Final Project


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Final Project

  2. 2. INTRO <ul><li>In a lot of dancehall music, like reggae, lyrics that targets homosexuals, especially men, are used. </li></ul><ul><li>Words like chi chi man, batty boy, anti man, and others are widely used to describe gay men. </li></ul><ul><li>It is seen that Jamaica has the most homophobic songs compared to other islands in the Caribbean. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Artists, including Beenie Man, Bounty Killer, Elephant Man, Sizzla, Capleton, Vybz Kartel, and others use homophobic lyrics in their songs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>T.O.K., a reggae group from Jamaica, has a song entitled “ Chi Chi Man” that was a big hit. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Buju Banton, another reggae artist, sold many albums with his hit single, “ Boom Bye Bye ” from the 1990s. </li></ul>
  6. 6. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Many Caribbean islands were ruled by the British. British laws from the nineteenth century punishes homosexuals for up to 10 years in prison. </li></ul><ul><li>When some Caribbean islands were liberated, including Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados, they kept the values of Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the laws are were abolished in Britain, these beliefs about homosexuality are strongly maintained. </li></ul>
  7. 7. GENDER & INEQUALITY <ul><li>Although it’s usually males who use these types of lyrics in their songs, it is gay men who suffer the most from it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is “chi chi men” that are targeted with lyrics like “blaze di fire mek we bun dem” and “boom bye bye inna batty bwoy head, rude bwoy no promote no nasty man dem haffi dead” </li></ul>
  8. 8. POLITICAL/LEGAL INFLUENCES <ul><li>RCA- the Reggae Compassionate Act- is an attempt to stop violence and homophobia against lesbians and gay men. Artists, including Buju Banton, Beenie Man, and Sizzla have already signed this act. </li></ul><ul><li>J-FLAG (Jamaica Forum for lesbians, All-sexuals, and Gays) and Outrage are some of the gay-rights activists that campaign against anti-gay lyrics in dancehall lyrics. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Although there have been attempts by activist groups to stop the gay hate lyrics, government have not really done anything to help the cause. </li></ul><ul><li>The minister of national security in Jamaica once stated, there should be “no fear that the government will pass any law to legalize homosexuality.” </li></ul><ul><li>This just negates attempts made by activists because it allows people to view homosexuality as something wrong. </li></ul>
  10. 10. RELIGIOUS INFLUENCES <ul><li>Many people view homosexuality as a sin because of biblical verses, here are some examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Leviticus 18:21 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; that is detestable.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Leviticus 20:13 </li></ul><ul><li>“ If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They must be put to death; their blood will be on their own hands.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1 Corinthians 6:9 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Make no mistake: no fornicator or idolator, none who are guilty of adultery or homosexual perversion, no thieves or grabbers of drunkards of slanderers or swindlers, will possess the kingdom of God.” </li></ul><ul><li>To them, these verses show that homosexuality is immoral, and is good reason to write their songs with such hatred towards homosexuals. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RECENT CHANGES <ul><li>As a result of protests and demonstrations, shows have been cancelled that featured certain artists that have these anti-gay lyrics. </li></ul><ul><li>There are still many attempts to have more dancehall artists sign the Reggae Compassionate Act. </li></ul>
  14. 14. OUTLOOK <ul><li>Honestly, in my own opinion, I think that things will change regarding the lyrics used in dancehall music. While some artists will still release underground tracks, I think that they will stop making songs these types of degrading songs for the general public. By signing the R.C.A., it shows that reggae artists are willing make a change. </li></ul>
  15. 15. WORKS CITED <ul><li>Roots of Homophobia: [cited 2 November 2008]. </li></ul><ul><li> [cited 2 November 2008] </li></ul><ul><li>Williams, Lawson. &quot;Homophobia and Gay Rights Activism in Jamaica.&quot; Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism (Mar. 2000): 106. Academic Search Premier . EBSCO. [Library name], [City], [State abbreviation]. 10 Nov. 2008 <>. [cited 10 November 2008] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Jamaica.&quot; Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World’s Cultures. Ed. Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. 551-560. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. CUNY - Kingsborough Community College. 2 Nov. 2008 [cited 2 November 2008] </li></ul><ul><li>Dancehall’s Vicious Side: Antigay Attitudes: [cited 10 November 2008] </li></ul><ul><li>Dancehall & Anti-Gay Hate Lyrics: </li></ul><ul><li>[cited 10 November 2008] </li></ul>