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FOSS in Education

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  • 1. FOSS in Education A Strategy to support ICT Services for Education Presented by: John J. Macasio September 6, 2006
  • 2. FOSS
    • Free Licensed
    • Open
    • Source
    • Software
  • 3. Presentation
    • The Coverage:
      • Some global perspectives to consider in seeing FOSS as a strategic component in building up ICT services in education.
      • Implication to instruction and teacher in-service training of FOSS software development framework and licensing.
      • Stable FOSS projects to build competencies of teachers and students, and to implement ICT solutions that support service strategy of education.
  • 4. FOSS is bigger than LINUX
    • An Infocommunications Technology (ICT) solution development framework –project management, organization, requirements, standards, workflow, contributors, coding, testing, release, and support.
    • A licensing agreement on how product is distributed, shared, attributed, changed, supported, and marketed.
    • A collection of software and document freely shared in the Internet.
  • 5. FOSS is bigger than LINUX
    • An ICT project supported by a community of nationalities, ICT users and developers, corporate sponsors, educational institutions, and advocacy groups.
    • Provides the open standard that allow the users to control their data.
    • Opportunity to build infocommunications technology solutions without re-inventing the wheel , and close the digital divide .
  • 6. Open Source Project
    • Infocommunications technology solution that respond to a community defined requirements.
    • Software and documentations that can be accessed freely .
    • Source code that is available and can be altered to suit users needs .
    • Software that can be re-distributed freely without violating copyright.
    • Derivative work is freely encourage to improve or localize the solution .
  • 7. Open Standard Collaboration
    • Data standard insures interopertatibility when business and education become “e”. Inside the web, data and documents are the means for integration and global sharing.
  • 8. Standard http://www.oasis-open.org/home/index.php Organizations for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
  • 9. FOSS-Collaborative Project
    • Software Solution Repository
      • Sourceforge.Net
      • Eduforge.Net
      • Freshmeat.Net
      • Linux.Org
    • Project Documentation
      • The Linux Documentation
      • The Open Office Documentation
  • 10. Project Repository http://www.sourceforge.net
  • 11. Index of FOSS Project http:// freshmeat.net /
  • 12. Education Project http://eduforge.org
  • 13. Resource Site http://www.linux.org
  • 14. Open Documentation http:// tldp.org /
  • 15. Documentation Project http:// documentation.openoffice.org /
  • 16. FOSS as Empowerment
    • Right to use
    • Right to modify
    • Right to redistribute
    • Right to study
    • Right to innovate and create
  • 17. FOSS Licensing Framework
    • Free Software Foundation
    • Open Source Initiative
    • Creative Commons
  • 18. General Public License http://www.fsf.org/
  • 19. Free Software Definition
    • Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the software:
    • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
    • The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
    • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
    • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
    • Free Software Foundation
    • Richard Stallman
  • 20. Open Source Initiative http://www.opensource.org/
  • 21. Open Source Definition
    • Free redistribution
    • Software must include source code
    • License must allow modifications and derived work
    • Integrity of the author's source code
    • No discrimination against persons or groups
    • No discrimination against fields of endeavor
    • Distribution of license
    • License must not be specific to a product
    • License must not restrict other software
    • License must be technology-neutral
    • Open Source Initiative
    • Bruce Perens
  • 22. Creative Commons http:// creativecommons.org /
  • 23. Creative Commons License
    • Attribution . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give credit the way you request.
    • Noncommercial . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for noncommercial purposes only
    • No Derivative Works . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it.
    • Share Alike . You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work.
  • 24. Know More on FOSS
    • Quick references
  • 25. UNCTAD Report 2003 http://r0.unctad.org/ecommerce/ecommerce_en/edr03_en.htm
    • FOSS Implication to Developing Countries
    • Barrier reduction to market entry of developing countries
    • Cost reduction
    • Expansion of technology and skills
    • Digital inclusion
  • 26. On FOSS –UNDP Primer http://www.iosn.net/education/foss-education-primer/
  • 27. FOSS Licensing Primer http:// www.iosn.net/licensing/foss -licensing-primer
  • 28. Open Standard Primer http:// www.iosn.net /open-standards/
  • 29. Significance to Instruction
    • Low-cost to no-cost availability of software and documentation for instruction and learning
    • Freedom to study and modify the source to build knowledge and skills.
    • ‘ Freely' participate in open source communities to learn emerging standards and new skills, and to contribute in the improvement of the software.
  • 30. Significance to Instruction
    • Teachers and students are moved up from being mere consumers of software to developers and innovators of infocommunications technology solution,
    • Teachers become “practitioners” who serve in the development, enhancement, localizations of infocommunications technology solutions for the school and community.
  • 31. FOSS and Competency Building
    • open standard
    • learning by doing
    • collaboration
    • technology based and not on brand
    • learner as knowledge builder
    • teacher as practioner
    • Innovation through experimentation
  • 32. Significance to Service Portfolio
    • Affordable software for the educational institution to use infocommunications technology to improve service quality.
    • Stable stack of solutions , and open standard to build an integrated ICT infrastructure.
    • Ability to customize solutions to meets specific requirements
    • Local development of ICT skills to support services.
  • 33. Open Service Infrastructure
    • Low Cost
    • No locked-in
    • Inter-operate, open standard
    • Build competency of both teacher and student
    • Localized
    • Contribute to knowledge building
    • Integrative
  • 34. Support Model
    • Via the Internet
    • Community of Users
    • On-line Manual and Documentations
    • Source Code
  • 35. The Open Service Infrastructure WebERP Centre SIS Linux e-Mail Server Web Mail Open Source Internet/Intranet Environment Ubuntu Linux Desktop with OpenOffice.Org, Internet Browser and e-Mail Client, Multimedia Tools, and Educational Software Atutor WordPress PHPBB Dspace Apache Web Server Joomla CMS MySQL Database The User Working Environment PhP Application Server
  • 36. Open Source Net Solution for Education : Department of Education Internet School1 Barangay Center School3 1.Web Publishing System 2.Learning Management System 3.School Admin InfoMgt System 4.Communication Collaboration
    • Apache Web Server
    • MySQL Database Server
    • PHP Application Server
    • Linux eMail Server
    • Linux Security Server
    • LMS Atutor Server
    • CentreSIS Server
    • Groupware Server
    • WordPress Blog Server
    NET Application Services Education User Access Sites School2 Internet Cafe Home www.deped.gov.ph/school DSL NET PC Internet Bandwidth Other eLearning Services in the Internet EduKiosk WebBoard
  • 37. Service Portfolio
    • Open Office Productivity Software
    • Open Web Authoring System
    • Open Multimedia System
    • Open Web Hosting Services
    • Open Database System
    • Open Application Development Platform
    • Open Communication and Collaboration System
    • Open Content Management System
    • Open Learning Management System
    • Open Digital Repository System
    • Open Web Publishing System and Interaction
    • Open Desktop and Network Operating Systems
    • Open Customized Business Application
  • 38. Rating FOSS
    • Are you ready to use FOSS
  • 39. Business Readiness Rating http:// www.openbrr.org/wiki/index.php/Home
  • 40. Select Open Source Project
    • Features (Service Objectives)‏
    • Requirements (Infrastructure Demand)‏
    • Open Standard (Interopertatibility)‏
    • Licensing (No lock-in)‏
    • Source Code (Innovation and Localization)‏
    • Download (Availability)‏
  • 41. Select Open Source Project
    • On-line Membership (Participation)‏
    • Support Forum (Collaboration)‏
    • Documentation (Empowerment and Local Training)‏
    • Roadmap (Direction)‏
    • Implementation (Users)‏
    • Sponsor (Sustainability)‏
  • 42. Case: Atutor Learning Content Management System
  • 43. Service Features
  • 44. Requirements
  • 45. Open Standard
  • 46. Licensing
  • 47. Download
  • 48. Documentation
  • 49. Membership
  • 50. Support Forum
  • 51. Roadmap
  • 52. Implementation
  • 53. Project Sponsor
  • 54. Migration Consideration
    • Data reusable
    • Essential Skills Set – generic not lock on specific brand of technology
    • Runs on multi operating system
    • Consider learner familiarity on the standard interface, functionalities and data
  • 55. Mindset to Manage
  • 56. Mindset to Manage
    • Operating System (multi-platform)‏
    • Standard Data (Interopertatibility)‏
    • Interface (Standard Format)‏
    • Functionality (Standard Operation)‏
    • % of Change ( convention, function and workflow)‏
    • Skill Set (Competencies)‏
  • 57. Multi OS
  • 58. Saved Data
  • 59. Data Standard
  • 60. Export Data
  • 61. Data Standard
  • 62. Interface
  • 63. Functionality
  • 64. Supported ICT Skills
    • Worprocessing and Textual Editing
    • Spreadsheet Calculation and Database
    • Multimedia Presentation
    • Image and Graphics Manipulation
    • Video Editing
  • 65. Supported ICT Skills
    • Web Site Creation and Publishing
    • Web Browsing
    • Email and Internet Communication
    • Project Management
    • Database Creation and Access
    • Browser based Application Programming
  • 66. FOSS Desktop Application
  • 67. Office Productivity http://www.openoffice.org
  • 68. Desktop Publishing http://www.scribus.org
  • 69. Web Authoring http://www.nvu.com
  • 70. Internet Tools
  • 71. Image Manipulation Program http://www.gimp.org
  • 72. Vector Graphics http://www.inkscape.org
  • 73. 3D Graphics & Animation http://www.blender3d.com
  • 74. Video Editing http://www.jahshaka.org
  • 75. Project Management http://sourceforge.net/projects/winplanner
  • 76. Desktop Operating System http://www.edubuntu.org
  • 77. FOSS Internet/Intranet Services
  • 78. Web Services http://www.apache.org
  • 79. Database System http://www.mysql.org
  • 80. Application Development http://www.php.net
  • 81. Application Development http://www.java.net
  • 82. Modeling Tools http://argouml.tigris.org/
  • 83. Mail Services http://www.sendmail.org
  • 84. Mail Services http://www.squirrelmail.org
  • 85. Content Management System http://www.joomla.org
  • 86. Digital Repository http://www.dspace.org/
  • 87. Web Log http://www.wordpress.com
  • 88. Forum http://www.phpbb.com
  • 89. LCMS http://www.atutor.ca
  • 90. WebCasting http://www.epresence.tv
  • 91. Network Operating System http://www.fedora.org
  • 92. Q&A
    • John J. Macasio
    • Consultant
    • Human Capital Development Group
    • Commission on Information and Communications Technology
    • [email_address]
    • http://pdeproject.orgfree.com