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Occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Organisation

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  • 1. OSH Management System (OSH-MS) Safety And Health Officer Certificate Course Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 1
  • 2. Learning Objectives • To define what is a system • To define what is an OSH management system • To describe the purpose of a system • To explain 5 components of typical OSH-MS Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 2
  • 3. Scope • Introduction to concept of “system” • Application of Management System to Occupational Safety And Health • Review of existing Occupational Safety And Health Management Systems • Typical occupational safety and health management systems elements Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 3
  • 4. What is a System • An orderly set of components that work together for a certain purpose • E.g. the blood circulatory system – Components: • Heart and blood vessels (artery, veins, capillaries) – Purpose: • To transport blood which contains oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body • To carry wastes away to be filtered out of the body Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 4
  • 5. What is an OSH Management System • An OSH management system – Components: • Arrangements (plans, implementation), etc. – Purpose: • To ensure safety, health and welfare of workers • To comply with regulation Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 5
  • 6. Why Do You Need a System • A system is useful when there are: – Many activities have to be managed together – Complex information that are changing have to be taken into account at all times Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 6
  • 7. Why Do You Need a System • A system organises and simplifies complexity • A system provides order, structure, and focuses on the purpose and objective of activities Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 7
  • 8. Typical OSH-MS “Components” 1. Policy 2. Plan - System planning, OSH objectives, development and implementation 3. Do - Responsibility and accountability; Competence and training, Hazard control system 4. Check -Performance measurement; Accident / incident investigation; Auditing 5. Act - Preventive and corrective action, Continual improvement Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 8
  • 9. An OHS-MS System Model OHS-MS such as MS1722:2003 & OHSAS 18001 are based on the Quality Management System components of Plan, Do, Check and Act (PDCA) INPUTS PLAN DO POLICY OBJECTIVES VISION HAZARDS LEGISLATION THIRD PARTY INPUTS Identify Hazards Make Arrangements Assign Responsibility Arrange resources Enforce Procedure Supervise Respond Emergency Train Communicate ETC Safe & healthy Workers Productivity Organisation Image ACT Corrective Action Review Improve CHECK Monitor Surveillance Inspect Investigate Audit Record & Analyse Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 9
  • 10. Existing OSH Management System • There are two occupational safety and health management system standards: – OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management System standard • This standard was established in 1999 • Widely used and certifiable – MS1722:2003 management system standard • This standard was published in 2003 • This is a guidance standard Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 10
  • 11. MS1722:2003 Management System Model Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 11
  • 12. Continual improvement OH&S policy Management review Planning Checking and corrective action Implementation and operation OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management System Model Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 12
  • 13. Policy • Promoting health and preventing accidents, diseases and other workrelated health effects • Complying with OSH legal requirements and other requirements • Recognizing OSH performance is an integral part of business performance Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 13
  • 14. Policy • Workers and their representatives are consulted • Ensuring that management and workers are competent and understand their rights • Allocating the necessary resources • Continual improvement 2005/1 Copyright@NIOSH 14
  • 15. Initial Review Compare what you have with: a) Requirements of relevant legislation dealing with OH&S management issues b) Best practice and performance in your industry sector and other appropriate sections c) Efficiency and effectiveness of existing resources devoted to OH&S management Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 15
  • 16. OSH Objectives • Based on the initial review and consistent with the OSH policy set measurable and quantifiable objectives to implement the policy • Communicate objectives to all relevant functions and levels of the organization Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 16
  • 17. Organising • Responsibility and accountability for OSH performance for managers & supervisors • Competence and training of employees • Management System documentation should be established and maintained Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 17
  • 18. Organising • Procedures should be established and maintained for communications externally, internally • Cooperation on OSH aspects between the employer, management and workers Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 18
  • 19. Implementing • Ongoing hazards identification and assessment • Preventive, protective measures implemented in order of priority • Procedures must be relevant to identified risk Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 19
  • 20. Implementing • Before any changes Assess risk, take steps and inform, train employees before implementing • Have an emergency preparedness and response arrangements • Procedures for purchasing and contracting Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 20
  • 21. Monitoring And Measurement • Performance measurement • Accident, disease and incident investigation • Auditing • Management review Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 21
  • 22. Action Elements • Preventive and corrective action • Continual improvement Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 22
  • 23. MS1722:2003 Standard Requirements • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The MS 1722:2003 standard contains the following components: Policy Organizing Planning and Implementation Evaluation Management Review Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 23
  • 24. Policy • • Management must have a written OSH policy Management must commit themselves to: 1. Promoting health and preventing accidents, diseases and other work-related health effects in the workplace 2. Complying with OSH legal requirements and other requirements Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 24
  • 25. Policy 3. Workers and their representatives are consulted when making workplace rules and regulations 4. Providing the necessary resources to ensure that work and the workplace is safe Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 25
  • 26. Organizing • Management as a whole is responsible for OSH • Ensuring that management and workers are competent to carry out their tasks, especially the hazardous ones Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 26
  • 27. Organizing • Employees are informed of hazards they are working in and procedures are established to ensure their safety and health • Management must promote safety and health Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 27
  • 28. Planning and Implementation • Hazards identification and assessment is made the basis of OSH management • Preventive, protective measures must be implemented • Have an emergency preparedness and response arrangements Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 28
  • 29. Planning and Implementation • There must be procedures for purchasing and contracting to ensure safety and health requirements are incorporated in purchased materials and equipment as well as in contracting activities • OSH management activities must be planned and performance targets set Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 29
  • 30. Evaluation • OSH management programmes must be monitored • Investigate work-related injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents, and their impact of OSH performance Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 30
  • 31. Evaluation • Carry out regular audits • Management must review its activities to ensure OSH risks in the workplace are ALARP, that the OSH programme is efficient and that its OSH performance targets are met and improved upon Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 31
  • 32. Summary • A system is a set of components that work together for a certain purpose • In an OSH Management System the input for the system is workplace hazards, legislation and expectations of others Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 32
  • 33. Summary • The components of OHSMS are Policy, PDCA • The objective or purpose of an OHSMS such as MS1722:2003 or OHSAS 18001 is to ensure the welfare safety and health of workers and compliance with regulations. Copyright@NIOSH 2005/1 33

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