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3 Google Operators
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  • 1. Google Operators Google Operators are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
  • 2. AND operator
    • Commands Google to search for the two keywords
    • 3. Examples:
    • Karl marx AND materialism
    • 4. tom AND jerry
    • 5. (AND is all caps)
  • 6.  
  • 7. OR operator
    • Commands Google to search any of the keywords
    • 8. Examples:
    • email OR e-mail (variations)
    • 9. ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
    • 10. High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms)
      (OR is all caps)
  • 11.  
  • 12. Inclusion operator (+)
    • Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially when adding a stop word* to get the best result
    • 13. Examples:
    • Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
    • 14. Philippines (space) +total population
    • 15. *Stop words include most articles (such as the, and, and or ),
    prepositions ( after, in, and so on), pronouns (I), how, it, and forms of the verb to be ( is, was, will be, and so on), and some single letters.
  • 16.  
  • 17. Exclusion operator (-)
    • Commands Google to exclude a specified term
    • 18. Examples:
    • Flu (space) -bird
    • 19. work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy
  • 20.  
  • 21. Quotation Marks (“”)
    • Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
    • 22. Examples:
    • “ university of the philippines”
    • 23. “ The never ending story”
  • 24.  
  • 25. Wildcard operator (*)
    • Commands Google to match any terms
    • 26. Examples:
    • “ wake me up when* ends”
    • 27. “ rage against”** or, “rage against **”
  • 28.  
  • 29. Synonym Operator (~)
    • Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
    • 30. Examples:
    • Traffic ~data (data has several synonyms: traffic statistics , traffic information , traffic sites , etc.)
    • 31. ~rendezvous
  • 32.  
  • 33. Related Operator (related:)
    • Commands Google to show relevant with high PageRank pages of a given page
    • 34. Examples:
    • related:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbil (original page)
    • 35. related:www.dictionary.com
  • 36.  
  • 37. Occurrences Operators (allin: & in:)
    • Commands Google to pinpoint the occurrence of keywords in specific elements of Web pages and Web links.
    • 38. Examples:
    • allintitle: the effects of too much smoking (Google returns results with all six words in the HTML title of a page)
    • 39. intitle: smoking (for single search term)
  • 40. Grouping the Occurrences Operators Where to Look for Terms Text of Links to Page Text of a Web Page Title of a Web Page URL of a Web Page allin: (all search terms) allinanchor: allintext: allintitle: allinurl: in: (single search terms) inanchor: intext: intitle: inurl:
  • 41. Occurrences Operators (continuation...)
      Definition of terms:
    • Anchor: makes up a description of a link
    • 42. Text: the text written in the body of a page
    • 43. Title: t he name of the HTML file
    • 44. URL: Uniform Resource Locator or address in human-readable form on the Web
  • 45. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
    • Example 1:
    • intitle:wikipedia -inurl:wikipedia
      (if an HKA wants page titles about wikipedia but exludes it from the URL)
    • Example 2:
    • allintext:the da vinci code +allintitle:the da vinci code
      (if an HKA wants the book written on the Web Page and included on the HTML title
  • 46.  
  • 47. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
    • Example 3:
    • 48. intitle:tax -intext:income
    • 49. (this will help the HKA narrow down the topic)
    • 50. Example 4:
    • 51. intitle:tax -intext:income +inurl:economics
  • 52.  
  • 53. define: operator
    • Commands Google to get automatically the web-definition of a word or a phrase
    • 54. Examples:
    • define:hypnerotomachia poliphili
    • 55. define:gourmet
  • 56.  
  • 57. filetype: operator
    • Commands Google to restrict a search to a specific format ( pdf, doc, ps, xls, ppt, rtf, etc.)
    • 58. Examples:
    • filetype:pdf supply and demand
    • 59. filetype:doc ceteris paribus
  • 60.  
  • 61. site: operator
    • Commands Google to restrict searches to a site or a domain ( .com, .edu, .org, etc. )
    • 62. Examples:
    • site:.edu somnambulism
    • 63. site:.org hypertension
  • 64.  
  • 65. More Google Operators...
    • [#]…[#]: Search within a range of numbers
    • e.g. DVD player $50..100
      (Search for DVD players between $50 and $100)
    • link: linked pages
    • e.g. link:www.stanford.edu (Find pages that link to the Stanford University website)
    • Info: Info about a page
    • e.g. info:www.stanford.edu (Find information about the Stanford University website)