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3 Google Operators

3 Google Operators






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    3 Google Operators 3 Google Operators Presentation Transcript

    • Google Operators Google Operators are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
    • AND operator
      • Commands Google to search for the two keywords
      • Examples:
      • Karl marx AND materialism
      • tom AND jerry
      • (AND is all caps)
    • OR operator
      • Commands Google to search any of the keywords
      • Examples:
      • email OR e-mail (variations)
      • ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
      • High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms)
        (OR is all caps)
    • Inclusion operator (+)
      • Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially when adding a stop word* to get the best result
      • Examples:
      • Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
      • Philippines (space) +total population
      • *Stop words include most articles (such as the, and, and or ),
      prepositions ( after, in, and so on), pronouns (I), how, it, and forms of the verb to be ( is, was, will be, and so on), and some single letters.
    • Exclusion operator (-)
      • Commands Google to exclude a specified term
      • Examples:
      • Flu (space) -bird
      • work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy
    • Quotation Marks (“”)
      • Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
      • Examples:
      • “ university of the philippines”
      • “ The never ending story”
    • Wildcard operator (*)
      • Commands Google to match any terms
      • Examples:
      • “ wake me up when* ends”
      • “ rage against”** or, “rage against **”
    • Synonym Operator (~)
      • Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
      • Examples:
      • Traffic ~data (data has several synonyms: traffic statistics , traffic information , traffic sites , etc.)
      • ~rendezvous
    • Related Operator (related:)
      • Commands Google to show relevant with high PageRank pages of a given page
      • Examples:
      • related:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbil (original page)
      • related:www.dictionary.com
    • Occurrences Operators (allin: & in:)
      • Commands Google to pinpoint the occurrence of keywords in specific elements of Web pages and Web links.
      • Examples:
      • allintitle: the effects of too much smoking (Google returns results with all six words in the HTML title of a page)
      • intitle: smoking (for single search term)
    • Grouping the Occurrences Operators Where to Look for Terms Text of Links to Page Text of a Web Page Title of a Web Page URL of a Web Page allin: (all search terms) allinanchor: allintext: allintitle: allinurl: in: (single search terms) inanchor: intext: intitle: inurl:
    • Occurrences Operators (continuation...)
        Definition of terms:
      • Anchor: makes up a description of a link
      • Text: the text written in the body of a page
      • Title: t he name of the HTML file
      • URL: Uniform Resource Locator or address in human-readable form on the Web
    • Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
      • Example 1:
      • intitle:wikipedia -inurl:wikipedia
        (if an HKA wants page titles about wikipedia but exludes it from the URL)
      • Example 2:
      • allintext:the da vinci code +allintitle:the da vinci code
        (if an HKA wants the book written on the Web Page and included on the HTML title
    • Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
      • Example 3:
      • intitle:tax -intext:income
      • (this will help the HKA narrow down the topic)
      • Example 4:
      • intitle:tax -intext:income +inurl:economics
    • define: operator
      • Commands Google to get automatically the web-definition of a word or a phrase
      • Examples:
      • define:hypnerotomachia poliphili
      • define:gourmet
    • filetype: operator
      • Commands Google to restrict a search to a specific format ( pdf, doc, ps, xls, ppt, rtf, etc.)
      • Examples:
      • filetype:pdf supply and demand
      • filetype:doc ceteris paribus
    • site: operator
      • Commands Google to restrict searches to a site or a domain ( .com, .edu, .org, etc. )
      • Examples:
      • site:.edu somnambulism
      • site:.org hypertension
    • More Google Operators...
      • [#]…[#]: Search within a range of numbers
      • e.g. DVD player $50..100
        (Search for DVD players between $50 and $100)
      • link: linked pages
      • e.g. link:www.stanford.edu (Find pages that link to the Stanford University website)
      • Info: Info about a page
      • e.g. info:www.stanford.edu (Find information about the Stanford University website)