ALEXANDER TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATIONAL
      INSTITUTE OF THESSALONIKI
 SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
  DEPARTMENT OF ANI...
ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION
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Ateithe Ap Study Guidebook 2009 Eng

  1. 1. ALEXANDER TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THESSALONIKI SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK THESSALONIKI 2009
  2. 2. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Page 2 of 52
  3. 3. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK CONTENTS Page Organization Chart of School of Agricultural Technology ………………………………… 5 Administration of the School ……………………………………………………………………….. 6 The Department of Animal Production …………………………………………………………. 6 History ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 The role of the Department ………………………………………………………………………….. 7 The aim of studies ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 7 Administration of the Department ………………………………………………………………… 7 Elected members of the Administration of Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki and Department of Animal Production …………………………………………………………… 8 Educational Staff of the Department of Animal Production …………………………….. 8 Admission of students …………………………………………………………………………………. 9 Development of studies and alumni ……………………………………………………………… 9 Professional rights ………………………………………………………………………………………. 10 Curriculum structure …………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Courses per category ……………………………………………………………………………………. 13 Diploma Thesis …………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Practical training ………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Analytical curriculum per semester ………………………………………………………………. 18 Description of courses …………………………………………………………………………………. 25 Laboratories of the Department ……………………………………………………………………. 39 Regulation of studies …………………………………………………………………………………… 41 Tuition ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41 Registration ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41 Programme of studies ………………………………………………………………………………….. 41 Prerequisites ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41 Academic year …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42 Study …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 42 Grading system …………………………………………………………………………………………… 42 Examinations ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 43 Semester examination periods, programme of examinations …………………………… 44 Elaboration of Diploma Thesis ……………………………………………………………………… 45 Conducting practical training ……………………………………………………………………….. 45 Student rights and obligations ……………………………………………………………………… 48 The Farm of Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki …………………………………………………… 49 Page 3 of 52
  4. 4. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Page 4 of 52
  5. 5. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ORGANIZATION CHART OF SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY The Department of Animal Production is one of the three Departments of the School of Agricultural Technology, as shown below: SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY (SAT) DEPARTMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF CROP ANIMAL FARM PRODUCTION PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT SAT SECRETARIAT Tel.: +30 231 0791321 Fax: +30 231 0791320 Page 5 of 52
  6. 6. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ADMINISTRATION OF THE SCHOOL The ruling Bodies of the School are the Council of the School and the School Director. The Council of the School consists of the Director, the Heads of the Departments and representatives of the Students’ Union (40% of the members of the Educational Staff (ES) participating in the Council -except the Director). The Council and the Director hold all power provided by law the 1404/83 of TEI. THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION HISTORY The path of the Department of Animal Production begins in 1970 and is parallel to that of Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki. In 1970 by law 652/29-8-70, HTEC (Higher Technical Education Centres) are established and between schools operated is the HSAT (Higher School of Agricultural Technology) with three Departments: • Department of Livestock Production • Department of Crop Production • Department of Farm Management The curriculum lasts 6 semesters plus one semester of practical training (total 7 semesters). The administration of all three departments is performed by the Director of the School. In 1977 by law 576 HTEC are renamed to HTEPC (Higher Technical Education and Professional Centres) but there were no significant changes in the functioning of various schools and departments. The Department of Livestock Production is now called Department of Animal Production. The first big change happens a few years later in 1983. With the law 1404 HTEPC are renamed to TEI (Technological Educational Institutions), and belong, together with the Universities, in the unified Higher Education. In TEI of Thessaloniki, the School of Agricultural Technology continues to operate consisting of the same Departments. However, each Department now operates with its own Secretariat and headed by the Head of Department who is elected for three years. Regarding the curriculum of the Department of Animal Production significant changes were made. New courses were added while others were replaced, all the equipment of laboratories has been improved enormously and the Department was staffed with worthy colleagues. The whole educational process was upgraded. In addition, with the law 1404 the credentials of candidates for vacant professor positions were particularly increased. The doctoral thesis and research activity are now obligatory for the ranks of Professor and Assistant Professor. In 2002 a new Law 1629 has been voted on the unified Higher Education that further consolidated the position of TEI in unified Higher Education. The educational ranks are now four (Application Professors, Assistant Professors, Associate Professors, Professors) and qualifications needed to fill their respective positions are particularly high. By 1995, the years of study remains the same (6 semesters of lessons and 1 semester of practical training). Since 1995, however, time attendance has increased to 7 semesters and Page 6 of 52
  7. 7. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK the total years of study is now 8 semesters (7+1). As early as 1996, degrees granted 8 semesters of study duration. THE ROLE OF THE DEPARTMENT The role of the Department is to provide students with specialized scientific knowledge and skills so that they can be engaged either alone or in collaboration with other scientists in the study, research and application of technology, in modern and special fields of animal production science and practice, such as production, handling, marketing, preservation and conservation of animal products and feedstuffs, as well as farm management, breeding and genetic improvement of livestock. THE AIM OF STUDIES The Department of Animal Production has the mission to promote the development and transfer of knowledge in technology and science of farm animals and related fields, based on teaching and applied research work. The Department provides students with the necessary knowledge that ensures the proper education / training for their scientific and professional careers and development. ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEPARTMENT The decision-making bodies of the Department are the General Assembly, the Council, the Sector Assembly and the Head of the Department. The General Assembly consists of the Educational Staff (ES) members of the Department and representatives of the Students’ Union (40% of the total members of the ES). The General Assembly addresses the key issues of the functioning of the Department and sets its course. The Council consists of the Head of the Department, the Heads of the Sectors and one representative of the students. The Council coordinates the administrative and educational matters of the Department. The Sector Assembly consists of the ES members belonging to the Sector and representatives of students (40% of the ES members of the Sector). The Sector Assembly allocates the teaching work to the ES and supports the educational work. The Department of Animal Production has two sectors: A. Sector of Basic Courses B. Sector of Special Courses The Head of the Department is elected every three (3) years and is a member of the Council of the School. The Head of the Sector is elected each year and is a member of the Council of the Department. Page 7 of 52
  8. 8. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ELECTED MEMBERS OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF ALEXANDER TEI OF THESSALONIKI AND DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION PRESIDENT OF ALEXANDER TEI OF THESSALONIKI Karakotsidis Pavlos, Professor VICE-PRESIDENTS OF ALEXANDER TEI OF THESSALONIKI 1. Varsamidis Konstantinos, Professor 2. Tzionas Panagiotis, Professor 3. Karipidis, Filippos, Professor GENERAL SECRETARY OF ALEXANDER TEI OF THESSALONIKI Tsitsis Nikolaos HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION Laga Vassiliki, Professor SECTORS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION A. Sector of Basic Courses Head of the Sector: Mazaraki Kyriaki, Assistant Professor B. Sector of Special Courses Head of the Sector: Mitsopoulos Ioannis, Application Professor EDUCATIONAL STAFF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION PROFESSORS Katanos Ioannis Laga Vassiliki Nitas Dimosthenis Poupoulis Cyrus Founta Anastasia ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS Eleftheriadou Anastasia ASSISTANT PROFESSORS Mazaraki Kyriaki Bampidis Vasileios Skapetas Vasileios Chatziplis Dimitrios APPLICATION PROFESSORS Page 8 of 52
  9. 9. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Kiritsi Stavroula Mitsopoulos Ioannis Michas Vasileios TECHNICAL STAFF Vasileiadis Konstantinos Georgiadis Georgios Gevrekis Konstantinos SECRETARIAT OF THE DEPARTMENT Sgouropoulou Anna (Head of the Department’s Secretary) Vainakis Iraklis Nikolaou Theodora ADMISSION OF STUDENTS The entering of students in the Department of Animal Production is through the system of National Examinations, mainly from the Technological and Practical Direction of the secondary education (Unified Lyceum). In addition, a lower percentage of candidates enter from the Technical Professional Schools (TPS), mainly from the Department of Agriculture. DEVELOPMENT OF STUDIES AND ALUMNI After the publication of the Presidential Order 227/95 in OSJ 130 (20.6.95), the duration of studies in the Department of Animal Production, School of Agricultural Technology, has been eight (8) semesters, since the spring semester of the academic year 1995-1996. The last semester is for practical training. The graduates have the possibility to register to postgraduate studies of their specialization at Greek Universities or abroad. Finally, the graduates of the Department of Animal Production, after examination, have the possibility to be admitted at Schools of Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine and Biology of the Universities of Greece. Page 9 of 52
  10. 10. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS According to their specialized scientific and technical knowledge, the graduates of the Department of Animal Production can be engaged either alone or in collaboration with other scientists in studying, researching and applying of technology, in modern and special fields of animal science and process of animal production, such as production, handling, marketing, preservation and conservation of animal products and feedstuffs, managing animal farm units, as well as protection and breeding livestock. 1. The graduates can work for the: a. Production of animal products and breeding animals, as well as and fur animal farming. b. Production and standardization of feed concentrates, supplements and premixes, control of feed concentrates for certifying the suitability of quality and nutritional status and the drafting of the reports. c. Treatment of animal sperm and application of artificial insemination in artificial insemination centers. d. Organization and operation of animal markets, slaughterhouses, meat markets and cold storage facilities for maintenance or freezing of animal products. e. Organization of market for breeding animals, labour animals and other animals, as well as flocks of birds and bees, since their market is carried out with loans that are subsidized by government programs. f. Market for animal products made by cooperative organizations, individuals, organizations or the government. g. Programme sprays to eliminate animal diseases and systematic disinfection of storage areas for animal products made by the State, organizations or individuals. h. Estimates and evaluations carried out in all kinds of animal production losses. i. Sales of animal products, veterinary drugs, fodder tools and equipment, hormones, vitamins and other biological products. j. Establishment and operation of stores of the types of marketing (d) and (i), as well as special laboratories and offices for specific activities relating to the Animal Development and Animal Production. k. Elaboration and supervising in zootechnical projects for the establishment or the modernization of animal farms, livestock projects such as slaughterhouses, animal markets, flock markets and warehouses for animal products. l. Make measurements and oversee the construction of livestock projects. m. Any other activity that is related to the development of technology and demonstrably covered by the cognitive object of their specialization. 2. The graduates of the Department of Animal Production can develop across the administrative and technical hierarchy relatively to the fields of animal production. In addition, they may cover positions for executives, provided for by the law that applies in each case, for the operation of animal farms and enterprises and certifying the adequacy of animal products intended for consumption. Page 10 of 52
  11. 11. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 3. The graduates of the Department of Animal Production can enter the Register of Manufacturers’ Experience of the Ministry of Public Works for specific categories of work for zootechnical projects. 4. The graduates of the Department are employed at all levels of education and training in animal production according to applicable law. They can also be employed as research team members in the field of their specialization. 5. The graduates of the Department of Animal Production are qualified to exercise their profession in the context of these professional rights. Page 11 of 52
  12. 12. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK CURRICULUM STRUCTURE The duration of the undergraduate Curriculum in the Department of Animal Production is eight (8) semesters including practical training. During the seven (7) semesters, the Curriculum includes theoretical teaching, laboratory exercises, extra tutorials, seminars, educational visits to animal farms, research centres, factories producing animal feed, standardizing milk and other, as well as preparation of scientific work. The eighth (8th) semester includes Practical Training in the profession and the elaboration of the Diploma Thesis. In the early semesters of study, General and Special Infrastructure Courses are taught offering general knowledge which, then, helps the student to deal with the specialized scientific and technological knowledge in the field of Animal Production. The General Infrastructure Courses are: Applied Mathematics, Biochemistry, Informatics–Computing I and II, Man and Animal Production, Seminar, Biometry, Plant Science Technology, Agricultural Machines, Livestock Farming Accounting–Technical Economic Analysis, English–Zootechnical Terminology, and Common Agricultural Policy–European Union (Table 1). The Special Infrastructure Courses are: Animal Anatomy, Veterinary Microbiology– Immunology, Animal Physiology, Animal Parasitology, Animal Nutrition I, Applied Pharmacology, Animal Pathology, Fodder Plants–Ranges, Animal Genetics, Animal Infectious Diseases and Hygiene, Animal Reproduction, and Animal Housing Constructions–Equipment (Table 2). In the later semesters of study the Speciality Courses which are taught are: Organic Animal Farming, Animal Breeding, Inspection of Animal Products, Dairy Cattle Production, Poultry Production, Apiculture, Animal Nutrition II, Sheep and Goat Production, Pig Production, Meat Technology and Hygiene, and Milk Technology and Hygiene (Table 3). All above courses are classified in two basic categories, the Compulsory (C) courses and the Compulsory Elective (CE) courses. The student has to choose a specific number of courses among the total number of the CE courses. There are also the Optional (O) courses, which give no European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) credits to the student, but are mentioned as additional knowledge on the student’s degree. Page 12 of 52
  13. 13. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK COURSES PER CATEGORY A. General Infrastructure Courses (GIC) Table 1. General Infrastructure Courses (GIC) WL/W / Course C/CE Semester Hours / Semester Semester 1. Applied Mathematics C 1 45 120 2. Biochemistry C 1 75 120 3. Informatics–Computing Ι C 1 60 90 4. Man and Animal Production C 1 45 90 5. Informatics–Computing ΙΙ C 2 60 90 6. Seminar C 2 45 60 7. Biometry C 2 75 165 8. Plant Science Technology C 2 60 105 9. Agricultural Machines C 4 60 105 10. Livestock Farming Accounting–Technical C 4 75 150 Economic Analysis 11. English–Zootechnical C 6 45 75 Terminology 12. Common Agricultural C 7 45 105 Policy–European Union 13. Compulsory Elective IV CE 7 30 60 TOTAL 720 1365 Total of GIC 13 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective WL/W = Work Load per Week Page 13 of 52
  14. 14. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Β. Special Infrastructure Courses (SIC) Table 2. Special Infrastructure Courses (SIC) WL/W / Course C/CE Semester Hours / Semester Semester 1. Animal Anatomy C 1 75 150 2. Veterinary Microbiology– C 1 75 150 Immunology 3. Animal Physiology C 2 75 165 4. Animal Parasitology C 2 75 165 5. Animal Nutrition Ι C 3 75 165 6. Applied Pharmacology C 3 45 90 7. Animal Pathology C 3 75 150 8. Fodder Plants–Ranges C 3 75 120 9. Animal Genetics C 3 75 150 10. Animal Infectious Diseases C 4 75 165 and Hygiene 11. Animal Reproduction C 4 75 165 12. Animal Housing C 7 90 180 Constructions and Equipment TOTAL 885 1800 Total of SIC 12 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective WL/W = Work Load per Week Page 14 of 52
  15. 15. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK C. Speciality Courses (SC) Table 3. Speciality Courses (SC) WL/W / Course C/CE Semester Hours / Semester Semester 1. Organic Animal Farming C 3 30 90 2. Animal Breeding C 4 75 165 3. Inspection of Animal C 5 60 120 Production 4. Dairy Cattle Production C 5 90 180 5. Poultry Production C 5 90 180 6. Compulsory Elective Ι CE 5 45 135 7. Apiculture C 5 75 135 8. Animal Nutrition ΙΙ C 6 90 180 9. Sheep and Goat Production C 6 90 180 10. Pig Production C 6 90 180 11. Compulsory Elective ΙΙ CE 6 45 135 12. Meat Technology and C 7 75 135 Hygiene 13. Milk Technology and C 7 75 135 Hygiene 14. Compulsory Elective ΙΙΙ CE 7 45 135 TOTAL 990 2085 Total of SC 14 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective WL/W = Work Load per Week Page 15 of 52
  16. 16. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK D. Compulsory Elective – Speciality Courses Compulsory Elective Ι : a) Animal Farm Management with Computer Software b) Zootechnical–Environmental Projects Compulsory Elective ΙΙ : a) Rabbit Production b) Companion Animal Care and Management Compulsory Elective ΙΙΙ : a) Fish and Shellfish Production b) Beef Cattle Production Compulsory Elective IV : a) Professional Ethics b) Principles of Livestock Farming Organization and Administration Ε. Optional Cources 1. Applied Artificial Insemination 2. Foreign Language 3. Animal Product Marketing 4. Informatics–Computing ΙΙΙ Concerning the programme of studies, students are obliged to follow the prerequisite courses, the so-called chain courses, below: 1. Biochemistry Animal Nutrition Ι Animal Nutrition ΙΙ 2. Animal Anatomy Animal Physiology Animal Pathology 3. Biometry Animal Genetics Animal Breeding 4. Veterinary Microbiology–Immunology Animal Infectious Diseases and Hygiene 5. Animal Reproduction Applied Artificial Insemination 6. Informatics–Computing Ι Informatics–Computing ΙΙ Inform.–Comput. ΙΙΙ Page 16 of 52
  17. 17. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK DIPLOMA THESIS For the completion of his/her studies, every student should work on a subject, from the general spectrum of Animal Production, for the preparation of his/her Diploma Thesis. The thesis is presented on a Committee comprising of three Educational Staff members. With the Diploma Thesis, a student has the opportunity to study deeply a subject relevant to the field of Animal Production and, at the same time, to develop his/her personal skills and competence. PRACTICAL TRAINING Special attention is given on the practical training of the students, which is taking place towards the end of their studies in order to make use of the theoretical and technical knowledge that have acquired during their studies. The practical training is conducted in places that are selected by the student with the assistance of the Departmental Committee for the practical training. The efforts are concentrated for the practical training to take place on production units of the general area of Animal Production, so that the student will be in direct contact with the production process before his/her graduation. The practical training can also be carried out within the Department’s laboratories as well as in educational, research and production organisations and companies abroad through the programmes of Socrates and Leonardo Da Vinci. Page 17 of 52
  18. 18. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ANALYTICAL CURRICULUM PER SEMESTER 1st semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Biochemistry C 3 8 4 2 2 2 5 10 6 2. Applied Mathematics C 3 8 5 - - - 3 8 5 3. Informatics– C 2 4 2 2 2 2 4 6 4 Computing Ι 4. Veterinary Microbiology– C 3 8 4 2 2 2 5 10 6 Immunology 5. Animal Anatomy C 3 8 4 2 2 2 5 10 6 6. Man and Animal C 3 6 3 - - - 3 6 3 Production ΣΥΝΟΛΟ TOTAL 6 17 42 22 8 8 8 25 50 30 Courses per semester 6 Teaching hours per week 25 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 18 of 52
  19. 19. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 2nd semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Informatics– C 2 4 2 2 2 2 4 6 4 Computing ΙΙ 2. Biometry C 3 9 4 2 2 2 5 11 6 3. Animal Physiology C 3 9 4 2 2 2 5 11 6 4. Animal Parasitology C 3 9 4 2 2 2 5 11 6 5. Plant Science C 2 5 2 2 2 2 4 7 4 Technology 6. Seminar C - - - 3 4 4 3 4 4 TOTAL 6 13 36 16 13 14 14 26 50 30 Courses per semester 6 Teaching hours per week 26 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 19 of 52
  20. 20. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 3rd semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Animal Genetics C 3 8 4 2 2 2 5 10 6 2. Animal Nutrition Ι C 3 9 4 2 2 2 5 11 6 3. Organic Animal C 3 6 3 - - - 3 6 3 Farming 4. Applied Pharmacology C 3 6 4 - - - 3 6 4 5. Animal Pathology C 3 7 4 2 2 2 5 9 6 6. Fodder Plants–Ranges C 3 6 3 2 2 2 5 8 5 TOTAL 6 18 42 22 8 8 8 26 50 30 Courses per semester 6 Teaching hours per week 26 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 20 of 52
  21. 21. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 4th semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Animal Infectious C 3 9 5 2 2 2 5 11 7 Diseases and Hygiene 2. Livestock Farming Accounting–Technical C 3 8 3 2 2 2 5 10 5 Economic Analysis 3. Animal Reproduction C 3 9 5 2 2 2 5 11 7 4. Animal Breeding C 3 9 5 2 2 2 5 11 7 5. Agricultural Machines C 2 5 2 2 2 2 4 7 4 TOTAL 5 14 40 20 10 10 10 24 50 30 Courses per semester 5 Teaching hours per week 24 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 21 of 52
  22. 22. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 5th semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Dairy Cattle C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 Production 2. Poultry Production C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 3. Inspection of Animal C 2 6 3 2 2 2 4 8 5 Production 4. Compulsory Elective Ι CE 3 8 5 - - - 3 8 5 5. Apiculture C 3 8 4 2 2 2 5 10 6 TOTAL 5 14 40 22 10 10 8 24 50 30 Courses per semester 5 Teaching hours per week 24 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 22 of 52
  23. 23. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 6th semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Compulsory Elective ΙΙ CE 3 9 5 - - - 3 9 5 2. Pig Production C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 3. Sheep and Goat C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 Production 4. Animal Nutrition II C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 5. English–Zootechnical C 1 3 2 2 2 2 3 5 4 Terminology TOTAL 5 13 39 22 11 11 8 24 50 30 Courses per semester 5 Teaching hours per week 24 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System Page 23 of 52
  24. 24. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 7th semester Course Lecture Laboratory Total ECTS ECTS ECTS Course Title C/CE h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi h/w wl/w Credi ts ts ts 1. Common Agricultural Policy–European C 3 7 3 - - - 3 7 3 Union 2. Meat Technology and C 3 7 4 2 2 2 5 9 6 Hygiene 3. Milk Technology and C 3 7 4 2 2 2 5 9 6 Hygiene 4. Compulsory Elective CE 2 4 3 - - - 2 4 3 IV 5. Animal Housing Constructions and C 3 9 5 3 3 2 6 12 7 Equipment 6. Compulsory Elective CE 3 9 5 - - - 3 9 5 ΙΙΙ TOTAL 6 17 43 24 7 7 6 24 50 30 Courses per semester 6 Teaching hours per week 24 Work Load (WL) per student per week 50 ECTS Credits per semester 30 Abbreviations: C = Compulsory CE = Compulsory Elective h/w = hours per week wl/w = Work Load per week ECTS = European Credit Transfer System 8th semester h/w wl/w ECTS Credits Diploma Thesis 4 20 20 Practical Training - 30 10 TOTAL 50 30 Page 24 of 52
  25. 25. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK DESCRIPTION OF COURSES Α. GENERAL INFRASTRUCTURE COURSES 1. APPLIED MATHEMATICS (C)  Linear algebra (matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations).  Differential calculus.  Integral calculus.  Special applications in the above subjects, with emphasis in applications from the area of agricultural economy. 2. BIOCHEMISTRY (C)  Principles of Chemistry (surface tension, adsorption, colloids, osmosis, electronic structure of molecules, markers, buffer solutions, chemical reactions of matter).  Exchange of matter (photosynthesis, study of the cell).  Carbohydrates (definition, properties, classification, metabolism).  Lipids (definition, classification, fatty acids, necessary fatty acids, lipid metabolism).  Proteins (amino acids, classification of proteins, amides, protein metabolism, biological value of proteins, enzymes, coenzymes).  Inorganic compounds, Vitamins (metabolism).  Bioenergetics (Energy metabolism, redox reactions, entropy, respiration, etc.).  Nucleic acids (structure and biological significance). 3. INFORMATICS–COMPUTING Ι (C)  Fundamental concepts of informatics and computing such as hardware (processing unit, input-output peripherals units, recording units) and software (support programmes, application programmes) of computers.  Organization of information in RAM and recording units.  Introduction to operational systems (windows XP).  Elements of word processing (WORD 2003).  Elements of presentations software (POWERPOINT 2003).  Network services such as e-mail, discussion groups, internet (World Wide Web). Information and reference search using the Internet. 4. MAN AND ANIMAL PRODUCTION (C)  Domestication of farm animals.  Contribution of domestic animals in the social and economic evolution of man.  History and evolution of zootechnical science.  Farm animals and animal products.  Farming systems and their evolution.  Organic farms. Page 25 of 52
  26. 26. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Animal production in Greece (history and perspectives).  Contribution of animal products in the human nutrition.  Animals and public health. 5. INFORMATICS–COMPUTING ΙΙ (C)  Introduction to spreadsheet EXCEL 2003.  Introduction to software for the development and management of electronic databases (ACCESS 2003).  World wide information databases in the internet.  Historical evolution.  Network architecture (information providers, proxy servers, users, ADSL, ISDN, MODEMS).  Network services such us e-mail, discussion groups, World Wide Web.  Software for Internet navigation (Web browsers).  Methods for information search.  Information with zootechnical interest. 6. SEMINAR (C)  Scientific Writing and Presentation from the students of subjects related to the wider area of Animal Production. 7. BIOMETRY (C)  Concept and aim of biometry.  Introduction to the probabilities calculus.  Introduction to the experimental statistics (population, sample, observations, data presentation, graphics, histograms, position and dispersal characteristics).  Theoretical distribution, sample distribution (dionymic distribution, normal distribution, t distribution, F distribution, x2 distribution).  Case control (average, variation, etc.).  Confidence interval.  Organization of animal experimentation.  Analysis of variance.  Experimental designs.  Co-variance regressions. 8. PLANT SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY (C)  Principles of the plant science technology regarding the plant production problems.  The agricultural environment of the plants (soil, seeding, stages of plant growth and ripening, principles of plant pests and diseases, systems of crop rotation, human interference to plant production cycle). Page 26 of 52
  27. 27. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 9. AGRICULTURAL MACHINES (C)  Basic knowledge and function parts and systems of the agricultural tractor (engine- power transmission-driving and stopping system-moving parts).  Maintenance of the agricultural tractor and ways of calculation for a profitable capacity of the engine.  Description, function and regulation of agricultural implements such as combine harvesters, seeders, sprayers and electric equipment used in livestock farms. 10. LIVESTOCK FARMING ACCOUNTING – TECHNICAL ECONOMIC ANALYSIS (C)  Definition and goals of livestock farming accounting.  Depreciation.  Livestock farming books and accounts.  Analysis of basic technical and financial outcomes.  Estimation of technical – economic indexes.  Livestock goods production costs.  Cost types.  Cost elements.  Cost estimation.  Cost estimation applications on livestock products. 11. ENGLISH–ZOOTECHNICAL TERMINOLOGY (C)  Specific texts on the science of Animal Production regarding to different kinds of farm animals: cattle-swine-sheep-goats-poultry (chickens, turkeys etc.) and emphasizing on the vocabulary of the specific terminology concerning the above animals as livestock, carcass, their nutrition, reproduction etc.  Vocabulary exercises helping to the comprehension of these texts.  Limited grammatical chapters helping to the comprehension of the specific texts of animal production terminology, such as Passive Voice.  Basics of Management terminology - Letter and C.V. Writing. 12. COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY–EUROPEAN UNION (C)  Definition, scope, objectives, present and future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).  Common Market Organisation (CMO).  Basic definitions and principles.  Common organization of purchase for animal products.  Community policy with special reference to livestock farming.  Community Programmes for livestock farming development. 13a. PROFESSIONAL ETHICS (CE) Page 27 of 52
  28. 28. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Historical retrospection in the human relations and in the personality of workers.  Human relations in the enterprise (command, control, output, sanctions, interest, policy, participation of workers in the administration).  Relations, behaviour and duties of administration executives in agricultural exploitations.  Relations of the enterprise with others (third part).  Finally, subjects of syndicalism-legislation and regulations of the enterprises. 13b. PRINCIPLES OF LIVESTOCK FARMING ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION (CE)  Financial units and financial system.  Distinction of financial units.  Business environment.  Business operations.  The role of agriculture in economic development.  The importance of livestock farming for the economy.  Supply and Demand Theory for agricultural products, mainly livestock products.  Types of Markets.  Planning and decision making.  Management, control. Β. SPECIAL INFRASTRUCTURE COURSES (SIC) 1. ANIMAL ANATOMY (C)  Size-figure-thin texture of the cell.  Reproduction of the cell.  Study of the epithelium, muscle and nervous tissue.  Systems-organs. Mobile system (osteology, syndesmology, myology).  Digestive system (digestive tract, digestive glands).  Respiratory system.  Urinary system, cardiovascular system (blood and lymphatic system).  The female reproductive system.  The male reproductive system.  Nervous system (cerebrospinal and autonomic nervous system).  Sensory organs. 2. VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY–IMMUNOLOGY (C) Α. Microbiology: Procariotic and Eucariotic cell. Phyciology, morphology, multiplication, metabolism, biological needs, growth and classification of microorganisms. Antimicrobial factors, growth of resistance, genetics of microorganisms. Mechanism of pathogenic Page 28 of 52
  29. 29. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK action. Bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses description, which present interest for Animal Production. Β. Immunology: Non specific and specific Immunology. Antigens, antibodies, reactions. Immunity against infectious diseases due to bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses. Sensitivity. Immunity in foetus and new born animal. Energetic and passive immunity, vaccines and serums. 3. ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (C)  Cell, cell function and division.  Tissues, organs, systems and their function.  Biological fluids and membranes.  Blood, blood circulation.  Central and autonomic nervous system, reflexes.  Musculature and its function, endocrine system, hormones.  Male and female reproductive system, placenta physiology, mammary gland physiology.  Respiratory system, urinary system, digestive system, digestion and absorption, metabolism, body temperature regulation. 4. ANIMAL PARASITOLOGY (C)  About parasites and parasitism.  Relations between parasites and hosts.  Nomenclature of parasites.  Classification.  Metazoa parasites.  Synomotaxies of parasites: Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes, Acanthocephala, Anellida, Arthropoda.  Morphology, systems, biological cycles.  Omotaxies: Trematoda, Cestoda and Nematoda parasites. General morphology and classification.  Visual morphology and biological cycle of the main parasites of our country, with particular emphasis on the description of biological cycles.  Trematodioseis, Cestodioseis, Nematodioseis and Arthropodioseis as clinical entities and as causes of serious economic losses. 5. ANIMAL NUTRITION Ι (C)  Nutrients of animal feeds, i.e. carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Their role in animal organism.  Nutrition of farm animals as interaction of two systems, i.e. the animal organism and the feeds. Physico–chemical phenomena related to the animal feeding. Page 29 of 52
  30. 30. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Digestion, absorption and utilization of feed nutrients, as well as their metabolism in the animal body.  Laboratorial methods of analysis for nutrients and feedstuffs. 6. APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY (C)  Drug forms, mode of action, excretion ways, metabolism, undesirable reactions, administration, dosage, prescription, legislation.  Description of main drugs of nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive system, as well as of drugs against infectious and parasitic diseases.  Hormones.  Anesthesia.  Poison antidotes.  Euthanasia drugs.  Drugs residues in animal products. Residue screening programmes.  National and European Legislation. 7. ANIMAL PATHOLOGY (C)  Definition of Health and Disease. Etiology and Pathogenesis.  Clinical signs of various diseases and Diagnosis (evaluation of clinical signs, differential diagnosis).  Clinical examination, methods of examination (inspection, hearing, percussion, touching).  Laboratory tests.  General examination: body temperature monitoring, heart rate and rhythm monitoring, respiration rate monitoring, examination of lymph nodes.  Clinical examination of the Skin.  Clinical examination of the Digestive System (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, forestomachs in ruminants, true stomach in all species, intestine).  Clinical examination of the Respiratory System (nasal cavities, larynx, trachea, lungs, thorax).  Clinical examination of the Cardiovascular System (heart, arteries, veins and lymphatic system).  Clinical examination of the Nervous System (attitude, sensitiveness, mobility and reflexes).  Clinical examination of the Urinary System (direct and indirect physical examination, urine examination).  Treatment and Control of diseases. 8. FODDER PLANTS–RANGES (C)  Cultivation of main intensively cultivated fodder plants: Medicago sativa (Alfalfa), Vicia sativa (Vetch), Pisum sativum (Fodder pea), Vicia faba (Faba beans), Glysine Page 30 of 52
  31. 31. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK max (Soybeans), Beta vulgaris (Fodder beets), Sorghum bicolor (Sorgum fodder), Brassica sp. (Fodder rape).  Factors that influence the production of ranges (climate, soil, relief, organisms, time).  Types of range vegetation (grasslands, phryganic lands, brushlands and forest ranges).  Improvement of ranges by application of proper use, control of weeds, seeding and fertilization.  Grazing management and proper management of ranges.  Botanic characters of gramineae – poaceae (grasses), papilionaceae – leguminosae (legumes).  Measurement of range vegetation production, proper use, percentage of use.  Range Site Quality.  Grazing capacity and stocking rate. 9. ANIMAL GENETICS (C)  Principles of genetics and inheritance in animal production.  Genotype, Phenotype.  Mendelian genetics, co-dominance, multiple alleles, lethal recessive factors, mutations.  Introduction to Cytogenetics, Cell, physiology and function of the genetic material.  Mitosis, Meiosis, RNA, DNA. Sex linked inheritance, Linked genes.  Genotype × Genotype Interaction and Genotype × Environment Interaction.  Introduction to Molecular Genetics, DNA extraction, Restriction Enzymes, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Molecular Genetic Markers, Principles of Genome Mapping.  Population genetics.  Evolution.  Heterosis.  Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, environmental effects.  Definitions of Repeatability and Heritability.  Definition of Genetic Correlations. 10. ANIMAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND HYGIENE (C)  Generally about infectious diseases: etiology, pathogenesis of bacterial, protozoan, fungal and viral diseases, clinical findings, lesions, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, relevance with public health, legislation.  Description of the main infectious diseases that affect farm animals. Rules and hygiene measures for the animals and their environment (insecticides, rodent pesticides, disinfection, cleansing, hygiene of animal production, prevention of infectious diseases via proper management and hygiene).  Eradication programmes and epidemiological probation programmes. Page 31 of 52
  32. 32. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 11. ANIMAL REPRODUCTION (C)  Anatomy, physiology and function of reproductive system of male and female animals.  Estrus cycle, estrus, insemination.  Reproductive characteristics of various species.  Methods of collection, evaluation, maintenance, rarefaction and freezing of sperm.  Methods and technique of artificial insemination.  Methods of estrus synchronization.  Gestation, placenta physiology, parturition.  Introduction to obstetrics of farm animals, care of mother and newborn.  Embryo transfer in various farm animal species, diagnosis of pregnancy, castration of male animals. 12. ANIMAL HOUSING CONSTRUCTIONS–EQUIPMENT (C)  Installations and equipment for animal farming, piggeries, cow farms, sheep & goats sheds and poultry houses (milking machines, feed mixers, hatcheries, equipment for feed & water distribution in animal houses, equipment for egg collection, air and ventilation – heating – manure removal, treating and distributing. Electromechanical installations).  Designing of animal farming installations and equipment according to zootechnical and economical standards. Criteria for selecting the best place for building an animal farm, building position and construction materials. C. SPECIALITY COURSES (SC) 1. ORGANIC ANIMAL FARMING (C)  The concept of organic animal farming – agriculture.  Organic animal products.  The basic principles for the application of organic animal farming.  The organic animal farming in the E.U. and in Greece.  Legislation.  Perspectives of application of organic animal farming in our country, with regards to farm animal species.  Management of animal farms (nutrition, hygiene, transformation of a conventional farm into organic farm).  Advantages – disadvantages of organic and conventional animal farms.  Organic animal farming and environment. 2. ANIMAL BREEDING (C)  Compendious biometrical study of production traits, analysis methods, experimental design, interpretation of results. Page 32 of 52
  33. 33. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Elements of genetics of natural populations. Foundation and evolution of animal species.  Elements of Quantitative Genetics, meaning and estimation of genetic parameters, Selection Theory, Inbreeding and Heterosis.  Selection of Breeding stock (males – females), Selection Methods (e.g. mass selection, progeny testing etc.), Animal Breeding programmes, genetic evaluation.  Mating and Breeding systems, Purebreeding systems, Outbred breeds, Crossbreeding, Inbred lines, hybrids.  Design and Management of Animal Breeding programmes, data collection (e.g. Milk Recording etc.), Animal Identification, Type Traits (scoring), Genealogy (pedigree records). Contribution of Biotechnology to Animal Breeding. 3. INSPECTION OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION (C)  Aim and Achievement of the inspection of animal products.  Responsible Bodies for the inspection of animal products.  Slaughterhouse facilities.  Buildings, infrastructure and equipment.  Terms and conditions for the foundation and operation of slaughterhouses – poultry slaughterhouses.  Animal preparation for slaughter and slaughter procedure.  Animal / Carcass inspection.  Inspection of meat-based products (canned products, sausages, cured products, etc).  Inspection of eggs.  Inspection of milk and dairy products (cheese, yoghurt, milk cream, ice-cream, etc).  Inspection of fish (fresh and frozen).  Spoilage of animal products.  Inspection procedure.  Legislation: Greek (Royal Decrees, Presidential Decrees, Laws, Ministerial and Sanitary Provisions), European Union (directives and regulations). 4. DAIRY CATTLE PRODUCTION (C)  Classification of bovines, historical retrospection of dairy cattle production in Greece.  Dairy cattle breeds.  Anatomy of reproductive system and mammary gland of cattle, physiology of lactation – production traits monitoring.  Reproduction of cattle, biotechnology methods (artificial insemination, embryo transfer, cloning).  Cow milking, milking machines, modern techniques.  Milk production, milk quality control.  Genetic improvement of cattle, selection, reproduction methods. Page 33 of 52
  34. 34. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Dairy cattle feeding, digestive process in bovines, calculation of annual needs of feedstuffs in a dairy cattle farm, storage and hygiene of feedstuffs.  Dairy cattle farm and equipment. 5. POULTRY PRODUCTION (C)  Development of poultry raising in Greece (history and improvement).  Fowl biology.  Scientific classification.  Anatomy of the fowl (digestive tract, muscles, blood circulatory system, endocrine glands, hormones, respiratory system, skeleton, reproductive system, uterus development).  Lighting of poultry houses.  Genetics. Sex linked genes. Genetic mechanisms.  Fowl breeds (Asiatic, European – American – egg producing breeds, meat producing and mixed production). Hybrid birds, egg- and meat- type.  Feeds and feeding. Poultry nutrition. Poultry feeds of plant and animal origin.  Poultry houses – installations and equipment. Keeping poultry house conditions for growing egg and meat type birds.  Poultry diseases and hygiene. Egg and poultry meat processing and marketing. Raising of other birds (turkeys, ducks, geese etc). 6a. FARM ANIMAL MANAGEMENT WITH COMPUTER SOFTWARE (CE)  Recording and management of livestock in animal farms.  Formulation of animal rations with computer software.  Monitoring animal reproductive process with computer software.  Use of computer software in animal genetic improvement and monitoring zootechnical and economic parameters in animal farms. 6b. ZOOTECHNICAL–ENVIROMENTAL PROJECTS (CE)  Planning, designing and constructing of animal farms. Project developing for big, industrial type animal farms, according to national and European directives and laws.  Big and small projects for animal wastes removal, treatment and reuse as fertilizers, from poultry units, dairy farms and piggeries, according to national and European directives and laws for environmental protection.  Projects – studies on environmental protection from animal wastes. Consequences from animal farming installations functioning on the Environment. Impacts on the Environment. Avoiding environmental pollution.  Steps for the official issuing license for animal farming installations and functioning, by the state environmental Authorities. Page 34 of 52
  35. 35. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Designing and layouts for improving existing animal farms installations and equipment in poultry houses, piggeries, sheep & goats and cow units, as well as animal wastes treatment installations. 7. APICULTURE (C)  Honey bee species and breeds.  The honey bee colony.  Anatomy, physiology and social physiology of the honey bee.  Bee nest architecture.  Honey bee nutrition.  Honey bee activities and behavior.  Swarming.  Honey bee genetics and breeding.  Crop pollination.  Honey plants.  Beekeeping equipment.  Seasonal management.  Production of queens.  Products of the hive.  Diseases and pest of honey bees.  Pesticide poisoning. 8. ANIMAL NUTRITION ΙΙ (C)  Study of feedstuffs, i.e. fresh and dried roughages, as well as silages, cereal grains, cereal by-products, feeds of animal origin and their nutritive value, as well as the factors that can influence their nutritive value.  Feedstuffs preservation, preparation and processing.  Description in detail of all feedstuffs and quantities of each one that should be supplied at the various species of farm animals.  Special chapters are dedicated for the feedstuffs of animal origin, the non protein nitrogen concentrates, as well as the growth-stimulating substances.  Diet formulation. 9. SHEEP AND GOAT PRODUCTION (C)  Historical evolution of sheep and goats.  Sheep and goat production in the world, EU and Greece.  Criteria for classification of sheep and goat breeds.  Main breeds of sheep and goats, greek and foreign.  Morphological – Zootechnical characteristics – productive properties.  Body measurements – body condition scoring.  Analysis of breeding systems in Greece and in the rest of the world. Page 35 of 52
  36. 36. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Reproduction – Nutrition – Genetic improvement of sheep and goats.  Analysis of productive properties (milk, meat and wool production).  Dehorning, docking, trimming, age determination, hand milking, machine milking, milkability of small ruminants, lambing and kidding, weaning, Artificial suckling, artificial insemination, shearing, care and management of sheep and goats according to the category and the physiological stage.  Sheep and goat holdings and shelters – Basic diseases – Hygiene. 10. PIG PRODUCTION (C)  The pig farming internationally.  Structure of the Greek pig farming, problems and prospects of the Greek pig production.  Origin of the modern breeds of pig, the main breeds of pigs in use.  Reproduction of the pig (male and female reproductive system, semen production, copulation, gestation, parturition, milk production).  Pig growing and fattening.  Pig housing.  The health of pigs and facilities hygiene.  Genetic of the pigs (genetic improvement in Greece, methods of reproduction).  Economics and management of the pig farms (types and size of pig farms, necessary capital funds for the operation of a pig farm).  The use of Informatics - Computing in the economic management of pig farming. 11a. RABBIT PRODUCTION (CE)  Classification, origin, nomenclature.  External morphological conformation, digestive system, reproductive system.  Production properties: reproduction, meat production, fur production, hair production.  Rabbits breeds, classification.  Genetic improvement of rabbits.  Breeding methods.  Principles of rabbit housing, types of stalls, waste.  Hygiene and diseases of rabbits.  The rabbit production in Greece and worldwide. 11b. COMPANION ANIMAL CARE AND MANAGEMENT (CE)  Emphasis is given to dog and cat.  Classification, nomenclature, breeds.  External morphological conformation.  Husbandry, feeding, reproduction. Page 36 of 52
  37. 37. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK  Diseases and prevention. Relationship between companion animals and man- Behavior. 12. MEAT TECHNOLOGY AND HYGIENE (C)  Slaughter procedure of cattle, pigs, sheep and poultry. Cutting procedure and techniques of beef, pork, sheep and poultry carcasses.  Meat chemical composition, meat (carcass) yield, meat quality and meat inspection by official veterinary surgeons.  Production and utilisation of meat by-products.  Meat processing and preservation.  Carcass inspection for diseases and pathological conditions.  Equipment for slaughterhouses and meat cutting plants.  Hygiene control of meat and meat products, and meat production facilities. 13. MILK TECHNOLOGY AND HYGIENE (C)  Biosynthesis of milk components.  Chemical composition of milk.  Nutritional value of milk.  Microbiology of fresh milk.  Hygiene during production and collection of fresh milk.  Quality control systems – basic principles.  Quality control of fresh milk.  Technology and quality control of pasteurised milk, extended shelf life (high temperature pasteurisation) milk and long life milk.  Technology and quality control of fermented milk products (yoghurt, buttermilk).  Cheese (raw material, production procedure, microbiology, spoilages, main types of cheese, cheese manufacturing by-products).  Technology and quality control of milk cream and butter.  Factory hygiene for milk processing. 14a. FISH AND SHELLFISH PRODUCTION (CE)  Fish (trout, eel, carp, gilthead, bass fish) production in artificial reservoirs. Shellfish farming.  General principles for the classification of fish and shellfish.  Requirements regarding fish and shellfish aquatic environment, diet, improvement and reproduction.  Diseases, problems and hindrances associated with fish and shellfish farming.  Production, processing and exploitation of fish and shellfish products.  Fisheries facilities hygiene control. Hygiene for fish and shellfish. Page 37 of 52
  38. 38. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK 14b. BEEF CATTLE PRODUCTION (CE)  Classification, Breeds, Principles of the management of beef cattle enterprises, Feeding, Genetic improvement, Reproduction, Diseases, Hygiene.  Basic principles of animal growth from early fetal development through typical marketing ages. Tissue development and whole animal growth, with coverage of current technologies for manipulating growth to enhance beef cattle production.  Beef cattle farm and equipment. Page 38 of 52
  39. 39. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK LABORATORIES OF THE DEPARTMENT There are twelve laboratories for the students’ training in the Department. These laboratories are well equipped for the following courses: 1. Animal Nutrition 2. Veterinary Microbiology and Animal Infectious Diseases 3. Informatics–Computing 4. Animal Physiology 5. Poultry Production – Animal Housing Constructions and Equipment 6. Biometry and Animal Breeding 7. Meat Technology and Fish Production 8. Seminar The laboratory practices of the speciality courses (Dairy Cattle Production, Sheep and Goat Production, Pig Production, Poultry Production) take place at the farm where the respective animal species are farmed in adequate number of animals. Fig. 1. Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology and Animal Infectious Diseases Fig. 2. Laboratory of Poultry Production Page 39 of 52
  40. 40. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Fig. 3. Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Page 40 of 52
  41. 41. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK REGULATION OF STUDIES TUITION The studies at TEI are organized into semesters. In each semester the students have to attend different courses in the form of: a) Theoretical lectures. b) Practical exercises in laboratories aiming to a better understanding of the theoretical lectures and to a better acquisition of professional skills. c) Seminars, projects and educational visits. d) Diploma Thesis, and e) Practical training in specific work position of the state sector as well as in private enterprises. The duration of each school hour is 45 minutes for theoretical lectures and 55 minutes for laboratory courses. REGISTRATION The students can be registered at any TEI of Greece after their success in the National High Education Entrance Examinations, or they can be transferred from another TEI or classified under certain conditions. The students cannot be registered in two TEI or Universities of the country at the same time. Each student has to renew his/her registration twice a year before the beginning of each semester. If a student doesn’t renew his/her registration for two consecutive or three non-consecutive semesters his/her name is deleted from the registration records of the Department. PROGRAMME OF STUDIES The timetable is announced ten days before the beginning of each semester. Each student prepares his/her own timetable programme depending on the courses he/she wish to attend. A relevant statement is made to the Department together with their registration. The total teaching hours per week for each student may be those of the specific semester he/she typically attends, plus courses that correspond to six (6) additional ECTS credits. He/she must also be aware with the prerequisite courses. A student who has not made such a statement can not attend, or be examined, in any course for this semester. In addition, the student can not attend, or be examined, in any course that he/she hasn’t included in the statement. For graduation, a minimum of eight (8) semesters is required. No student can graduate earlier. PREREQUISITES In the Department of Animal Production there are prerequisite courses, the so-called chain courses. These courses are clearly found in the students’ statement of courses of each semester. Page 41 of 52
  42. 42. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR The academic year starts on 1st September each year and ends on 2nd – 5th July of the following year. Each academic year is divided into two semesters - the winter and the spring semester. Each semester consists of 13 weeks of classes and two periods of examinations. The duration of the total period of studies is 8 semesters - 7 semesters of study and 1 semester of practical training. There are no classes during the National and Religious holidays of our country. Courses are interrupted: a) From Christmas Eve until the 2nd January. b) From Good Wednesday until Wednesday after Easter Sunday. c) From 6th July until 31st August. No courses are conducted during weekends and in the following feasts, national holidays and anniversaries: a) Saint Dimitrios (26th October), b) National Holiday (28th October), c) The Annunciation (25th March), d) Anniversary of the Technical University (17th November), e) Three Hierarches (30th January), f) Holy Spirit, g) Labour Day (1st May). STUDY 1. Students are obliged to attend all courses of the study programme, according to their statement of courses. According to a decision of the Council of the Department, at least 10% of the registered students in the course should attend a theoretical course or the theoretical part of a mixed course in order to consider the course “as taught”. 2. The forecasted hours of teaching at each semester and for each course are determined by the Sector of Courses. Then at the start of the semester, the responsible professor of each course announces the forecasted hours of teaching, based on the schedule of the Department and after having taken into consideration the days that there will be officially no courses held. 3. In each case, if the number of teaching hours, that was realised in one course, is for any reason smaller than the two third (2/3) of the forecasted hours of teaching in the programme of study for the entire semester, then this course is considered as “not taught”. The ascertainment is made by the end of the semester, with act of the Sector and the responsibility of the responsible professor. GRADING SYSTEM The grading system is numerical, from zero to ten (0-10). The success grade is five (5). The final grade point average of all courses is recorded on the degree, according to the following classification scheme: Page 42 of 52
  43. 43. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Excellent : 8.5-10 Very Good : 7-8.4 Good : 5-6.9 EXAMINATIONS 1a. In order to succeed in the laboratory skills or in the applied part of a theoretical course one student it is required for the student to attend and succeed to the 80% of all laboratory applied tests done during the whole semester. Last week of each semester supplementary labs are performed for those students who have missed or failed to up to 15% of the vocational skill of that particular laboratory, so they could fulfil the 80% total. This is only possible if the nature of the particular laboratory allows it. In case of failing at the final examination, whenever this could be applied, students are eligible for re-examination before the beginning of next semester. If fails again, then the student should attend the whole laboratory from the beginning, unless he/she was awarded final grade higher or equal to 4. In this case he/she could only take the final exams next semester. b. Grades awarded for attending a particular laboratory are the average of all grades awarded during the semester in this laboratory, according to the nature of each laboratory. A relative decision should be taken by the Sector of Courses before applying such a regulation to each laboratory. c. In the end of each semester each professor deposits to the Department student grades for the laboratory he/she performs, that are classified by the Secretariat. 2a. Intermediate evaluation (student progress) could be applied to theoretical courses or the theoretical part of combined cognitive areas. This procedure, as well as the percentage participation of grading to the final grades, should exclusively be approved by the Department’s General Assembly, following professor’s relative report. In theoretical courses or in the theoretical part of combined courses with intermediate evaluation, details for applying this evaluation are decided by each professor according to course’s nature and particularity. Such an intermediate evaluation could be short projects, seminars, exercises, observations collection, artistic creations etc. Final grade will be the sum of partial grades of the intermediate evaluation. Successful student is the one who sums up to at least grade 5. b. Prerequisite for student participation to intermediate evaluation (oral or written) should be the official announcement of such exams at five (5) days before the examination date. 3. In the end of each semester before the final exams, the Secretary of the Department, with the Head of the Department’s responsibility, should announce the list for each student ECTS credits of the current semester. In order this to be feasible each professor deposits to the Secretariat at least 5 days before the commencement of the exams lists of the grades of the intermediate examination. 4. The grade for the students incoming to the Department through the procedure for other Departments graduates classification, is given according to the following procedure: receptor Department, following Department’s Council decision according to existing Page 43 of 52
  44. 44. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK legislative rules, unburden students to be classified from taking exams on courses already been successfully passed at their School or Department of origination and specifies courses to be taken in surplus. 5. Student failed to pass a compulsory course should repeat it next semester. If failed to a compulsory elective course he/she should repeat it next semester or change to another compulsory elective course, though if failed to an optional course he/she could repeat it next semester or replace it with another. 6a. The final grade of a combined course results from the addition of both theoretical and laboratory grades, using factors between 0.40 and 0.60 and sum up to one (1). The way of distributing both grades is decided by the Sector of Courses according to the teaching hours and to the particularities of each course. b. Attending successfully one course means that both grades at the theoretical and laboratory part are at least “well”. c. Final grade of an only laboratory - vocational or only theoretical course is the grade as specified in paragraphs 1.4 and 6 of this article, respectively. In case of success in the one part of a combined course, grade of this part is secured and course is taken again only for the other part of the course. 7. When a student fails three times (3) in one course, he/she could apply to Department’s Council for been re-examined next examination period by a three Educational Staff member committee of the Department. In this case Department’s Council sets such a committee. 8. All Departments of the School should take into consideration the particular needs of disabled students and solve such problems for teaching, examinations etc. SEMESTER EXAMINATION PERIODS, PROGRAMME OF EXAMINATIONS Two examination periods follow each semester, lasting two weeks each. During these periods the students give written exams in all the taught material of each course that was stated by each student and that is within the Department’s curriculum. The examinations for each examination period in theoretical courses, or in the theoretical part of mixed courses, are obligatory for all students that have stated them and are taken according to the time schedule made by the Council of Department. In case examinations of a specific examination period are not realized, without students being responsible, these examinations are held during the next examination period. The duration of the written examination of each course should not last more than three (3) hours. The examination of each course is carried out with the professor’s responsibility. In the beginning of the examination, the invigilators control the student identity cards. Student “caught” to use his book or note copies or those taken from another examinee within the examination time, or to impede the proper “carry out” of the examination, is taking a “zero” grade and loosing the next examination period in this course. Page 44 of 52
  45. 45. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK ELABORATION OF DIPLOMA THESIS It is compulsory for every student to prepare a Diploma Thesis, on a subject that has direct relation with the real problems of production and/or the services involved. The Permanent and Adjunct Educational Staff (ES) members propose subjects for Diploma Thesis, which afterwards are approved by the Sector and are announced in time to the students. The areas that a Diploma Thesis would cover should be relative to the technological characteristic of the institute. A common subject for Diploma Thesis could be assigned to a group of up to three (3) students, with simultaneous distribution of work in each student. It is obligatory and within the teaching duties, every Permanent or Adjunct ES member of the Department to undertake the supervision of a number of Diploma Thesis. The Head of the Sector appoints, for every Diploma Thesis, an ES member responsible to supervise the progress and the processing of the subject, to guide the students in the search of better solutions, to attend for the necessary facilitations in terms of space and equipment and to oversee the Technical Staff members when their contribution is necessary. Furthermore, the supervisor makes applications to the Head of Department for the availability of any necessary funds for consumables etc. For Diploma Theses that take place outside the Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki, the supervisor is responsible only for the scientific and technical part of the Diploma Thesis. Supervision of a Diploma Thesis can be assigned to Permanent or Adjunct ES members of other Departments, depending on the requirements of subject, after the decision of the Councils of both Departments. The timeframe for the Diploma Thesis can be extended after the last semester of studies, depending on the requirements of the subject. The supervision of Diploma Theses that are assigned in Adjunct ES members should be concluded within the timeframe of the contract of the assigned supervisor. After the completion of the Diploma Thesis and after the approval of the supervising ES member, the final work is submitted to the Secretary of the Department. The Council of the Department decides the date and time in which the presentation of the Diploma Thesis will take place upon the examining committee which consists of three ES members of the Department, with relevant specializations. One of the members of the committee is the supervisor. The presentation could be attended, if they wish, by all ES members and students of the Department. CONDUCTING PRACTICAL TRAINING The students of the Department during their studies have to complete a six-month practical training in the profession. The practical training aims at introducing to the trainees the structure and operation of production units or services, the social, economic and technological elements that influence the work conditions, as well as the active attendance of the trainees in the processes and methods of production or services. The practical training is taking place on the last semester of studies (8th) and only if the student has successfully completed the 2/3 of the courses in the curriculum (26 courses). From these 26 courses, a student, that wants to take the practical training, must have successfully completed the following courses: Animal Nutrition II, Dairy Cattle Page 45 of 52
  46. 46. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Production, Sheep and Goat Production, Pig Production, Poultry Production, Animal Breeding, Apiculture and one compulsory elective course. The issues of the practical training are coordinated from the Committee for the Practical Training consisting of five (5) members, three (3) Permanent ES members and two (2) representatives of students. The committee oversees:  for new places for practical training,  for the suitability of work places, in which the practical training will take place, and  for the distribution of places for practical training. Each student who is going to do the practical training submits an application to the Secretary of the Department, in which he/she declares one or more services or enterprises in which he/she is interested to work. The Committee of the Practical Training distributes the students in the existing places after the appraisal of their applications. The students could suggest themselves the operation in which they want to do their practical training. In such case the Committee, after inspecting the suitability of the operation, is allowing or not the student to perform his/her practical training. During the practical training, students are inspected by the supervisor of the practical training, who is appointed by the Department. The ES members, who will be assigned as supervisors of the practical training of the students, visit the places of practical training, are informed for the subject of students work, follow the student performance and collaborate with the trainees and their manager in work in resolving any problems. In cases where the administration of the employer does not follow, in general, the programme of practical training or occupy the trainees in other activities, the committee could possibly decide the termination of the practical training in this employer. The committee makes the necessary arrangements in order to find new places for the students that their practical training was terminated. For the termination of the practical training in the new employment place, only the remaining time from the six (6) months of the total practical training is taking place. Each trainee student keeps a book of practical training, in which he/she keeps weekly notes of his/her work activities as well as a short description of the duties that was assigned to him by his/her employer. Every weekly note is reviewed and signed from the person assigned by the employer as the responsible person for the trainee’s practical training. The duration of the practice training is six months (6) or twenty-four (24) calendar weeks of five working days and is taking place, as mentioned above, in the last semester of studies. Programme: Period A: from 01/10 until 30/03 Period B: from 01/04 until 30/09 The trainee student can be absent justifiably for five (5) working days in total, for serious reasons. The absences are registered in the book of practical training, considered and signed by the Department’s supervisor. Page 46 of 52
  47. 47. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK The trainee, in the place of his employment, is obliged to follow the safety and employment rules, as well as any other regulation in effect for the personnel of the employer. Arbitrary absences or infringement of the regulations of work can lead to the termination of the practical training. In such cases the student is obliged to repeat in the next semester the process of search for a new place for the completion of the remaining time of his/her practical training. During their practical training, students are paid according to the legislations in place. After the completion of the practical training the student submits to the Secretary of the Department the book of the practical training suitably completed with the number of weekly reports, the time and the subject of employment, the days of absence and the student’s performance. The Head of the Department, to whom the supporting documents of the practical training are submitted, decides for their acceptance or rejection. The types of employment in which students could conduct their practical training are in the public sector but also in the private sector as it appears analytically below: Public Sector: - Ministry of Rural Development and Food - Prefectures (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Agriculture, Department of Rural Development) - Hellenic Milk and Meat Organization (H.M.M.O.) - Farms and laboratories of ΤΕΙ and Universities - Cooperatives - National Agricultural Research Foundation (N.AG.RE.F.) - Centres for Animal Genetic Improvement - Institute for Feedstuff Control Private Sector: - Animal Feed Processing Facilities - Milk Processing Facilities - Meat Processing Facilities - Veterinary Clinics - Slaughterhouses - Animal Farms - Stores for Veterinary Medicines, Tools and Feedstuff - Agricultural Tourism Business Agricultural Bank: - In rural regions in Departments of loans and research Moreover, the students can conduct their practical training in Educational Institutions of the European Union within the framework of ERASMUS programme or other European Programmes. Page 47 of 52
  48. 48. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK STUDENT RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS The student identity is acquired by the student initial record and lost by obtaining the diploma. The students are considered adults with regard to their rights and obligations. Students have full medical and hospital care. If the student is entitled to care directly or indirectly by another entity, he/she may choose the insurance institution that prefers any time, by a solemn declaration submitted to the Secretary of the Department. The students are provided with: a) Scholarships IKY: The State Scholarship Foundation awards scholarships to the 10 first students to National Admission Examinations and students that award “excellent” on promotive examinations. b) Interest-free loans: A prerequisite for the student to obtain a loan is to successfully pass the 4/5 of all courses of the two semesters of the last year of study from that in which he/she attends now. Moreover, the family and economic situation of the student is considered. c) Free books: Books and teaching notes are distributed free to the students of TEI. d) The benefits arising from the student institutionalized care ensure access to feeding, housing, libraries, reading rooms, refreshment halls and organized artistic, cultural and social events. The students of TEI are granted with: a) Study Booklet. b) Student identity card. c) Special bulletin for reduced student bus ticket. Page 48 of 52
  49. 49. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK THE FARM OF ALEXANDER TEI OF THESSALONIKI The Alexander TEI of Thessaloniki campus is located on the 15th km of the Thessaloniki - Athens national road and spreads out over an area of approximately 150 hectares. The campus includes:  Buildings for classrooms, laboratories, amphitheatres, administration offices and Educational Staff offices.  The farm land with 4 greenhouses, various seasonal crops (wheat, barley, corn, vetch, alfalfa), fruit trees and livestock buildings, equipment and facilities. The farm serves the needs of the students of the School of Agricultural Technology. It offers the right place for the students of the Department of Animal Production to attend and join their laboratory studies, and to fulfil the period of their practical training, if they wish. The capacity of the farm for dairy cows, pigs, sheep and goats, and poultry is 40 cows, 12 sows, 250 ewes and goats and 300 laying hens, respectively. Page 49 of 52
  50. 50. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Fig. 4. Sheep and goat farm Fig. 5. Sheep and goat milking machine Fig. 6. Dairy cattle farm Page 50 of 52
  51. 51. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Fig. 7. Pig farm Fig. 8. Silo for feedstuff storage Fig.9. Poultry farm Page 51 of 52
  52. 52. ALEXANDER Τ.Ε.Ι. THESSALONIKI, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION STUDY GUIDEBOOK Text writing: Laga Vassiliki, Professor Mazaraki Kyriaki, Assistant Professor Katanos Ioannis, Professor Bampidis Vasileios, Assistant Professor Technical work & text formation: Bampidis Vasileios, Assistant Professor Photos: Katanos Ioannis, Professor (Personal archive) Skazas Ilias, student Publication: Page 52 of 52

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