OpenThreadsthe community of open street map mailing lists@alyssapwright
Teaser.graphs! data! sex! oh my!** in this context sex equates with gender
fwdnewreply600030000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemalemaleunknown800040000OSM DEVMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 2013...
fwdnewreply1600080000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemalemaleunknown20000100000OSM TALKMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 ...
femalemaleunknown14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeTalk USMessages By Day2008 2010 2011 201320...
female (11%)male (61%)unknown (28%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeHOT OSMMessages By Day201...
Don’t you have a hobby?why do this.
apw217member since May 2007
ART
Every Metro StationMadrid, Spain
Then I left.I didn’t know about community.
apwrightmember since March 2013
US
Hello World.The “Community” is OSM
See the US Bylaws, Local Charter Agreement,OSM US website, MapBox Knight NewsChallenge, every media quote, OSM Press Kit,a...
Who is our community?
Who is our community?Seeking well-educated (white) male with apenchant for high paying tech jobs.Academics also accepted.
What was that?Where are the women, you ask?
-----interactive session!-----
female representation in geospatial industry?
40%Census 2000 and 2009 American Community Surveyfemale representation in geospatial industry?
female graduates from geospatial programs?
34%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012female graduates from geospatial programs?
female computer science graduates ?
25%female computer science graduates ?
% of women who have heard of OSM?
23%% of women who have heard of OSM?Stephens 2013
% of women speakers at this conference?
% of women speakers at this conference?12%
% of women contributors in OpenStreetMap?
3%Budhathoki et al 2010 | Stark 2011 | Lechner 2011% of women contributors in OpenStreetMap?
% of women participants in open source?
1%% of women participants in open source?Ghosh et al. 2002
How did this happen?
There are many possible reasons...
Maybe the few restrictions on how peopletreat each other creates permission fordiscrimination.Reagle, 2013
Maybe there is inertia. I mean, this was acommunity started by men with a particularideology...why fight men stuck in thei...
Maybe there’s an incentive and motivationgap. (e.g., Women and men relate to awardstructures differently.)Judd Atkin, 2012
Maybe women and men have differentcommunication styles and the currentconversations just ain’t cutting it forboth.Judd Atk...
Maybe there’s active hostility towardswomen.Wikipedia, 2012
Why does this matter?
“Maybe girls just don’t like
computers,
or maps,
or open stuff.”(paraphrased mansplaining)
“Maybe OSM
is a man’s field,
like construction work
or firefighting.”(paraphrased from OSGeo)
(was that uncomfortable?)
This is a serious problem.
01
Maps are biased bythe norms, traditions,assumptions, and politicalbiases of the map maker.J.B Harley 198901
tag=amenity=baby_hatchA baby hatch is a place where mothers canbring their babies, usually newborn, andleave them anonymou...
tag=amenity=kindergartenA kindergarten, also known as a nursery orplaygroup. A place for looking afterpreschool children a...
proposed feature=childcareMonica Stephens 2013A place for children to do homework, playand spend time otherwise after scho...
Monica Stephens 2013
J.B Harley 1989
J.B Harley 1989
02
Open source communitiesserve as a model forcivic engagement.02
03
The collective intelligenceof diversityLam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
not only expands the reach of our mapsLam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011The collective intelligenceof diversity
but the sustainability of our tools.Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
In case you were sleeping:
The future of our workdepends on “converting” morewhite males
and more other under-represented groups.
So, what can we do?
Stop being assholes?
The mailing listtemper tantrum.
The joust fortechnical supremacy.
Hi Newbie: Read thefucking manual?
Stop engaging?
The hesitation...to ask for help,to participate,to question.
Doesn’t matter.Mailing lists suckanyway.
It’s not the toolIt’s the interaction.
Start LookingStart gathering dataabout what’s really going on.
Measured ProgressStart gender focused initiativeswith measurable goals.
And do it together.WE ARE ALL RESPONSIBLE.
OpenThreads
Looks at the rhetoric of onlinecommunications acknowledging them ascomplicated spaces. Rife with the messinessof human rel...
Mailing lists have been important platformsfor online interaction. We can learn fromthem as we create future social spaces.
Methodology
00Assemble the TeamSeamus TuohyTech Lead | Rhetorical Analysis (Open Technology Institute)Georgia BullenCreative Lead | Da...
01Frame the ProblemOpen GovernmentMemorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
02Ask the Questions
03Structure the DataParticipantauthor of an emailMessagebody of an emailThreadseries of messages posted as replies to each...
03participantparticipantIDtotalPostsaverageRepliesstarter : threads started / total #engagement : Average number of replie...
03messagemsgIDlistminutes : time spent metric - words per email (given a words perminute count)msgType : message type, cat...
03threadthreadIDwritingTime : minutes spentliststart timedateend timedatecalendarTime: total calendar time of the threadge...
04Parse the Mailing ListsTypesdiscussion | user | developerFormatpipermail | mailmanTechnologycouchDB | python | d3
04https://github.com/elationfoundation/openThreadsgithub
04http://bit.ly/17Ai1L4sketches
05Visualize to AnalyzeAn initial observation
Messages By Genderfemale (5%)male (94%)unknown (2%)20000100000female (5%)male (87%)unknown (8%)10005000Gender of Participa...
female (4%)male (95%)unknown (1%)14007000Messages By GenderGender of Participantsfemale (11%)male (58%)unknown (31%)250125...
female (21%)male (46%)unknown (33%)14007000Messages By Genderfemale (11%)male (61%)unknown (28%)2501250Gender of Participa...
OSM DEVTALK OSMTALK USHOT OSMGender of Participants100%50%0Messages by Gender100%50%0FemaleMaleUnknown
fwdnewreply600030000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemale (3%)male (96%)unknown (1%)800040000OSM DEVMessages By Day201...
fwdnewreply1600080000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemale (5%)male (94%)unknown (2%)800040000OSM TALKMessages By Day2...
female (4%)male (95%)unknown (1%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeTalk USMessages By Day2008 ...
female (21%)male (46%)unknown (33%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeHOT OSMMessages By Day201...
Technical ChallengesPeople use multiple e-mails/namesidentifying the identity behind a voice can be difficultGender is dif...
06What’s Next?
06Activity ScoreQuantity of initiated messagesQuantity of responsesTime taken to respond
06Influence ScoreInitiated conversationsRatio of initial poster vs others in the threadDialogue with new people
06Relation ScoreMale > Male | Female > FemaleMale > Female | Female > Male
06Keep Going.more lists +more questions +more visualizations +more analysis +more awareness +more self-reflection +more fo...
OpenThreadshttps://github.com/elationfoundation/openThreads@alyssapwright
Appendix
GNOME
Internship for GNOME project10 OSS project involvedSuccess
Address women directly.Accept non-students and non-coders.Connect women with mentors.Require a contributionNo pressure for...
Etsy
GNOMEattracted 500% more female engineersSuccess
GNOMEInvesttrained junior women for hiringPartneralliances with other organizationsMake a Public Standsuccess breeds succe...
RecommendationAddress GenderMake gender an explicit part of anyintervention. Increasing gender increasesrepresentation of ...
Personal RecommendationConsciously come from a place of trust.Do not attack.Make a public commitment.Talk openly about wha...
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List
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OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List

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OpenStreetMap exists with what Gabriella Coleman calls a collaborative ethical temperament - one that explicitly honors transparency, accessibility, and openness for the purpose of participation. Vibrant and open dialog is key in encouraging and facilitating this participation. But are the doors really open to anyone?

In this talk Alyssa will introduce openthreads, a platform for the analysis and visualization of listserves. Through the openthreads methodology, alongside various visualizations of OSM mailing lists, she’ll demonstrate how OSM dialogs start and exist over time. Who has a voice? What does it mean to participate in OSM discussions? And what can we do to hold ourselves accountable in creating an even more diverse community of participation?

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OpenThreads: The Community of OpenStreetMap Mailing List

  1. 1. OpenThreadsthe community of open street map mailing lists@alyssapwright
  2. 2. Teaser.graphs! data! sex! oh my!** in this context sex equates with gender
  3. 3. fwdnewreply600030000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemalemaleunknown800040000OSM DEVMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 20132040600Dates: Jan 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 992* | Messages: 13446 | Threads: 2496
  4. 4. fwdnewreply1600080000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemalemaleunknown20000100000OSM TALKMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 201340801200Dates: Jan 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 1094 | Messages: 20554 | Threads: 3065
  5. 5. femalemaleunknown14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeTalk USMessages By Day2008 2010 2011 20132050600Dates: December 2007 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 397 | Messages: 10753 | Threads: 199720122009
  6. 6. female (11%)male (61%)unknown (28%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeHOT OSMMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 20131020300Dates: March 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 331 | Messages: 3180 | Threads: 942
  7. 7. Don’t you have a hobby?why do this.
  8. 8. apw217member since May 2007
  9. 9. ART
  10. 10. Every Metro StationMadrid, Spain
  11. 11. Then I left.I didn’t know about community.
  12. 12. apwrightmember since March 2013
  13. 13. US
  14. 14. Hello World.The “Community” is OSM
  15. 15. See the US Bylaws, Local Charter Agreement,OSM US website, MapBox Knight NewsChallenge, every media quote, OSM Press Kit,and too many academic papers to count.Proof
  16. 16. Who is our community?
  17. 17. Who is our community?Seeking well-educated (white) male with apenchant for high paying tech jobs.Academics also accepted.
  18. 18. What was that?Where are the women, you ask?
  19. 19. -----interactive session!-----
  20. 20. female representation in geospatial industry?
  21. 21. 40%Census 2000 and 2009 American Community Surveyfemale representation in geospatial industry?
  22. 22. female graduates from geospatial programs?
  23. 23. 34%National GIS Academic Program Survey 2012female graduates from geospatial programs?
  24. 24. female computer science graduates ?
  25. 25. 25%female computer science graduates ?
  26. 26. % of women who have heard of OSM?
  27. 27. 23%% of women who have heard of OSM?Stephens 2013
  28. 28. % of women speakers at this conference?
  29. 29. % of women speakers at this conference?12%
  30. 30. % of women contributors in OpenStreetMap?
  31. 31. 3%Budhathoki et al 2010 | Stark 2011 | Lechner 2011% of women contributors in OpenStreetMap?
  32. 32. % of women participants in open source?
  33. 33. 1%% of women participants in open source?Ghosh et al. 2002
  34. 34. How did this happen?
  35. 35. There are many possible reasons...
  36. 36. Maybe the few restrictions on how peopletreat each other creates permission fordiscrimination.Reagle, 2013
  37. 37. Maybe there is inertia. I mean, this was acommunity started by men with a particularideology...why fight men stuck in theirways?Judd Atkin, 2012
  38. 38. Maybe there’s an incentive and motivationgap. (e.g., Women and men relate to awardstructures differently.)Judd Atkin, 2012
  39. 39. Maybe women and men have differentcommunication styles and the currentconversations just ain’t cutting it forboth.Judd Atkin, 2012
  40. 40. Maybe there’s active hostility towardswomen.Wikipedia, 2012
  41. 41. Why does this matter?
  42. 42. “Maybe girls just don’t like
  43. 43. computers,
  44. 44. or maps,
  45. 45. or open stuff.”(paraphrased mansplaining)
  46. 46. “Maybe OSM
  47. 47. is a man’s field,
  48. 48. like construction work
  49. 49. or firefighting.”(paraphrased from OSGeo)
  50. 50. (was that uncomfortable?)
  51. 51. This is a serious problem.
  52. 52. 01
  53. 53. Maps are biased bythe norms, traditions,assumptions, and politicalbiases of the map maker.J.B Harley 198901
  54. 54. tag=amenity=baby_hatchA baby hatch is a place where mothers canbring their babies, usually newborn, andleave them anonymously in a safe place to befound and cared for. A baby hatch is alsoknown as "safe haven".Monica Stephens 2013
  55. 55. tag=amenity=kindergartenA kindergarten, also known as a nursery orplaygroup. A place for looking afterpreschool children and (typically) givingearly education.Monica Stephens 2013
  56. 56. proposed feature=childcareMonica Stephens 2013A place for children to do homework, playand spend time otherwise after school orkindergarten.
  57. 57. Monica Stephens 2013
  58. 58. J.B Harley 1989
  59. 59. J.B Harley 1989
  60. 60. 02
  61. 61. Open source communitiesserve as a model forcivic engagement.02
  62. 62. 03
  63. 63. The collective intelligenceof diversityLam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
  64. 64. not only expands the reach of our mapsLam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011The collective intelligenceof diversity
  65. 65. but the sustainability of our tools.Lam et al 2011 | Callahan & Herring 2011
  66. 66. In case you were sleeping:
  67. 67. The future of our workdepends on “converting” morewhite males
  68. 68. and more other under-represented groups.
  69. 69. So, what can we do?
  70. 70. Stop being assholes?
  71. 71. The mailing listtemper tantrum.
  72. 72. The joust fortechnical supremacy.
  73. 73. Hi Newbie: Read thefucking manual?
  74. 74. Stop engaging?
  75. 75. The hesitation...to ask for help,to participate,to question.
  76. 76. Doesn’t matter.Mailing lists suckanyway.
  77. 77. It’s not the toolIt’s the interaction.
  78. 78. Start LookingStart gathering dataabout what’s really going on.
  79. 79. Measured ProgressStart gender focused initiativeswith measurable goals.
  80. 80. And do it together.WE ARE ALL RESPONSIBLE.
  81. 81. OpenThreads
  82. 82. Looks at the rhetoric of onlinecommunications acknowledging them ascomplicated spaces. Rife with the messinessof human relationships.
  83. 83. Mailing lists have been important platformsfor online interaction. We can learn fromthem as we create future social spaces.
  84. 84. Methodology
  85. 85. 00Assemble the TeamSeamus TuohyTech Lead | Rhetorical Analysis (Open Technology Institute)Georgia BullenCreative Lead | Data Visualization (Open Technology Institute)Alyssa WrightProduct Manager | Professional Nagging (OpenGeo)
  86. 86. 01Frame the ProblemOpen GovernmentMemorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
  87. 87. 02Ask the Questions
  88. 88. 03Structure the DataParticipantauthor of an emailMessagebody of an emailThreadseries of messages posted as replies to each other
  89. 89. 03participantparticipantIDtotalPostsaverageRepliesstarter : threads started / total #engagement : Average number of replies a user has per threadresponse : replies/ totalcontrol : # of replies / # threads started by participanttimeSpent : total time spentnamelistgenderentryTimelastPostmessagesthreadstype: participant
  90. 90. 03messagemsgIDlistminutes : time spent metric - words per email (given a words perminute count)msgType : message type, categorical (forward, question, reply, ...)date : sent timedategender : gender of the senderthreadIDparticipantIDtype: message
  91. 91. 03threadthreadIDwritingTime : minutes spentliststart timedateend timedatecalendarTime: total calendar time of the threadgenderBalance : count of genderparticipantsmessagestype: thread
  92. 92. 04Parse the Mailing ListsTypesdiscussion | user | developerFormatpipermail | mailmanTechnologycouchDB | python | d3
  93. 93. 04https://github.com/elationfoundation/openThreadsgithub
  94. 94. 04http://bit.ly/17Ai1L4sketches
  95. 95. 05Visualize to AnalyzeAn initial observation
  96. 96. Messages By Genderfemale (5%)male (94%)unknown (2%)20000100000female (5%)male (87%)unknown (8%)10005000Gender of ParticipantsOSM TalkDates: Jan 2010 - May 2013User Profiles: 1094 | Messages: 20554 | Threads: 3065Gender of Participantsfemale (3%)male (88%)unknown (9%)7503750Messages By Genderfemale (3%)male (96%)unknown (1%)800040000OSM DEVDates: Jan 2010 - May 2013User Profiles: 992 | Messages: 13446 | Threads: 2496
  97. 97. female (4%)male (95%)unknown (1%)14007000Messages By GenderGender of Participantsfemale (11%)male (58%)unknown (31%)2501250Talk USDates: December 2007 - May 2013User Profiles: 397 | Messages: 10753 | Threads: 1997Messages By Genderfemale (5%)male (94%)unknown (2%)20000100000female (5%)male (87%)unknown (8%)10005000Gender of ParticipantsOSM TalkDates: Jan 2010 - May 2013User Profiles: 1094 | Messages: 20554 | Threads: 3065
  98. 98. female (21%)male (46%)unknown (33%)14007000Messages By Genderfemale (11%)male (61%)unknown (28%)2501250Gender of ParticipantsHOT OSMDates: March 2010 - May 2013User Profiles: 331 | Messages: 3180 | Threads: 942Gender of Participantsfemale (11%)male (58%)unknown (31%)2501250female (4%)male (95%)unknown (1%)14007000Messages By GenderTalk USDates: December 2007 - May 2013User Profiles: 397 | Messages: 10753 | Threads: 1997
  99. 99. OSM DEVTALK OSMTALK USHOT OSMGender of Participants100%50%0Messages by Gender100%50%0FemaleMaleUnknown
  100. 100. fwdnewreply600030000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemale (3%)male (96%)unknown (1%)800040000OSM DEVMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 20132040600Dates: Jan 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 992* | Messages: 13446 | Threads: 2496
  101. 101. fwdnewreply1600080000Messages By Type Messages By Genderfemale (5%)male (94%)unknown (2%)800040000OSM TALKMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 201340801200Dates: Jan 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 1094 | Messages: 20554 | Threads: 3065
  102. 102. female (4%)male (95%)unknown (1%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeTalk USMessages By Day2008 2010 2011 20132050600Dates: December 2007 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 397 | Messages: 10753 | Threads: 199720122009
  103. 103. female (21%)male (46%)unknown (33%)14007000Messages By Genderfwdnewreply200010000Messages By TypeHOT OSMMessages By Day2010 2011 2012 20131020300Dates: March 2010 - May 2013 | User Profiles: 331 | Messages: 3180 | Threads: 942
  104. 104. Technical ChallengesPeople use multiple e-mails/namesidentifying the identity behind a voice can be difficultGender is difficult to parserequires community reviewHeaders: StandardizedBodies: Not StandardizedEmail datesvaries in format05
  105. 105. 06What’s Next?
  106. 106. 06Activity ScoreQuantity of initiated messagesQuantity of responsesTime taken to respond
  107. 107. 06Influence ScoreInitiated conversationsRatio of initial poster vs others in the threadDialogue with new people
  108. 108. 06Relation ScoreMale > Male | Female > FemaleMale > Female | Female > Male
  109. 109. 06Keep Going.more lists +more questions +more visualizations +more analysis +more awareness +more self-reflection +more focused initiatives =more diversity + better OSM
  110. 110. OpenThreadshttps://github.com/elationfoundation/openThreads@alyssapwright
  111. 111. Appendix
  112. 112. GNOME
  113. 113. Internship for GNOME project10 OSS project involvedSuccess
  114. 114. Address women directly.Accept non-students and non-coders.Connect women with mentors.Require a contributionNo pressure for really ambitious projects.Approach
  115. 115. Etsy
  116. 116. GNOMEattracted 500% more female engineersSuccess
  117. 117. GNOMEInvesttrained junior women for hiringPartneralliances with other organizationsMake a Public Standsuccess breeds successApproach
  118. 118. RecommendationAddress GenderMake gender an explicit part of anyintervention. Increasing gender increasesrepresentation of other groups as well.
  119. 119. Personal RecommendationConsciously come from a place of trust.Do not attack.Make a public commitment.Talk openly about what’s not working.Use research to focus on action.

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