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How can presidents win in congress
 

How can presidents win in congress

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    How can presidents win in congress How can presidents win in congress Presentation Transcript

    • The US Presidency
    •     Separation of powers Checks and balances Limited government President must lead, bargain, compromise, and persuade
    •       Propose legislation – State of the union address..... Submit an annual budget Sign bills into law Veto legislation – bargaining tool Nominations – Supreme Court, executive appointments Treaties
    •      Popularity of the President eg. size of the President’s election victory, opinion polls Divided government – Bush 2006 mid term elections; Obama 2010 United government.................. Filibuster proof majority............ Crises – post 9/11, Patriot Act. Gulf of Tonkin
    •      Tactics – offering pork, national TV............ Vice President – tied vote – 2003 350 billion dollar tax cut Use of EXOP – work the corridors and committee rooms of Capitol Hill Cabinet eg. Treasury Secretary – tax/fiscal stimulus Party leaders in Congress
    •       United government Popularity of the President Honeymoon period Lame duck Charismatic authority – Clinton. Obama. Congress – reasserts itself – Watergate. Vietnam.
    •  Bennett – ‘A President who uses a combination of formal powers, informal persuasion, popularity and legislative skill, and is fortunate enough to be in favourable circumstances, a clear mandate and united government, can hope to get many proposals through Congress’.