Realism soaps are made to not look constructed with accurate speech and setting and believable plots, in order to show a more accurate picture of the world rather than the idealised version of reality. Different variations of them include documentary, social, emotional and dramatic.
In realism soaps the editing is made very subtle in order to give the audience the feel of a natural transition between scenes. There has to be an element of continuity. Camera work: Kept simple and avoids any tricks, as they aim to reflect the genuine picture. The camera acts as a casual observer, as if to watch on at the events of the episode.
Lighting is kept very basic, special effects are not used, lighting is made to replicate sunlight or lamps within someone’s home.
Stereotypes used in Emmerdale is the setting of the show, in the rolling hills and showing a lot of countryside. The characters will often be working class, working in industry such as farming. The stereotype can also be expressed through the clothing or accents.
The narratives featured in realism soaps are everyday situations that the audience can relate to. Examples include family arguments and petty crimes. The plots are open-ended with usually three or four storylines running at the same time. There is no overall narrative as soap operas are designed to be continuous. Each episode usually ends with a ‘cliff hanger’ to keep suspense and attract the audience to the next episode.
In soaps the characters drive the plot and act as figures that the audience can relate to. Soap characters reflect the concerns of a modern audience. For example soaps began on radio in the 1930s when women stayed at home, therefore the main characters were women storylines revolved around them.
The purging of emotions or the relieving of emotions through certain kinds of art. The realism allows audiences to relate to the emotions and experiences of characters, this creates an emotional connection.
Other than the theme tune, music is rarely used in British soaps. For example music coming from a radio in a house or cafe.