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# Piaget’s theory

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### Piaget’s theory

1. 1. PIAGET’S THEORY <br />BY: ARACELI GUERRERO<br />
2. 2. Piaget’s Four Stages<br />Piaget’s theory – Identifies four developmental stages.<br />1. Sensorimotor Stage- Birth -2 years old<br />2. Preoperational Stage- 2 to 7 years old<br />3. Concrete Operations- 7 to 11 years old<br />4. Formal Operations- 11 to 15 years old<br />
3. 3. SENSORIMOTOR STAGE(BIRTH- 2 YEARS OLD)<br />The child through physical interaction with his or her environment builds a set of concepts about reality and how it works.<br />In this stage the child does not know that physical objects remain in existence even when out of sight (object permanance).<br />
4. 4. Preoperational Stage(ages 2 – 7)<br />The child is not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations.<br />
5. 5. Concrete operations(ages 7 – 11)<br />The child starts to conceptualize,creating logical structures that explains his or her physical experiences.<br />Abstract problem solving is also possible at this stage.<br />One ex. A math problem can be solved with numbersand not just objects.<br />
6. 6. Formal operations(beginning at ages 12 – 15)<br />At this stage, the child’s cognitive structure are like those of an adult and includes conceptual reasoning<br />
7. 7.
8. 8. Piaget’s Principles<br />During all these development stages, the child experiences his or her environment using their mental maps that he or she has constructed so far.<br />If the experience is repeated, it’s easily fitted<br />If the experience is different or new, the child loses equilibrium and alters their cognitive structure to accommodate the new conditions.<br />
9. 9. How Piaget’s Theory Impacts Learning<br />Curriculum- Teachers must plan a developmentally appropriate curriculum that enhances student’s logical and conceptual growth.<br />Instruction- Teachers must emphasize the critical role that experiences with the surrounding environment that plays in a student’s learning.<br />
10. 10. Another Example of Piaget’s Theory<br />