Yard by Yard: Replanting After
Asian Longhorned Beetle

Mollie Freilicher
Massachusetts Department of
Conservation and Rec...
Acknowledgements
• Eric Seaborn, former Program
Coordinator, DCR Urban and Community
Forestry
• Peter Church, Director of ...
The Setting

¯
Legend
ALB Quarantine, Worcester County (10/17/11)
Worcester County
0

5

10

20

30

40
Miles
Maples in Worcester
Discovery of ALB in 2008
Cutting
Granville Ave Before

Photo by Ken Law
USDA-APHIS
Granville Ave After

Photo by Ken Law
USDA-APHIS
Phases of Replanting
• 2009-2010: Phase 1 - USDA funds
• 2010-2012: Phase 2 - ARRA funds
• 2013-2015: Phase 3 - USDA & sta...
In the Beginning

First public meeting, August 2008

Ensure proper planting

Utilize property owner support
Local partners...
Phase 1: USDA-APHIS

• Assist Worcester
Tree Initiative
• Assist City of
Worcester

• $500,000 from USDA APHIS
• Phase 1 M...
Phase 2: ARRA

Replanting
Foresters

$4.487 Million

Site Visits

Planting by
Seasonal
Crews
The ARRA Model
UCF Program
Coordinator
1 Replanting
Forester
Supervisor
1 Forestry Assistant
(Logistics)

8 Field Replanti...
The ARRA Crews
2 Replanting
Foresters
10 Seasonal
Laborers

Approximately
65 Trees/Week

X

4
Collecting Data
• Four Panasonic
toughbooks
• “Sketchmapping”
software
• External GPS
• Plot trees
• Enter data
Collecting Data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

23 fields of data
Address
Species
Location
Notes
Access
Drop-down
menus & text
entry
The Trees
• 1.0-1.5 in. caliper
• Large shade trees &
ornamental trees
• Non-host species
• Container stock
• Some balled ...
The Equipment
Lots needed!
• Transportation
– Trucks
• Rack
• Dump
• Pick-up

– Vans
– Trailers
– Watering tank

• Hand To...
ARRA Planting
Staffing levels supported
•
•
•
•

Planting
Appointments
Data
Scheduling
Seasonality
Spring, Fall

Winter, Summer

Planting Season
Organize Planting Schedule
Contact DigSafe
Manage Crews
Plant Tr...
Worcester Tree Initiative

Program Model
•
•
•
•
•

Tree Giveaways
Neighborhood Outreach
Tree Steward Program
Educational ...
City Planting
Working Together
• Planting Partnerships-DCR, WTI, and the City
of Worcester
• Street Trees
• School Plantings
• Park Plan...
Exciting Projects
Trees for Tracks
• 2011 and 2012
• CSX, ACTrees & Worcester
Tree Initiative
– And DCR and City of
Worces...
Trees for Replanting
Sweetgum

Dawn
redwood

Ginkgo
White oak

Crabapple

White fir

Littleleaf linden

Red oak

Swamp
whi...
Phase 3: The Post-ARRA Era
How to Continue Planting?

• $3 million in federal and
state funding
• Scaled-back program
The Post-ARRA Era
UCF Program
Coordinator
3 Replanting
Foresters
3 Long-term
Seasonal
Laborers

1 Long-term
Forestry
Assis...
The Post-ARRA Era
April 2013

• 12-week planting season
• 1,229 trees
• New yard at a city facility
Planting
Species as a Percent of Total Trees Planted
2009-2013
Oak, White
Oak, Swamp White
American
arborvitae

Ginkgo
Oak, Pin
Pin...
Plantings by Tree Type
45
40

39%
32%

35

29%

Percent

30
25
20
15
10

5
0

Conifer

Ornamental

Shade Tree
Shade Tree Preferences
Honeylocust
Sweetgum
Blackgum
Linden
Oak, Red
Tuliptree
Beech
Hornbeam
Oak, Pin
Ginkgo
Hophornbeam
...
Challenges
Where we are Today
• 7th planting season
• Over 26,000 trees
planted
– DCR
– Worcester Tree Initiative
– Towns and Cities
Where We’ve Applied the Model
Contact

Mollie Freilicher
Community Action Forester
DCR Urban and Community Forestry
mollie.freilicher@state.ma.us
Yard by Yard: Replanting After Asian Longhorned Beetle
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Yard by Yard: Replanting After Asian Longhorned Beetle

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Yard by Yard: Replanting After Asian Longhorned Beetle

Mollie Freilicher, Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation

Since the discovery of Asian longhorned beetle in Massachusetts in 2008, communities in Worcester County have lost over 32,000 trees, dramatically changing many neighborhoods. Since 2009, the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation has partnered with federal agencies and the Worcester Tree Initiative to replant trees, harnessing federal and state funding and developing a methodology for managing a large-scale tree planting program. This talk will cover hurdles, successes, and the lasting partnerships resulting from the replanting.

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Yard by Yard: Replanting After Asian Longhorned Beetle

  1. 1. Yard by Yard: Replanting After Asian Longhorned Beetle Mollie Freilicher Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation Urban & Community Forestry Program
  2. 2. Acknowledgements • Eric Seaborn, former Program Coordinator, DCR Urban and Community Forestry • Peter Church, Director of Forest Stewardship, DCR • Julie Coop and Mary Cardwell, DCR, ALB Cooperative Eradication Program • Clint McFarland, USDA-APHIS, ALB Cooperative Eradication Program • John Parry and Bill Frament, U.S. Forest Service • Peggy Middaugh, Worcester Tree Initiative • Arbor Day Foundation
  3. 3. The Setting ¯ Legend ALB Quarantine, Worcester County (10/17/11) Worcester County 0 5 10 20 30 40 Miles
  4. 4. Maples in Worcester
  5. 5. Discovery of ALB in 2008
  6. 6. Cutting
  7. 7. Granville Ave Before Photo by Ken Law USDA-APHIS
  8. 8. Granville Ave After Photo by Ken Law USDA-APHIS
  9. 9. Phases of Replanting • 2009-2010: Phase 1 - USDA funds • 2010-2012: Phase 2 - ARRA funds • 2013-2015: Phase 3 - USDA & state funds Worcester Tree Initiative City/Towns State
  10. 10. In the Beginning First public meeting, August 2008 Ensure proper planting Utilize property owner support Local partnerships Improve diversity Collect data
  11. 11. Phase 1: USDA-APHIS • Assist Worcester Tree Initiative • Assist City of Worcester • $500,000 from USDA APHIS • Phase 1 Model – DCR staff conduct site visits with property owners – Collect GPS data on new trees – Contractor plants trees with heavy equipment
  12. 12. Phase 2: ARRA Replanting Foresters $4.487 Million Site Visits Planting by Seasonal Crews
  13. 13. The ARRA Model UCF Program Coordinator 1 Replanting Forester Supervisor 1 Forestry Assistant (Logistics) 8 Field Replanting Foresters 40 Seasonal Laborers 15,000 Trees 1 Data/Logistics Replanting Forester
  14. 14. The ARRA Crews 2 Replanting Foresters 10 Seasonal Laborers Approximately 65 Trees/Week X 4
  15. 15. Collecting Data • Four Panasonic toughbooks • “Sketchmapping” software • External GPS • Plot trees • Enter data
  16. 16. Collecting Data • • • • • • • 23 fields of data Address Species Location Notes Access Drop-down menus & text entry
  17. 17. The Trees • 1.0-1.5 in. caliper • Large shade trees & ornamental trees • Non-host species • Container stock • Some balled & burlapped • Delivered weekly • Stored at the DCR chip dump
  18. 18. The Equipment Lots needed! • Transportation – Trucks • Rack • Dump • Pick-up – Vans – Trailers – Watering tank • Hand Tools – From shovels to pruners • Safety Equipment • Computers – Laptops and desktops – Printers • Arbor tie • Stakes • Hoses
  19. 19. ARRA Planting Staffing levels supported • • • • Planting Appointments Data Scheduling
  20. 20. Seasonality Spring, Fall Winter, Summer Planting Season Organize Planting Schedule Contact DigSafe Manage Crews Plant Trees Schedule Appointments to Site Trees Track Data “Off” Season Schedule Appointments to Site Trees Post-Planting Inspection and Data Collection Conduct Other Analyses Water Trees (summer) Track Data
  21. 21. Worcester Tree Initiative Program Model • • • • • Tree Giveaways Neighborhood Outreach Tree Steward Program Educational workshops Young Adult Foresters Photos courtesy of the Worcester Tree Initiative
  22. 22. City Planting
  23. 23. Working Together • Planting Partnerships-DCR, WTI, and the City of Worcester • Street Trees • School Plantings • Park Plantings – Dodge Park • Caring for New Trees
  24. 24. Exciting Projects Trees for Tracks • 2011 and 2012 • CSX, ACTrees & Worcester Tree Initiative – And DCR and City of Worcester – Dodge Park
  25. 25. Trees for Replanting Sweetgum Dawn redwood Ginkgo White oak Crabapple White fir Littleleaf linden Red oak Swamp white oak Kousa dogwood Blackgum Honeylocust Pin oak Photos are from the University of Connecticut Plant Database. Swamp White Oak insets: Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org.
  26. 26. Phase 3: The Post-ARRA Era How to Continue Planting? • $3 million in federal and state funding • Scaled-back program
  27. 27. The Post-ARRA Era UCF Program Coordinator 3 Replanting Foresters 3 Long-term Seasonal Laborers 1 Long-term Forestry Assistant 20 Seasonal Laborers 7,000 Trees Direct Grants to Municipalities
  28. 28. The Post-ARRA Era April 2013 • 12-week planting season • 1,229 trees • New yard at a city facility
  29. 29. Planting
  30. 30. Species as a Percent of Total Trees Planted 2009-2013 Oak, White Oak, Swamp White American arborvitae Ginkgo Oak, Pin Pine, Eastern White Beech Fir, White Tuliptree Crabapple Oak, Red Dogwood Linden Blackgum Japanese tree lilac Dawn redwood Spruce, Colorado Sweetgum Cherry Honeylocust Serviceberry Cherry, Sargent
  31. 31. Plantings by Tree Type 45 40 39% 32% 35 29% Percent 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Conifer Ornamental Shade Tree
  32. 32. Shade Tree Preferences Honeylocust Sweetgum Blackgum Linden Oak, Red Tuliptree Beech Hornbeam Oak, Pin Ginkgo Hophornbeam Oak, Swamp White Oak, White Oak, Scarlet Zelkova Kentucky coffee tree Oak Cucumber magnolia Oak, English Percent of Shade Trees 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
  33. 33. Challenges
  34. 34. Where we are Today • 7th planting season • Over 26,000 trees planted – DCR – Worcester Tree Initiative – Towns and Cities
  35. 35. Where We’ve Applied the Model
  36. 36. Contact Mollie Freilicher Community Action Forester DCR Urban and Community Forestry mollie.freilicher@state.ma.us

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