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3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
3 Google Operators
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3 Google Operators

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  • 1. Google Operators Google Operators are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
  • 2. AND operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search for the two keywords
  • 3. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Karl marx AND materialism
  • 4. tom AND jerry
  • 5. (AND is all caps) </li></ul>
  • 6. &nbsp;
  • 7. OR operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search any of the keywords
  • 8. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>email OR e-mail (variations)
  • 9. ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
  • 10. High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms) </li></ul><ul>(OR is all caps) </ul>
  • 11. &nbsp;
  • 12. Inclusion operator (+) <ul><li>Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially when adding a stop word* to get the best result
  • 13. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
  • 14. Philippines (space) +total population
  • 15. *Stop words include most articles (such as the, and, and or ), </li></ul>prepositions ( after, in, and so on), pronouns (I), how, it, and forms of the verb to be ( is, was, will be, and so on), and some single letters.
  • 16. &nbsp;
  • 17. Exclusion operator (-) <ul><li>Commands Google to exclude a specified term
  • 18. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Flu (space) -bird
  • 19. work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy </li></ul>
  • 20. &nbsp;
  • 21. Quotation Marks (“”) <ul><li>Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
  • 22. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ university of the philippines”
  • 23. “ The never ending story” </li></ul>
  • 24. &nbsp;
  • 25. Wildcard operator (*) <ul><li>Commands Google to match any terms
  • 26. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ wake me up when* ends”
  • 27. “ rage against”** or, “rage against **” </li></ul>
  • 28. &nbsp;
  • 29. Synonym Operator (~) <ul><li>Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
  • 30. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic ~data (data has several synonyms: traffic statistics , traffic information , traffic sites , etc.)
  • 31. ~rendezvous </li></ul>
  • 32. &nbsp;
  • 33. Related Operator (related:) <ul><li>Commands Google to show relevant with high PageRank pages of a given page
  • 34. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>related:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbil (original page)
  • 35. related:www.dictionary.com </li></ul>
  • 36. &nbsp;
  • 37. Occurrences Operators (allin: &amp; in:) <ul><li>Commands Google to pinpoint the occurrence of keywords in specific elements of Web pages and Web links.
  • 38. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>allintitle: the effects of too much smoking (Google returns results with all six words in the HTML title of a page)
  • 39. intitle: smoking (for single search term) </li></ul>
  • 40. Grouping the Occurrences Operators Where to Look for Terms Text of Links to Page Text of a Web Page Title of a Web Page URL of a Web Page allin: (all search terms) allinanchor: allintext: allintitle: allinurl: in: (single search terms) inanchor: intext: intitle: inurl:
  • 41. Occurrences Operators (continuation...) <ul>Definition of terms: <li>Anchor: makes up a description of a link
  • 42. Text: the text written in the body of a page
  • 43. Title: t he name of the HTML file
  • 44. URL: Uniform Resource Locator or address in human-readable form on the Web </li></ul>
  • 45. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators <ul><li>Example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>intitle:wikipedia -inurl:wikipedia </li></ul><ul>(if an HKA wants page titles about wikipedia but exludes it from the URL) <li>Example 2: </li></ul><ul><li>allintext:the da vinci code +allintitle:the da vinci code </li></ul><ul>(if an HKA wants the book written on the Web Page and included on the HTML title </ul>
  • 46. &nbsp;
  • 47. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators <ul><li>Example 3:
  • 48. intitle:tax -intext:income
  • 49. (this will help the HKA narrow down the topic)
  • 50. Example 4:
  • 51. intitle:tax -intext:income +inurl:economics </li></ul>
  • 52. &nbsp;
  • 53. define: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to get automatically the web-definition of a word or a phrase
  • 54. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>define:hypnerotomachia poliphili
  • 55. define:gourmet </li></ul>
  • 56. &nbsp;
  • 57. filetype: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to restrict a search to a specific format ( pdf, doc, ps, xls, ppt, rtf, etc.)
  • 58. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>filetype:pdf supply and demand
  • 59. filetype:doc ceteris paribus </li></ul>
  • 60. &nbsp;
  • 61. site: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to restrict searches to a site or a domain ( .com, .edu, .org, etc. )
  • 62. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>site:.edu somnambulism
  • 63. site:.org hypertension </li></ul>
  • 64. &nbsp;
  • 65. More Google Operators... <ul><li>[#]…[#]: Search within a range of numbers </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. DVD player $50..100 </li></ul><ul>(Search for DVD players between $50 and $100) <li>link: linked pages </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. link:www.stanford.edu (Find pages that link to the Stanford University website) </li></ul><ul><li>Info: Info about a page </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. info:www.stanford.edu (Find information about the Stanford University website) </li></ul>

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