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OIST(20140121)

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  • 1. Science in Society, Society in Science LIBRARIES TODAY, AND THE LIBRARY OF TOMORROW OIST Seminar Date: 2014-01-21 (Tue) Place: OIST 1 Makoto Okamoto @arg Academic Resource Guide, Inc. Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 2. Have you recently visited your local public library? Science in Society, Society in Science INTRODUCTION 2 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 3. Visit a public library in your neighborhood or on your way Because public libraries in Japan have been in the process of significant transformation in the past decade Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science INTRODUCTION 3 arg.ne.jp
  • 4. ≠Libraries as the facilities for children ≠Libraries as the place to borrow books Science in Society, Society in Science INTRODUCTION 4 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 5. The transformation of public libraries in Japan Science in Society, Society in Science INTRODUCTION 5 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 6. 1,742 municipalities in Japan  1,300 have public libraries  74.6% Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES 6 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 7.  Ama Town Central Library Shimane Prefecture  Population: 2,000  Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-AMA TOWN CENTRAL LIBRARY 7 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 8. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-AMA TOWN CENTRAL LIBRARY 8 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 9. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-AMA TOWN CENTRAL LIBRARY 9 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 10.  Whole-Island Library Initiative Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-AMA TOWN CENTRAL LIBRARY 10 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 11. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-AMA TOWN CENTRAL LIBRARY 11 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 12.  Kumamoto Shintoshin Plaza Library opened in 2011 in Kumamoto City, Kumamoto Prefecture  as part of the Kumamoto station redevelopment project associated with the start of new Kyushu Shinkansen  Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-KUMAMOTO SHINTOSHIN PLAZA LIBRARY 12 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 13.  Kumamoto Shintoshin Plaza        Tourism and local information center Business Start-up Support Office Public Service Corner Plaza Library Business Support Center Plaza Hall The center of the city Conference Room Kinokuniya Bookstore is in charge of the administration of this library as the Designated Administrator. Designated Administrator System Library Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-KUMAMOTO SHINTOSHIN PLAZA LIBRARY 13 arg.ne.jp
  • 14. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-KUMAMOTO SHINTOSHIN PLAZA LIBRARY 14 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 15. How many people do you think have visited there in 2 years? Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-KUMAMOTO SHINTOSHIN PLAZA LIBRARY 15 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 16. Ref. Population of Kumamo City: 740,000 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-KUMAMOTO SHINTOSHIN PLAZA LIBRARY 16 arg.ne.jp
  • 17.  Ina City Library Nagano Prefecture  Library of the Year 2013 Grand Prize  Open recruitment of library director (2007)  Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-INA CITY LIBRARY 17 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 18.  The library developed an application for smartphones and tablets that helps town walking and has been hosting town-walking workshops Science in Society, Society in Science EXAMPLES OF CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES-INA CITY LIBRARY 18 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 19. FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES Why such changes are happening? Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 19 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 20.  2003:    MEXT published “Libraries as community information hubs (toward problem-solving libraries).” 2006:   Yamanaka-ko Information Creation Center opened. The center was the first to adopt the Designated Administrator System. 2005:   “Library to Create the Future” by Akiko Sugaya was published. Local Autonomy Act was partially amended to introduce the Designated Administrator System. 2004:   FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES MEXT issued a report “Vision for Future Libraries” and proposed the role of libraries as “Information centers that support communities.” Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 2007:  Totally redesigned Chiyoda Library reopened. Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 20 arg.ne.jp
  • 21. FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES Political context + Economic context Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 21 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 22.  FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES Declining birth rate 40 years old: 2,090,000 20 years old: 1,200,000 Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 22 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 23. FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES From Commercial facilities to Public facilities Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 23 arg.ne.jp
  • 24. FOR CHANGES IN LIBRARIES Libraries are now expected to assume more roles than just book lenders. Libraries are expected to connect people to people, in addition to their traditional role of connecting people to information. Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science REASONS 24 arg.ne.jp
  • 25. OF FUTURE LIBRARIES  Library Law (1950~)  based on the Report of the United States Education Mission to Japan (1946)  influenced by the library system in the US Science in Society, Society in Science THE PREMISE 25 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 26.  OF FUTURE LIBRARIES Article 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Books, archives, audio-visual materials and other necessary data and materials (hereinafter referred to as "library materials") shall be collected, and provided for the use of the general public, with suitable attention paid to the acquisition of local materials, art works, materials on local administration, gramophone records and films; Library materials shall be properly classified and processed, and the catalog thereof shall be well prepared; Efforts shall be made to ensure that library personnel acquire sufficient knowledge of library matters so as to give counsel to users on their utilization; Close communication and cooperation shall be maintained by such means as inter-library loans between libraries, the National Diet Library, libraries attached to the assemblies of local public bodies, and libraries attached to schools; Branch libraries, reading centers, and book circulating centers, etc. may be established, and the service of bookmobiles and rotating lending libraries may be offered; Reading circles, seminars, appreciation groups, film showings and exhibits of data and materials, etc. shall be sponsored and encouraged; Information and reference materials concerning current affairs shall be acquired and offered to the general public; Opportunities for educational and other activities utilizing learning outcomes obtained through learning opportunities in social education shall be provided, and such provision shall be encouraged. Close contact and cooperation shall be maintained with schools, museums, community centers and research institutes, etc. Science in Society, Society in Science THE PREMISE 26 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 27. OF FUTURE LIBRARIES “Liveliness” or “Town development” Science in Society, Society in Science THE PREMISE 27 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 28. OF FUTURE LIBRARIES Libraries are the institutions to guarantee the right to know Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science THE PREMISE 28 arg.ne.jp
  • 29.  OF FUTURE LIBRARIES Analogy: Library as a building The lower floor guarantees the right to know.  The upper floor provides support to promoting liveliness and town development.  Liveliness Town development Right to know Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science THE PREMISE 29 arg.ne.jp
  • 30. 1. 2. 3. Provide information technology service including the internet Collect, organize, provide, and preserve information and knowledge not limited to books and magazines Provide opportunities for networking among people, centering on information Science in Society, Society in Science FUTURE LIBRARIES – IN RELATION TO ONNA VILLAGE CULTURE AND INFORMATION CENTER 30 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 31.  Onna Village Culture and Information Center  2 functions 1. 2.  the tourist information service the library set to open in the next year (2015) Science in Society, Society in Science FUTURE LIBRARIES – IN RELATION TO ONNA VILLAGE CULTURE AND INFORMATION CENTER 31 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 32. Commitment of the citizens is essential Science in Society, Society in Science FUTURE LIBRARIES – IN RELATION TO ONNA VILLAGE CULTURE AND INFORMATION CENTER 32 Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp
  • 33. With your commitment, Onna Village Culture and Information Center will become an asset of the community to be proud of, in addition to the beautiful sea & the high-level research environment of OIST. Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Science in Society, Society in Science FUTURE LIBRARIES – IN RELATION TO ONNA VILLAGE CULTURE AND INFORMATION CENTER 33 arg.ne.jp
  • 34. Science in Society, Society in Science LIBRARIES TODAY, AND THE LIBRARY OF TOMORROW OIST Seminar Date: 2014-01-21 (Tue) Place: OIST 34 Makoto Okamoto @arg Academic Resource Guide, Inc. Copyright Academic Resource Guide, Inc. All Rights Reserved. arg.ne.jp