• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Legislation  problems in congress

Legislation problems in congress






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



5 Embeds 73

http://aquinaspoliticsa21213.blogspot.co.uk 37
http://aquinaspoliticsa21314.blogspot.co.uk 27
http://www.aquinaspoliticsa21213.blogspot.co.uk 6
http://www.aquinaspoliticsa21314.blogspot.co.uk 2
http://aquinaspoliticsa21314.blogspot.com 1



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Legislation  problems in congress Legislation problems in congress Presentation Transcript

    • LegislationDifficulties
    • Introduction It is hard to pass legislation throughCongress eg 2005/06 -3% of billsbecame law Institutional and structural reasons –Bennett ‘it’s not so much that the systemdoesn’t work, but rather the system isdesigned not to work’ Constitutional system of checks andbalances- ‘separated institutions sharingpowers’ -Neustadt
    • The process The hurdles to enacting legislation aresubstantial Smith – ‘...most remarkable feature of thelegislative process is how much isstacked against the enactment of newlaw’ Standing committees have life and deathpower over bills as well as power ofamendment
    • Supermajorities Any bill must find a majority in both houses Any bill must find a majority of three fifths inthe Senate – filibuster- Obama health care Any bill must if it is opposed by the Presidentfind a majority of two thirds in both houses -Clinton vetoed the Late Term Abortion BanBill Legislation can be frustrated by a smallminority
    • Equal power Both houses have equal power in relationto legislation –balanced bicameralism Bills must be approved by the standingcommittees of both chambers; majoritiesneeded at second and third readings Conference committee
    • Party control More difficult when different partiescontrol the Senate and House eg 1981-87- a Republican controlled Senate and aDemocrat controlled House Different agenda and committees will bechaired by followers of different ideologies
    • Divided government Difficult for President to be successful withhis legislative agenda – Nixon, Ford(whole terms),Clinton’s second term andG.W. Bush last 2 years Clinton late 1990s supported a minimumwage but Republican Congress wantedcuts in federal programmes Presidential vetoes more common duringtimes of divided govt
    • Weak party discipline Even when the President has a majority inboth houses no guarantee of success Clinton – failed to get his healthcarereform through – scuppered by membersof his own party ;1990 Bush tax increasespassed only with Democrats support Most votes bipartisan -No Child LeftBehind-support of Democrats such as TedKennedy
    • Decentralisation of power 1950s/60s – possible to get legislationthrough by securing the support of ‘Kingsof the Hill’ –Speaker, majority leader,committee chairs 1970s onwards –subcommittee chairmenand ordinary members of Congress Mavericks - Lieberman