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Droog

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  • 1. 現代主義王國荷蘭的設計家們 有「現代主義王國」之稱的荷蘭,有著一大 批國際知名的工業設計家們和時裝設計師, 他們對九○年代國際設計界有著巨大的影響。 DROOG DESIGN的出現,顛覆了我們的設 計常識和既成概念,DROOG DESIGN中的 代表作品,已經在設計史上獲得不可動搖的 地位。
  • 2. Droog   1994年由藝評家雷尼‧雷馬克(Renny Ramakers)、設計師吉斯‧貝克(Gijs Bakker)於 荷蘭阿姆斯特丹創立,受DMD工廠發展成真正工 業產品。 Droog 不是一個Studio ,也不是一家公司,可算 是一個基金會。93年他們在阿姆斯特丹的一個舞 廳發表第一系列的作品後,便成為國際的焦點。 而他們的團體宗旨是以激發設計的討論為目的, 並且意圖讓荷蘭設計與義大利設計相庭抗爭,替 荷蘭人爭一口氣。
  • 3. Droog設計特點     1.幽默嘲諷 2.精巧獨創且經濟 3.材質與式樣並重 創作介於藝術、創意和設計之間,避開風 格式議題,有巧思大多不具實用性(如乾科 技Dry Tech)。
  • 4. 代表作品    「牛奶瓶燈」「 85個燈泡」--低科技(low tech)-資源回收利用 「多節椅」 舊科技形象與先進材料結合 對於素材的再使用不是因為表面環保,如 Chest of drawers為例引發過度生產與消費, 屬於個人的心靈層次環保問題。
  • 5. 「我完全沒有想過設計」 特約.勒米(Tejo Remy) 特約‧勒米用廢 奶瓶製作的燈 (1991) 特約‧勒米把廢棄的抽 屜捆扎在一起的〈櫃子〉 (1991) 特約‧勒米用過剩的 衣服捆扎在一起的 〈沙發〉(1991)
  • 6. 「誰都可以讓美的東西到手」-- 哈斯.巴克(Gijs Bakker)   哈斯.巴克從六○年代開始就從事 設計工作,起先是珠寶設計,後來 做為教師活躍。最初讓他獲得名聲 的,是他和妻子一起設計了嶄新的 婦女服裝的小配件,那些單純幾何 形的設計,使用了鋁合金和合成樹 脂等材料,如此現代的東西用了非 常便宜的材料,做成誰都可以買得 起的小配件。 他們的概念是:「誰都可以讓美的 東西到手」,巴克的工業設計重要 的要素是富有單純的洞察力,然而, 每個都要具有獨創性和基於概念的 設計是他的信條。他還與DROOG DESIGN財團的成立有著密切關係。 哈斯‧巴克所作的椅子(1989)
  • 7. 「驚訝就是我的靈感」--尤羅 根.貝依(Jurgen Bey)  尤羅根‧貝依所作在會場入口 處的三把椅子(1999)  尤羅根‧貝依所作受超現實主 義影響的連體桌椅(1997)
  • 8. 「十字架的形狀是頹廢的溫床」- -理查德.哈頓(Richard Hutten)  理查德‧哈頓創作的思想 「十字架的形狀式頹廢的 溫床」(1994) 理查德‧哈頓所作之迴 轉的椅子(1994)
  • 9. 「誰都想變成小姑娘」--馬魯 塞.汪達斯(Marcel Wanders)  馬魯塞最有名的作品應該 是〈Knotted Chair〉,這 是一件用古老的技術和新 材料完璧結合的傑作,看 上去像編織的椅子,而實 際上是硬質材料。他使用 了在宇宙工學部曾經試驗 過的人工合成物和玻璃纜 線,在炭素芯裡加進一種 特殊纖維,讓編織的形變 成固體,這是椅子設計史 上前所未有的試驗。
  • 10. 「玻璃是美麗透明的黃金」--阿 魯托.維薩(Arnout Visser)  玻璃和陶瓷的組合並不是什麼 新的東西,然而在荷蘭卻是首 次,其製作有著特別的難度。 他的代表作品,應該是浴室用 有玻璃水珠的地面陶瓷片,這 不是玻璃和陶瓷能否組合的問 題,而是展示了維薩獨特的感 性。他和玻璃之間不只是一種 眷戀的感情,他是把玻璃當做 美麗透明的黃金。製作玻璃製 品不是一件容易的事情,所以 維薩常常和國外的玻璃製品工 匠一起合作,二○○○年他去 過肯尼亞,在那裡和當地的工 匠一起參加製作活動,從而學 到新的技術。他最新的工作是 想用玻璃材料製作汽車零件。 阿魯托‧維薩用有玻璃水珠陶瓷 片製作玻璃和陶瓷組合的浴室 (1997)
  • 11. 可愛的大而柔軟的〈蘑菇〉--埃 特.安寧克(Ed Annink )  埃特.安寧克是對八○年代荷蘭的拼貼現 代設計進行過抵抗的代表人物,他的全新 氣質獲得喝采。一九八六年他和另外一位 設計家一起,為Utrecht Centraal美術館 設置了近代以後的樣式展示室。安寧克的 設計是,對與製作和材料有關本質的價值, 及協調的價值進行調查,被DROOG DESIGN收藏的〈Knob Ob〉是他的代表 作,也是新的出發點。那是用大而柔軟的 橡膠製作的〈蘑菇〉,其實是掛外套用的 掛鉤,他的設計從製作數量和銷售情況可 看出非常受歡迎,是活躍在國際上的荷蘭 代表設計家。
  • 12. 「長椅子怎麼樣?」--科波勒和 斯克魯坦(Copray & Scholten )  兩人是在一九九五年相識並一起創作, 一九九七年問世了〈椅子一號〉。針 對他們的作品有截然兩極的兩種意見, 這種金屬材料的家具,和三○年代曾 經有過的造形非常相似,許多批評家 認為是盜作或是回顧設計,然而事實 上他們的作品卻有獨特的概念,首先 在造形方面,透過單純的技術、製作 的快樂、對於素材的愛情等,在統一 這些因素之後構築的造形,與荷蘭主 流設計相異。這是他們兩人對自己作 品的解釋。他們還認為對那些「定型 的現代主義」造形進行改良未嘗不可, 只要不是簡單地將過去的設計復活就 行。
  • 13. 「人間沒有裝飾不能活」--德 克.凡.霍夫(Dick van Hoff) 德克.凡.霍夫的毛氈式 洗臉台裡隱藏著獨特的設 計哲學(1996) 德克.凡.霍夫的燈之 連體(1995)
  • 14. 原型是一張白紙,我在那上邊畫素描」 -赫拉.榮格留絲(Hella Jongerius)  她主要是研製和合成樹脂 的應用問題,對素材和技 術有著非常高的興趣,其 設計過程是首先決定素材, 然後進行造形設計,尋找 那些不知道的方法,例如 像〈Urn〉這件作品看上去 像一件出土文物,然而它 卻有像玻璃一樣透明且有 一種考古學具有的美感。 她常說:「原型是一張白 紙,我在那上邊畫素描。」
  • 15. 六年前誰也沒有注目荷蘭- (Saskia van Drimmelen)  多利美倫表示:「我特別對 建築抱有興趣,在造形時時常考 慮如何讓它更為單純,一般都是 從抽象的意念開始。」她在一九 九六年發表的夏季作品中,追求 的是衣服內側和外側如何相逢, 在融合的地方設計才能成立。而 九八和九九年冬天發表的作品則 是試著追求雕刻效果,而九九年 夏天,反映、重複、附加衣服要 素等研究成為她的課題。多利美 倫回憶說:「九四年春最初在巴 黎的時裝發表,誰都沒有注目荷 蘭,第二次發表時終於引起人們 的關注。」她的風格屬於當今最 受關注的極限主義派 薩斯豈阿.凡.多利美倫之 用許多燈泡聚合的燈--從 抽象的意念開始,思考如何 讓它更為單純(1993)
  • 16. Do Create  最近,Droog又與荷蘭的廣告公司Kessels Kramer合作,發表了 一系列名為『Do Create』的設計,其中心概念為:「人為面 向」—產品設計的過程中,必須涵蓋使用者的參與,才算完成。 其中,有Jurgen Bey的do add#1,與Frank Tjepkema & Peter v.d. Jagt的do break,Do Hit ,Do Eat ,do swing ,do connect,do frame,do post,do reincarnate,do scratch,do cut,do link.....等。真 的Do了很多有意思的東西,有要用書墊高的三腳ㄅㄞ腳椅,還有 要剪下來的餐具。
  • 17. Do Swing   Material: Stainless steel, lamp shades do creator: Thomas Bernstrand do: Attach this lamp, which is fitted with two lightbulbs and shades, to your ceiling. You are then able to create a different lighting mood to your room, by gently letting the lamp swing, or, if you’re feeling more energetic, can make use of the lamp’s dual purpose by grabbing onto the handles and letting yourself go. The bigger your room, the more you can swing and the more fun you can have.
  • 18. Do Hit   Material:1.25 mm steel Dimensions (w x d x h): 100 x 70 x 75 cm do creator: Marijn van der Poll do: A round- edged hammer is supplied to finish the design of this chair (or bookshelf or ....?). Hit, smash and bash to your heart’s content and sculpt for yourself the shape you want it to be. Make it shallow, make it deep, the choice is up to you. Suddenly, after a few minutes or a few hours of work, you’ll have become the co- designer of ‘do hit’, with a bonus of enjoying, or suffering, a healthy bout of exercise.
  • 19. Do Eat    Material:Polystyrene Dimensions (w x l):62.5 x 100 cm do creator: Marti Guixé do: This large sheet of plastic with its assorted series of sunken shapes is waiting for you to cut it up into a full set of dinner plates, saucers, cups and trays. All you need are a pair of scissors, some food and drink, and some friends or family to eat with. do eat means you don’t necessarily have to do the washing- up unless you want to ‘do recycle’. Also look at do frame, do reincarnate, do scratch and do link
  • 20. Do Frame   Material: Self- adhesive tape Dimensions (w x l): 5 cm x 100 m do creator: Marti Guixé do: Arrange strips of the ornately printed tape to create your own golden frame around any surface you desire. Instantly, the do frame can turn something mundane into a potentially spectacular work of art, or simply accentuate a special picture, window, or wall.
  • 21. Do Reincarnate   Material: Nylon thread, fitting do creator: Marti Guixé do: Death doesn't exist with this ‘do create’ product. The task of do reincarnate is to inject fresh life into otherwise tired or overfamiliar products. Simply slip the almost invisible thread around your chosen lamp, attach via a light cable and let it dangle from your ceiling. An old object is suddenly and magically new again as it hangs in mid- air. do reincarnate can be used for more objects: it could be a painting or a photograph. You decide.
  • 22. Do Link   Material: Lamp shade, fitting, wood do creator: Marti Guixé do: Create your own lamp. do link will provide you with a lamp and shade, a base, and a space in between the two. You can now bring them together with whatever you choose. Some do ideas: do link the shade and the base with a sturdy branch from a tree; do link with the broom that’s sitting in your closet; or now you have a place to store those empty beer cans - create an ever increasing tower for your lamp which you can dispose of when you get bored, recycle and then, recreate something new.
  • 23. Do Design#1   Material: Multiplex wood in 8 mm and 15 mm Dimensions (w x l):122 x 244 cm do creator: Dick van Hoff do: You have in front of you a large piece of wood (122 x 244 cm) with the do logo etched repeatedly into it. And with the do- branded wood comes a series of design suggestions from the do creator of the piece. This is the ultimate do it yourself product which, no matter what you decide to make with it, will always come signed by the mark of do and the proof that you have, indeed, done.
  • 24. Do Design#2   Material: Polypropylene Dimensions (w x l): 89 x 100 cm do creator: Dick van Hoff do: Do it yourself comes in an altogether different form with do design #2, this time a long roll of material with the do logo melted into it at frequent intervals. The instructions accompanying this do design, give a variety of lampshade styles that you can create and call your own.
  • 25. Do Connect     Material: Silver, diverse metal, plastic Quantity: 13 pieces Length: 13 cm per piece do creators: Dinie Besems, Thomas Widdershoven do: Variation + imagination = do connect. 13 chains, 13cm long are connected in a loop. You are invited to hook these chains together in an infinite number of variations. do suggests you can make anything from jewellery such as bracelets and necklaces, to a bath plug chain; a few changes in the connections of the chain will change its purpose completely. do connect promises you will never get bored, since its potential is as endless as you want it to be.
  • 26. Do Post   Material: Epoxy- coated steel Dimensions (w x d x h): 26.7 x 7.10 x 29.5 cm do creator: Dawn Finley do: Attach this postbox to a lamppost in your street, a tree in your local park, or an appropriate place in the office where you work. do post is the ultimate chain mail, with the addition of surprise and immediacy. Whenever you post your letter, you are automatically delivered another letter from the mechanism of the postbox itself. This is the only letterbox with instant response and can be used to register a complaint, write a love poem or post your shopping list.
  • 27. Do Break    Material: Porcelain, rubber, silicone Dimensions:15 ø x 34 cm do creators: Frank Tjepkema & Peter v.d. Jagt do: Hit, throw or break this vase any which way you choose. The porcelain exterior will crack and chip, but stick in place thanks to the rubber interior. Depending on the aggressiveness of your throw or hitting action, you will create your own custom- made design. The ‘do break’ vase will become even more your own, if you throw it after a particularly heated argument, or after you’ve had an especially bad day. Destruction has never been so satisfying.
  • 28. Do Add#1   Material: Laminate, chromium- plated steel Dimensions (w x d x h): 40 x 45 x 83 cm do creator: Jurgen Bey do: This chair has 4 legs like any normal chair. However, one of the legs is shorter than the others Don’t let this handicap put you off - instead, use books or magazines to prop up the leg and suddenly you have a mini library and chair combination. Use whatever you feel is right to make this chair complete again, and then, what appears to be a broken chair, turns into something brand new, simply by thinking and doing.
  • 29. Do Add#2   Material: Laminate, chromium- plated steel Dimensions (w x d x h): 110 x 45 x 83 cm do creator: Jurgen Bey do: Is this a chair with something added or something missing? A little bit of both, it seems, as the extension of the seat means you have to think about what you’re going to use to create the right balance. With this chair, two or more people can enjoy each other’s company, but there has to be ultimate trust. If just one person stands up, the chair will lose its absurd functionality. Or, you can sit on it yourself with some books, magazines or, for the more daring, a hot cup of coffee.