Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally.
It involves asking question to create new ideas, solve problems and make decisions.
Critical thinkers deal with validity. A critical thinker is willing to challenge his or her beliefs.
Critical thinkers go beyond what is obvious and are able to: look for proof, examine problems, are able to reject information that is incorrect or irrelevant, look for evidence to support assumption and beliefs and so on .
What are claims? Claims are statements of controversy for the purpose of argument. A claim is the main point. You can find the claim by asking, “What is it that you are trying to prove or convince others of?”
Elder, Linda, and Richard Paul. "CriticalThinking.org - Becoming a Critic Of Your Thinking." Foundation for Critical Thinking: Books, Conferences and Academic Resources for Educators and Students. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://www.criticalthinking.org/articles/becoming-a-critic.cfm>.
More, Brooke, and Richard Parker. "Critical Thinking Basics." Mc Graw Hill. Web. Nov. 2010. <http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/007312625x/student_view0/chapter1/#two>.
Sterk, Jack, and Jim Marteney. Communicating Critical Thinking. Leadership, 2008. Print.