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AS Media Photography and Camerawork booklet
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AS Media Photography and Camerawork booklet

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  • 1. OCR G322: Introduction to TV Drama Media Languages: CameraworkIn all visual media, the creator uses camera angles, shot types and movements to conveyemotion, meaning, narrative and context to the audience.CAMERAWORK (or cinematography) combines with SOUND, EDITING and MISE ENSCENE to create meanings and representations for the audience.TASK:In teams of no more than three, use a digital camera to take examples of all these aspects ofcamerawork. Each of you must take photos and be photographed. Usephotography and video mode to show your understanding of camerawork.You must capture ALL shot types using the college building and your teammembers.Once you have captured all your shots return to the classroom and upload yourphotos/ videos to the desktop.Link showing and explaining camerawork in more detail:http://www.mediaknowall.com/camangles.html
  • 2. STANDARD SHOT SIZES Abbreviation Full Term UseXLS Extreme Long Shot To show that the subject is dominated by his surroundingsLS Long Shot Shows the full figure, establishes characterMLS Mid- Long Shot Not used very often: psychologically, audiences aren’t comfortable with shots ending at the knee, particularly in moving textsMS Mid- Shot Establishes character, costume, emotion and location in the mise en sceneMCU Mid- Close Up The most common shot type on magazine front covers: Audience can see the star from far away on a crowded shelf. Shot is close enough to maintain eye contact with the star and see what they are wearingCU Close Up Very common in soap opera: audience can “feel” the emotion of the characters as they can see facial expressions and other non- verbal communicationBCU Big Close Up Very common in soap opera in the last decade: by cutting off the hair and chin, the facial features dominate the frame, emphasising the emotional conflictXCU Extreme Close Up Used to convey significant details or disorient the audience
  • 3. Angles: remember, you must keep moving around to find the best angle foryour imageCanted – a view in which the frame is not level, causing the objects in the scene to appear slanted out ofan upright position.Low angle shot: used to make subject appear larger and more powerful.High angle shot: used to make subject appear smaller and threatened
  • 4. Eye level angle: the camera is positioned as if it is a human eye. It is as though the audience is actually observing thesceneSymmetrical Composition: creates balance, can reflect a calm point in the narrative.Asymmetrical Composition: creates a focal point for the viewer, emphasises the subject
  • 5. Over the shoulder shot: makes audience feel like they are observing a private momentBirds eye point of view: used in dream sequences, can simulate an out of body experience.Graphic Composition: Mise en scene frames the subjects
  • 6. From behind shot: makes audience feel like they are following the charactersTwo shot: used to establish actor’s positions in a scene before cross- cutting with close-ups and reverseangle shotsDeep focus (different distances all in focus)
  • 7. Shot Reverse Shot: used during conversations or scenes with more than one focal point.OTHERS TYPES OF CAMERA MOVEMENT: TERM DEFINITION/ EXAMPLEZOOM IN/OUTDOLLY ZOOMTRACKPAN (LEFT, RIGHT, UP, DOWN)360 DEGREE PANESTABLISHING SHOTCRANE