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Social constructivism

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    Social constructivism Social constructivism Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • What is constructivism?
      • A theory of learning suggesting that learners can create own knowledge of the topics they study rather than receiving knowledge as transmitted to them by other source.
      • Constructivism adds to our learning.
    • Constructivism
    • Social Constructivism
      • Most of us had the experience of talking to another person about an idea, with neither understanding it completely.
      • But as discussion continues, understanding for both increases.
      • Social constructivism has become the view most influential in guiding the thinking of educational leaders and teachers ( J. Martin, 2006 )
    • Different dimensions of Social Constructivism
    • 1.Sociocultural learning theory
      • It is a form of social constructivism that emphasizes the social dimensions of learning, but places greater emphasis on the large cultural contexts which learning occurs.
      • Eg: shrugging shoulders. In our cultural it communicates uncertainty, but in some Ethiopian cultures, it is an integral part of a courtship dance between young men and women.
      • Culture also influences the language patterns that student brings to school ( Cazden, 2002 ; Health, 1989)
      • Eg: In some homes, children are not viewed as legitimate partners on conversation while others, they are expected to speak openly with adults.
      • Hence when children comes to our classroom, they bring in different views of acceptable behavior patterns.
    • 2.The classroom as a community of learners
      • A learning environment in which the teacher and all the student work together to help everyone achieve.
      • Our rules and procedures and the way we interact with students can make classroom inviting and cooperative or competitive or even frightening.
    • 2.The classroom as a community of learners
      • Some characteristics of a learning community:
      • All students participate in learning activities.
      • Teacher and student work together to help one another to learn. ( promoting learning is not the teacher’s responsibility alone)
      • Student- Student interaction is an important part of learning process.
      • Teachers and students respect differences in interests, thinking, and progress. All the students listened patiently as their group mates offered solutions.
    • 3. Cognitive apprenticeship
      • The process of having less-skilled learner work at the side of an expert to develop cognitive skills.
      • It focus on developing mental abilities such as reading comprehension, writing or problem solving.
      • It usually include the following components:
      • 1. Modeling 2. Scaffolding 3.Verbalisation 4. Increasing complexity 5. Exploration
      • Research indicates that cognitive apprenticeship are more effective than one way transmission of information by teachers.
    • Situation cognition
      • A theoretical position in social constructivism suggesting that learning depends on, and cannot be separated from , the context in which it occurs.
      • It’s the ability to transfer understanding in one context and apply it to another.