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WASTE REDUCTION and RE-USE:INDOOR/OUTDOOR KITCHEN COMPOSTING4.3.2010April P. McEwanIND 548 Design for Sustainable Developm...
The amount offood waste generated in the US is the third largest waste stream afterpaper and yard waste. In 2008, about 12...
Yard trimmings and food residuals together constitute 26%  of the U.S. municipal solid waste [MSW] stream. Thats a lot of ...
ORGANIC MATTER + O2 + H2O + NO3- + SO42- +                  HEAT = COMPOST                                         Shivel ...
Compost , or Humus, the nutrient-rich benefits ofcomposting food and yard waste                                           ...
Compost can…                                                                 U.S. Environmental Protection AgencySuppress ...
Solutions for diverting food and vegetation waste to compost involve re-designing the kitchento accommodate the collection...
Ceramic Compost PailExisting Solutions                       8
Nature Mill’s Electric Composterhttp://www.naturemill.com/video_histChan.htmlExisting Solutions                           ...
Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet                                               10
Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet                                               11
Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet                                               12
Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System                                              13
Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System                                              14
Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System                                              15
Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System                                              16
Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System                                              17
Figure 1 “Total Municipal Solid Waste Generation, 2007”  United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Wastes - R...
Figure 11 “Kitchen Exterior/Sink Wall Plan View Compost System Detail” (not to scale)  Figure 12 “Figure 12: Compost Syste...
Belletire, S., St. Pierre, L. & White, P. (2004). Okala: Learning ecological design. Portland.  Glynn County Official Webs...
Questions & Comments?              Thank you!            FOR TIPS ON COMPOSTING, VISITWWW.EPA.GOV/OSW/CONSERVE/RRR/COMPOST...
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Design For Sustainable Development Compost Design Presentation

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Transcript of "Design For Sustainable Development Compost Design Presentation"

  1. 1. WASTE REDUCTION and RE-USE:INDOOR/OUTDOOR KITCHEN COMPOSTING4.3.2010April P. McEwanIND 548 Design for Sustainable Development
  2. 2. The amount offood waste generated in the US is the third largest waste stream afterpaper and yard waste. In 2008, about 12.7% of the total municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in America was food scraps. Less than three percent of that 32 million tons was recovered and recycled. The rest - 31 million tons - was thrown away into landfills or incinerators. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency IMAGE iJustification & Significance 2
  3. 3. Yard trimmings and food residuals together constitute 26% of the U.S. municipal solid waste [MSW] stream. Thats a lot of waste to send to landfills when it could become useful and environmentally beneficial compost U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyJustification & Significance 3
  4. 4. ORGANIC MATTER + O2 + H2O + NO3- + SO42- + HEAT = COMPOST Shivel et al., 2006For beneficial nutrient-rich compost, you simplyneed green (food waste) and brown (yard waste)organic matter, oxygen, air, time, and heat.Compost Process 4
  5. 5. Compost , or Humus, the nutrient-rich benefits ofcomposting food and yard waste 5
  6. 6. Compost can… U.S. Environmental Protection AgencySuppress plant diseases and pests.Reduce or eliminate the need for chemical fertilizers.Promote higher yields of agricultural crops.Facilitate reforestation, wetlands restoration, and habitat revitalization efforts by amendingcontaminated, compacted, and marginal soils.Cost-effectively remediate soils contaminated by hazardous waste.Remove solids, oil, grease, and heavy metals from storm-water runoff.Capture and destroy 99.6 percent of industrial volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) in contaminated air.Provide cost savings of at least 50 percent over conventional soil, water, and air pollution remediationtechnologies, where applicable.Justification & Significance 6
  7. 7. Solutions for diverting food and vegetation waste to compost involve re-designing the kitchento accommodate the collection of kitchen scraps for easier composting, thus providing enriched gardensoil for home gardens. KITCHEN GARDEN COMPOSTConceptual Framework 7
  8. 8. Ceramic Compost PailExisting Solutions 8
  9. 9. Nature Mill’s Electric Composterhttp://www.naturemill.com/video_histChan.htmlExisting Solutions 9
  10. 10. Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet 10
  11. 11. Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet 11
  12. 12. Solution A:Kitchen Island Pull-out Compost Base Cabinet 12
  13. 13. Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System 13
  14. 14. Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System 14
  15. 15. Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System 15
  16. 16. Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System 16
  17. 17. Solution B:Interior/Exterior Kitchen Composting System 17
  18. 18. Figure 1 “Total Municipal Solid Waste Generation, 2007” United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Wastes - Resource Conservation – Common Wastes & Materials – Organic Materials: Basic Information about Food Waste. Retrieved 3.22.10, 2010, from http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/materials/organics/food/fd- basic.htm Figure 2 “Conceptual Framework for Solutions A & B” Figure 3 “Ceramic Compost Crock” Clean Air Gardening. (2010). Environmentally Friendly Lawn & Garden Supplies. Retrieved 3.22.2010, from http://www.cleanairgardening.com/ceramic-compost-crock.html Figure 4 “Nature Mill’s electric composter” Nature Mill. (2010). Compost Made Easy! Retrieved 3.22.2010, from http://naturemill.com/howItWorks.html Figure 5 “Kitchen Island Plan View: 12” CB = Compost Base (not to scale) Figure 6 “Kitchen Island Elevation: 12” CB = Compost Base (not to scale)” Figure 7 “Kitchen Island Elevation Detail with Compost Base Pull-out (not to scale)” Figure 8 “Indoor/Outdoor Compost System Section of Kitchen Exterior/Sink Wall (not to scale)” Figure 9 “Kitchen Exterior/Sink Wall Plan View” (not to scale) Figure 10 “Kitchen Exterior/Sink Wall Elevation” (not to scale)Image References 18
  19. 19. Figure 11 “Kitchen Exterior/Sink Wall Plan View Compost System Detail” (not to scale) Figure 12 “Figure 12: Compost System Section Detail” (not to scale) Figure 13 “Compost System Interior Elevation Detail” (not to scale) Figure 14 “Compost System Exterior Elevation” (not to scale) Figure 15 “Total Impacts/Lifetime Calculations with Carbon Factors” Figure 16 “Total Impacts/Lifetime Calculations with Okala Factors” Figure 17 “Compost, or Humus, the nutrient-rich benefits of composting food and yard waste” The Environmental Industry Associations. (2010). Landfills: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. Retrieved 5.1.2010, From http://www.organicgardeninfo.com/organic-gardening-compost.htmlImage References 19
  20. 20. Belletire, S., St. Pierre, L. & White, P. (2004). Okala: Learning ecological design. Portland. Glynn County Official Website. (2008). Glynn County Solid Waste Program. Retrieved 3.22.2010, from http://www.glynncounty.org/search.aspx?M=C&S=1&SearchString=%20solid%20waste%20program%20&ysnCount=0&showall=1 McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002). Cradle to cradle: remaking the way we make things. New York: North Point Press. N. Trautmann et al., (1996). Cornell composting. Composting in schools. Troubleshooting compost problems. Retrieved 5.1.2010, from Cornell University, Cornell Waste Management Institute, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Web site: http://compost.css.cornell.edu/TROUBLE.HTML Pollan, M. (2002). The botany of desire: A plant’s-eye view of the world. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks. Shilev, S., Mladen, N., Ventsislava, V. & Aladjadjiyan, A. (2007). Composting of food and agricultural wastes. In V. Oreopoulou (Ed.), W. Russ (Series Ed.) & K. Kristbergsson (Series Ed.). Utilization of by-products and treatment of waste in the food industry (pp. 283- 302). New York: Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. The Environmental Industry Associations. (2010). Landfills: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. Retrieved 5.1.2010, from http://www.environmentalistseveryday.org/issues-solid-waste-technologies-regulations/landfills garbage-disposal/index.php United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Wastes - Resource Conservation - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Composting. Retrieved 3.22.10, 2010, from http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/rrr/composting/ United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Wastes - Resource Conservation - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Composting : Basic Information. Retrieved 3.22.10, 2010, from http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/rrr/composting/basic.htm United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Wastes - Resource Conservation – Common Wastes & Materials – Organic Materials: Basic Information about Food Waste. Retrieved 3.22.10, 2010, from http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/materials/organics/food/fd-basic.htm United States Environmental Protection Agency. (1997). Estimating and Addressing America’s Food Losses. Retrieved 3.22.2010, from http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/materials/organics/food/fd-basic.htm Vasil, A. (2009). Ecoholic. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Citation References 20
  21. 21. Questions & Comments? Thank you! FOR TIPS ON COMPOSTING, VISITWWW.EPA.GOV/OSW/CONSERVE/RRR/COMPOSTING/ 21
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