Cape Town’s Action Plan
for Energyand ClimateChange
PREPARED BY :
Reference : http://www.capetown.at/index.htm
• Cape Town lies on the slopes of Table Mountain at the south-western tip of Africa.
• Cape Town is the second-most populated city in South Africa and the provincial capital
and primate city of the Western Cape.
• The city is famous for its harbour as well as its natural setting in the Cape floral kingdom,
as well as for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point
• Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town was originally developed by the Dutch East
India Company as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far
Prehistoric Cape Town
The Birth of Table Mountain :
Table Mountain is not merely the iconic symbol of Cape
Town - without it's mountain Cape Town would not exist
and the south-western tip of Africa would be a dry,
windswept and sparsely populated region
Introduction: KhoeSan, the First Capetonians:
The earliest human communities ever recorded lived in
sight of Table Mountain. Rock art left by these
communities dates back 27,000 years.
In due time the San and Khoekhoe groups emerged
from among these peoples.
The San People
For perhaps one hundred thousand years, until
the nineteenth century, the San people lived by
hunting and gathering in small nomadic 'bands' in
the mountains north of Cape Town.
The First Years
Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape on the 6th April 1652.
His orders were not to establish a colony, but merely to sell produce to
passing ships. He could barter supplies from the Khoe and grow
He established a small fortification and a company garden, but soon the
demand for produce led to farms, slaves and a growing settlement. The
occupation of land led to warfare with the Khoe.
Cape Town Develops
The growth of Cape Town began with a guesthouse and soon there were
several taverns. By the time van Riebeeck left after 10 years, there were
four streets, large farms and the name 'Cape Town' was established.
Warfare had broken the power of the Khoe, but the threat of European
invasion rose, and the VOC began to build a stone Castle in 1665. It is still
in use today.
Meanwhile the presence of slaves and the integration of the Khoe was
creating a hierarchical, diverse society
Cape Town 1700s
Meanwhile Cape Town developed in the 1700s, as an attractive Dutch-
style town and an important port of call for sailors.
The town offered rest and amusement for the most refined and the
roughest sailors, truly a 'Tavern of the Seas'
The Boom of the 1780s
In the 1780s Cape Town enjoyed a 'boom' decade. French troops were
stationed in Cape Town 1781 - 1784 to defend the Cape from British
The French troops built fortifications around the town, and their wages
helped to boost the economy. Several important buildings were built in
British forces landed on the Cape Peninsula in June 1795, and occupied
Cape Town. Their purpose was to secure the settlement before it fell into
the hands of Napoleon.
After the Battle of Waterloo (1814) the Cape formally became part of the
British Empire. British administration brought economic benefits to the
Cape, but Governors were content to allow the life of the colony to
continue much as before
A City Develops
With the end of slavery, the British developed the terms 'coloured' and
Malaya for non-Europeans.
A new society evolved, with poor immigrants from the UK seeking work in
the city. Former slave owners built areas that became slums for the poor.
These areas were multi-racial.
Thus dramatic contrasts developed between the middle class with their
regency townhouses and carriages and the artisans living in slums
After years of campaigning the middle class finally won the right to self-
government, culminating in fully 'Responsible Government' in 1872, by
which Cape Town became the capital of the Cape Colony.
The parliament buildings were completed in 1885, and are still in use
Only property-owners could vote and a more conservative era began that
favoured commercial interests over the interests of the poor. The liberal
era began to wane.
The development of infrastructure at the Cape and into the interior,
particularly the harbour and railways, came just in time to benefit from a
series of economic booms. First the discovery of diamonds, then gold and
finally the South African war.
With these came unprecedented immigration and urban growth. The
growth of slums and the fear of disease led the authorities to develop the
first township for non-Europeans.
When the British arrived in 1795, Cape Town was a small 'Company Town'.
By 1910 it was an imperial capital of 200,000 people.
Business had grown dramatically and a liberal tradition had been
established that created a flourishing and broad society.
But by the end of the century prejudice was on the rise and discriminatory
policies were put in place to control the rapidly growing population.
THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY
Cape Town had grown rapidly at the end of the British
Era. Her population was very diverse, and included a
significant proportion of 'Coloured' and African
peoples as well as Afrikaans and English speaking
In the years 1910 - 1948 the city continued to grow
and took on a modern appearance, but the influence
of new laws and old prejudices led to discrimination
that separated and stratified the population on racial
In the new Union of South Africa, Cape Town was the
seat of parliament but real economic and political
power was held in the Transvaal, a thousand miles
Through monuments and new institutions Cape
Town asserted itself as a cultural centre of South
Africa, the 'Mother City' of the nation.
By 1946 the population of Cape Town had reached approximately half a
million, of which whites were less than half.
Economic hardship and racial discrimination encouraged policies that
favoured whites; this created economic and cultural differences that
steadily split the population along racial lines.
Immigrants, coloured and black groups struggled to define their identity
and political response to this discrimination.
Meanwhile Afrikaner Nationalism grew stronger in Cape Town and across
South Africa, leading to a growing right-wing movement.
Growth and Control
With increasing migration and an economic depression,
conditions of absolute poverty developed in the inner-
city and in shanty towns on the outskirts of the city.
Poverty and discrimination led to crime, social
breakdown and the spread of disease in the poorest
areas. Welfare organisations developed to try to address
Urban planners cleared slums and built townships to
control the growing population and divide the city into
separate racial areas.
A great land reclamation project dramatically extended
Cape Town's Foreshore and created the modern Docks,
but destroyed the city's waterfront.
In the early twentieth century Cape Town lost its political power and its
depressed economy did not keep up with continuous migration to the city.
After the years of boycotts and bad press tourists began to return to Cape
Town in 1995.
Tourism fuelled an unprecedented development of the city, led by the
V&A Waterfront area. A theme park, casino and convention centre
Numerous hotels opened and shopping centres expanded. More
museums and cultural tours and events helped the city to celebrate its rich
THE CITYIS MOVING FROM... HOW HAS CAPE TOWN CHANGED?
CAPE TOWN GROWTH: 1977 - 2012
•The Zoning Categories covered are:
Single Residential Zones
General Residential Zones
Local Business Zones
General Business and Mixed Use Zones
Utility, Transport and National Port Zones
Open Space Zones
Agricultural, Rural and Limited Use Zone
ZONING OF A CITY-CAPE TOWN:
•The closest international airport is Cape Town International Airport (CPT), which is one of the two most important, busy
and well-served airports in South Africa, with direct flights from Europe, the Middle East and all around South Africa
•The Cape Town International Convention Centre is the closest of large-scale venues in Durbanville environs; it has
100,000 square feet of exhibit space on its ground floor, big enough to host 10,000 persons, as well as two auditoriums
(the first seating 600 persons, the second, 1,500); 33 meeting rooms and a 20,000-square-foot ballroom.
•The larger hotel venues in Durbanville's area are in downtown Cape Town, but nice choices with meeting space on a
much smaller scale (some surrounded by countryside) include the 32-room Guest House, Spa & Conference Centre,
which has event space for up to 80 persons; six-room Guest House & Conference Centre, which has meeting space for 50
persons; and three-room Castile Guest House & Conference Centre, which has a meeting room for 15 persons.
1. Green Point Common
2. V&A Waterfront
3. Green Point
5. De Waterkant
6. Convention District
7. Mid City
8. Company’s Gardens
9. East Foreshore
10. Cape Town Station
11. East City
12. District Six
13. Walmer Estate
14. Upper Woodstock
15. Lower Woodstock / Salt River
17. Lower Gardens
18. Upper Table Valley
20 places are:
TWENTY main places/areas
Map showing proposals for division of Central City area into twenty
Densification, affordable housing and land use management
BIG IDEA of Restitution of the city’s ecological link between the mountain and the sea
Public space and public life
The squares of Cape Town have traditionally
been the centre of public life. In recent decades,
many of them were given over to public
parking, and become degraded through poor
maintenance and management. In recent
years, the City has been upgrading
many of the squares.
Cape Town's Tallest Buildings:
150m Metlife Centre, 7 Coen Steytler Avenue (1993, 28 floors)
127m BP Centre, 1 Thibault Square, Long and Hans Strydom Streets (1972, 32 floors)
119m Shell House, 9 Riebeek Street (1976, 29 floors)
117m ABSA Centre, 2 Riebeck Street (1970, 34 floors)
108m Golden Acre (Sanlam), 9 Adderley Street (1979, 28 floors)
105m Southern Sun Cape Sun (formerly Holiday Inn), Strand and Burg Streets (1982, 33 floors)
104m Safmarine House, 22 Riebeeck Street (1993, 26 floors)
101m Western Cape Provincial Administration Building, 4 Dorp Street (1976, 26 floors)
98m Civic Centre, Hertzog Boulevard (1978, 26 floors)
93m Mobil House (1970, 24 floors)
93m Naspers Centre, Heerengracht (1962, 22 floors)
92m Cartwrights Corner House, Adderley Street (1969, 24 floors)
88m Telkom Tower (Standard Bank Centre), Hertzog Boulevard (1976, 23 floors)
87m Reserve Bank Building, 60 St Georges Mall (1975, 23 floors)
85m 120 Plein Street (1969, 20 floors)
84m 2 Long Street (1971, 22 floors)
81m Gardens Centre, Mill and Upper Buitenkant Streets, Gardens (1973, 22 floors)
80m Pavilion Place, Beach Road, Sea Point (1970, 26 floors)
80m Cape Town Ritz Hotel, Main Road, Sea Point (19??, 25 floors)
76m Project 166, 22 Hans Strijdom Avenue (1986, 21 floors)
74m Mark Heights, Wallace Street (19??, 21 floors)
70m Edward Heights, Wallace Street (19??, 21 floors)
68m Arabella Sheraton Hotel, Roggebaai Canal, Foreshore (2003, 20 floors)
60m Disa Park (Silverstream, Blinkwater, Platteklip), Chelmsford Road (19??, 17 floors)
56m Cullinan Hotel (1998, 16 floors)
52m The Terraces, 34 Bree Street (1992, 14 floors)
48m Southern Sun Waterfront (formerly Holiday Inn), 1 Lower Buitengragt (1998, 13 floors)
BP CentreABSA Centre
Southern Sun Cape Sun (formerly Holiday Inn)
Western Cape Provincial Administration Building:
Naspers Centre, at its
completion in 1962, was
the tallest building in
Montebello Craft and Design Centre Highlight Creative precincts in the Central City
City Hall Music Centre
and Design Centre
Cape Town’s public transport system includes :
• Golden Arrow Buses
•The City Sightseeing Bus
•The Cape Town Railway Station
•Cycling & motorbiking
•Hiring a bicycle or motorbike
FOR THE GROWTH OF A CITY MODES OF TRANSPORT SHOULD BE PROPER
MODES OF TRANSPORT
Green Goal 2010
Aim: To ensure that the planning and implementation of
the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ is based on an environmentally
Cape Town Green Map
Aim: To inform Capetonians and visitors to Cape Town of
opportunities to experience and support Cape Town’s
wealth of natural resources and sustainable “green living”
Table Mountain National Park
Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and develop the partnership
between the City of Cape Town and Table Mountain
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability
Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and develop the partnership
between the City of Cape Town and ICLEI – Local
Governments for Sustainability.
Local Action for Biodiversity (LAB)
Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and implement the ICLEI Africa
project, Local Action for Biodiversity (LAB).
PREPARED BY :
COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE , IET BHADDAL , ROPAR , PUNJAB