The Antarctic continent islocated in the South Pole ofour Planet.Its geography, climate andbiological conditionsprovide a uniqueenviroment.
Antarctica has the lowesttemperatures in our planet reaching70° Celsius below zero with windsof 300 km. Per hour.Containing 90% of the planet’s iceit’s the major reserve of fresh wateron Earth.
About 99% of Antarctica is coveredwith ice at an average thicknes of2,500 meters, reaching in some places as deep as 4,776 meters.If the ice layer would melt all theEarth’s Oceans would rise 70 metersabove the actual level.
The Antarctic Continent functionsas one of Earth’s “refrigerators”regulating the oceanic currents andthe world’s climate.Any significant enviromentalimpact would alter the globalpatterns of weather with disastrousconsecuences.
In spite of the severe weatherAntarctica has rich animal lifeamazingly well adapted to theharsh conditions.
The arrival of the first tourists in the 50’swas a main cause of enviromentalconcern.Strict rules and regulations were createdas to protect the ecology of theenviroment from the visitors such ascreating restricted zones , mantain a safedistance from the wild life, do not feednor touch the animals, and rigid control ofwaste disposal.
During the summer months (being the pick of the season in January) there is daylight almost24 hours a day while in winter thedays remain on a prolonging halflight or penumbra during most of the 24 hours.