Examining Visual Attention of Dyslexics with Eye Tracking Areej Al-Wabil Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design City...
Eye Tracking Research    دراسات تعقب العين Attention deployment Target processing Response
Diagnostic Eye Tracking  الدراسات التشخيصية لتعقب العين <ul><li>البيانات الكمية : </li></ul><ul><li>مكان التركيز </li></ul...
الدراسات السابقة لتعقب العين لذوي العسر القرائي <ul><li>Dyslexia & Eye Tracking </li></ul>
Seeing Through Dyslexics’ Eyes <ul><li>Reading research has established that dyslexics exhibit:  </li></ul><ul><li>more fi...
How can technology help dyslexics? <ul><li>Accessibility research: focused on interface design issues concerned with  read...
تفحص الانتباه المرئي لذوي العسر القرائي في استخدامهم للمحتوى الإلكتروني <ul><li>Eye Tracking Dyslexics in Web Interaction ...
What is the effect of dyslexia on web interaction? <ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City Interaction Lab, London </li...
Strategic search patterns     أنماط البحث الاستراتيجي   العينة الضابطة العينة التجريبية
Revisiting Areas of Interest     إعادة تفحص القوائم العينة الضابطة العينة التجريبية Al-Wabil, A., Zaphiris, P., Wilson, S....
Disorientation in Navigation <ul><li>Significant differences in deviations from the optimal navigation path at the  p <.05...
Web Interaction: Coordinated Eye & Cursor Movements <ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul>
<ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul><ul><li>Marking a target on textual content </li>...
<ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul><ul><li>Marking a target on textual content </li>...
Research & Design Implications <ul><li>In-depth understanding of problems experienced by the dyslexic user population </li...
Future Eye Tracking Research <ul><li>Do Arabic dyslexics exhibit eye gaze patterns that are similar to English-speaking dy...
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ICDR

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Presentation at the 3rd International Conference for Disability and Rehabilitation. Riyadh, March 25, 2009,

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ICDR

  1. 1. Examining Visual Attention of Dyslexics with Eye Tracking Areej Al-Wabil Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design City University London, UK فحص الانتباه المرئي للأشخاص ذوي عسر القراءة بواسطة تعـقب العـيـن أريج سليمان ابراهيم الـوابل مركز أبحاث تفاعل الانسان مع الحاسب الآلي جامعة سيتي لندن، المملكة المتحدة
  2. 2. Eye Tracking Research دراسات تعقب العين Attention deployment Target processing Response
  3. 3. Diagnostic Eye Tracking الدراسات التشخيصية لتعقب العين <ul><li>البيانات الكمية : </li></ul><ul><li>مكان التركيز </li></ul><ul><li>درجة التركيز </li></ul><ul><li>مسار العين </li></ul><ul><li>مسار الفأرة </li></ul><ul><li>البيانات النوعية : </li></ul><ul><li>تعابير الوجه </li></ul><ul><li>التعليقات اللفظية </li></ul>Quantitative  Gaze location, gaze duration, scan path, cursor paths Qualitative  Facial expressions, verbal protocols
  4. 4. الدراسات السابقة لتعقب العين لذوي العسر القرائي <ul><li>Dyslexia & Eye Tracking </li></ul>
  5. 5. Seeing Through Dyslexics’ Eyes <ul><li>Reading research has established that dyslexics exhibit: </li></ul><ul><li>more fixations </li></ul><ul><li>longer fixations </li></ul><ul><li>more regressions than non-dyslexics </li></ul><ul><li>(Rayner, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties in phonological processing </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness in working memory </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties in visual processing </li></ul>
  6. 6. How can technology help dyslexics? <ul><li>Accessibility research: focused on interface design issues concerned with readability of textual content </li></ul><ul><li>Interacting with computers involves a range of issues beyond readability of text </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness in working memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Order perception skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visual-spatial abilities </li></ul></ul></ul>Al-Wabil, A., Zaphiris, P., Wilson, S. (2007). Web Navigation for Individuals with Dyslexia: An Exploratory Study . In C. Stephanidis (Ed.): Universal Access in HCI, Part I, HCII 2007, LNCS 4554, pp. 593–602. SeeWord: Gregor et al. (2003) SpeakOut: Evans & Blenkhorn (2005)
  7. 7. تفحص الانتباه المرئي لذوي العسر القرائي في استخدامهم للمحتوى الإلكتروني <ul><li>Eye Tracking Dyslexics in Web Interaction </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is the effect of dyslexia on web interaction? <ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City Interaction Lab, London </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within-subjects experimental design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sample: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dyslexics: Adults 16+ with clinical diagnosis of dyslexia from an Educational Psychologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls: age-matched & education- matched non-dyslexics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Screening: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucid LADS: Reasoning, STM memory, word recognition & construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucid ViSS: Susceptibility to visual stress </li></ul></ul>City Interaction Lab London, UK
  9. 9. Strategic search patterns أنماط البحث الاستراتيجي العينة الضابطة العينة التجريبية
  10. 10. Revisiting Areas of Interest إعادة تفحص القوائم العينة الضابطة العينة التجريبية Al-Wabil, A., Zaphiris, P., Wilson, S. (2008). Examining Visual Attention of Dyslexics on Web Navigation Structures with Eye Tracking . In proceedings of Innovations in Information Technology, Cognitive Science Workshop, IEEE Dec 2008.
  11. 11. Disorientation in Navigation <ul><li>Significant differences in deviations from the optimal navigation path at the p <.05 level </li></ul><ul><li>Significant correlations with weakness in short-term memory & difficulties in phonological processing </li></ul>Controls Controls Dyslexics
  12. 12. Web Interaction: Coordinated Eye & Cursor Movements <ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul><ul><li>Marking a target on textual content </li></ul>Web Interaction: Coordinated Eye & Cursor Movements
  14. 14. <ul><li>Highlighting text to invert colours of text/background </li></ul><ul><li>Marking a target on textual content </li></ul><ul><li>Marking a target on navigation structures </li></ul>Web Interaction: Coordinated Eye & Cursor Movements
  15. 15. Research & Design Implications <ul><li>In-depth understanding of problems experienced by the dyslexic user population </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical evidence of differences in web navigation behaviour, eye movements, cursor movements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform the design of interactive systems such as educational software, web sites and assistive technologies. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Future Eye Tracking Research <ul><li>Do Arabic dyslexics exhibit eye gaze patterns that are similar to English-speaking dyslexics? </li></ul><ul><li>How can patterns of eye movements inform the design of Arabic software and remedial programs for Arabic dyslexics? </li></ul>
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