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Grep Presentation AToMs 2007

Grep Presentation AToMs 2007



Topic Maps is concerned with capturing information and knowledge and making it easier to share and reuse. It is therefore of great use in education and has already been applied in a number of ...

Topic Maps is concerned with capturing information and knowledge and making it easier to share and reuse. It is therefore of great use in education and has already been applied in a number of interesting ways, in Norway and elsewhere. This presentation discusses some of the many applications of Topic Maps in the educational sector.

The main focus of the presentation is on Grep ("Grip") a major national project in Norway whose goal is to make the complete National Curriculum for children aged 6-19 widely and easily available in a form that offers many new and exciting possibilities.

The presentation will discuss the background for the project, why Topic Maps was chosen as the underlying technology, and how it is currently being used. It will show how the curriculum is structured as a topic map, and how it can be used by pupils, teachers, providers of learning materials (including publishers and broadcasting companies), vendors of Learning Management Systems, and others involved in education to provide a richer and more interesting learning environment.



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    Grep Presentation AToMs 2007 Grep Presentation AToMs 2007 Presentation Transcript

    • Are Mjølsnes ( 間岬 イーグル ) , Adviser, IT-department Email: amj@udir.no
    • Are Mjølsnes
      • Firstname: Are
        • ” Eagle” / イーグル
      • Surname: Mjølsnes
        • ” Between Capes” / 間岬
        • ” Between Peninsulas”/ 間 半島
        • ” Center Cape” / センター 岬
    • Topic Maps in the Educational sector
    • Education in Norway
      • Kindergartens
      • Primary and Lower Secondary Education
      • Upper Secondary Education and Training
      • Tertiary Vocational Education
      • Higher Education
      • Education and Training for Adults
    • Knowledge promotion Structure of subject curricula
      • The objectives of the subject
      • Main subject areas
      • Teaching hours
      • Basic skills
      • Competence objectives
      • Subject assessment
    • Book or Digital?
    • The pedagogical part of the Grep Ontology Subject category Subject domain Training subject Set of Competency Aims Axis 3: Subject axis Axis 2: Level Axis 1: Offer Structure ( Upper Secondary Education and Training ( USE&T)) Education Programmes (12) General Studies (3) Vocational subjects (9) Program domain Competence aim Main domain (for vocational: Describe program subject) Subject Curriculum Level (year) Text for basic skills (5) Describe homogenous and inhomogenous electrical fields using Colombs law. Classical phsysics Physics 2 Natural Sciences USE&T3 Specialization in General Studies USE&T3 Physics Natural Science and Mathematics Curriculum in phsysics program subject Axis 4: Subject Curriculum Entity (Topics in The Topic Maps model) Not all entities have This relation Legends Example Educational level USE&T
    • Registration Internal Users External users Changes
    • Grep on The Directorate’s website Upper Secondary School, Vocational Education Upper Secondary School, General Studies National Curricula: Primary and Lower Secondary School National Curricula: Primary, Lower and Upper Secondary School The Sami Curricula
    • Searching across curriculula
    • Basic skills Math skills Norwegian Natural science Chr/Rel/Ethics English
    • Teaching hours Provisions and regulations for examination and assessment Administrative purposes
    • Grep on www.skolenettet.no
    • Comeptence objective as link Collection of suggested links and resources connected to each objective
    • Structured according to GREP Related to GREP Learning resources – for the pupil. (links)
    • Which competence objectives does this source support? Which basic skills does this source support?
    • The vision of seamless knowledge
      • Starting with ITU in 2001, Norway has seen an explosion in the number of portals that are based on Topic Maps
        • Today there are dozens, especially in the public section
        • As the number of portals multiplies, the amount of overlap increases…
        • The potential for integration is … mind-blowing
      • Take these three portals as an example:
        • forskning.no (Research Council web site aimed at young adults)
        • forbrukerportalen.no (Norwegian Consumer Association)
        • matportalen.no (Biosecurity portal of the Department of Agriculture)
    • Genetically modified food at forskning.no ” Genetically modified food ”
    • Genetically modified food at Forbukerrådet
      • Terefe Badenod
      ” Genetically modified food ”
    • Genetically modified foodstuffs at Matportalen ” Genetically modified groceries”
    • Three portals – one subject  one “virtual portal” with seamless navigation in all directions
    • Now On it’s way Later… Subscribe and save Grep locally Use identifiers from Grep on your own content Give me all Competence Aims in Mathematichs… CA
    • Finds the needle before you can spell haystack
    • What if…
      • it’s possible to hook on to Grep resources without saving the whole thing locally
      • and it’s possible to get resources from other mediators as well, without saving Grep locally
      Grep Norw. Schoolnet Naturfag.no Mediators Producers UN Association Culture net Google LMS Consumers RSS-reader
    • Subjects Main Subject Areas Competence Aims Local Curricula Resources from the National Schoolnet Resources from private actors Resources found or made by teachers Resources found or made by pupils The Directorate Pupils Schools and teachers Providers of Learning Resoruces
    • Coming features of ----- PSI ( Ψ) Definitions ensures interoperability
    • Scenario 1: An LMS subscribes recources from a numbers of mediators Learning Recources
      • From The Shoolet:
      • HowStuffWorks
      • Programmet Newton
      • Science & Technology
      • From Naturforlaget:
      • Forsøk med molekylbindinger
      • Bohrs atommodell
      Competence Aims after 10. grade
      • Forskerspiren
      • Mangfold i naturen
      • Kropp og helse
      • Verdensrommet
      • Fenomener og stoffer
      • Teknolgi og design
    • Scenario 2: Google it! MEDIATOR
    • Example: ”Link:”-query in Google… link:http://psi.udir.no/LK06/matema MEDIATOR
    • Cooperating: A lots of initiatives with customized interfaces
    • … But are we just making heavier and more expensive ”siloes”? Cooperate, anyone? Format A Scheme X Protocol M Format C Scheme Z Protocol O Format B Scheme Y Protocol N
    • Websentric, semantic interoperabillity in the education sector Cooperate? OK!
    • Playing with standards
    • Are Mjølsnes Adviser The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training P.O. Box. 2924 Toyen N - 0608 OSLO NORWAY Phone: + 47 23 30 12 00 Fax: + 47 23 30 12 99 E-mail: [email_address] My e-mail: [email_address] www.udir.no/ grep