HOW TO SEEAND UNDERSTAND THEHISTORICAL SITESTUDENTS NAMES :SALMAN ALTUWARIKIABDULLAH ALHATHALABDULLAH ALMAZROUSUPERVISORS :PROF. IMAN ALDEN OTA BASHIARCH. ABDULAZIZ ALSUGAIERARCH. MAJED ALAREFE
THE LOCATION• Istanbul is the largest city in turkey & the fifth city in the world according to population density with a number close to 13 million .• Istanbul is located in northwestern Turkey within the Marmara Region on a total area of 5,343 square kilometers The Bosphorus , which connects the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, divides the city into a European side, comprising the historic and economic centers, and an Asian, Anatolian side; as such, Istanbul is one of the two bi- continental cities in Turkey .• During its long history, Istanbul has served as the capital of the Roman Empire (330–395), the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204– 1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453– 1922). When the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed on 29 October 1923.
THE TOPOGRAPHY• The historic peninsula is said to be built on seven hills, each topped by an imperial mosque, the largest of these hills is the site of Topkapı Palace on the Sarayburnu. But this is not right Bosporus canyon the truth is that it was a chin of maountins formed two vallys from both sides .• There was an ancient river, but it is buried .
THE GROWTH OF ISTANBUL CITY• The first human settlements in Istanbul founded in the south of the peninsula.• The growth of the city happened from the east to the west .• The factors of expiation in Istanbul city were AL Hejaz Railway & the two bridges the connect the European part with the Asian part . STUDY AREA SÜLEYMANİYE
THE SOCIAL & ECONOMICS SITUATIONS1. This is a region that place . contains Residential units , 9. The residents economic close to the historical areas. situations is poor to very2. Homeowners are not living poor, but The poor people in there property . who live there can save &3. Homeowners are old & in a sent money to there Higher class than rentals. families .4. The region is famous of its 10.Rental prices aren’t cheap textile trade & mini textile it’s about 200$ for one factories under the ground room 12 sq. meter for one5. A large percentage of Kurds month but when more living in the region & the than 5 bachelors rent one older people of then does unit it becomes a cheap for not speak Turkish. them.6. The school and university 11. Social dismantling system students feels that they followed by the planner in don’t belong to the area & past is one of the causes of fear of it . the problems of the other7. There is bachelors housing regions and it will cause area which conceded as a problems here also. habitat for them & not as place of criminals .8. bachelors Residents do not use the public transportation because they live & work in the same
URBAN ASSEMBLY KIT Building heights Building material
URBAN ASSEMBLY KIT percentage 0% 17% 2% 43% 38% Bad Good abandoned Under construction exclant Land condition percentage 7% 2% 3% 5% 46% 35% 0% 0% 1% 1% Religious Educational abandoned Residential cultural Cemeteries parkings water commercial govermental Land use
The ”Saraçhane” Park is located in the The “shezade” mosque is awest of “shezade” mosque. Under the park landmark in the areaground about 15 meters of the groundthere is a remains of an old Byzantinesbuildings and In the future there will be ametro station .Noted :it’s a very active place
A mosque inside The cemetery of the”Saraçhane” park mosque
The aqua duct is an old Byzantine Behind the aqua duct a narrow streetremains which use to transfer the & small residence buildings which haswater to there cites form the river . a different character than the other side of the aqua duct .Noted :The aqua duct is isolating the area
An Old primary school in the A mosque as landmark & the ottoman Empire . end of vista Noted : A historical buildings & vitas should be taking care ofA nice vista inside the district
A nice street pattern One of the Remain buildings which built of wood then enforced with brick.Noted :Old style buildingshould be maintained
An ottoman period mosque View Angle to Istanbul city & its Skyscrapers Noted : Nice view angles Must be UsedY shape intersection & the houseof rahmat which fund the library
The wall of “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex which has no entrance from this street. Picture shows the pattern of the streets & the “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex as an end of a vista.Noted :The street ends in the back of“SÜLEYMANİYE” complex
“SÜLEYMANİYE” mosque patern The street which is front of “SÜLEYMANİYE” mosque & it has some shops and cafeteriasNoted :Lack of parking in the area so the carspark in the “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex
ojack area which was a military zone in the ottoman period , famous of Rebellions & the fronting building was Dar Al-FatwaNoted :This area is an entrance to“SÜLEYMANİYE” complex which shouldbe look much more
The street surrounding of “SÜLEYMANİYE” ojack retribution area complex .Noted :• ojack retribution area with no signs• The surrounding of “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex is a dead area .
Inside one of the A conversation to an owner & renter about the singles buildings social lifeNoted :The residential units are two small for 4person there should be more residentialunits
Waste recycling powered by people collecting the cans , Streets pattern paper , etc. from the streetsNoted :• Streets pattern – long narrow – shaded – stone paving.• The waste recycling conceded as sustainable element.
Streets pattern Example of serveries building for singles contain : bath & laundry .Noted :The facilities are in bad condition
Streets pattern Streets patternNoted :• Streets pattern : long & narrow – shaded – stone paving.
An entrance to the area & assembly point Building patternNoted :• The entrance of the area are week for such unique area
The “shezade” mosque from In side One of the building which built on the late ottoman period style Noted : • The tries of coping the late ottoman style are weak .
One of the remarkable schools in the area A building built on Turkish style
Under ground factories A unique form of tree could be used as land mark Noted : • The factories in the area does not need a special infrastructure . • no interest in the unique natural elements .
Another part of the aqua duct Noted : No special care for the heritage aqua duct .
New building of Istanbul 2010 organization New building of Istanbul 2010 organization built out of concrete & block built out of Wood
Istanbul university– theIstanbul university Buildings communication faculty building Path pattern Noted : The character of the university does not reflect the history of the area
View Angle to “SÜLEYMANİYE” mosque Internal streets pattern
SPACE SYNTAX ANALYSIS space syntax analysis shows the most accessible and active streets and conjunctions in the “SÜLEYMANİYE” district in Red , orange , Yellow , green , cyan & blue gradually .accessibility Noted : The heritage building are not in the most active streetsconjunctions
Summarize :• The character of the university does not reflect the history of the area• No special care for the heritage aqua duct .• The factories in the area does not need a special infrastructure .• no interest in the unique natural elements .• The tries of coping the late ottoman style are weak• .The entrance of the area are week for such unique area• Streets pattern – long narrow – shaded – stone paving.• The waste recycling conceded as sustainable element but it should not be inside the district .• This area is an entrance to “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex which should be look much more• The facilities are in bad condition• The residential units are two small for 4 person there should be more residential units
• The street ends in the back of “SÜLEYMANİYE” complex• Old style building should be maintained• The aqua duct isolate the area• A historical buildings & vitas should be taking care of• The heritage building are not in the most active streets
THE ACTION PLAN• The main goal :Revive , restore and connect the “SÜLEYMANİYE” district .• The list of actions :1- Create a tourist route passes all the heritage , unique . a- distinctive ottoman character. b- The Metro station is the Starting point. c- the route is mainly for pedestrians2- Convert the surrounding of the aqua duct to a park with commercial activates a- demolishing all the attached building to the aqua duct. b- concentration of commercial activity3- Providing a sufficient number of car parking for visitors to the “SÜLEYMANİYE” district.4- Reducing the residential activity in the surrounding of the tourist route in range of 50 m .5- Procedures for buildings : Classification Action Collapsing non-heritage Removing Collapsing heritage restoring Good non-heritage Ottoman style cladding Good heritage Preservation & maintaining
6- Removing the waste collecting & recycling from “SÜLEYMANİYE” district.7- Enhance the entrances for “SÜLEYMANİYE” district & complex .8- Use the underground building remains in restoration if it is in bad condition .
Residential Commercial Educational Park Parking Landmarks Cars path Pedestrian pathaction plan