Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware

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  • A method for the CPU to communicate with the device, software to instruct and control the device, and electricity to power the device.
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Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware
  2. 2. 1. Why is all data stored in a Computer in binary form?
  3. 3. Answer <ul><ul><li>Because computers only understand the binary numbers. (0, 1) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. What are the four primary functions of hardware?
  5. 5. Answer <ul><ul><li>Input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 3. What are the 2 main input devices and 2 main output devices?
  7. 7. Answer <ul><ul><li>Input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard, Mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor, Printer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 4. What 3 things do electronic hardware devices need in order to function?
  9. 9. Answer <ul><ul><li>A method for the CPU to communicate with the device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software for instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity for power </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 5. How many bits are in a byte?
  11. 11. Answer
  12. 12. 6. What is the purpose of an expansion slot on the motherboard?
  13. 13. Answer <ul><ul><li>To connect peripheral devices to the motherboard (sound/video networks) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 7. Which component on the motherboard is used for processing?
  15. 15. Answer <ul><ul><li>CPU (Central Processing Unit) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 8. Name three CPU manufacturers  ?
  17. 17. Answer <ul><ul><li>AMD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIA </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. 9.
  19. 20. 10.
  20. 22. 11.
  21. 24. 12.
  22. 26. 13.
  23. 28. 14.
  24. 30. 15.
  25. 32. 16.
  26. 34. 17.) Of the two types of storage in a system, which type is generally faster and holds data and instructions while the data is being processed? Which type of storage is generally slower, but more permanent?
  27. 35. <ul><ul><li>RAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ROM </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  28. 36. 18. What technology standard provides for up to four devices on a system, including the hard drive as one of those devices? What are two common industry names loosely used to describe this standard?
  29. 37. <ul><ul><li>Serial ATA Standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SATA, Serial ATA </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  30. 38. 19. What is the size of the data path on most system buses today?
  31. 39. 16, 32, 64, 128 ANSWER:
  32. 40. 20. What is the measurement of frequency of a system bus and CPU? Which is faster, the system bus or the CPU?
  33. 41. <ul><ul><li>Buses: 1066 MHz, 800 MHz, 533 MHz, or 400 MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU: 166 MHz to 4 GHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  34. 42. 21. Name four types of buses that might be on a motherboard today.
  35. 43. <ul><ul><li>PCI Express Bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PCI Bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AGP Bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISA Bus </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  36. 44. 22. A power supply receives 120 volts of ____ power from a wall outlet and converts it to 3.3, 5, and 12 volts of ____ power.
  37. 45. <ul><ul><li>AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DC </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  38. 46. 23. ROM BIOS or firmware chips that can be upgraded without replacing the chips are called____.
  39. 47. Flash ROM ANSWER:
  40. 48. 24. CMOS setup allows a technician to change configuration settings on a motherboard stored in _________.
  41. 49. ANSWERS: ROM chip
  42. 50. 25. Name three examples of secondary storage devices.
  43. 51. ANSWER: <ul><ul><li>Hard Drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floppy Disk </li></ul></ul>
  44. 52. 26. A hertz is ______ cycles per second; a megahertz is _______ cycles per second, and a gigahertz is _______ cycles per second.
  45. 53. ANSWER: Hertz= 1 Megahertz= 1 million Gigahertz= 1 billion
  46. 54. 27. An AGP slot is normally used for a(n) ________ expansion card .
  47. 55. ANSWER: Video
  48. 56. 28. How many sizes of PCI Express slots are currently manufactured for personal computers?
  49. 57. 2 ANSWER:
  50. 58. 29. Name the three purposes the motherboard ROM BIOS serves.
  51. 59. <ul><ul><li>manage simple devices (system BIOS), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>start the computer (startup BIOS), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>change settings on the motherboard (CMOS setup). </li></ul></ul>ANSWER:
  52. 60. 30. From where does CMOS RAM receive its power?
  53. 61. Coin Battery ANSWER:

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