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Essay compare and contrast your two chosen case study areas to discuss the impact of rural and urban areas on social welfare
 

Essay compare and contrast your two chosen case study areas to discuss the impact of rural and urban areas on social welfare

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    Essay compare and contrast your two chosen case study areas to discuss the impact of rural and urban areas on social welfare Essay compare and contrast your two chosen case study areas to discuss the impact of rural and urban areas on social welfare Document Transcript

    • Compare and contrast your two chosen case study areas to discuss the impact of rural and urban areas on social welfare (15) Social welfare can be defined as the well-being of an entire society and can be measured geographically by considering factors such as the quality of the environment, the level of crime, the availability of essential social services as well as religious and spiritual aspects of life. It can also refer to the access people have to job opportunities, housing, health care and education. Blackburn is a post-industrial town situated north of the West Pennine moors. It has a population of approximately 110,000 and has experienced significant levels of South Asian migration. Audley is an inner-city area in Blackburn with a population of 9,000, two thirds of which are of South Asian ethnicity and are Muslim. Audley is a relatively impoverished area with only 21% of residents in full time work, and 80% of this work being manual labour. The average household income is £280, and the 2 thirds of adults receive benefits. Over 50% of the residents have no formal qualifications. The housing is largely back to back terrace housing and only 46% is owner-occupied. The crime rates are relatively high – actual crimes and incidents being recorded as around 600 each month. However, Audley, and Blackburn town as a whole, benefits from significant Government funding to improve social welfare. Over £25million has been invested into education in the ‘fostering school improvement’ scheme. Other services such as the administration of community cohesion officer in Audley to prevent ethnic tension in the ward have been put in place. Interestingly, the spiritual welfare is heavily catered for in Audley particularly amongst the Muslim residents. The Lancashire Council of Mosques is located in Audley and offers services for the communities such as organising community events to celebrate religious festivals. On the other hand, Whalley is a relatively well-off ward. Whalley is a rural-urban fringe settlement of around 3,895 residents located in the Ribble Valley, which borders Blackburn. House prices are vastly higher, with a three bedroom terrace costing around £350,000, 80% of which are owner occupied. 34% of people are in full time work but the nature of work is different to Audley, with 12% of those in work being managing directors. The average income of a Whalley household is £570 and the residents are therefore less financially dependent on the state. In contrast to Audley, 30% of Whalley residents have a level 4/5 qualification or higher. The crime rates are less than half with around 140 actual crimes per month, although proportionally this is not much less. Government funding is still required in Whalley with regards to doctor’s services for the elderly population, and funding for Whalley’s 14th Century Cistercian Abbey – a popular tourist destination. It is clear that the access to education, employment and social well-being is much higher in Whalley. However, Audley benefits from significant Government funding to improve the social welfare, and this will hopefully improve in the future.