Notable PresidentsWar on: he gets
going Oh Man! Brain call Hot oversteered looGeorge Washington Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Finest love-lorn dark Jail limit n clown He grew bogus In Marx in chord Franklin D Roosevelt William J Clinton George W Bush Richard M Nixon
How does the Electoral College
work?• Voters in the US go to the polls in their states (there are 50)• There are 538 ‘electors’ who will decide the election. A candidate needs support of 270 electors to win the presidency• Each state has the same number of electors as members in its congressional delegation. Texas has 38 electors total, equal to its 36 members in the House and 2 Senators.• California has the most with 55. Texas has the second most. 3 is the smallest number of electors for any state.• Most states have a winner-takes-all rule• So even if a candidate wins just 50.1 percent of the popular vote in a state, they win all of the electoral votes in that state. The exceptions to the winner-takes-all rule are Maine and Nebraska.• The totals are added up – and a winner is decided on Wednesday morning...usually!
• First presidential election• There
was not universal suffrage as we know it today – only 6% of population could vote •• Electors had two votes• Three states did not vote for various reasons •• In the early years the runner up became Vice President
• Electoral college landslide –
Nixon takes 48 states• A ‘faithless voter’ in Virginia votes for John Hospers• California becomes most populous state and therefore has most electors for the first time overtaking NY• 18 year olds can vote for the first time (26th Amendment) •• Nixon resigned two years later after the Watergate • scandal •
• What seems like a
straightforward win for Clinton is masked by the performance of a third party ‘spoiler’ candidate• Although Ross Perot gained no electoral college votes, he did pick up over 19 million of the popular vote •• As Perot was a right wing candidate it could be argued that if he hadn’t have stood George H Bush may have won a 2nd term • •
• Bush wins presidency despite
Gore gaining 500,000 more votes nationwide• The election comes down to Florida’s 25 electoral college votes, with Bush winning the state by just 500 votes• Problems with voting machines in some areas leads to court challenges by • Gore – the Supreme Court finally deciding to end manual recounts by 5-4 •• Again a third party ‘spoiler’ has an impact – environmentalist Ralph Nader. If he had not have stood it is likely Gore would have won the election
• Obama received more votes
than any candidate in history – almost 70 million• McCain won Nebraska but Obama took one Electoral • College vote – the first time it had done this since • changing system in 1992 • 2000 Election stolen?
Battleground states• Most states have
a history of voting for a particular party and the presidential candidates will count on their votes again. This leaves a handful of states where the election will be decided. These are the election battlegrounds.• In these states the race is close enough that either candidate could win. These "purple states" are where the campaigns will focus their time and money.
House of Representatives• Each state
elects Representatives based on their population• California elects • All 435 House members are up for re-election most in 2012 Representatives • The House is not expected to change - 53, Alaska hands, though either party could make gains elects 1 depending on the results of the 20 ‘toss-up’ districts• The Republicans • Missouri 2nd district pitches Todd Akin (R) currently have a against Claire McCaskill (D) after his clear majority in controversial ‘legitimate rape’ comments. The the House (242- race has narrowed but Akin is still expected to 193) win
Senate• Each state elects 2
Senators regardless of population size• The Democrats currently have a • 1/3 (33) of Senate is up for re- slim majority in the Senate (51-47) election in 2012• Well short of a • The Senate is not expected to ‘filibuster’ proof change hands, though there could total of 60 be a tie if all 4 of the ‘toss-up’ races• The 2 go to the Republican candidates ‘Independents’ (Montana, ND, Wisconsin and both caucus with Virginia) the Democrats
There are also Gubernatorial Elections
in 11 states...• Including West Virginia, North Carolina and Utah ...and also initiatives!• There are 174 propositions on 37 state ballots on issues ranging from:• Legalising marijuana (Colorado, Oregon & Washington)• Same-sex marriage (Maine, Washington & Maryland)• Health care (Alabama, Florida, Montana & Wyoming)• And more including death penalty & taxes...
The first polls close at
Midnight...• 0:00 am (6): Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia• 0:30 am (3): North Carolina, Ohio, West Virginia• 1:00 am (16): Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, DC, Florida, Illinois, Maine, Marylan d, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee• 1:30 am (1): Arkansas• 2:00 am (14): Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Wisconsin, Wyoming• 3:00 am (4): Iowa, Montana, Nevada, Utah• 4:00 am (5): California, Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, WashingtonSo6:00am (1): Alaska after college and set your alarm for• straight to bed11...and don’t forget the bingo sheet!