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Town Planning of Cape-Town

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Town Planning Of Cape-Town (South-Africa)

Town Planning Of Cape-Town (South-Africa)

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  • 1. Cape Town’s Action Plan for Energyand ClimateChange TOWN PLANNING OF CAPE TOWN PREPARED BY : MANISH SHARMA Reference : http://www.capetown.at/index.htm http://www.capetown.gov.za/en/Pages/default.aspx
  • 2. • Cape Town lies on the slopes of Table Mountain at the south-western tip of Africa. • Cape Town is the second-most populated city in South Africa and the provincial capital and primate city of the Western Cape. • The city is famous for its harbour as well as its natural setting in the Cape floral kingdom, as well as for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point • Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town was originally developed by the Dutch East India Company as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East. INTRODUCTION
  • 3. Prehistoric Cape Town The Birth of Table Mountain : Table Mountain is not merely the iconic symbol of Cape Town - without it's mountain Cape Town would not exist and the south-western tip of Africa would be a dry, windswept and sparsely populated region Introduction: KhoeSan, the First Capetonians: The earliest human communities ever recorded lived in sight of Table Mountain. Rock art left by these communities dates back 27,000 years. In due time the San and Khoekhoe groups emerged from among these peoples. The San People For perhaps one hundred thousand years, until the nineteenth century, the San people lived by hunting and gathering in small nomadic 'bands' in the mountains north of Cape Town.
  • 4. The First Years Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape on the 6th April 1652. His orders were not to establish a colony, but merely to sell produce to passing ships. He could barter supplies from the Khoe and grow vegetables. He established a small fortification and a company garden, but soon the demand for produce led to farms, slaves and a growing settlement. The occupation of land led to warfare with the Khoe. Cape Town Develops The growth of Cape Town began with a guesthouse and soon there were several taverns. By the time van Riebeeck left after 10 years, there were four streets, large farms and the name 'Cape Town' was established. Warfare had broken the power of the Khoe, but the threat of European invasion rose, and the VOC began to build a stone Castle in 1665. It is still in use today. Meanwhile the presence of slaves and the integration of the Khoe was creating a hierarchical, diverse society
  • 5. Cape Town 1700s Meanwhile Cape Town developed in the 1700s, as an attractive Dutch- style town and an important port of call for sailors. The town offered rest and amusement for the most refined and the roughest sailors, truly a 'Tavern of the Seas' The Boom of the 1780s In the 1780s Cape Town enjoyed a 'boom' decade. French troops were stationed in Cape Town 1781 - 1784 to defend the Cape from British attack. The French troops built fortifications around the town, and their wages helped to boost the economy. Several important buildings were built in this era. British Occupation British forces landed on the Cape Peninsula in June 1795, and occupied Cape Town. Their purpose was to secure the settlement before it fell into the hands of Napoleon. After the Battle of Waterloo (1814) the Cape formally became part of the British Empire. British administration brought economic benefits to the Cape, but Governors were content to allow the life of the colony to continue much as before
  • 6. A City Develops With the end of slavery, the British developed the terms 'coloured' and Malaya for non-Europeans. A new society evolved, with poor immigrants from the UK seeking work in the city. Former slave owners built areas that became slums for the poor. These areas were multi-racial. Thus dramatic contrasts developed between the middle class with their regency townhouses and carriages and the artisans living in slums Imperial Capital After years of campaigning the middle class finally won the right to self- government, culminating in fully 'Responsible Government' in 1872, by which Cape Town became the capital of the Cape Colony. The parliament buildings were completed in 1885, and are still in use today. Only property-owners could vote and a more conservative era began that favoured commercial interests over the interests of the poor. The liberal era began to wane.
  • 7. Boom Years The development of infrastructure at the Cape and into the interior, particularly the harbour and railways, came just in time to benefit from a series of economic booms. First the discovery of diamonds, then gold and finally the South African war. With these came unprecedented immigration and urban growth. The growth of slums and the fear of disease led the authorities to develop the first township for non-Europeans. Conclusion When the British arrived in 1795, Cape Town was a small 'Company Town'. By 1910 it was an imperial capital of 200,000 people. Business had grown dramatically and a liberal tradition had been established that created a flourishing and broad society. But by the end of the century prejudice was on the rise and discriminatory policies were put in place to control the rapidly growing population.
  • 8. THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY INTRODUCTION Cape Town had grown rapidly at the end of the British Era. Her population was very diverse, and included a significant proportion of 'Coloured' and African peoples as well as Afrikaans and English speaking whites. In the years 1910 - 1948 the city continued to grow and took on a modern appearance, but the influence of new laws and old prejudices led to discrimination that separated and stratified the population on racial lines. Mother City In the new Union of South Africa, Cape Town was the seat of parliament but real economic and political power was held in the Transvaal, a thousand miles north-east. Through monuments and new institutions Cape Town asserted itself as a cultural centre of South Africa, the 'Mother City' of the nation.
  • 9. Division By 1946 the population of Cape Town had reached approximately half a million, of which whites were less than half. Economic hardship and racial discrimination encouraged policies that favoured whites; this created economic and cultural differences that steadily split the population along racial lines. Immigrants, coloured and black groups struggled to define their identity and political response to this discrimination. Meanwhile Afrikaner Nationalism grew stronger in Cape Town and across South Africa, leading to a growing right-wing movement. Growth and Control With increasing migration and an economic depression, conditions of absolute poverty developed in the inner- city and in shanty towns on the outskirts of the city. Poverty and discrimination led to crime, social breakdown and the spread of disease in the poorest areas. Welfare organisations developed to try to address these needs. Urban planners cleared slums and built townships to control the growing population and divide the city into separate racial areas. A great land reclamation project dramatically extended Cape Town's Foreshore and created the modern Docks, but destroyed the city's waterfront.
  • 10. Conclusion In the early twentieth century Cape Town lost its political power and its depressed economy did not keep up with continuous migration to the city. Development After the years of boycotts and bad press tourists began to return to Cape Town in 1995. Tourism fuelled an unprecedented development of the city, led by the V&A Waterfront area. A theme park, casino and convention centre followed. Numerous hotels opened and shopping centres expanded. More museums and cultural tours and events helped the city to celebrate its rich diversity.
  • 11. LOCATION OF CAPE TOWN :
  • 12. THE CITYIS MOVING FROM... HOW HAS CAPE TOWN CHANGED? CAPE TOWN GROWTH: 1977 - 2012
  • 13. •The Zoning Categories covered are: Single Residential Zones General Residential Zones Community Zones Local Business Zones General Business and Mixed Use Zones Industrial Zones Utility, Transport and National Port Zones Open Space Zones Agricultural, Rural and Limited Use Zone ZONING OF A CITY-CAPE TOWN:
  • 14. •The closest international airport is Cape Town International Airport (CPT), which is one of the two most important, busy and well-served airports in South Africa, with direct flights from Europe, the Middle East and all around South Africa itself. •The Cape Town International Convention Centre is the closest of large-scale venues in Durbanville environs; it has 100,000 square feet of exhibit space on its ground floor, big enough to host 10,000 persons, as well as two auditoriums (the first seating 600 persons, the second, 1,500); 33 meeting rooms and a 20,000-square-foot ballroom. •The larger hotel venues in Durbanville's area are in downtown Cape Town, but nice choices with meeting space on a much smaller scale (some surrounded by countryside) include the 32-room Guest House, Spa & Conference Centre, which has event space for up to 80 persons; six-room Guest House & Conference Centre, which has meeting space for 50 persons; and three-room Castile Guest House & Conference Centre, which has a meeting room for 15 persons.
  • 15. CITY OF CAPE TOWN PERMISSIBLE HEIGHT :
  • 16. 1. Green Point Common 2. V&A Waterfront 3. Green Point 4. Bo-Kaap 5. De Waterkant 6. Convention District 7. Mid City 8. Company’s Gardens 9. East Foreshore 10. Cape Town Station 11. East City 12. District Six 13. Walmer Estate 14. Upper Woodstock 15. Lower Woodstock / Salt River 16. Vredehoek 17. Lower Gardens 18. Upper Table Valley 19. Culemborg 20. Port 20 places are: TWENTY main places/areas CAPE TOWN CENTRAL CITY AREA Map showing proposals for division of Central City area into twenty neighbourhoods
  • 17. Densification, affordable housing and land use management BIG IDEA of Restitution of the city’s ecological link between the mountain and the sea
  • 18. Public space and public life The squares of Cape Town have traditionally been the centre of public life. In recent decades, many of them were given over to public parking, and become degraded through poor maintenance and management. In recent years, the City has been upgrading many of the squares.
  • 19. Highlights Central City destination marketing
  • 20. Cape Town's Tallest Buildings: 150m Metlife Centre, 7 Coen Steytler Avenue (1993, 28 floors) 127m BP Centre, 1 Thibault Square, Long and Hans Strydom Streets (1972, 32 floors) 119m Shell House, 9 Riebeek Street (1976, 29 floors) 117m ABSA Centre, 2 Riebeck Street (1970, 34 floors) 108m Golden Acre (Sanlam), 9 Adderley Street (1979, 28 floors) 105m Southern Sun Cape Sun (formerly Holiday Inn), Strand and Burg Streets (1982, 33 floors) 104m Safmarine House, 22 Riebeeck Street (1993, 26 floors) 101m Western Cape Provincial Administration Building, 4 Dorp Street (1976, 26 floors) 98m Civic Centre, Hertzog Boulevard (1978, 26 floors) 93m Mobil House (1970, 24 floors) 93m Naspers Centre, Heerengracht (1962, 22 floors) 92m Cartwrights Corner House, Adderley Street (1969, 24 floors) 88m Telkom Tower (Standard Bank Centre), Hertzog Boulevard (1976, 23 floors) 87m Reserve Bank Building, 60 St Georges Mall (1975, 23 floors) 85m 120 Plein Street (1969, 20 floors) 84m 2 Long Street (1971, 22 floors) 81m Gardens Centre, Mill and Upper Buitenkant Streets, Gardens (1973, 22 floors) 80m Pavilion Place, Beach Road, Sea Point (1970, 26 floors) 80m Cape Town Ritz Hotel, Main Road, Sea Point (19??, 25 floors) 76m Project 166, 22 Hans Strijdom Avenue (1986, 21 floors) 74m Mark Heights, Wallace Street (19??, 21 floors) 70m Edward Heights, Wallace Street (19??, 21 floors) 68m Arabella Sheraton Hotel, Roggebaai Canal, Foreshore (2003, 20 floors) 60m Disa Park (Silverstream, Blinkwater, Platteklip), Chelmsford Road (19??, 17 floors) 56m Cullinan Hotel (1998, 16 floors) 52m The Terraces, 34 Bree Street (1992, 14 floors) 48m Southern Sun Waterfront (formerly Holiday Inn), 1 Lower Buitengragt (1998, 13 floors)
  • 21. Metlife Centre BP CentreABSA Centre Golden Acre Southern Sun Cape Sun (formerly Holiday Inn) Shell House
  • 22. Safmarine House Western Cape Provincial Administration Building: Mobil House Naspers Centre: Naspers Centre, at its completion in 1962, was the tallest building in Africa.
  • 23. Montebello Craft and Design Centre Highlight Creative precincts in the Central City City Hall Music Centre Montebello Craft and Design Centre
  • 24. Public transport Cape Town’s public transport system includes : • Golden Arrow Buses •The City Sightseeing Bus •Trains •Metrorail •The Cape Town Railway Station •Travel safe •Long-distance trains •Minibus taxis •Taxis •Cycling & motorbiking •Hiring a bicycle or motorbike •Driving •Vehicle hire •Petrol stations •Parking •Walking FOR THE GROWTH OF A CITY MODES OF TRANSPORT SHOULD BE PROPER MODES OF TRANSPORT
  • 25. projects Green Goal 2010 Aim: To ensure that the planning and implementation of the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ is based on an environmentally sustainable footing. Cape Town Green Map Aim: To inform Capetonians and visitors to Cape Town of opportunities to experience and support Cape Town’s wealth of natural resources and sustainable “green living” options. Table Mountain National Park Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and develop the partnership between the City of Cape Town and Table Mountain National Park. ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and develop the partnership between the City of Cape Town and ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability. Local Action for Biodiversity (LAB) Aim: To co-ordinate, plan and implement the ICLEI Africa project, Local Action for Biodiversity (LAB).
  • 26. THANKU PREPARED BY : MANISH SHARMA COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE , IET BHADDAL , ROPAR , PUNJAB (INDIA)