Rainforest Interactive for 3rd Grade


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A self-directed interactive with an audio glossary.

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Rainforest Interactive for 3rd Grade

  1. 1. Amazon Rain Forest biodiversity in the Dana Quante enter
  2. 2. biodiversity title warm and humid there. Plants can grow and produce fruit all year long. Animals and insects can eat these plants and reproduce all year long. The Amazon Rainforest is home to half of the world’s living species , and many more are yet to be discovered. Biodiversity means “many forms of life.” The Amazon Rainforest is located in the tropical zone near the equator . It is always animals insects plants people layers glossary
  3. 3. animals insects people plants layers The trees of the rainforest create 4 layers that give plants and animals different places to live and find food. The Canopy are the tops of trees that form an “umbrella.” Most of the animals and birds live here and it gets very noisy. Emergent trees grow above the Canopy to reach for the sunlight. The Understory is dark and shadowy because it is beneath the canopy which blocks most of the sunlight. The Forest Floor is very dark and quiet. It is covered with rotting leaves. hear the noisy canopy! glossary home Emergent Trees Canopy Understory Forest Floor 80 m 40 m 20 m 1 m
  4. 4. people plants insects layers animals home The Amazon Rainforest supports many creatures that have adapted to their tropical habitat . Birds and butterflies inhabit emergent trees. Monkeys, birds, snakes, sloths and tree frogs live in the canopy. Jaguars and bats live in the understory. Large mammals, humans, and trillions of insects live on the forest floor. mammals  birds  reptiles  amphibians  canopy may contain ½ of the world’s species home glossary wow
  5. 5. animals mammals Howler Monkeys are the loudest land animals in the world. They live in groups of 20 in the canopy. The males “howl” to defend their territory . Sloths have long curved claws that they use as hooks to hang from trees. They move very slowly. They eat leaves, sleep, and give birth upside-down. Jaguars are solitary , nocturnal wildcats. They are good swimmers. They bury their prey after they kill it, and then eat it later. home Vampire Bats are nocturnal . They come out at night to eat the blood of large mammals such as cattle, large birds, and pigs. glossary
  6. 6. animals birds Toucans have large, colorful beaks that are very light weight. Because their long beaks makes it difficult to fly, they hop from branch to branch. They eat fruit, berries, small animals, and eggs by gripping the food with the tip of the beak, tilting the head up, and then swallowing it whole. Toucans live in flocks of 6 and have a life span of 20 years which is long for a bird. Harpy Eagles are large and powerful birds of prey. They hunt and scavenge during the day and eat sloths, monkeys, large reptiles and birds. They mate for life. Scarlet Macaws are large parrots that fly in small flocks. They eat fruit, seeds, and nuts. After hatching, the young parrots stay with their parents for 2 years. home glossary
  7. 7. animals reptiles Emerald Tree Boas lives in trees and shrubs in the marshy areas of the rainforest. Nocturnal carnivores , they eat birds and rodents. A boa wraps its body around its prey to kill it. After eating, it does not need food for a long time. Emerald Tree Boas do not lay eggs like most snakes, but give birth to live babies. The young are born dark orange-brown with white stripes. Green Iguanas are 1-2 meters long. They spend most of their time in the canopy, and use their long fingers and claws to climb and grasp. Their green camouflage protects them from predators like the Harpy Eagle, but if they need a quick getaway, they can drop all the way to the forest floor without getting hurt. They eat mostly plants, eggs, insects, and small animals. home glossary
  8. 8. animals amphibians Poison Dart Frogs are small (1-4 cm), brightly colored frogs that have extremely poisonous skin. Choco Indians who live in the Amazon Rainforest use this poison on their arrows and blow-gun darts when they hunt for food. Poison Dart Frogs have such brilliant colors to warn predators that they are poisonous. Poison Dart Frog males guard the eggs and keep them moist. When the tadpoles are ready to hatch they wriggle onto their father’s back and he carries them to a pool of water. This may be a small pool on the forest floor or in a bromeliad plant in the understory or canopy. Learn more about bromeliads  home glossary
  9. 9. layers animals people plants insects home 10 million species of insects in the Amazon! fact ! Army Ants are carnivores that move in swarms of up to one million, raiding the forest floor for insects, spiders, and small animals to eat. Blue Morpho Butterflies have a wingspan of 6 inches. The underside of their wings are brown to camouflage them while drinking juice from rotting fruit. Rhinoceros Beetles are huge, usually 7 inches long. Males have two horns that they use to fight each other. They eat rotting fruit and leaves. Leaf Cutter Ants have strong jaws to cut leaves. They feed these leaves to fungus that lives in their nest, and then eat the fungus. glossary wow
  10. 10. layers animals insects people plants home The Amazon Rainforest has millions of trees of many species . Emergent trees can grow to 80 meters high. Tropical hardwood trees, like Mahogany and Teak, have extremely dense wood to keep insects out. One tree alone can give shelter and food to over 50 species of creatures. Plants, like epiphytes and lianas , live off trees, too. As soon as a tree falls, or a creature dies, it immediately starts to decompose to become nutrients . Tree roots stay close to the surface of the forest floor to get these nutrients so that they can grow and produce more leaves and fruit, like the wild bananas shown to the left.  hear the rain falling on trees in the rainforest lianas  glossary epiphytes
  11. 11. plants epiphytes Epiphytes are plants that grow on tree branches high up in the canopy. Because they do not grow from soil, they get water and nutrients from rain and moisture in the air. Orchids and bromeliads are the most common types of epiphytes found in the Amazon Rainforest. One tree could have over fifty different kinds of epiphytes! The leaves of epiphytes overlap each other, to create little cup-like areas that collect rain. Poison Dart Frogs and other tree frogs use these little “pools” of rainwater as safe places for their eggs and tadpoles . orchid Learn more about dart frogs  home glossary bromeliad
  12. 12. plants lianas Lianas are woody vines that wrap themselves around a trunk of a tree and grow up toward the sunlight to the high canopy. Once they reach the canopy, they loop themselves from tree to tree among the branches. Monkeys and other creatures that live in the canopy use lianas to get from tree to tree. The Strangler Fig is a type of liana that later becomes a tree. Its seed sprouts on a branch in the canopy. When its leaves grow up to the sunlight, it sends roots to the forest floor. The roots become trunks that surround the original tree, which eventually dies. home glossary
  13. 13. layers animals plants insects people home People have lived in the Amazon Rainforest for thousands of years. These people have found that the best way to survive in this environment is to live in small groups and to be hunter-gardeners . They hunt small animals and birds, gather fruit, nuts, and honey, and they grow some plants, such as yams and plantains . To farm, they cut down a small area of trees and burn them. The ashes make the soil good for growing plants. learn more about kids living in the rainforest The Kayapo people tame some insects and grow plants that control insect infestation . They work hard to keep miners and loggers out of the rainforest.  The Yanomami people build large huts out of branches and place them in a circle. At night, families gather at the center of the circle to tell stories to each other. glossary
  14. 14. people layers animals plants insects glossary home Hear Word Definition adapt change to fit camouflage blend in, disguise carnivore meat eater decompose rot dense tightly packed equator imaginary line around the center of Earth fungus mushrooms, mold habitat environment, home humid muggy, moist air infestation swarm, invade inhabit live in Hear Word Definition nocturnal active at night nutrient part of food that makes growth possible plantain type of banana predator animal that hunts and eats other animals reproduce make offspring scavenge search for dead animals to eat solitary alone species type, breed tadpole young frog with a tail territory area of land yam large sweet potatoes