter’s words also highlighted his pride and boast of his love for Jesus.
Gethsemane • 32 They went to a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.”33 He took Peter, James and John along with him, and he began to be deeply distressed and troubled.34 “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death,” he said to them. “Stay here and keep watch.” • 35 Going a little farther, he fell to the ground and prayed that if possible the hour might pass from him. 36 “Abba,[f] Father,” he said, “everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.”
Gethsemane • 37 Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. “Simon,” he said to Peter, “are you asleep? Couldn’t you keep watch for one hour? 38 Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.” • 39 Once more he went away and prayed the same thing. 40 When he came back, he again found them sleeping, because their eyes were heavy. They did not know what to say to him. • 41 Returning the third time, he said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is delivered into the hands of sinners. 42 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!”
Gethsemane• Significance – Jesus was in deep state of anxiety as He is going to be separated from His Father. – Jesus is asserting that God is able to do anything including sparing Him from the cross if He is willing. – The High Priest Prayer (John 17) • Jesus Prays for Himself (verse 1-5) • Jesus Prays for His Disciples (verse 6-19) • Jesus Prays for All Believers (verse 20-26)
John 17: The High Priest PrayerJesus Prays to Be Glorified17 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed:“Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorifyyou. 2 For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternallife to all those you have given him. 3 Now this is eternal life: that they knowyou, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent. 4 I havebrought you glory on earth by finishing the work you gave me to do. 5 Andnow, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you beforethe world began.
John 17: The High Priest PrayerJesus Prays for His Disciples6 “I have revealed you[a] to those whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours;you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word. 7 Now they know that everythingyou have given me comes from you. 8 For I gave them the words you gave me and theyaccepted them. They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed thatyou sent me. 9 I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for those you havegiven me, for they are yours. 10 All I have is yours, and all you have is mine. And glory hascome to me through them. 11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in theworld, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by the power of[b] your name,the name you gave me, so that they may be one as we are one. 12 While I was with them,I protected them and kept them safe by[c] that name you gave me. None has beenlost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled.13 “Iam coming to you now, but I say these things while I am still in the world, so thatthey may have the full measure of my joy within them. 14 I have given them your wordand the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of theworld. 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect themfrom the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17 Sanctify themby[d] the truth; your word is truth. 18 As you sent me into the world, I have sent them intothe world. 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.
John 17: The High Priest PrayerJesus Prays for All Believers20 “My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in methrough their message, 21 that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in meand I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you havesent me. 22 I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one aswe are one — 23 I in them and you in me—so that they may be brought to completeunity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved themeven as youhave loved me.24 “Father,I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see myglory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of theworld.25 “RighteousFather, though the world does not know you, I know you, and theyknow that you have sent me. 26 I have made you[e] known to them, and willcontinue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be inthem and that I myself may be in them.”
Gethsemane• Significance – Jesus was in deep state of anxiety as He is going to be separated from His Father. – Jesus is asserting that God is able to do anything including sparing Him from the cross if He is willing. – The High Priest Prayer (John 17) – Sleep amplifies the weakness in flesh even if our spirit is willing. “Sleeping Christians”?
Gethsemane• Reflection: – How do we pray to God (posture, attitude)? – How much time do you spend on prayers to God? – How do we stay clear of temptation?
Jesus Arrested • 43 Justas he was speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared. With him was a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders. • 44 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the man; arrest him and lead him away under guard.” 45 Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Rabbi!” and kissed him. 46 The men seized Jesus and arrested him. 47 Then one of those standing near drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
Jesus Arrested • 48 “Am I leading a rebellion,” said Jesus, “that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? 49 Every day I was with you, teaching in the temple courts, and you did not arrest me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled.” 50 Then everyone deserted him and fled. • 51 A young man, wearing nothing but a linen garment, was following Jesus. When they seized him,52 he fled naked, leaving his garment behind.
Jesus Arrested• Significance – The crowd was the temple police in fear of people’s riots during the Passover – Weapons was used because of fear on what Jesus may do [they were aware of His power] – Jesus already saw his arrest coming and was willing to go with them – The young boy who fled naked
Jesus Before the Sanhedrin53 They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, the elders and the teachers ofthe law came together. 54 Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of thehigh priest. There he sat with the guards and warmed himself at the fire. • 55 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any. 56 Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did not agree. • 57 Then some stood up and gave this false testimony against him: 58 “We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with human hands and in three days will build another, not made with hands.’” 59 Yet even then their testimony did not agree.
Jesus Before the Sanhedrin60 Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus, “Are you not going toanswer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against you?” 61 But Jesusremained silent and gave no answer.Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?” • 62 “I am,” said Jesus. “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” (Refer: Daniel 7:13) • 63 The high priest tore his clothes. “Why do we need any more witnesses?” he asked. 64 “You have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?” (Refer: Leviticus 24:13-16 – the penalty for blasphemy) • They all condemned him as worthy of death. 65 Then some began to spit at him; they blindfolded him, struck him with their fists, and said, “Prophesy!” And the guards took him and beat him.
Jesus Before the Sanhedrin• Significance – Sanhedrin = ancient Jewish Court system – The Sanhedrin looked for evidence to convict Jesus but found none. – Conviction was based on Blasphemy (Leviticus 24:13-16) – Jesus remained silence (Isaiah 53:7) He was offered and He was willing. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
Peter Disowns Jesus • 66 While Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came by.67 When she saw Peter warming himself, she looked closely at him. • “You also were with that Nazarene, Jesus,” she said. • 68 But he denied it. “I don’t know or understand what you’re talking about,” he said, and went out into the entryway.[g] • 69 When the servant girl saw him there, she said again to those standing around, “This fellow is one of them.” 70 Again he denied it.
Peter Disowns Jesus • After a little while, those standing near said to Peter, “Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean.” • 71 He began to call down curses, and he swore to them, “I don’t know this man you’re talking about.” • 72 Immediately the rooster crowed the second time.[h] Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows twice[i] you will disown me three times.” And he broke down and wept.
Peter Disowns Jesus• Significance – As Christians, we will always be “attacked” or “persecuted” like Peter. – What does Jesus’ prediction on Peter’s 3 times denial before the 2nd crow means? – Humility and the ability to recognize Jesus’ love for us; not boasting our love for Jesus.
Jesus Anointed at Bethany• Reflection: – What are we conscious about in our walk with God? Do we focus on our personal achievement/ ability or look at His works? – God knows when we will fail Him, He gives us His grace to allow us to repent. What is repentance?
HOLYCOMMUNION1 Corinthians 11:24-27And when he had given thanks, he broke it,and said, “This is my body which is for you.Do this in remembrance of me.” In the sameway also he took the cup, after supper,saying, “This cup is the new covenant in myblood. Do this, as often as you drink it, inremembrance of me.” For as often as you eatthis bread and drink the cup, you proclaimthe Lords death until he comes.
Our Holy CommunionDear Heavenly Father, thank you so much for sending your only Beloved Son, Jesus, to diefor us. His resurrection from death has redeemed us from sin and washes us clean thattoday we can boldly stand in your presence without condemnation. Jesus loved us so muchto die on the cross for us so that our positions in this world are swopped with Him. He wasmade poor so we are rich, He was broken so we are whole, He was made the sinner so thattoday we are freed from guilt and receive eternal salvation. As He is, so are we in this world.We are now partaking the Holy Communion in remembrance of the finished work you havedone for me, for all of us, Jesus.The broken bread represents the broken body of Jesus who is the final sacrificial lamb fromHeaven that bought us perfect healing and wholesome health not just on us; it is also on ourhousehold. We are freed from poverty and sicknesses because Jesus, you have paid theprice for us. [PARTAKE THE BREAD]We drink the wine in remembrance of the shed blood from Jesus’ body. Jesus paid a debtHe did not owe, because we owed a debt we could not pay. Our sins had to be paid for withJesus blood. We are no longer measured by our works for eternal salvation and blessing;He has already completed it on the cross and conquered death to grant us eternal life inHeaven. [PARTAKE THE WINE]His Shalom peace is with us. In Jesus name we pray, AMEN!