Unit 2 – Equality in the Modern World By the end of this lesson you will have: •Been introduced to the unit 2 specification and course requirements •Been familiarised with the unit deadlines •Have started to think about which topic you may want to study
Teacher Materials• As with question 1, the best answers tended to be more aware of the contemporary religious, ethical, and political controversy. For instance, better answers on homosexuality seemed to have current knowledge of the Anglican debate over Gene Robinson and the threat of splits in the Anglican Communion. Some were well aware of the rival media commentary given by various bishops and theologians, and this was impressive when set against a backdrop of scriptural and philosophical information.• One danger inherent in question 3 is the possibility that emotional advocacy becomes a substitute for ethics scholarship and background information. It is important that candidates are concerned by gender, race, and sexuality, but the passion and interest needs to be tied to genuine knowledge content.
Equality• Definition:• e·qual·i·ty the state or quality of being equal• Equality Laws in the UK• The Equality Act is the most significant piece of equality legislation to be introduced for many years. It is there to strengthen protection, advance equality and simplify the law. Ninety per cent of the act came into force on 1 October 2010. The rest of it includes Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED), which comes into effect in April 2011. The Equality Act brings together, and significantly adds to and strengthens, a number of previous existing pieces of legislation, including race and disability.
Areas in which inequality can occur• age• disability• gender reassignment• marriage and civil partnership• pregnancy and maternity• race• religion or belief• sex• sexual orientation
Religious Legislation UK• Religion and belief• Everyone has the right to hold their own religious beliefs or other similar philosophical beliefs under human rights and anti-discrimination legislation. People also have the right to have no religion or belief.• Under British anti-discrimination and human rights legislation, people are entitled to practise their religion or belief, express their views and get on with their day-to-day life. They are entitled to do these things without experiencing threats or discrimination.• Find out more about discrimination on grounds of religion or belief on the following pages on the Equality and Human Rights website:
Sexual Orientation Legislation UK• Sexual orientation• Sexual identity was once seen as a peripheral issue of little relevance to the core business of local authorities. However, it has now been brought centre stage by legislative and societal developments. The Equality Act means that public authorities will have a single public duty, extending the current public duties to age, sexual orientation, religion or belief, gender reassignment. It also includes pregnancy and maternity. Public authorities will have a duty to promote positive action.
Race Legislation UK• Race equality• Developing a realistic and achievable vision for race equality, based on a good understanding of local needs, is important for the sector. National and local data enables local authorities to develop a clear picture about where inequality exists. Despite this, many stakeholders still struggle to be specific about what race equality means.• The Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000, and subsequent regulations enacted in 2001, require local authorities to promote race equality through a general duty. The general duty requires authorities to:• eliminate unlawful racial discrimination• promote equal opportunities• promote good relations between people from different racial groups.• To help achieve the general duty, councils are required to implement a race equality scheme (RES). The scheme sets out arrangements for assessing and consulting on the likely impact of proposed policies on the promotion of race equality. This is as well as monitoring policies for any adverse impact on the promotion of race equality. Councils are required to publish the results of assessments, consultations, monitoring, ensuring public access to information and services provided by the council.• Although there is no statutory duty to revise and republish an RES, it is important that the progress made in implementing is regularly reviewed. It is recommended that the scheme is reviewed, revised, updated and republished every three years.
Bible References• Use the sheets that I have made to look up in the Bible the references which refer to your specific topic. This is a good starting point for gaining an understanding of the ‘Christian’ approaches to your selected topic