1.3 demographic transition uk
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    1.3 demographic transition uk 1.3 demographic transition uk Presentation Transcript

    • Key Words • Q) Distinguish between natural change and migration change – 4mins Natural change refers to that caused by a difference in birth and death rate. When birth exceeds deaths there will be an increase in population and vice versa. Whereas Migration change refers to the component of increase/decrease that relates to people moving and changing their place of residence. There will be an increase if more people move in than out and vice versa.
    • Homework Check • 1. What is this article about? Remember to draw upon figures, statistics and specifics • The article is about the rat children of Pakistan, it states that the reason these children are being deformed is due to an ancient fertility tradition. Women who cannot conceive a child will go to the shrine of Shah Dola and pray for child although the first born child will be deformed and be a rat child with a tiny head. This child must then be offered to the shrine. This leads to gangs purposely deforming children as the handicapped can bring in a large amount of money from begging due to them being seen as ‘closer to god’ as stated by Anusheh Hussain, head of sahil an organisation fighting against child exploitation. Rat children can bring in 400-500 rupees and can be sold for anywhere between 40,000 to 80,000. The shrine states that no medieval contraptions are used on the children although Dr Qausim has stated that it is not possible for this to e genetic as the children are not related. To sort this problem and investigation is needed to push aside religion and uncover this long running mystery and the mafia gangs behind this. • the article is about how deformed(rat children). it tells you about how families hand over there children to the shrine as a tradition. the children then go onto the streets where they then beg and earn around about 400 rupees a day which is twice the amount a civil servant gets paid
    • Homework Check • 2. How does this article relate to what you have learnt about fertility rates in LEDCs? • In my studies in class of LEDC’s I already know that in general LEDC’s are growing faster than the majority of MEDC’s as well as India becoming the most populous country overtaking China in the near future. Pakistan is also developing and as it develops, the fertility rate will increase as the healthcare and medical services become more readily available. Although there are various factors that affect fertility like; education, urbanisation, and emancipation of women as well as political reasons, the factor of tradition seems to shine through as a direct contributor to fertility rates in Pakistan. Because of tradition and religious beliefs the women of Pakistan find it culturally important to bear allot of children. This shows how little factors like education, urbanisation, and emancipation of women have not yet began to take effect to a large degree as there is no change in tradition or culture. These women feel it necessary to “expect their first born to be handicapped” a price worth paying for a high fertility rate in the future. As it is this is a very old belief which is not shared commonly amongst most of us in the developed world. This backwardness shown by Pakistan gives us a feel of the religious and traditional impact such beliefs can have on a country, the mentality is different to that of the MEDC’s as they would go to great lengths to increase their fertility yet most cultures in the western world strive to have better jobs and more materialistic items then to sacrifice their living standards to raising large families. People still value this worrying view that is a woman’s job to raise a large family and it is a man’s job to provide. I believe this is unsustainable as the world population is growing at an exponential rate and traditions like this are fuelling the increase in birth rate seen across less economically developed countries. These traditions are very much alive as Pirzada Imtiaz Syed predicts there are around 10,000 rat children in Pakistan who are being exploited for money. • In LEDCs the fertility rate is higher because they have got less technology such as good contraception available cheaply and to all of the public. Due to the State of an LEDC's economy the people cannot afford any good contraception.
    • Demographic Transition Model – U.K Case Study By the end of this lesson you will have: • Completed your individual progression booklets • Investigated and applied your knowledge of the UK’s movement through the stages of the D.T.M • Compared and contrasted the U.Ks movement with and L.E.D.Cs movement • Assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the D.T.M
    • Today’s Lesson • 10mins – key words test • 15mins – assessment reflection • 5mins – re-cap of the D.T.M • 15mins – group work UK and D.T.M • 10mins – class discussion UK and D.T.M • 15mins - Practise question UK and D.T.M including peer-marking • 20mins – Compare and contrasting with an LEDC • 20mins – Strengths and weaknesses challenge
    • The BIG Picture The D.T.M – tracking natural population growth and decline The U.Ks movement through the D.T.M – compare with an LEDC The impact of migration on population
    • Assessment Reflection • 1) Look at your grade and the comments made • 2) Read through the exemplar essay on the front of your assessment and label in both paragraphs: • A – a point which is defined • B – explanation of the point • C – a concrete example to support the point • D – Link it to the question - discussion • 3) Complete your progression booklet – what do you need to do to improve?
    • Demographic Transition Model – U.K Case Study By the end of this lesson you will have: • Completed your individual progression booklets • Investigated and applied your knowledge of the UK’s movement through the stages of the D.T.M • Compared and contrasted the U.Ks movement with and L.E.D.Cs movement • Assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the D.T.M
    • Stay standing if you think… • 1) The D.T.M was created in America • 2) There were 5 stages on the original model • 3) The D.T.M is a strictly accurate representation of natural change • 4) Stage 2 is named ‘high fluctuating’ • 5) There are 3 lines drawn on the D.T.M • 6) You can name two reasons which generally lead to high birth rate • 7) You can name two reasons which generally lead to falling death rate
    • U.K and the D.T.M – Group work Get into 6 groups of 4 • A) Each group will get given two texts. Use your role cards to read and discuss the information in these texts. • B) Create an A3 visual guide which incorporates the information about these events. Add as much detail as possible. • C) Complete your individual worksheets as you go along – you should only be able to add two events at this point. • D) Try and predict where this story or ‘event’ fits into the D.T.M using your knowledge of the stages. • HINT: If you are struggling you may open your yellow booklets at page 10 to remind yourselves what the stages of the D.T.M are.
    • U.K and the D.T.M – Class work • A) Each group must present their two ‘events’ to the group and place a post it where they believe this took place on the D.T.M. • B) We will discuss as a group whether we think they have managed to accurately place the post it notes. • C) Add to your individual worksheet as we go along with the correct answers.
    • 1700 1740 1880 1940 2000 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 TIME HIGHLOWBirthRate/DeathRate
    • U.K – Stage 1-4 • Stage 1 - High birth rate/death rate • Cheap gin amongst the common people • Stage 2 – Falling death rate • 1751 – Introduction of the ‘Gin Tax’ • 1710-1730s – introduction of voluntary hospitals • 1798 – Smallpox vaccine invented • 1848 – public health act establishes boards of health for pure water and supplies drainage • 1870 – Annie Besant and Charles Bradlaugh provide contraceptive advice • Stage 3 – Falling birth rate and continuing fall in death rate • 1870 Education Act – 5-13 • Uncertainties of WWI led to a fall in birth rate • Stage 4 – Low levels of birth and death rate • Anomalies such as the post WWII baby boom • 1960s invention of oral contraceptive • Stage 5…
    • Practise Question • Q) Comment on how the natural population of the U.K in stage 2 of the demographic transition model is different to that in stage 4. • Must: refer to the population in stages 2 and 4 in terms of high/low birth/death rate giving some general reasons. • Should: Do the above adding more specific evidence such as dates and names • Should: Do the above and comment on anomalies
    • Peer-Marking • Q) Comment on how the natural population of the U.K in stage 2 of the demographic transition model is different to that in stage 4. • During stage 2 of the D.T.M the U.K was still experiencing high birth rate levels but the death rate saw a significant drop. This could be due to the introduction of voluntary hospitals in the early 1700s which gave people better levels of health care as well as the introduction of the gin tax in 1751 which prevented deaths caused by the consumption of cheap gin. Overall, the natural population saw a large increase during stage 2 as the birth rates far exceeded death rates. • By stage 4 of the D.T.M the U.K has experienced a significant drop in birth rates also which has led to low levels of fluctuating birth and death rate. The decrease in birth rate, which occurred in stage 3, could have been due to the uncertainties of war faced by people in the inter-war period. The birth rate in stage 4 remains slightly above the death rate. The continuing low levels of fertility could also be due to the introduction of reliable methods of birth control in the 1960s. There are anomalies, however, in stage 4 such as the increase in birth rates during the post WWII baby boom, but on the whole the population remains steady and high.
    • Demographic Transition Model – U.K Case Study By the end of this lesson you will have: • Completed your individual progression booklets • Investigated and applied your knowledge of the UK’s movement through the stages of the D.T.M • Compared and contrasted the U.Ks movement with and L.E.D.Cs movement • Assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the D.T.M
    • Compare and Contrast with LEDC • Individual work • Open your booklets to page 15. • A) Individually read the information on India. • B) Complete the two tables in the activity box on your worksheet. • C) Use this knowledge to complete your Venn diagram – in each circle you must write how the countries DIFFER in their movement through the D.T.M – in the overlapping circle you must write how the countries movement is SIMILAR.
    • India’s Demographic Change Stage 1 2 3 4 5 Time period 1920-85 Birth rate Death rate <13 Population growth low Factors affecting birth rate Factors affecting death rate Decrease in child mortality
    • Demographic Transition Model – U.K Case Study By the end of this lesson you will have: • Completed your individual progression booklets • Investigated and applied your knowledge of the UK’s movement through the stages of the D.T.M • Compared and contrasted the U.Ks movement with and L.E.D.Cs movement • Assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the D.T.M
    • Strength and Weaknesses challenge • A) You are against your partner. Think of as many strengths to the D.T.M as possible. You have 3 minutes. You must be able to justify your decisions. • B) Discuss with your partner your strengths – who has the most? Can they justify them? • C) Class competition – who has the most in the class? • D) Do the same for the weaknesses • Countdown Timer
    • Demographic Transition Model – U.K Case Study By the end of this lesson you will have: • Completed your individual progression booklets • Investigated and applied your knowledge of the UK’s movement through the stages of the D.T.M • Compared and contrasted the U.Ks movement with and L.E.D.Cs movement • Assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the D.T.M
    • Homework • ‘Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the D.T.M’ 15marks • Use your assessment reflection to help you answer this.