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State of the Philippine Environment
 

State of the Philippine Environment

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STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT - Investment Prospects

STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT - Investment Prospects

DENR Sec. Ramon Paje's presentation

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  • On Resource Conservation, Protection and Productivity
  •  1. On forest management, our forest cover stands at 7.2 million hectares or 24% of our land area.  2. However, there are more degraded areas at 8 million hectares.
  •  1. The government has taken determined efforts to protect and conserve our remaining forests. 2. For the first time, a nationwide logging ban in natural forests was issued through Executive order No. 23. The same Order also created the National Anti-Illegal Logging Task Force.
  •  The past year, we have confiscated 10.3 million board feet of illegally-cut logs and lumber, valued at P313 million. As a result, we filed 297 cases for illegal logging. We also closed 215 wood processing plant, especially those without source of logs supply.
  •  To complement the logging ban, we established the National Greening Program, where we will all plant 1.5 billion trees in 1.5 million hectares in 6 years. This is more than what we have planted the past 50 years. 2. This year, we will plant 50 million trees in 100,000 hectares. Already, we have produced more than 27 million seedlings.
  • On Clean Air
  •  1. Major urban centers are polluted.  2. In Metro Manila, air pollution, measured by the Total Suspended Particulates or the amount of dust particles in the air, was 84% beyond what is considered healthy, during the 1st half of 2010.
  •  1. According to World Bank, 80% of this pollution in Metro Manila comes from vehicular emissions. 2. Nationwide, 18 million Filipinos are affected and the cost is P7.6 billion/year.
  •  1. To address this pollution, we strengthened enforcement and regulations. We made the emission standards for motorcycles and tricycles more stringent. 2. We worked with various NGO’s, especially in EDSA to catch smoke-belchers using cellphones to take pictures. This will then be traced by the LTO.
  •   We worked closely with other agencies to reduce traffic (such as alternative routing schemes) and ensure compliance with emission testing. 
  •  1. We developed a program with the ADB to provide credit in the conversion of engines to electric.  2. This is now being piloted in selected cities in Metro Manila.
  •  1. Based on our monitoring, air pollution in Metro Manila, in terms of Total Suspended Particulates, was reduced by 23% the past year. 2. While the air in Metro Manila is still polluted, we believe that the air quality standard is now within reach.
  • On Clean Air
  •  1. The waterways in major urban centers are deemed unfit for human activity.  2. Water pollution, measured by the demand for oxygen in water or BOD, in 19 major rivers in 2010 is 4 times the level of what is considered healthy.
  •  We have initiated the clean-up of waterways through the “Adopt An Estero” Program, where companies adopt a particular waterway.  2. An example is Estero de Paco which was adopted by the ABS-CBN Foundation. They have already cleaned up the estero. Before, the estero was full of garbage, as if one can walk on water.
  •  1. Here is another picture of the estero. It is not only cleaning up but relocation of informal settlers as well.
  •  Adopting an estero also means putting vegetation, not only to beautify but to promote phyto-remediation or the clean-up of waterways using natural methods, through vegetation.
  •  Nationwide, 208 corporations have so far enlisted in the program, such as Jillibee, San Miguel, Toyota and Masinloc.
  •  1. We also exerted efforts to reduce the garbage along our waterways. 2. We required the plastic industry to retrieve and recycle the plastics and launched the use of reusable bags, which are now being implemented in supermarkets like SM.
  •  We forged an agreement with 11 Metro Manila Mayors to put up solid waste management systems in subdivisions and condominiums to ensure waste segregation at source and during collection. 
  • 1. Good governance is the cornerstone of the Aquino Administration.
  •  1. The Philippines is prone to natural hazards due to our location and geological and topographical attributes.
  • We have already completed the geological hazard mapping of the entire Philippines, to determine landslide and flood-prone areas, and have distributed 65,000 map sheets to all local officials, up to Barangay level. 2. We have started a more detailed mapping for areas prone to landslides and coastal geo-hazard assessment of 46 municipalities.
  • 1. Good governance is the cornerstone of the Aquino Administration.
  • 1. Good governance is the cornerstone of the Aquino Administration.
  • 1. We immediately initiated efforts at removing opportunities for graft and corruption. 2. We are now donating confiscated logs and lumber to the Department of Education. 3. So far, we have donated 2.2 million board feet that have been transformed into numerous school facilities and use for repairs of school buildings.
  •  They say that the DENR checkpoints are the ATM of our personnel. We have reduced the number of our checkpoints by 57%, from 274 to 118.
  • We have installed 902 CCTV cameras in all our offices, up to the municipal level, to monitor our operations and transactions. 2. We also started to eliminate face-to-face transactions by using the banks, starting with the payment for water permits at NWRB.
  •  We strengthened our prosecution and justice system. As a result, we issued “show cause” to 78 personnel, formally charged 31 of them, penalized 6 personnel and dismissed from the service 8 employees.
  • 1. We also conducted nationwide trainings for our personnel, the enforcers, fiscals and judges, through the Supreme Court, to improve our prosecution capability.
  •  1. We believe that what we are all doing in partnership: the Executive, Congress, the Senate & all other sectors, is having an impact.
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 
  •  The confidence of the public in the efforts of government in stopping the destruction and abuse of the environment has been reversed, from a net approval rating of -12 in the October 2009 to +36 in the June 2011 Pulse Asia Survey.
  •  1. We believe that what we are all doing in partnership: the Executive, Congress, the Senate & all other sectors, is having an impact.
  •  The confidence of the public in the efforts of government in stopping the destruction and abuse of the environment has been reversed, from a net approval rating of -12 in the October 2009 to +36 in the June 2011 Pulse Asia Survey.
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 
  • From the 8th most corrupt agency, the DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency, based on the perception of the public in the March 2011 Pulse Asia survey. The Movement for Good Governance, led by Professor SolitaMonsod, recently issued a 36-page assessment of the Administration and ranked the environment number 4 in government performance. 

State of the Philippine Environment State of the Philippine Environment Presentation Transcript

  • STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT- Investment Prospects Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • ENVIRONMENT FRAMEWORK SECTION 16 ARTICLE II, 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION“The State shall protect and advancethe right of the people to a balancedand healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.”
  • ENVIRONMENT FRAMEWORK Philippine Development Plan: 2011-20161. Improved 2. Improved 3. Enhanced conservation, environmental resilience of natural protection and quality for a systems and rehabilitation of cleaner and improved adaptive natural healthier capacities of human resources environment communities to cope with environmental hazards including climate related risks
  • FORESTRY
  • Forest ManagementSituationer:• Philippine forest at 7.2 M ha or 24% of country’s land area• 8 M ha of forestlands degraded (26% of land area)
  • Forest ManagementGovernment Actions:• Total log ban in natural forests to conserve & protect (E.O. 23)• Created National Anti-Illegal Logging Task Force
  • Forest ManagementGovernment Actions:• Confiscated 10.6 M bd. ft. of logs/lumber valued at P 317 M• Filed 269 cases for illegal logging• Closed 215 wood processing plants
  • Forest ManagementGovernment Actions:• Established National Greening Program, biggest reforestation in Philippine history (E.O. 26)  Plant 1.5 B trees in 1.5 M ha in 6 years (27.8% higher than past 50 years).  For 2011, target is 50 M trees in 100,000 ha.
  • CLEAN AIR
  • Clean AirSituationer – Major urban centers are polluted• Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) in Metro Manila is 166 micrograms/normal cubic meters (μg/Ncm) in 1st half of 2010  84% beyond standard of 90 μg/Ncm (WHO)  Other polluted cities: San Fernando, Calapan, Cebu, Zamboanga, Davao
  • Clean AirSituationer – Major urban centers are polluted• 80% of pollution due to vehicular emissions• Per WB, 18M Filipinos exposed to air pollution, with health cost & loss of income of P 7.6 B/year
  • Clean AirGovernment Actions:• Strengthened enforcement & regulations  More stringent air emission standards for Compression & Spark-Ignition Engines (motorcycles & tricycles)  Agreement with Earth Day Network to make EDSA “Linis Hangin Zone.” (cellphone to catch smoke-belchers)
  • Clean AirGovernment Actions:• Strengthened enforcement of regulations  DENR, LTO, MMDA, etc. worked to reduce traffic & ensure compliance with emission testing to reduce vehicular emissions
  • Clean AirGovernment Actions:• Strengthened enforcement of regulations  Developed program with ADB to provide credit for conversion of tricycle engines to electric
  • Clean AirGovernment Actions: • As of June 2011, pollution reduced by 32% from 166 to 113 μg/Ncm. Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) Level 180 166 170 160 TSp level (ug/Ncm) 150 140 133.5 130 Actual 120 113 Standard 110 100 90 90 80 1st Sem 2010 2nd Sem 2010 1st Sem 2011
  • CLEAN WATER
  • Clean WaterSituationer – Waterways/esteros in major urban centers unfit for human activity• Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), or demand for oxygen in water, for 19 major rivers in 2010 at 27 milligrams/liter, 4x the standard at 7 mg/L
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions: Initiated “Adopt an Estero Program” Before After Estero de Paco, Manila (ABS-CBN Foundation)
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions: Adopt an Estero Program Before After Estero de Paco, Manila
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions: Adopt an Estero Program Before After Estero de Paco, Manila
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions : Adopt an Estero Program 226 Major companies have adopted waterways nationwide (Examples: Jollibee, San Miguel Foundation, Toyota, Masinloc Power Corp.)
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions:• Reduced solid wastes  Required Philippine Plastic Industry to develop program for retrieval/collection/ recycling of plastics  Launched “Reusable Bag Campaign for Greener Environment” with major malls & supermarkets
  • Clean WaterGovernment Actions:• Reduced solid wastes  Agreement with 11 Metro Manila LGUs for solid waste management systems in subdivisions/ condominiums. Initially, 4,717 homeowners associations identified
  • GEOHAZARD
  • GeohazardSituationer:• Philippines is prone to natural disasters due to geographical location & geological attributes: landslides, flooding, earthquakes, tsunami, etc.
  • GeohazardGovernment Actions:• Completed geo-hazard mapping of all provinces/ cities/municipalities at 1:50,000 scale• Distributed 65,000 map sheets to all LGUs• More detailed mapping started for 88 landslide-prone cities/municipalities (scale of 1:10,000)• Conducted coastal geohazard assessment of 46 coastal municipalities
  • MINERAL REFORMS
  • Mineral ReformsSituationer:• Started cleansing of idle mining applications under “use it or lose it” policy. Additional 5.2 M ha have been opened for new and serious investors, resulting from cleansing/denial of 2,136 pending and idle mining applications (97% of total)• Suspended acceptance and processing of new mining applications to ensure successful implementation of the on-going cleansing of mining applications
  • Mineral ReformsGovernment Actions:• Cleansing the remaining idle mining applications under the “use it or lose it” policy.
  • GOOD GOVERNANCE
  • Good GovernanceGovernment Actions:• Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Policy shift to donate confiscated logs/lumber to DepEd, instead of auction o Donated 2.282 M bd. ft. of confiscated logs/lumber to DepEd, LGUs, and other government offices (additional 5.5 M bd.ft. for donation) o Produced 9,699 armchairs, 174 school desks, 171 tables, 55 cabinets & repaired 197 buildings (i.e., schools, chapel, mun. buildings & CENRO Offices), etc)
  • Good GovernanceGovernment Actions:• Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Rationalized and reduced DENR checkpoints from 274 to 118 or by 57%
  • Good GovernanceGovernment Actions:• Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Installed 902 Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras up to field offices  Eliminated face-to-face transactions
  • Good GovernanceGovernment Actions:• Strengthened prosecution and justice system No. of Personnel Show cause issued 118 Formally charged 31 Fined/Suspended 7 Dismissed from service 10  Filed 297 cases for illegal logging
  • Good GovernanceGovernment Actions:• Strengthened prosecution and justice system  Strengthened capacities of DENR personnel, prosecutors & judges through trainings with the Supreme Court
  • PUBLIC ASSESSMENT
  • Public Assessment• From one of the most corrupt in December, 2009, DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency in March 2011 (Pulse Asia Survey)• Environment ranked 4th in assessment of government performance by Movement for Good Governance (August 2011)
  • Public Assessment OVERALL PERFORMANCE (Pulse Asia Survey)• Efforts of government in stopping the destruction & abuse of environment Period Approval Rating Disapproval Net Approval Rating RatingOctober 2009 +27 -39 -12March 2011 +48 -16 +32June 2011 +50 -14 +36
  • INVESTMENT PROSPECTS
  • INVESTING in theFORESTRY SECTOR in the PHILIPPINES
  • Investing in theForestry SectorPotential Areas for Investment • Industrial Tree Plantation • Agroforestry • Eco-tourism • Wood Pellet • Bio-energy
  • Investing in theForestry SectorPotential Areas forTree Plantations Region 10 Region 13 Region 9 Region 11 Region 12
  • Investing in theForestry SectorPolicy Reforms Underway to EncouragePrivate Sector Participation• Identification of Clear investment zones – Forest Land Use Planning process transparent and participatory• Simplified procedures for investing that reduce transaction costs• Stable policy environment which guarantees the right to harvest or benefit from investment - Secured land tenure - De-regulated policy especially in harvesting planted trees - Harmonized policies with LGUs, NCIP, NGAs
  • Investing in theForestry SectorAdoption of Investment Portfolio ApproachObjectives• To encourage public-private forestry investments through reduction of transaction costs by undertaking preparatory work relative to completing documentary requirements and securing necessary clearances• To develop investment portfolio package options for private investors on potential forestryenterprises (industrial treeplantations, agroforestry, ecotourism , etc.)
  • Investing in theForestry SectorInvestment Portfolio ApproachObjectives• To ensure forestry projects are in accordance with national and LGU plans (Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUP), Forest Land Use Plans (FLUP)• To allow synergy and convergence of government agencies’ programs