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Positive Risk Taking Joseph Gibson Sense Scotland  Outdoor Activities Co-ordinator
Why am I here? <ul><li>Talk last year… discussion of risk </li></ul><ul><li>My background </li></ul>
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Risky Activities… </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects of risk </li></ul><ul><li>Asses...
Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul>
The likelihood of that harm occurring and the severity of the outcome Risk = Something which has the potential to cause ha...
Risk Equation <ul><li>Risk = Likelihood x Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Crude example </li></ul><ul><li>Rock climbing is low ...
Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul>
Types of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul>
Perceived vs. Actual risk <ul><li>Perceived risk is how the risk involved in an activity is  felt  by the person doing the...
Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk ...
Risks to whom <ul><li>Service user </li></ul><ul><li>Staff (lone working etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the public </l...
Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk ...
Risk of what <ul><li>Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Humiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Fines   </li></ul...
Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk ...
Some context…
<ul><li>Health  or  Safety ? </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of  not  engaging with adventure activities </li></ul><ul><li>Marc...
The Human Cost <ul><li>Total deaths  per year for all ages  </li></ul><ul><li>130,000 All cancers </li></ul><ul><li>120,00...
.. and for our 13 million  young people <ul><li>In total 1,400 sudden or  accidental deaths  per year </li></ul><ul><li>45...
Types of Risk Assessment <ul><li>Generic : A general RA where the hazards and control measures are relevant to all or the ...
5 step Risk Assessment <ul><li>What are the hazards? </li></ul><ul><li>Who might be harmed? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the...
Things to consider within these steps… <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></u...
Who should assess risk <ul><li>Teams rather than individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Person being assessed (if appropriate) </li...
Assessment of risk <ul><li>Purpose to highlight,  minimise and manage  potential areas of risk - not a tool to prohibit ac...
Why take risks with our service users?
Continuum of aims Leisure Education or therapy Physical Use activities in structured way towards predetermined therapeutic...
Why take risks with our service users? <ul><li>Opportunity for meaningful, authentic, dramatic experiences - communication...
Do we need to take risks? <ul><li>Is there other ways we can achieve these things? </li></ul><ul><li>Activities as journey...
Case Study
Fred <ul><li>Early forties </li></ul><ul><li>Profoundly deafblind </li></ul><ul><li>Uses between 10-20 functional HOH sign...
Activity <ul><li>How to explain to Fred???  </li></ul><ul><li>What would his understanding be??? </li></ul><ul><li>Physica...
Environment <ul><li>Low single pitch crag  </li></ul><ul><li>Large flat safe area below crag </li></ul><ul><li>Easy safe p...
Equipment <ul><li>Helmet and harness of concern due to Fred’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Investigated and played with equip...
Group <ul><li>Fred one of two service users with three staff plus centre staff.  </li></ul><ul><li>Each service user climb...
Individual <ul><li>Scaffolded ‘climbing’ to increase understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Observed and discussed scaffold sessi...
If we are going to do risky activities, how can we manage them? <ul><li>AALA - on its way out but still a good mark of bes...
<ul><li>Security is mostly a superstition. It does not exist in nature, nor do the children of men as a whole experience i...
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Joe gibson creative inclusion presentation without photos

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  • HEALTH ISSUES AND SAFETY ISSUES
  • SCHOOL VISITS Drowning
  • Individual left to end on purpose so all other aspects will have been considered to feed into individuals assessment
  • Enjoys communicating especially finger spelling. Can have a sedentary lifestyle due to fondness of kitchen table…
  • Transcript of "Joe gibson creative inclusion presentation without photos"

    1. 1. Positive Risk Taking Joseph Gibson Sense Scotland Outdoor Activities Co-ordinator
    2. 2. Why am I here? <ul><li>Talk last year… discussion of risk </li></ul><ul><li>My background </li></ul>
    3. 3. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Risky Activities… </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects of risk </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of risk </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of not taking risks </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul>
    4. 4. Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul>
    5. 5. The likelihood of that harm occurring and the severity of the outcome Risk = Something which has the potential to cause harm Hazard =
    6. 6. Risk Equation <ul><li>Risk = Likelihood x Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Crude example </li></ul><ul><li>Rock climbing is low likelihood but high severity </li></ul><ul><li>Risk = 1 x 10 = 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Scrambling is higher likelihood but lower in hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Risk = 6 x 4 = 24 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul>
    8. 8. Types of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul>
    9. 9. Perceived vs. Actual risk <ul><li>Perceived risk is how the risk involved in an activity is felt by the person doing the activity, whilst actual risk is the risk that is present in reality . </li></ul>
    10. 10. Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and Psychological risk </li></ul><ul><li>Risks to whom? </li></ul>
    11. 11. Risks to whom <ul><li>Service user </li></ul><ul><li>Staff (lone working etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the public </li></ul><ul><li>External professionals </li></ul>
    12. 12. Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and Psychological risk </li></ul><ul><li>Risks to whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of what? </li></ul>
    13. 13. Risk of what <ul><li>Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Humiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Fines </li></ul><ul><li>Prison </li></ul>
    14. 14. Aspects of risk <ul><li>Risk equation </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/actual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Subjective risk </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and Psychological risk </li></ul><ul><li>Risks to whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of what? </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences </li></ul>
    15. 15. Some context…
    16. 16. <ul><li>Health or Safety ? </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of not engaging with adventure activities </li></ul><ul><li>Marcus Bailie </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>The Adventure Activities Licensing Service . </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Human Cost <ul><li>Total deaths per year for all ages </li></ul><ul><li>130,000 All cancers </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 All heart attacks </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 All smoking related illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>30,000 Obesity and unfitness </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 All alcohol related illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 All accidents </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 Accidents in the home </li></ul><ul><li>350 Accidents at work </li></ul><ul><li>3,500 Road Traffic Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>6 Rail crashes or derailments </li></ul><ul><li>150 Adventure activity accidents </li></ul>
    18. 18. .. and for our 13 million young people <ul><li>In total 1,400 sudden or accidental deaths per year </li></ul><ul><li>450 Road Traffic Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>400 Undiagnosed heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>140 Suffocation </li></ul><ul><li>125 Poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>100 Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>90 Drowning </li></ul><ul><li>80 Fire </li></ul><ul><li>65 Falls </li></ul><ul><li>50 Murder </li></ul><ul><li>3 School visits </li></ul><ul><li>1 School adventure activities </li></ul>
    19. 19. Types of Risk Assessment <ul><li>Generic : A general RA where the hazards and control measures are relevant to all or the majority of persons carrying out or involved in an activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual : A RA which takes in additional hazards etc which are only relevant to an individual involved in that task. This may be a staff member or service user. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific : A RA which deals with a one-off or rare activity or event. </li></ul>
    20. 20. 5 step Risk Assessment <ul><li>What are the hazards? </li></ul><ul><li>Who might be harmed? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the current control methods? </li></ul><ul><li>What further control methods are required? </li></ul><ul><li>Review the assessment regularly. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Things to consider within these steps… <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Group </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul>
    22. 22. Who should assess risk <ul><li>Teams rather than individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Person being assessed (if appropriate) </li></ul><ul><li>People with relevant knowledge or expertise </li></ul>
    23. 23. Assessment of risk <ul><li>Purpose to highlight, minimise and manage potential areas of risk - not a tool to prohibit activities taking place. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Why take risks with our service users?
    25. 25. Continuum of aims Leisure Education or therapy Physical Use activities in structured way towards predetermined therapeutic or educational aims Burns off energy, increases co-ordination and motor skills Fun,enjoyment, relaxing, letting the activities speak for themselves
    26. 26. Why take risks with our service users? <ul><li>Opportunity for meaningful, authentic, dramatic experiences - communication development </li></ul><ul><li>Build and develop self-awareness and self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Develop physical attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to a wider range of learning opportunities and stimulating environments </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the opportunity to “live” life - chance for adventure and psychological high </li></ul>
    27. 27. Do we need to take risks? <ul><li>Is there other ways we can achieve these things? </li></ul><ul><li>Activities as journeys or narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Too much focus on activity and less on process </li></ul>
    28. 28. Case Study
    29. 29. Fred <ul><li>Early forties </li></ul><ul><li>Profoundly deafblind </li></ul><ul><li>Uses between 10-20 functional HOH signs </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoys finger spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoys being outside </li></ul>
    30. 30. Activity <ul><li>How to explain to Fred??? </li></ul><ul><li>What would his understanding be??? </li></ul><ul><li>Physical risks </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological risks </li></ul><ul><li>Risk to our relationship??? </li></ul><ul><li>I would climb with Fred on same top rope </li></ul>
    31. 31. Environment <ul><li>Low single pitch crag </li></ul><ul><li>Large flat safe area below crag </li></ul><ul><li>Easy safe path back from top of crag </li></ul><ul><li>Easy route ideal for beginners </li></ul>
    32. 32. Equipment <ul><li>Helmet and harness of concern due to Fred’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Investigated and played with equipment in a relaxed atmosphere the evening before the climbing day… </li></ul><ul><li>Practice to give idea of system </li></ul>
    33. 33. Group <ul><li>Fred one of two service users with three staff plus centre staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Each service user climbing would climb with two staff supporting with one member of staff supporting the non-climber. </li></ul><ul><li>One service user climbing/abseiling at a time. </li></ul>
    34. 34. Individual <ul><li>Scaffolded ‘climbing’ to increase understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Observed and discussed scaffold sessions to assess </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant medication to hand </li></ul>
    35. 35. If we are going to do risky activities, how can we manage them? <ul><li>AALA - on its way out but still a good mark of best practice </li></ul><ul><li>Break down activities then scaffold back up </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assess and review regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Assess and re-assess aims, objectives and benefits, is this the best activity? </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>Security is mostly a superstition. It does not exist in nature, nor do the children of men as a whole experience it. Avoiding danger is no safer in the long run than outright exposure. Life is either a daring adventure or nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>(Helen Keller, http://www.wisdomquotes.com/001106.html) </li></ul>
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