How can presidents win in congress

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How can presidents win in congress

  1. 1. The US Presidency
  2. 2.     Separation of powers Checks and balances Limited government President must lead, bargain, compromise, and persuade
  3. 3.       Propose legislation – State of the union address..... Submit an annual budget Sign bills into law Veto legislation – bargaining tool Nominations – Supreme Court, executive appointments Treaties
  4. 4.      Popularity of the President eg. size of the President’s election victory, opinion polls Divided government – Bush 2006 mid term elections; Obama 2010 United government.................. Filibuster proof majority............ Crises – post 9/11, Patriot Act. Gulf of Tonkin
  5. 5.      Tactics – offering pork, national TV............ Vice President – tied vote – 2003 350 billion dollar tax cut Use of EXOP – work the corridors and committee rooms of Capitol Hill Cabinet eg. Treasury Secretary – tax/fiscal stimulus Party leaders in Congress
  6. 6.       United government Popularity of the President Honeymoon period Lame duck Charismatic authority – Clinton. Obama. Congress – reasserts itself – Watergate. Vietnam.
  7. 7.  Bennett – ‘A President who uses a combination of formal powers, informal persuasion, popularity and legislative skill, and is fortunate enough to be in favourable circumstances, a clear mandate and united government, can hope to get many proposals through Congress’.

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