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  • HEALTH ISSUES AND SAFETY ISSUES
  • SCHOOL VISITS Drowning
  • Individual left to end on purpose so all other aspects will have been considered to feed into individuals assessment
  • Enjoys communicating especially finger spelling. Can have a sedentary lifestyle due to fondness of kitchen table…

Joe gibson creative inclusion presentation without photos Joe gibson creative inclusion presentation without photos Presentation Transcript

  • Positive Risk Taking Joseph Gibson Sense Scotland Outdoor Activities Co-ordinator
  • Why am I here?
    • Talk last year… discussion of risk
    • My background
  • Outline
    • Introduction
    • Risky Activities…
    • Aspects of risk
    • Assessment of risk
    • Risk of not taking risks
    • Case Study
  • Aspects of risk
    • Risk equation
  • The likelihood of that harm occurring and the severity of the outcome Risk = Something which has the potential to cause harm Hazard =
  • Risk Equation
    • Risk = Likelihood x Severity
    • Crude example
    • Rock climbing is low likelihood but high severity
    • Risk = 1 x 10 = 10
    • Scrambling is higher likelihood but lower in hazard
    • Risk = 6 x 4 = 24
  • Aspects of risk
    • Risk equation
  • Types of risk
    • Risk equation
    • Perceived/actual risk
  • Perceived vs. Actual risk
    • Perceived risk is how the risk involved in an activity is felt by the person doing the activity, whilst actual risk is the risk that is present in reality .
  • Aspects of risk
    • Risk equation
    • Perceived/actual risk
    • Objective/Subjective risk
    • Physical and Psychological risk
    • Risks to whom?
  • Risks to whom
    • Service user
    • Staff (lone working etc.)
    • Members of the public
    • External professionals
  • Aspects of risk
    • Risk equation
    • Perceived/actual risk
    • Objective/Subjective risk
    • Physical and Psychological risk
    • Risks to whom?
    • Risk of what?
  • Risk of what
    • Injury
    • Discomfort
    • Humiliation
    • Fines
    • Prison
  • Aspects of risk
    • Risk equation
    • Perceived/actual risk
    • Objective/Subjective risk
    • Physical and Psychological risk
    • Risks to whom?
    • Risk of what?
    • Cultural differences
  • Some context…
    • Health or Safety ?
    • The cost of not engaging with adventure activities
    • Marcus Bailie
    • Head of Inspection
    • The Adventure Activities Licensing Service .
  • The Human Cost
    • Total deaths per year for all ages
    • 130,000 All cancers
    • 120,000 All heart attacks
    • 100,000 All smoking related illnesses
    • 30,000 Obesity and unfitness
    • 20,000 All alcohol related illnesses
    • 10,000 All accidents
    • 6,000 Suicide
    • 4,000 Accidents in the home
    • 350 Accidents at work
    • 3,500 Road Traffic Accidents
    • 6 Rail crashes or derailments
    • 150 Adventure activity accidents
  • .. and for our 13 million young people
    • In total 1,400 sudden or accidental deaths per year
    • 450 Road Traffic Accidents
    • 400 Undiagnosed heart disease
    • 140 Suffocation
    • 125 Poisoning
    • 100 Suicide
    • 90 Drowning
    • 80 Fire
    • 65 Falls
    • 50 Murder
    • 3 School visits
    • 1 School adventure activities
  • Types of Risk Assessment
    • Generic : A general RA where the hazards and control measures are relevant to all or the majority of persons carrying out or involved in an activity.
    • Individual : A RA which takes in additional hazards etc which are only relevant to an individual involved in that task. This may be a staff member or service user.
    • Specific : A RA which deals with a one-off or rare activity or event.
  • 5 step Risk Assessment
    • What are the hazards?
    • Who might be harmed?
    • What are the current control methods?
    • What further control methods are required?
    • Review the assessment regularly.
  • Things to consider within these steps…
    • Activity
    • Environment
    • Equipment
    • Group
    • Individual
  • Who should assess risk
    • Teams rather than individuals
    • Person being assessed (if appropriate)
    • People with relevant knowledge or expertise
  • Assessment of risk
    • Purpose to highlight, minimise and manage potential areas of risk - not a tool to prohibit activities taking place.
  • Why take risks with our service users?
  • Continuum of aims Leisure Education or therapy Physical Use activities in structured way towards predetermined therapeutic or educational aims Burns off energy, increases co-ordination and motor skills Fun,enjoyment, relaxing, letting the activities speak for themselves
  • Why take risks with our service users?
    • Opportunity for meaningful, authentic, dramatic experiences - communication development
    • Build and develop self-awareness and self-confidence
    • Develop physical attributes
    • Exposure to a wider range of learning opportunities and stimulating environments
    • Provide the opportunity to “live” life - chance for adventure and psychological high
  • Do we need to take risks?
    • Is there other ways we can achieve these things?
    • Activities as journeys or narratives
    • Too much focus on activity and less on process
  • Case Study
  • Fred
    • Early forties
    • Profoundly deafblind
    • Uses between 10-20 functional HOH signs
    • Enjoys finger spelling
    • Enjoys being outside
  • Activity
    • How to explain to Fred???
    • What would his understanding be???
    • Physical risks
    • Psychological risks
    • Risk to our relationship???
    • I would climb with Fred on same top rope
  • Environment
    • Low single pitch crag
    • Large flat safe area below crag
    • Easy safe path back from top of crag
    • Easy route ideal for beginners
  • Equipment
    • Helmet and harness of concern due to Fred’s history
    • Investigated and played with equipment in a relaxed atmosphere the evening before the climbing day…
    • Practice to give idea of system
  • Group
    • Fred one of two service users with three staff plus centre staff.
    • Each service user climbing would climb with two staff supporting with one member of staff supporting the non-climber.
    • One service user climbing/abseiling at a time.
  • Individual
    • Scaffolded ‘climbing’ to increase understanding
    • Observed and discussed scaffold sessions to assess
    • Relevant medication to hand
  • If we are going to do risky activities, how can we manage them?
    • AALA - on its way out but still a good mark of best practice
    • Break down activities then scaffold back up
    • Risk assess and review regularly
    • Assess and re-assess aims, objectives and benefits, is this the best activity?
    • Security is mostly a superstition. It does not exist in nature, nor do the children of men as a whole experience it. Avoiding danger is no safer in the long run than outright exposure. Life is either a daring adventure or nothing.
    • (Helen Keller, http://www.wisdomquotes.com/001106.html)