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31 May 2011 International Conference in Isparta, Turkey
31 May 2011 International Conference in Isparta, Turkey
Slovakia wasforcenturiesundertheregimesofotherstrongerpowers, suchastheMagyars, theAusro-Hungarians and ofcoursetheCzechs. Slovakia was part ofCzechoslovakiauntil 1993, whereitbecame a self-governednation, the Slovak Republic.
Bratislava islocated in a verystrategicposition, so theRomansinstalledthere a part oftheirarmedforces and controlledthecommerceofthearea.
Throughoutthe Roman occupation, theRomansbroadentheviniculture and Bratislava became a winetrade city thatcoveredtheneedsofmanypopulatedregions. Eventuallyvinicultureapartfrom Slovakia wasspread in manyotherEuropeancountries, likeFrance, Germany and Spain.
Bratislava and theDarkAges Around the end of the 10th century Bratislava was occupied by the Hungarians and the city became a trade centre due to its location. But unfortunately the fact that Bratislava has a strategic location and it had become a commercial centre meant that many other forces would try to occupy the city. There were continuous battles with enemy forces in order to conquer Bratislava, and there were times that the city was almost destroyed. The city held on many difficult years and combats. Between the 14th and the 15th centuries the King of Bratislava was Sigismund of Luxembourg who vested Bratislava with many benefits so that it would become a leading node. Bratislava was from that time considered an outstanding and prominent city. And finally in 1436 Bratislava was allowed to have its own emblem.
Thecoronationof Bratislava asthecapital city oftheKingdom In the 16thcentury and whiletheHungarianKing Louis II died in battlewiththeTurks and Ferdinand Habsburg takinghisplace, theTurkskeptmovingfurther in to the country. TheHungarianaristocrats in order to avoidbeingcaptured or killedfromtheTurksmoved to Bratislava. The city of Bratislava becamethenthecapitaloftheHungarianEmpirebecauseBudathecapitalofHungarywasoccupied by theTurks. Itwas chosen by thearistocratsbecauseofitsneuralgicposition, butitwasalsoattacked by theTurks in 1530 and wasalmostdestroyed. Bratislava wasknownas a commercial city withmerchants and wineproducersbutafterthatitbecamethecoronation city fortheHungariankings, theparliament city, and the city wherethe nobles and membersofthechurchfoundrefuge. Manykings and queenswherecrowned in Bratislava between 1530 and 1830.
TheNapoleonicexpeditions and theabolitionofslavery Napoleon tried to occupy Bratislava in 1805, but instead he signed a treaty with the Hungarians, which did not last for long since he attacked the city one more time in 1809. The 19th century brought many changes in the world as well as in Bratislava, which experienced a huge growth in economy. There was an industrial growth and the appearance of new transportation means on the Danube River. Another important event that took place in the 19thcentury was the abolition of slavery. In 1848 the Parliament voted the annulment of oppression. After that the Hungarian Parliament took its rightful place in Hungary and Bratislava lost a bit of its status and of its political power.
ThefirstCzechoslovakianRepublic DuringtheFirstWorldWarthereweremanychanges in thelifeofthe city, as in allthecitiesoftheworld. Althoughitwasnotoccupieditfacedhungersinceprovisionswerehard to find or reachthe city and eveniftheywerefoundtheirpriceswereunapproachable. By the end oftheFirstWorldWar, theAustro- HungarianEmpirewas over and thefirstCzechoslovakianRepublicmaterialized. Part oftheCzechoslovakianRepublicwas Bratislava, withthenamePressburg. Therefore in 1919 Pressburg- Bratislava madeitsinitialappearance on thechartofEurope.
BetweenWars In the interval betweenthe end ofWorldWar I and thebeginningof Word War II life in Bratislava tookitsnaturalcourse. The city keptblossoming, cultivatingarts and developing in theindustry and architecture. Bratislava became a strongbourgeois city weremanyscholars and scientistsmovedtherefromothercountriessuchasGermany, Croatia, Hungary and manyothers. Thissituationlasteduntilthe break ofWorldWar II, whereeverythingchangedonce more.
Bratislava and theSecondWorldWar Thefirstregion, theCzech, became a Nazisettlementregion and Hitler forcedthe Slovak politicians to cometo a decisionbetweentwochoicesabout Slovakia Onechoicewas to divide Slovakia in manyregionsthatwouldbe part ofHungary, Poland, Moravia and Bohemia. Thesecondchoicewasthecreationof a selfgovernednation. Thesecondchoiceprevailed and thecreationof a new independentnationbegan. Ittook more or lesssixyearsforthecompletionofthecreationofthe new country and itremained in historyas a veryimportantevent. Bratislava thenbecamethecapital city of Slovakia. Unfortunatelythe US armedforcesbombedthe city atthe end oftheSecondWorldWardue to thefactthatitwasthecapital city of a country thatwasHitler’sally. Afterthat in 1945 Bratislava mergedintothe Soviet Union. Although Bratislava was a flourishing, Hitler’s troops were invading Central Europe and by 1939 the Czechoslovakian Republic was separated in two regions..
Historicalnames Bratislava wasoncealsoknownasBraslavespurch, Brezalauspurc, Istropolis (duringMatthiasCorvinus/Matej Korvin's rule) Pozsony (Hungarianname), Posonium (Latinname), Pressburg (Germanname), Brezesburg, Preslawaspurch, Brezizbuch, Bresbuch, Presporok or Prespork (Slovak historicalname), Wilson's City ("Wilsonovo" - when Bratislava wasfreetown duringfewmonthsafterWolrdWar I).