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3 Google Operators
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3 Google Operators






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3 Google Operators 3 Google Operators Presentation Transcript

  • Google Operators Google Operators are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
  • AND operator
    • Commands Google to search for the two keywords
    • Examples:
    • Karl marx AND materialism
    • tom AND jerry
    • (AND is all caps)
  • OR operator
    • Commands Google to search any of the keywords
    • Examples:
    • email OR e-mail (variations)
    • ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
    • High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms)
      (OR is all caps)
  • Inclusion operator (+)
    • Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially when adding a stop word* to get the best result
    • Examples:
    • Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
    • Philippines (space) +total population
    • *Stop words include most articles (such as the, and, and or ),
    prepositions ( after, in, and so on), pronouns (I), how, it, and forms of the verb to be ( is, was, will be, and so on), and some single letters.
  • Exclusion operator (-)
    • Commands Google to exclude a specified term
    • Examples:
    • Flu (space) -bird
    • work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy
  • Quotation Marks (“”)
    • Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
    • Examples:
    • “ university of the philippines”
    • “ The never ending story”
  • Wildcard operator (*)
    • Commands Google to match any terms
    • Examples:
    • “ wake me up when* ends”
    • “ rage against”** or, “rage against **”
  • Synonym Operator (~)
    • Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
    • Examples:
    • Traffic ~data (data has several synonyms: traffic statistics , traffic information , traffic sites , etc.)
    • ~rendezvous
  • Related Operator (related:)
    • Commands Google to show relevant with high PageRank pages of a given page
    • Examples:
    • related:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbil (original page)
    • related:www.dictionary.com
  • Occurrences Operators (allin: & in:)
    • Commands Google to pinpoint the occurrence of keywords in specific elements of Web pages and Web links.
    • Examples:
    • allintitle: the effects of too much smoking (Google returns results with all six words in the HTML title of a page)
    • intitle: smoking (for single search term)
  • Grouping the Occurrences Operators Where to Look for Terms Text of Links to Page Text of a Web Page Title of a Web Page URL of a Web Page allin: (all search terms) allinanchor: allintext: allintitle: allinurl: in: (single search terms) inanchor: intext: intitle: inurl:
  • Occurrences Operators (continuation...)
      Definition of terms:
    • Anchor: makes up a description of a link
    • Text: the text written in the body of a page
    • Title: t he name of the HTML file
    • URL: Uniform Resource Locator or address in human-readable form on the Web
  • Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
    • Example 1:
    • intitle:wikipedia -inurl:wikipedia
      (if an HKA wants page titles about wikipedia but exludes it from the URL)
    • Example 2:
    • allintext:the da vinci code +allintitle:the da vinci code
      (if an HKA wants the book written on the Web Page and included on the HTML title
  • Including and excluding with the occurrences operators
    • Example 3:
    • intitle:tax -intext:income
    • (this will help the HKA narrow down the topic)
    • Example 4:
    • intitle:tax -intext:income +inurl:economics
  • define: operator
    • Commands Google to get automatically the web-definition of a word or a phrase
    • Examples:
    • define:hypnerotomachia poliphili
    • define:gourmet
  • filetype: operator
    • Commands Google to restrict a search to a specific format ( pdf, doc, ps, xls, ppt, rtf, etc.)
    • Examples:
    • filetype:pdf supply and demand
    • filetype:doc ceteris paribus
  • site: operator
    • Commands Google to restrict searches to a site or a domain ( .com, .edu, .org, etc. )
    • Examples:
    • site:.edu somnambulism
    • site:.org hypertension
  • More Google Operators...
    • [#]…[#]: Search within a range of numbers
    • e.g. DVD player $50..100
      (Search for DVD players between $50 and $100)
    • link: linked pages
    • e.g. link:www.stanford.edu (Find pages that link to the Stanford University website)
    • Info: Info about a page
    • e.g. info:www.stanford.edu (Find information about the Stanford University website)