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Social constructivism

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  • 1. What is constructivism?  A theory of learning suggesting that learners can create own knowledge of the topics they study rather than receiving knowledge as transmitted to them by other source.  Constructivism adds to our learning.
  • 2. Constructivism •Focuses on individual, internal constructions of knowledge.Cognitive •Learners first construct knowledge in a social context and then individually internalized it. Social
  • 3. Social Constructivism  Most of us had the experience of talking to another person about an idea, with neither understanding it completely.  But as discussion continues, understanding for both increases.  Social constructivism has become the view most influential in guiding the thinking of educational leaders and teachers ( J. Martin, 2006 )
  • 4. Different dimensions of Social Constructivism Sociocultural learning theory The classroom as a community of learners Cognitive apprenticeship Situation cognition Social constructivism
  • 5. 1.Sociocultural learning theory  It is a form of social constructivism that emphasizes the social dimensions of learning, but places greater emphasis on the large cultural contexts which learning occurs.  Eg: shrugging shoulders. In our cultural it communicates uncertainty, but in some Ethiopian cultures, it is an integral part of a courtship dance between young men and women.  Culture also influences the language patterns that student brings to school ( Cazden, 2002 ; Health, 1989)  Eg: In some homes, children are not viewed as legitimate partners on conversation while others, they are expected to speak openly with adults.  Hence when children comes to our classroom, they bring in different views of acceptable behavior patterns.
  • 6. 2.The classroom as a community of learners  A learning environment in which the teacher and all the student work together to help everyone achieve.  Our rules and procedures and the way we interact with students can make classroom inviting and cooperative or competitive or even frightening.
  • 7. 2.The classroom as a community of learners  Some characteristics of a learning community:  All students participate in learning activities.  Teacher and student work together to help one another to learn. ( promoting learning is not the teacher’s responsibility alone)  Student- Student interaction is an important part of learning process.  Teachers and students respect differences in interests, thinking, and progress. All the students listened patiently as their group mates offered solutions.
  • 8. 3. Cognitive apprenticeship  The process of having less-skilled learner work at the side of an expert to develop cognitive skills.  It focus on developing mental abilities such as reading comprehension, writing or problem solving.  It usually include the following components: 1. Modeling 2. Scaffolding 3.Verbalisation 4. Increasing complexity 5. Exploration  Research indicates that cognitive apprenticeship are more effective than one way transmission of information by teachers.
  • 9. Situation cognition  A theoretical position in social constructivism suggesting that learning depends on, and cannot be separated from , the context in which it occurs.  It’s the ability to transfer understanding in one context and apply it to another.

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