Great War Geography
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Great War Geography

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Arapahoe High School

Arapahoe High School
Crosby's Western Civilizations Period 6
Unit on 20th Century

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Great War Geography Great War Geography Presentation Transcript

  • Melanie Archipley, Joy Dafoe, Ariel Nolte Western Civilizations Period 6 April 2012
  • In the Beginning I  Western Europe similar to modern boundaries  Exception of Italy Eastern Europe divided among four empires  Second Reich Germany  Austria-Hungary  Turkish Ottoman Empire  Russia
  • *Stuff Hits the Fan  Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated by Serbian terrorists in 1914 War officially begins five weeks later
  • Alliances  Entente Powers: United Kingdom, France, Russia Central Powers: German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria Italy part of Triple Alliance (pre-WWI), later joined Allies Germany threatened by two-front war
  • Treaty of Versailles  “Big Three” of France, Britain, United States reduced Germany territorially, militarily, financially Wilson pushed to redefine boundaries based on language, individual people groups
  • The Mandate System T  Mandates territories distributed by Western powers In theory: held until independent In practice: European colonies Treaties led to breaking up land, independence of new nations Feelings of bbetrayal
  • Nationalism  Germany’s split was known as “East Prussia” (via Treaty of Versailles) Both Italy, Germany reunified after splits Turkish Empire lost much land in Europe Nationalism = passion
  • In the EndII 
  • In the End  Hapsburg Empire disappeared Italy, Poland, Romania gained territory Ottoman Empire broken up Russian Empire lost land Germany split in two, lost all overseas colonies Eastern Europe: gained new nations Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Turkey