Synagogues 2
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  • According to Josephus Flavius The only written source about Masada is Josephus Flavius’ The Jewish War . Born Joseph ben Matityahu of a priestly family, he was a young leader at the outbreak of the Great Jewish Rebellion against Rome (66 CE) when he was appointed governor of Galilee. , Herod the Great built the fortress of Masada between 37 and 31 BCE.
  • ancient Jewish village of Katzrin are located in the central Golan , some 13 km. northeast of the Sea of Galilee . ocation of Katzrin, mentioned in ancient Jewish sources, was identified at the end of the 19th century. The synagogue was discovered in 1967, synagogue was first built in the 4th-5th centuries 
  • Beit Alpha – in Beit Shean. The mosaic floor of the synagogue was discovered in 1929, when members of Kibbutz Beit Alpha dug irrigation channels for their fields. synagogue had stood in a Jewish village of the Byzantine period (5th-6th centuries).
  • Great synagogue, Jerusalem The style of the building was modeled on the Temple in Jerusalem. Inauguration 1982
  • Nozyk Synagogue; only surviving prewar Jewish house of prayer in Warsaw , Poland. It was erected prior to 1902 and was restored after World War II ; façade is neo-romanticist, with notable neo-Byzantine elements. The building itself is rectangular, with the internal chamber divided into three aisles.
  • Ark & Bimah of Great synagogue of Lyon
  • founded in 1654 CE, the first Jewish congregation to be established in North America.  Its founders were twenty-three Jews, mostly of Spanish and Portuguese origin, who had been living in Recife, Brazil.  When the Portuguese defeated the Dutch for control of Recife, and brought with them the Inquisition, the Jews of that area left.  Some returned to Amsterdam, where they had originated.  Others went to places in the Caribbean such as St. Thomas, Jamaica, Surinam and Curacao, where they founded sister Sephardic congregations.  One group of twenty-three Jews, after a series of unexpected events, landed in New Amsterdam. THIS BUILDING: Mid 20th century, still same style
  • Muslim/Middle Eastern/ Ottoman style
  • The Ades Synagogue , ( Hebrew : בית הכנסת עדס ‎‎ ), also known as the Great Synagogue Ades of the Glorious Aleppo Community , located in Jerusalem 's Nachlaot neighborhood, was established by Syrian immigrants in 1901. It is considered to be the center of Syrian Hazzanut in Israel. Much of the Jewish community fled Syria as a result of blood libels and economic downfall when to the Ottoman Empire fell
  • From Hobart Synagogue in Australia – Torah from Calcutta, India, thought to be of Syrian origin Synagogue is Egyptian revival style
  • Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Synagogue, Charleston, SC, a National Historic Landmark, is the country’s second oldest synagogue and the oldest in continuous use. Founded in 1749 as a Sephardic Orthodox congregation ; in 1841, Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim--also known as KKBE--was firmly committed to the path of religious Reform Judaism.
  • Kehilath Anshe Maarav (KAM) was established in 1847 and claims to be the first synagogue in the midwest. It first met at Wells and Lake in a space over the dry goods store Rosenfeld and Rosenberg. In 1851, it dedicated its first synagogue building, on Clark Street between Adams and Quincy, now the site of the Kluczynski Federal Building. In 1852, conflict over issues of reform and traditional observances, as well as cultural differences between Eastern European and German immigrants, led to creation of a new congregation, Kehilath B'nai Sholom Byzantine-inspired structure – 1924, Alfred Alschuler
  • founded in 1867 and one of Chicago's oldest synagogues,
  • Temple Israel Ridgewood, NJ since 1961, renovated in 2001
  • R: Eldrige street synagogue
  • The Boston Synagogue; Ari in Tzfat - The Ashkenazi Ha’Ari Synagogue was built in the sixteenth century

Synagogues 2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Synagogues Rabbi Amy Bolton Melton Rhythms Class
  • 2. Earliest Synagogues Synagogue remains at Masada – 37 – 31 B.C.E.
  • 3. Earliest Synagogues Synagogue remains at Katzrin 4 th – 5 th Century C.E.
  • 4. Earliest Synagogues Synagogue remains at Beit Alpha 5th – 6th Century C.E
  • 5. Ashkenazic Synagogue Architecture The Great Synagogue, Jerusalem, Israel
  • 6. Ashkenazic Synagogue Architecture Nozyk Synagogue, Warsaw
  • 7. Ashkenazic Synagogue Architecture Great Synagogue of Lyon
  • 8. Sephardic Synagogue Architecture Congregation Shearith Israel -The Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, New York City
  • 9. Sephardic Synagogue Architecture Magen David Sephardic Synagogue, Rockville, MD
  • 10. Middle Eastern – Eydot Hamizrach Synagogue Architecture Ades – Aleppo Synagogue, Nachlaot, Jerusalem
  • 11. Middle Eastern – Eydot Hamizrach Synagogue Architecture Hobart Synagogue, Australia
  • 12. American Synagogue Architecture Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Synagogue, Charleston, SC
  • 13. American Synagogue Architecture KAM Synagogue Chicago,IL
  • 14. American Synagogue Architecture Temple Sholom, Chicago, IL
  • 15. American Synagogue Architecture
    • Temple Israel, Ridgewood, NJ
  • 16. Synagogue Symbols – Torah Scrolls
  • 17. Synagogue Symbols – Ner Tamid
  • 18. Synagogue Symbols - Ark