My College Freshman is Your High School Senior


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A presentation given by Sandy Jenkins and Carol Smith at the 2009 Spring Conference of the Missouri Association of School Librarians.

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My College Freshman is Your High School Senior

  1. 1. My College Freshman Is Your High School Senior Sandy Jenkins & Carol Smith, University of Central Missouri (UCM) MASL Conference, April 19, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>What do they know? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should they know? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When should they learn it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we best impart it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we make it happen - together? </li></ul></ul>Overview
  3. 3. 1. What do they know?
  4. 4. Portrait: The Incoming Freshman <ul><li>Widely varying research abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Myth of the “Tech Savvy Millennial”? </li></ul><ul><li>Significant gap in self-perception of abilities vs. actual knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Fairly common library anxiety/aversion </li></ul>
  5. 5. How challenging is it for you to identify and retrieve sources using a library catalog? <ul><li>Very easy </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat easy </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Very difficult </li></ul><ul><li>No experience </li></ul>A/1 B/2 C/3 D/4 E/5 Fire Up Your Clickers! NITLE Research Practices Survey Results, Barnard College, 2006  #1 response (37.99%) ~PA1 ~PA2 ~PA3 ~PA4 ~PA5 A/1 B/2 C/3 D/4 E/5 % % % % %
  6. 6. Which of the following searches would yield the MOST results in an online search? <ul><li>movies OR films </li></ul><ul><li>movies AND films </li></ul><ul><li>movies NOT films </li></ul><ul><li>movies INSTEAD OF films </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t know </li></ul>A/1 B/2 C/3 D/4 E/5 Fire Up Your Clickers! NITLE Research Practices Survey Results, Barnard College, 2006  #1 response (42.17%) ~NR Total Inputs Please Respond Now ~M31 ~M32 ~M33 ~M34 ~M35 ~M11 ~M12 ~M13 ~M14 ~M15 ~M16 ~M17 ~M18 ~M19 ~M20 ~M36 ~M37 ~M38 ~M39 ~M40 ~M21 ~M22 ~M23 ~M24 ~M25 ~M1 ~M2 ~M3 ~M4 ~M5 ~M26 ~M27 ~M28 ~M30 ~M29 ~M6 ~M7 ~M8 ~M10 ~M9 ~PA1 ~PA2 ~PA3 ~PA4 ~PA5 A/1 B/2 C/3 D/4 E/5 % % % % %
  7. 7. Perceived vs. Actual Knowledge
  8. 8. 2. What should they know?
  9. 9. AASL & ACRL Standards <ul><li>K-12: Standards for the 21 st –century learner (AASL, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>College: Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education (ACRL, 2000) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Top 10 Academic Research Survival Skills <ul><li>Knowledge of different materials & resources </li></ul><ul><li>Search strategies and query formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Critical evaluation of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Information ethics </li></ul><ul><li>LC Classification system </li></ul>Adapted from McCann, H. (2008)
  11. 11. Top 10 Academic Research Survival Skills (continued) <ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Interlibrary loan </li></ul><ul><li>Reference and other library services </li></ul><ul><li>Info privacy/security issues </li></ul><ul><li>Information technology fluencies </li></ul>Adapted from McCann, H. (2008)
  12. 12. <ul><li>Check campus email account at least daily </li></ul><ul><li>Attend classes regularly and be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Use your campus planner </li></ul><ul><li>Be organized and set priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Be bold – step outside your comfort zone </li></ul><ul><li>Join in campus events </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate with instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Include your first and last names on assignments and emails </li></ul><ul><li>Staple papers together before submitting </li></ul>Sandy’s freshmen survival guide
  13. 13. 3. When should they learn it?
  14. 14. K-16 Continuum Models Example: CLOC <ul><li>http: //ncohen . myweb . uga . edu/ILkindergarten . htm </li></ul>
  15. 15. A/1 B/2 B. After eighth grade C/3 C. After twelfth grade D/4 D. We don’t offer formal library instruction A. After fifth grade When does formal library instruction end in your building/district? Get Your Clickers Ready! ~M31 ~M32 ~M33 ~M34 ~M35 ~M11 ~M12 ~M13 ~M14 ~M15 ~M16 ~M17 ~M18 ~M19 ~M20 ~M36 ~M37 ~M38 ~M39 ~M40 ~M21 ~M22 ~M23 ~M24 ~M25 ~M1 ~M2 ~M3 ~M4 ~M5 ~M26 ~M27 ~M28 ~M30 ~M29 ~M6 ~M7 ~M8 ~M10 ~M9 ~NR Response Total ~PA1% ~PA2% ~PA3% ~PA4%
  16. 16. 4. How do we best impart it?
  17. 17. Effective/Essential Instruction Techniques <ul><li>Integrate library instruction with class assignments (relevant) </li></ul><ul><li>Active learning (engaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Choose interesting topics (engaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Inject humor/games into instruction (fun) </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies (experiential) </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate 2.0 and other emerging multimedia technologies (technical literacy) </li></ul>
  18. 18. 5. How do we make it happen - together?
  19. 19. The K-12/Academic Librarian Disconnect Source: Schroeder, R. (2007)
  20. 20. K-16 Collaboration Models Ad-hoc <ul><li>Academic library outreach instruction to K-12 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Research field trips by K-12 students to regional colleges </li></ul>
  21. 21. K-16 Collaboration Example 1: Library outreach (ad-hoc) <ul><li>West Ashley High School, Charleston, NC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invited and arranged visits from librarians of 4 regional colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90-minute presentations to high school seniors (tied to English class) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has become an annual event </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. K-16 Collaboration Example 2: Academic Library Field Trips (ad-hoc) <ul><li>University of Central Missouri: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dual-credit sections of LIS 1600 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual bibliographic instruction, library tour and orientation (7 regional high schools) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. K-16 Collaboration Models Formal/Systematic <ul><li>Regional cooperative committees </li></ul><ul><li>Formal academic liaison relationship to area schools </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative borrowing privileges </li></ul><ul><li>State-funded access to academic databases </li></ul>
  24. 24. K-16 Collaboration Example 3: (Systematic/Formal) <ul><li>SLSC / SUNY Oswego </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal arrangement where a university representative librarian attends all School Library System Council meeetings and acts as a liaison between K-12/university library. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orange County / U. of CA Irvine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPIRIT program between UC-Irvine and Orange County High Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular instructional collaboration </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. How We Can Reach Out - Starter Ideas <ul><li>Expand tours, HS research visits, outreach instruction, Dual credit/summer enrollment in LIS 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>Form informal and formal strategic partnerships with area school librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure early, positive library experiences </li></ul>
  26. 26. How You Can Reach Out - Starter Ideas <ul><li>Adopt/develop a continuum model </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with K-12 librarians at other educational levels </li></ul><ul><li>Reach out to regional academic schools </li></ul><ul><li>Expand programs for college-bound students and introduce academically oriented assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for integrated info lit instruction across school curriculum </li></ul>
  27. 27. Let’s brainstorm for more ideas!
  28. 28. C. Ask my building principal to include me as an agenda item for the beginning of the year teachers’ meeting. D. Approach individual teachers to develop collaboration activities. Based on what you heard today and what you already know about your students, teachers, and administrators, what will you do to support students in the transition from high school to college? Final Clicker Question! ~M31 ~M32 ~M33 ~M34 ~M35 ~M11 ~M12 ~M13 ~M14 ~M15 ~M16 ~M17 ~M18 ~M19 ~M20 ~M36 ~M37 ~M38 ~M39 ~M40 ~M21 ~M22 ~M23 ~M24 ~M25 ~M1 ~M2 ~M3 ~M4 ~M5 ~M26 ~M27 ~M28 ~M30 ~M29 ~M6 ~M7 ~M8 ~M10 ~M9 ~NR Response Total A/1 B/2 B. Contact my regional academic library and ask to start a partnership. C/3 D/4 E/5 E. Nothing – my situation won’t allow me to accomplish much. A. Advocate in my district for a K-16 continuum model. ~PA1% ~PA2% ~PA3% ~PA4% ~PA5%
  29. 29. http://guides.library. ucmo .edu/masl2009 Presentation resources available at: